.

ipRM: igafnI surjIq isMG

    iqMn sO sflf-ivsfKI 1999 - kI iesqrHF mnfAuxf TIk sfbq hoieaf? asl ivc hWQly gurmWq pfT rfhIN, asF apxf qoKlf qF ivsfKI 1999 qoN bhuq pihlF pMQ sfhmxy pRgt kr idqf sI. sMgqF dy Audm nfl BfrI igxqI ivc ieh gurmWq pfT sMgqF ivc vMizaf vI igaf sI. pr Aus smyN qF pMQ ivc ijvyN Kflsy dy jnm idn vflf buKfr ciVaf ipaf sI. ies vfsqy Aus smyN iesdf bhuqf asr nhIN hoieaf. nqIjf- isWK Drm dy Aujly ieiqhfs nUM ijhVf nuksfn phuMcxf sI rWjky pujf. ijhVI pMQ dy byaMq DMn aqy qfkq dI brbfdI hoxI sI, Auh vI tl nf skI. dyr afmd-drusq afmd dI inaFeI ies bfry jdoN pMQ ivc kuJ cyqnf afeI qF sMgqF vloN ies gurmWq pfT vfsqy iPLr BrvIN mMg sLurU ho geI. iesy kfrx iesnUM bIqy smyN df rUp dyky (in the form of past tense) muV iqafr krnf ipaf hflFik, smfgmF AuprMq asF lyKf joKf-iqMn sO sflf gurmWq pfT nM: 67 vI dy idqf sI dovyN pfT sMgqF ivc lgfqfr pRfpq ho rhy hn. ies ivsLy nMU pUrI qrHF smJx-smJfAux vfsqy glF hor vI bhuq hn. sLfied ies hlUxy df lfB AuTfky pMQ apxI kuMBkrnI nINd ivcoN jfg pvy aqy ies dI muhfr gurU nfnk-gurU goibMd isMG jI dy sWcy sucy, inrml pMQ vl muV afvy.

ivsfKI-1469

ipRNMsIpl igafnI surjIq isMG, isWK imsLnrI, idWlI

ivsfKI 1469 hI ikAuN?- ivsfKI sMn 1469, sLfied kuJ pfTkF nMU ieh isrlyK ajIb mihsUs hovy. kuJ qF ieh vI socdy hoxgy, sLfied isrlyK bfry Cfpx vfly swjxF nMU glqI lg geI hY "lyKk ny qF 1699 jF 1999 hI iliKaf hovygf aqy ieh Cfpy dI glqI ho skdI hY".

pr ieh Cfpy dI glqI nhIN. scmuc iesdf isrlyK hI ivsfKI sMn 1469 hY. isrlyK bfry BulyKf pY jfxf- ieh vI suBfvk hY ikAuNik kOm dI jo iqafrI kIqI geI hY, jo sMsfr sfhmxy pRgt kIqf igaf hY Auh vI sMn 1699 jF iPr jo iqMn sO sflf dy nfm hyT, sfjnf idvs vflI clfeI geI lihr sI, ivsfKI sMn 1999- keI ilKfrI aqy sMsQfvF qF ies nMU Kflsy df jnm idn vI khI aqy ilKI jf rhIaF sn, ijhVf ik glq sI.

drasl ivsfKI sMn 1699 qF isWK Drm ivc isWK pMQ dI sfjnf df idvs hY, pr Auh vI ikvyN? ies bfry qF asIN ivcfr krFgy hI. pr afm hflq ivc sfjnf idvs kihky vI aj Ausdy ijhVy arQ lYNdy hF AuQy sfjnf idvs kih lvo jnm idvs, pRkfsL idvs jF kuJ hor-ieh sB ieko hI arQ ivc ley jf rhy sn aqy TIk nhIN sn. hor qF hor, ijs qrIky nfl iesnMU mnfieaf jf irhf sI, ies vl vI sfnMU iDafn dyn dI loV sI.

Kflsf jF isMG?-scfeI ieh hY ik isWK vfsqy mUl lPjL iswK hI hY, aqy sfzf Drm hY-iswK Drm. Kflsf qF iesdI KUbI hY ijhVI gurdyv ny iesdy jIvn ivc Aujfgr kIqI. iesyqrHF isMG lPjL vI isWKF dy hI nfvF dI sMpUrnqf df sUck hY. Kflsf jF isMG dovyN lPLjL gurU nfnk dy iswK vfsqy hI hn. nf ik ijvyN aj pRcfiraf jf irhf hY aMimRq Cko qy isMG sjo jF iPr klgIDr jI ny sMn 1699 dI ivsfKI nMU Kflsf sjfieaf afid.

1469, 1699 aqy 1999- iesdy bfvjUd ivsfKI sMn 1699 df iswK ieiqhfs ivc apxf hI mhqv hY pr gl df arMB hoxf hY ivsfKI sMn 1469 qoN nfik ivsfKI sMn 1699 qoN. AusqoN ibnF nf qF gl smJ ivc af skdI hY aqy nf hI piqwqpuxy nMU Twl hI pfeI jf skdI hY. iPLr BfvyN asIN ijwqny vI ivsfKI 1999 jF iPr 2099 mnf leIey aqy nfry vI lgdy rihn ivsfKI 1999-sfrI kOm aMimRqDfrI. 1999 afieaf qy clf pr hflq idnoidn bd qoN bdqWr, kOm QWly qoN QWly.

aFkVy iekwTy kIqy jf skdy hn, pqf lg jfvygf, asIN KVy ikQy hF? ies vfsqy jLrUrI hY, gl dI qih qIk phMucx df jwqn krIey, ikwDry sfzy pRcfr ivc hI koeI nuks qF nhIN? ikwDry asIN afp hI aigafnqf nMU pWTy qF nhIN pf rhy? aqy Aus ivcoN ZMUz rhyy hF gurU nfnk-gurU goibMd isMG dI Aujvl isWKI jo iml nhIN rhI. dosL dy rhy hF aj dI nOjuafn pIVHI nMU. asl ivsLy qk vwDx qoN pihlF asF ivsfKI 1469 aqy ivsfKI 1699 ijhVf ik huxy huxy mnfieaf igaf hY, ienHF dy mUl aMqr nMU smJxf hY.

ivsfKI 1469 hI ikAuN? smJx df ivsLf hY ijwqnIaF pRfpqIaF aj asF ivsfKI 1699 nfl joVIaF hn-asl ivc ienHF sfrIaF pRfpqIaF df sMbMD ivsfKI 1469 Bfv gurU nfnk pfqsLfh dy afgmn nfl hY; afE vIcfrIey!

(A) pfhul lY ky isWK Drm ivc pRvysL df nIXm phly jfmyN qoN sI. Aus smyN vI ies df iehI mqlb sI-pRBU bKsLy sMpUrn kysfDfrI srUp ivc kfiem rihNdy hoey gurbfxI isiKaf ivc jIvn jIAux df pRx.

(a) isWK kysfDfrI vI pihly jfmyN qoN hI sI. jy kysfDfrI sI qF isWK df kMGf DfrI vI pihly pfqsLfh qoN hI ho jfxf suBfvk hY.

(e) isWK vfsqy gurbfxI gurU df isDFq vI pihly jfmyN qoN hI sI. ies bfry gurbfxI ivcoN hI byaMq pRmfx imldy hn, bfhroN ZUMzn dI loV nhIN.

(s) isWKF vfsqy, jMjU pfAux vflf bRfhmxI rsqf, gurU nfnk pfqsLfh ny afp hI Kqm kr idqf sI. kiChrf bRfhmxI mfrg qoN CuWtkfry df sUck hY. ies vfsqy ieh vI pihly jfmyN qoN hI lfgU sI. CyvyN jfmyN smyN kOm sLsqrDfrI Bfv ikRpfnDfrI vI ho geI sI.

(k) pRBU bKsLy mnuKI srUp nMU Dfrx krnf aqy kys nhIN ktvfny; iesqrI jF purK donF ny ivBcfrI jIvn qoN bcnf hY. sLrfb afid iksy pRkfr df nsLf nhIN krnf. bfxI anusfr mOjUdf iqMn kuirhqF qF gurU nfnk pfqsLfh dy isWKF Aupr pihly jfmyN qoN hI lfgU hMudIaF sn.

(K) inWqnymI hox df nIXm vI pihly jfmyN qoN hI hY. bfxI jpu dI rcnf pihly pfqsLfh ny afp kIqI. soihlf (iek sLbd) sodru (iek sLbd) inwqnym df aMg pihly jfmyN qoN hI sn. pMjvyN pfqsLfh ny sodr vfly no aqy soihly vfly pMj sLbdF df srUp iesy vfsqy bKisLaf ikAuNik ieh dovyN bfxIaF inwqnym df aMg ielfnIaF geIaF. jy nhIN qF donF bfxIaF ivcly sfry codHf sLbd rfgF anusfr vI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI aMdr mOjUd hn.

(g) gurU dy hukmF qoN apxf qn mn Dn gurU nMU sONpx dI pRyrxf aqy iesdI iqafrI vI pihly jfmyN qoN hI krvfeI geI sI. BfeI mrdfnf -bfbf lihxf jI iesy iqafrI dI pRmuK imsfl hn.

(G) gurU dy hukmF qoN sIs qIk arpx krn vflI iqafrI vI pihly jfmyN qoN krvfeI geI sI ijvyN "jAu qAu pRym Kylx kf cfAu ] isru Dir qlI glI myrI afAu ] iequ mfrig pYru DrIjY ] isru dIjY kfix n kIj" (pMnf 1412)

() isWKI df srUp aqy rihxI pihly jfmyN smyN hI inWKr ky sfhmxy af cukI sI. iesdf ijLkr cOQy pfqsLfh dI bfxI ivcoN vI spsLt iml jFdy hn. ieh pRcfrnf ik nO jfimaF qIk isWK vI kysfDfrI nhIN sn jF ihMdU hI sn jF iPLr isWKF dI koeI vWKrI pihcfx nhIN sI, kyvl afpxy afp nMU DoKf dyxf hY.

(c) gurU gRMQ sfihb jI aMdr drj gurbfxI isWK vfsqy, pihly jfmy qoN hI ieko iek gurU, df drjf rKdI sI. iesbfry "gurU gRMQ sfihb jI nMU gurgWdI sMn 1708" dy isrlyK (Subtitle) hyT agy clky drsLn krFgy.

(C) mnuK vfsqy Kflsy df sMklp gurU nfnk pfqsLfh ny pihly jfmyN ivc hI AulIikaf sI aqy kbIr sfihb dI bfxI rfhIN iesnMU ielfinaF vI afp hI sI "khu kbIr jn Bey Kflsy, pRym Bgiq ijh jfnI" (pMnf 655) iesy KflsfeI jIvn vl turn vfly nMU hI isWK Drm ivc pRvysL imldf sI.

df arQ hI Kflsf jIvn hY- isWK vfsqy Kflsf jIvn df arMB qF hY hI qoN. afiKr dy arQ kI hn? df Bfv ieWk akfl purK qoN CuWt iksy an-pUjf ivc XkIn nhIN rKnf. mVHIaF-kWbrF df pujfrI nhIN honf, vihm Brm nhIN krny. akflpurK qoN CuWt bRfhmx, molvI afid iksy ivcoly nUM mnjLUr nhIN krnf ieiqafid. (pr ajkl asIN ivcoly pYdf krI bYTy hF kI ieh Kflsf jF isWK Drm anusfr hY? jLrf ivcfro)

pihly ivcfro iPLr pRcfro- Auprokq sfry vyrvy df afDfr pihly pfqsLfh df jIvn kfl hY. gurU nfnk pfqsLfh jnmFdrU gurU sn. ies vfsqy ies sfrI dyx nUM, gurU pfqsLfh dy afgmn 15 apRYl 1469 (ivsfK sMmq 1526) nfl hI Xfd krnf jrUrI sI. iesy vfsqy hWQly gurmWq pfT df isrlyK hI asF ivsfKI sMn 1469 dyxf ijLafdf Xog aqy jLrUrI vI smiJaf hY.

spsLt hY ijnHF glF nMU asIN ivsfKI 1699 df afDfr bxfky pRcfr rhy sF isWK Drm ivc pRvysL vfsqy, ieh sB glF pihly jfmyN qoN hI lfgU sn. isWK aqy Kflsf do nhIN hn. qF iPr ivsfKI sMn 1699 df ivsLysL mhqv kI hY? iesnMU smJx vfsqy asF moty qOr qy hyT idqy nuWkiqaF nUM smJxf hY.

ivsfKI sMn 1699 iek mIlL pWQr aqy iesdf mhWqv?- kyvl bfxI dy dfiery ivc rihky-pMQk jugq vrqfAux vflI srIirk ijLmyvfrI iek gurU ivakqI qoN pfhul pRfpq pMj ipafiraF dy rUp ivc, sMn 1699 dI ivsfKI nMU-pMQ dy spurd kr idqI geI . iesy df nfm pMQ df sfjnf sI.

2[ isWK Drm ivc pRvysL dy nIXm nMU crx pfhul qoN KMzy dI pfhul ivc bdilaf ivsfKI 1699 nMU, mksd AuhI sI. iesynMU aj aMimRq Cwkxf vI khI jf rhy hF pr aslL lPLjL KMzy dI pfhul lYxf jf dyxf hY.

3[ pihly jfmyN qoN hI bfxI pVHky bfxI dy crxF nfl joVx df nIXm sI. iesy df nfm crxpfhul sI . KMzy dI pfhul ivc vI AuhI gl hY kyvl ZMg bdilaf sI. pYr Duafky iplfAuxf isWK Drm df kdy vI nIXm nhIN sI.

4[ goibMd rfie qoN goibMd isMG- ivsfKI sMn 1699 nUM hI isWKF dy nfvF ivc isMG aqy kOr lPjLF nfl smfnqf aqy pRIvfirk sFJ kfiem kIqI geI. iesqrHF nfvF nfloN jfq-goq vflI lfhnq vI mukf idqI geI. iesy krky isWKF nMU isMG jI krky vI sMboDn kIqf jfx lg ipaf.

5[ vydvy vflI GWtxf AuprMq gurU pfqsLfh vloN isWKF nUM pRfpq ho cuky sLfbfsLI icMnH kVy nMU imlfky pMj kkfr ivsfKI sMn 1699 nUM inXimq kr idqy. bfkI cfr kkfr qF nOvyN pfqsLfh qIk isWKI df aMg bx cuky dy sn. kVf ies gl df sbUq sI ik isWK ny pUrI qrHF bfxI dfiery ivc hI jIvn jIAuxf hY.

6[ ivsfKI sMn 1699 nUM hI jdoN nNMgI qlvfr vfly ieimiqhfn ivcoN isWK pUrI qrHF pfs ho igaf qF iesnUM Kflsy vflI AupfDI vI pRdfn kr idqI geI.

gurbfxI sMpUrxqf AyuprMq gurgWdI sMn 1708- 6 akqUbr sMn 1708 dI ieiqhfsk GWtxf ies gl df sbUq hY sfihb sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI" nMU, Aus idn gurgWdI bKsLI geI. ieh GWtxf ies scfeI df vI ielfn sI ik agoN vfsqy ies ivc kdy koeI vfDf sMBv nhIN aqy srUp sMpUrn ho cukf hY. jdik dsmysL jI qIk hriek gurU ivakqI nMU ies ivc apxI rcnf joVx df pUrf hwk pRfpq sI. nOvyN pfqsLfh dI bfxI dsmysL jI ny afp drj krvfeI sI. pr ieh hWk hux pMQ pfs nhIN aqy nf hI kdy hovygf hI.

ies ieiqhfsk Gtxf df ieh mqlb vI nhIN ik gurbfxI nMU gurgWdI sMn 1708 ivc pRfpq hoeI. gurbfxI-gurU dI gl qF pihly jfmyN qoN hI spsLt sI. ieh gurgWdI qF gurbfxI srUp dy sMpUrn hox df ielfn vI sI. gurbfxI-gurU dI gl qF asF gurbfxI ivcoN hI smJxI hY nfik ieiqhfsk GtxfvF ivcoN. gl afpy hI smJ ivc af jfvygI. cyqy rhy! asIN gurbfxI igafn dy isWK hF, srUp qF AusdI sMpUrxqf df lKfiek hY. asIN srUp dy isWK nhIN.

ivsfKI df idn hI ikAuN? ies ivc sLk nhIN ik ivsfKI sMn 1699 isWK Drm ivc iek vWzf mIl pwQr hY pr iksqrF? klgIDr jI ny ivsLysL smfgm vfsqy ivsfKI df idn ikAu Ncuixaf? ies gl nMU smJx vfsqy jLrUrI hY ivsfKI vflI gl nUM ivsLysL qOr ivcfiraf jfvy. BfeI gurdfs jI ny iesqrHF AugfhI BrI hY "Gr Gr aMdr Drm sfl, hovY kIrqn sdf ivsoaf"(1/27 Bf:gu:) ivsoaf df arQ hY ivsfK df mhInf.

qIjy pfqsLfh dy jIvn kfl ivcoN ieh gl hor vI spsLt ho jFdI hY. ieiqhfs ivc ijLkr afAuNdf hY ik hr iek ivsfKI nUM, pUry sfl ivc iek vfrI isWK Drm df bhuq vWzf iekwT hUMdf sI. ies dy vfsqy sMgqF nUM bhuq lMmI ieqMjLfr krnI pYNdI sI. jykr iksy kfrx AudoN kuJ sMgqF KuMJ jfx qF sfl dy bdly do do sfl bIq jFdy. qIjy pfqsLfh ny ies iekWT nUM ivsfKI aqy idvflI Bfv sfl ivc do vfrI sLurU krvf idqf.

iesqrHF ijWQy ikWQy vI pfqsLfh hMudy, AuQy hI ivsfKI-idvflI dy Aucycy smfgm sjdy. sMgqF dUroN-nyiVE AunHF dy crxF ivc pujdIaf. apxIaF duK qklIPF dI sFJ krdIaF. pMQk qOr qy sMgqF nMU aglI syD imldI. AunHF dy duK drd vMzy jFdy. scfeI qF ieh hY ik isWK Drm asl ivc hY hI sMpUrn sfmfijk Drm. ies vyrvy vfsqy pVHO aqy sMgqF ivc pRcfr ihWq vMzo gurmWq pfT nM[ 28 gurduafiraF df mnorQ aqy asIN.

iesqrHF pMQ aMdr ivsfKI df ivsLysL iekwT qF pihly pfqsLfh dy smyN qoN hI arMB sI. ivsfKI aqy idvflI ieh dovyN idn, Cy mhIny dy Prk nfl hn aqy soKf cyqf rih jFdf hY. jdoN qIk ik koeI Kfs loV hI nf hovy Aucycy sWdfpqFR dy Byjx dI vI loV nhIN sI pYNdI. AuMJ idvflI dy pRclq iqAuhfr nfl isWK Drm df kdy vI koeI sMbMD nhIN. ies vyrvy vfsqy pVoO aqy sMgqF ivc pRcfr ihWq vMzo gurmWq pfT nM:17 "idvflI aqy isWK". qIjy pfqsLfh ny iesdf arMB, sMgqF dI KUn psIny dI kmfeI nMU vfDU dIaF afiqsLbfjLIaF ivc PUkn jF lfeItF lgfAux vfsqy nhIN sI kIqf. ijvyN ik aj sfzy afgU ieh kfrf kr rhy hn.

ivsfKI aqy gurU nfnk afgmn- ivsfKI dI mhfnqf kyvl aqy kyvl gurUnfnk afgmn nfl sMbMiDq hY. ijAuN ijAuN sfihb sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI bfxI dI stwzI kro. iesdy nfl nfl jykr qulnfqmk stwzI vfsqy sMsfr Br dIaF ivcfrDfrfvF-drsLnF aqy mnuKI rihxI jF DrmF dI stWzI kro. ies scfeI nMU smJdy dyr nhIN lgdI ik gurU nfnk pfqsLfh df afgmn scmuc hI iek agMmI afgmn sI ijsny sMsfr Br dy mnuK mfqR ivc iek sWcy jIvn dI lihr nUM pRgtf kr idqf ijvyN ik-

1[ mnuK ny pihlI vfrI socxf sLurU kIqf ik krqy dIaF byaMq rcnfvF ivcoN mnuKI jIvn iek ivsLysL mhqv df jIvn hY aqy iesdf ivsLysL mksd vI hY.

2[ Drm iksy ivsLysL smyN jF idn Aupr, iksy ivsLysL iqAuhfrF, krmkFzF, iksy Aucycy pihrfvy-idKfvy df nfm nhIN. Drm iek jIvn jfc hY ijsdI vrqoN aqy jLrUrq cOvI GMty dI ijLMdgI ivc svfs svfs hriek vfsqy jLrUrI hY.

3[ CUafCUq, AUc-nIc, vrx-vMz, rMg nsl ilMg jF dysL dy Byd, nisLaf nfl jIvn dI brbfdI, iQWqF-vfrF, sgnF-mhUrqF dy Brm, tUny-tyvy, jnm pqRIaF hfroskop mnuKI Drm aQvf jIvn df aMg nhIN mnuKI mn df ivgfV hn.

4[ mnuK-mnuK dy Drm do nhIN. mnuK df jogI, sinafsI, ibBUqDfrI, nFgy ho jfnf-sMq, sfD, Bgq, ivrWkq afid dy ByK bnfky vyhlVF vfly jIvn bqIq krny, igRhsQIaF Aupr Bfr bxky jIAuxf, vrF-srfpF dy ZoNg, ieh Drm nhIN blik lut-Koh dy rsqy hn.

5[ iesyqrHF igRhsQIaF rfhIN apxy afp nMU kyvl dunIafdfr aKvfAuxf, Drm nUM kuJ Kfs lokF dI cIjL mMn bYTxf aqy krqy nMU Buly rihnf-aigafnqf aqy scy Drm qoN dUr rihky amuly mnuKf jnm nUM brbfd krnf hY. DrmI aqy dunIafdfr hoxf vWK vWK jIvn nhIN.

6[ mnuK nMU smJ afAux lg peI ik sfry mnuK kyvl ieko hI ipqf dI sMqfn hn aqy pRBU ipqf sdf aBul hY. mnuKI srUp dI pihcfx hI kysF vflf pUrn srUp hY aqy pRBu dI rjLf ivc clx vfly pfsy, mnuK df pihlf kdm.

7[ mnuK nMU pihlI vfrI mhsUs hoieaf ik pRBU dI byaMq rcnf ivc hr iek sLyRxI df vWK vWK Drm pRBu vloN nIXq hY. sUrj, cMd, psLU , pMCI, Kinj, Pul, bnspqI hriek df Drm pRBu ny afp GiVaf hY. iesyqrF mnuK df Drm vI bfhroN sLkl krky aqy aMdroN suBfa krky pRBU guxF df pRgtfvf hoxf hY. hux AusdI dOV pRBu bKsLI sLkl nfl iemfndfr hoxf aqy pRBu dy guxF nMU jIvn ivc vsfky aAugxF nMU cldf krnf bxn lgf.

8[ mnuK nMU smJ afAux lg peI ik krqf pRBu iksy mUrqI, ipWplF, kWbrF, sWpF, psLUaF afid dI pUjf nfl pRfpq nhIN kIqf jf skdf. pRBu dy drsLn aMdr vWs rhy pRBu aMsL Bfv apxI pihcfx qoN arMB krky hI hoxy hn. AuprMq sfrI rcnf dy jLry-jLry ivcoN hI Ausdy drsLn hoxgy. iesqrHF mnuK anykF iesLtF vflI iQAUrI ivcoN jfg AuiTaf. AusnUM smJ af geI ik kWbrF, mVHIaF, kroVF dyvI-dyviqaF afid dI pUjf kyvl nfsmJI hY.

gurbfxI dI stwzI krky dyKo, mnuK dI kfieaF klp krn vflIaF kyvl Auprokq cfr-aWT hI nhIN blik anykF hor ajyhIaf jIvn syDF-pihly pfqsLfh dI bfxI ivcoN hI pRqK ho jFdIaF hn. pfqsLfh ny kyvl AupdysL hI nhIN idqy blik byaMq ksLt shfrdy hoey dUr nyVy vWzy vWzy iekWTF smyN ivroDIaF kol pujky mhfn idRVqf dlyrI aqy bIrqf nfl pRcfry vI.

iesqrHF mnuK dy jIvn aMdr jdoN pRBu bKsLy anMq gux sIcy jFdy qF mnuK aMdr pRBu ipafr-afpsI sFJ aqy pRBu dI byaMq rcnf nfl ipafr Aupjdf. ies sfry df iswtf sI, ik ivsfKI nMU ijWQy ikWQy vI gurU pfqsLfh hMudy, sMgqF AuQy hI pujdIaF. ivsfKI vfly ieh vWzy vWzy iekwT gurU nfnk pfqsLfh dy jIvn kfl ivc hI arMB ho cuky sn "hovY kIrqn sdf ivsoaf"

isWK, kysfDfrI pihly jfmyN qoN hI sI- jdoN mnuK dy aMdr pRBu dI rjLf nfl ipafr pYdf huMdf qF kysF vfly mnuKI srUp, nfl AusdI sFJ vI bx afAuNdI hY. AusnMU afpxy pRBu bKsLy srUp aqy apxy afp ivc iek mnuK hox Aupr mfx aqy PWKLr mihsUs hox lgdf. iesy df nqIjf sI ik mnuK pihly jfmyN qoN hI sMpUrn kysfDfrI srUp ivc af cukf sI. gurU ieiqhfs ivcoN imsflF aqy bfxI ivcoN ajyhy bhuqyry pRmfx imldy hn ijvyN ik-

akflpurK dI byaMq rcnf ivcoN pfqsLfh mnuK nMU hI akflpurK dI sB qoN suMdr bnfvt dsdy hn qF iesnUM akfl purK df apxf hI srUp ibafxdy aqy PurmFdy hn- "qyry bMky loiex dMq rIsflf ] sohxy nk ijn lmVy vflf" (m:1 pM:567) iesyqrF pMjvyN pfqsLfh PurmFdy hn "kys sMig dfs pg JfrAu iehY mnorQ mor"(pMnf 500) hor lvo "kysF kf kir cvru Zulfvf crx DUiV muiK lfeI" (pMnf 749) aqy hor byaMq pRmfx. spsLt hY ik ajyhIaF imsflF koeI kyshIx nhIN vrq skdf.

ieQy hI bs nhIN isWK df qF Drm hI "isKI isiKaf gur vIcfir" (pMnf 465) qONN sLurU hMudf hY. ijs isWK df jIvn hI gurbfxI-isiKaf qoN arMB huMdf hY qF iPr Auh afp kyshIx ikvyN ho skdf hY? gurbfxI ivc pfqsLfh rfhIN pRvfn kIqy gey 15 BgqF dI bfxI dI stwzI kr lvo. jdoN ieh Bgq vI scmuc pRBu jIvn nMU pRfpq ho cuky sn qF sfry kysfDfrI sn. ieQy kyvl iek pRmfx Bgq bfxI ivcoN dy rhy hF Purmfn hY "kbIr mnu mUMizaf nhI kys muMzfey kFie ] jo ikCu kIaf so mn kIaf mUMzf mUMzu ajFie" (slok 101pMnf 1369) AuMJ ieh sfrf ivsLf afid kfl df Drm isWK Drm gurmWq pfT nM: 39 ivc idqf jf cukf hY. mMgvf ky pVo aqy pRcfr ihq sMgqF ivc vMzo jI.

gurbfxI gurU dI gl vI pihly jfmyN qoN- gurbfxI dy gurU hox dI gl vI gurU nfnk pfqsLfh ny hI spsLt kr idqI sI. gurU nfnk pfqsLfh ny qF apxf gurU vI iksy mnuK df nhIN, blik bfxI aQvf sLbd df hoxf hI idRV krvfieaf hY. gurbfxI ivcly sYkVy pRmfx ies gl df sbUq hn ik arMB qoN hI gurbfxI nUM gurU vflI pdvI pRfpq sI. iehI kfrx hY ik sMn 1708 ivc nFdyV sfihb ivKy sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI qfibaf pMj ipafiraF nMU KVf krky, dsmysL jI rfhIN mWQf tyk dyxf aqy hukm krnf- pUjf akfl purK kI-prcf sLbd kf-dIdfr Kflsy kf- ieQy gurbfxI dy gurU hox vflI gl sMgqF vfsqy koeI nvIN jF acfnk nhIN sI. nvIN gl qF kyvl ieh sI ik pfqsLfh ny sfihb sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI sMpUrnqf nUM gurgWdI bKsL idqI. Bfv ies gRMQ aMdr hor kuJ vI vDfieaf-joiVaf nhIN jf skdf. iesqoN pihlF gurU ivakqI ies ivc vfDf kr skdy sn. nfvyN pfqsLfh dI rcnf dsmysL jI ny afp cVHeI sI pr pMQ kol hux ieh aDIkfr nhIN.

iesqoN ielfvf "prcf sLbd kf" qoN ieh gl vI spsLt hY ik isWK ny srUp df pujfrI nhIN bnxf (ijvyN ik aj ho irhf hY) blik ies ivcly bfxI igafn dy dfiery ivc hI ivcrnf hY aqy hor iksy vI rcnf qoN jIvn syD nhIN lYxI. PLurmfn hY "siqgurU ibnf hor kcI hY bfxI ] bfxI q kcI siqgurU bfJhu hor kcI bfxI ] khdy kcy suxdy kcy kcI afiK vKfxI" (pM:920)

gurbfxI vflI jugq aqy pMj ipafry- gurU nfnk pfqsLfh ny gurgwdI gurU aMgd pfqsLfh nMU soNpI qF gurU df drjf gurbfxI pfs hI irhf "joiq Ehf jugiq sfie" kyvl srIr hI bdilaf "sih kfieaf Pyir pltIaY" (pM:966) iesyqrF drjf-bdrjf 1699 dI ivsfKI nMU jugq vrqfAux vflI srIirk ijLmyvfrI iksy iek srIr qoN Kqm krky smucy qOr qy pfhul pRfpq pMjf dy rUp ivc pMQ Aupr pf idqI geI. ivsfKI sMn 1699 vfly idn dI pMQ nMU ieh iek nvI aqy vWzI dyx sI. dfdU dI kWbr vflI ieiqhfsk GWtxf, pMj ipafiraF dy hukm nfl dsmysL jI rfhIN cmkOr dI gVHI ivcoN inkl jfxf, iesy swc nMU pRgt krdy hn. AuQy gurU nUMU isWKF ny hukm nhIN sI kIqf blik pMjf dy rUp ivc jugq aDIkfrI pMQ ny, isWK nMU hukm kIqf sI.

pfhul df nIXm vI pihly jfmyN qoN- crx pfhul lYky isWK Drm ivc pRvysL df nIXm vI gurU nfnk pfqsLfh ny hI arMB kIqf sI. sMn 1699 nMU ieh koeI nvIN gl nhIN sI hoeI. KMzy dI pfhul kI hY? pUrn mnuKI srUp ivc rihNdy hoey, gurbfxI anusfr jIvn jIAux df pRx. dUjy lPjF ivc qn-mn-Dn sB gurbfxI gurU dy arpx krnf. pihly mhly dI bfxI dI stwzI kro gl spsLt ho jfvygI. pfhul qF BfeI mrdfny, BfeIN mMJ, alHfXfrKF, BfeI mnsuK, afid sfiraF ny hI leI sI. isWK aKvfAux df hwk AudoN hI imldf hY jdoN koeI mnuK gurbfxI dI isiKaf nUM apxf jIvn arpx krdf hY. lPLjL isWK qF bfxI ny hI pRgt kIqf hY aqy arQ idqy hn "gurbfxI dI isiKaf df isWK". pihly pfqsLfh dy smyN qoN ies nIXm df nfm crx pfhul sI. gurU pfqsLfh afp jF koeI aiDkfrI isWK, bfxI pVHky, aiBlfsLI sWjx nUM bfxI dy crxf joVdf sI. sMn 1699 qoN ieh ijLmyvfrI pMNjf dy rUp ivc pMQ pfs af geI aqy nfm hoigaf KMzy dI pfhul. aj ies rsm vfsqy lPLjL aMimRq Ckxf pRclq ho cukf hY ieh asl lPLjL nhI. aMimRq qF kyvl gurbfxI hI hY. pfhul lYky asF iesy aMimRq dI isiKaf nUM apxf jIvn arpx krnf hY. vyrvy vfsqy gurmWq pfT nM 92 "nfnk aMimRqu eyku hY" pVo aqy sMgqF ivc vMzo jI.

pihly pMjF vfsqy pfhul aqy AunHF agy isr JukfAuxf?- pihly pMjf vfsqy KMzy kI pfhul df pihlf bftf ikhVy pMjF ny iqafr kIqf sI? aqy iknHF pMjF ny, pihly pMjF nUM Ckfieaf sI? ieh ivsLf bVf iDafn mMgdf hY. drasl pihlf bftf dsmysL jI ny ivsfKI sMn 1699 nMU afp iekilaf hI iqafr kIqf aqy pihly pMjf nMU Ckfieaf vI iekilaf afp sI. iPr AunHF hI pMjf agy isr vI Jukf idqf TIk AusyqrF ijvyN srIrk ijLmyvfrI bdldy smNy gurU nfnk pfqsLfh ny dUjy pfqsLfh agy "guir cyly rhrfis kIeI nfnik slfmiq QIvdY" (pM:966) Y aqy dUjy pfqsLfh ny qIjy srUp agy. ivsfKI 1699 nMU aj gurbfxI gurU dI jugq nUM vrqfAux vflI iehI syvf smucy pMjf dy rUp ivc pMQ nUM dy idqI geI aqy cldy af rhy nIXm anusfr hI dsmysL jI ny AunHF pMjF agy mWQf tyk idqf. pMjf agy dsmysL jI rfhIN mWQf tykxf aj koeI nvIN ipVWq nhIN sI.

pMjF qoN dsmysL jI ny pfhul qF leI, pr ikAuN? mksd nhIN sI bdilaf kyvl ZMg bdilaf sI aqy ies bdly hoey ZMg ivc dsmysL jI ny sfrIaF hI sMgqF nMU nvyN isirAuN KMzy kI pfhul lYx df hukm kIqf. iesqrHF bdly hoey nvyN ZMg ivc sB qoN pihlF pMj ipafiraF qoN pfhul lYx df arMB vI dsmysL jI ny apxy afp qoN hI kIqf. ieh sWc nhIN ik pfhul lYx vfsqy AunHF nMU iksy sody bfjLI dI loV sI. ijvyN ik aj kivqfvF rfhIN by-isrpYr dIaF glF pRcfrIaF jf rhIaF hF. qusIN mYnMU aMimRq dI dfq dyky isMG sjfE-aqy bdly ivc apxy ipqf dI sLhIdI qF mYN dy hI cukf hF, puwqrF dI kurbfnI vI dyvFgf, srbMs vfr dyvFgf afid ieh qF iesqrHF hY ijvyN ik pfqsLfh dI kurbfnI nhIN blik iek sOdf sI ijhVf ik pUrf krnf hI sI. jF iPLr gurU sfihb pihlF qoN pfhulDfrI hI nhIN sn. gl qF kyvl ieWqnI sI ik bdly hoey ZMg ivc jdoN sfiraF nMU hukm kIqf qF iesdf arMB dsmysL jI ny apxy afp qoN kIqf. Gto Gt asF ieWqnf hI soc ilaf hMudf ik jykr dsmysL jI pihlF afp hI pfhul pRfpq nhIN sn qF AunHF pihlf bftf iekilaf ikvyN iqafr kr ilaf aqy pihly pMjf nMU iekilaF CWkfieaf ikvyN? drasl afp pihlF qoN kyvl pfhul pRfpq hI nhIN sn, blik gurU pdvI nUM vI pRfpq sn.

hor lvo! pihlIaF pMkqF ivc 80,000 pRfxIaF ny KMzy dI pfhul leI. ivcfrn df ivsLf hY ik 80,000 pRfxIaF kol kys qF acfnk nhIN sn af gey aqy nf hI bfkI kkfr. spsLt hY sB kuJ pihlF qoN mOjUd sI. vyrvy vfsqy iesy klm qoN, pVo aqy sMgqF ivc pRcfr ihq vMzo gurmWq pfT nM: 20 "KMzy dI pfhul-iek pRx" aqy gurmWq pfT 65 "KMzy kI pfhul-isWK Drm ivc pRvysL"

Kflsf aqy isWK ivc koeI Prk nhIN?- isWK sfzf Drm hY aqy Kflsf sfnMU AupfDI. ieh nhIN ik ibnF pfhul dy koeI isWK huMdf hY aqy pfhul lYky Kflsf. aj qF sfnMU Kflsy kf mqlb hI smJ ivc nhIN afieaf. asIN pMQ dy kroVF-arbF lgfky vI iehI pRcfrdy jf rhy hF dsmysL jI ny 1699 dI ivsfKI nMU Kflsf sjfieaf. sfnMU ieh vI pqf nhIN ik Kflsy df sMklp, klgIDr jI ny apxy nfnk srUp smyN hI kbIr sfihb dI bfxI rfhIN sMsfr sfhmxy spsLt kr idqf sI "khu kbIr jn Bey Kflsy pRym Bgiq ijh jfnI" (pMnf 655). isWK Drm df arMB hI qoN huMdf hY aqy iesdy arQ hI Kflsf hn. Bfv Auh mnuK jo mVHIaF, kWbrF, hvf, awg, mUrqIaf, pwQrf df pUjfrI nhIN irhf. ijsnMU bRfhmx-mOlvI afid iksy ivcoly dI loV nhIN. ijsdI "BfiKaf BfAu apfru" bx cukI hY. ijsnMU jLry-jLry ivc krqy dy drsLn hMudy hn. cyqy rhy gurbfxI dI stwzI krky bfxI nMU apxy jIvn ivc Zfln vflf mnuK hI Kflsf ho inbVdf hY. Kflsf lPjL PfrsI df hY aqy arQ hY, ijsdf isWDf sMbMD apxy mfilk nfl hY. ijsnUM iksy ivcoly dI loV nhIN. Kflsf, mnuKI jIvn df Aucwqm gux hY, srb AuqWm kuafiltI hY, ijhVI ik mnuK aMdr pihly srUp qoN hI pRpk kIqI geI sI. isWK df mqlb hI Kflsf jIvn vl vwDxf hY. ivsfKI 1699 nUM qF AusnUM ieh iKqfb vI iml igaf sI.

pMQ qF sfijaf-pr kdoN?- asF ikwDry BfeI gurdfs jI nMU hI pVH ilaf hMudf qF vI ieh DoKf n Kfdy. "sLbd ijqI isD mMzlI, kIqosu apxf pMQ inrflf" (1/31 Bf:gu:) aqy "mfiraf iskf jgq ivc, nfnk inrml pMQ clfieaf" inrmwl pMQ qF dsmysL ipqf apxy pihly srUp ivc hI clf cuky sn. afpjI ny iesy pMQ nMU aqI suMdr nfm bKisLaf sI isWK Bfv ijsny gurbfxI dI isiKaf anusfr cln vfsqy gurU nMU apxf jIvn arpx kr idqf sI. jo pUry mnuKI srUp ivc af cukf sI iesdI buinafd sI, ivsfK sMmq 1526 aQvf 15 apRYl 1469 Bfv gurU nfnk afgmn. iesdf srUp vI pihly jfmyN qoN hI mukWml GVH idqf igaf sI.

asIN qF ieiqhfs nUM aj iesqrHF pysL kr rhy hf ijvyN sMn 1469 qoN 1699 Bfv pUry 230 sfl hoieaf hI kuJ nhIN. jdik ienHF 230sflF ivc sMn 1675 qoN 1699 dsmysL jI dI gurgWdI kfl dy vI 24 sfl mOjUd hn. asIN kihxf cfhuMdy hF ik jo kuJ hoieaf sB ivsfKI 1699 nMU, pihlF hoieaf hI kuJ nhIN. iesdy vfsqy asIN afDfr bxf rhy hF AunHF kWcIaF aqy aKOqI dsm gRMQ dIaF iliKqf nMU ijhVIaF iliKqF dsm pfqsLfh nMU, gurU nfnk joq dy ipWCly no srUpF qoN hI awwz qy vwKrf krky pysL krdIaF hn. ijnHF iliKqF anusfr dsmysL jI nMU pMQ pRcur krn vfsqy hukm krn vflf hgvI koeI srIrDfrI akfl purK sI. blik hukm vI kIqf qF ipWCly jnm ivc. kYsI ajIb kiVkI ivc PsI peI hY sfzI isWK kOm. iPLr ieho jhy pRcfr ivcoN asIN ZMUZ rhy hF piqqpuxy nMU TWl. ies ivcoN asIN ZUMZ rhy hF pfhul pRfpqI dI cfh jo kdy sMBv nhIN.

pMj isr aqy pMj ipafry- dunIaF dI pwDr qy aj qIk ajyhf koeI gurU, nyqf jF rihbr pYdf nhIN hoieaf ijsnMU apxI AuMmq Aupr ieWqnf XkIn hovy ik jykr Auh nMgI qlvfr dI Dfr vI isr mMgygf qF vI isr imlxygy. pr ieh XkIn sI, gurU nfnk dy dsvyN srUp dsmysL jI nMU. iesdI imsfl dunIaF Br dy ieiqhfs ivcoN nhIN imldI. iPr ieh moq qF mYdfny-jMg dI vI sLhIdI nhIN sI. isrF dI mMg qF qlvfr dI nMgI Dfr QWly sI. dUjI vfrI qF qlvfr vI KUn nfl lwQpWQ sI. iPr vI isr afAuxy nhIN ruky. ikho jyhI iqafrI krvfeI sI kfml gurU ny apxy isWKF dI? pMjF qoN bfd, gurU ny isr nhIN mMgy, pr isr afAuWxy qF bMd nhIN sn hoey. kYsy sn Auh hukmI bMdy?

ies krfmfq dI buinafd sI pRkfsL gurU nfnk pfqsLfh df Bfv ivsfKI 1469-ieQoN qF guVHqI imlI sI "jAu qAu pRym Kylx kf cfAu ] isru Dir qlI glI myrI afAu ] iequ mfrig pYru DrIjY ] isru dIjY kfix n kIjY" (pMnf 1412) aqy "hukim mMinaY hovY prvfxu qf KsmY kf mhlu pfiesI" (pMnf 471) jF iPr "qnu mnu Dnu sBu sAuip gur kAu hukim mMinaY pfeIaY" (pMnf 918) isrF dy smrpx vflI ieh Gtxf, hux qIk dI krvfeI geI iqafrI df hI iswtf sI. iesy krvfeI jf cukI iqafrI df nqIjf sI nfvyN pfqsLfh dI sLhIdI qoN pihlF BfeI mqIdfs, sqIdfs aqy dieaflf jI dIaF qsIhy BrpUr sLhfdqF ijhVIaF ik ibnF iksy srkfrI hukm dy, guru qoN afpf vfrn df sbUq sn.

pr kmfl hY asfzI- asIN qF ies mhfn ieiqhfisk GWtxf Aupr vI bWkiraF aqy isrF dy Jmyly pfky bYT gey. ieh vI Bul gey ieimiqhfn qF ieimiqhfn hI hMudf hY. ies df kI suafl sI ik QwVf ikhVf TIk sI aqy ikhVf gLlq. gl qF kyvl hukm mMnx dI sI. BfeI lihxf jI gurU nfnk pfqsLfh dy Dfnk rUp qoN vI nhIN Gbrfey aqy hukm dI Kyz ivc bfjLI ijwq gey. qF qy kI gurU jI ny QWiVaF aqy Dfnk rUp dy ivsLy ivc vI JUT hI boilaf sI. asl ivc nf hI qF pfqsLfh kdy Dfnk sn aqy nf hI QWiVaF dy muafmly ivc koeI afrkItykcual Koj bIn hI kIqI geI. ieh qF kyvl hukm dI Kyz qoN kurbfn hox vfilaf df ieimiqhfn sI. aj qF JUT aqy ieimqhfn vflf PLrk vI sfzI smJ ivc nhIN af irhf.

idvfn ivc BgdwV?- iesqoN vI vwzf hnyr- asIN pRcfr kI kr rhy hF- pfqsLfh ny isr mMgy, idvfn ivc BgdWV mWc geI- mfqf gUjrI jI kol isLkfieqF pujIaF-gurU Jwwwlf ho igaf aqy pqf nhIN kI kI pRcfrI jf rhy hF. kI ieh BgdWV mcn df dUsLn asIN AunHF mrjIvVy isWKF qy lgf rhy hF ijhVy CyvyN pfqsLfh dy smyN qoN bYTy hI sLsqrF dI CF hyT sn. ijnHF ny CyvyN pfqsLfh dI kmfn hyTF cfr jMgF hkUmq nfl lVIaF aqy ijqIaF vI sn. ijnHF ny hux qIk CotIaF vWzIaF bfrHf jMgF dsmysL jI dI kmfn hyT sLsqrF nfl hI lVIaF sn. kI Auh sUrmy nMgI qlvfr dyK ky hI Gbrf gey sn? jF iPr sfnMU gurU pfqsLfh rfhI ipCly 230 sflf ivc krvfeI geI iqafrI qy XkIn nhIN. kI asIN iehI sfbq krnf cfhMudy hF ik sfrI bhfdurI acfnk ivsfKI 1699 Bfv aKIrly awT sflF ivc hI pYdf hoeI pihlF qF hY hI kuJ nhIN sI. isWK vI duijaF vF zrpok aqy mOq qoN Gfbry iPrdy sn.

qpisaf aqy qpsvI?- pMQ clY qb jgq mY aqy pMQ pRcur krby ko sfjf Bfv pMQ qF ijvyN pRcur hI iksy qpisaf aqy dyvI dy vr df nqIjf sI, AuMJ qF ies pMQ ny pRgt hI nhIN sI hoxf. aj ijWQy ikqy vI pfhul smfgm ijsnUM ik aj asF aMimRq sMcfr smfgm vI kihxf sLurU kr idqf hY, huMdf hY- qF ieh PrjLI qpisaf sfnMU pWkV ky hI bYT jFdI hY aqy gl iesqoN ibnF agy hI nhIN turdI. jykr Ausy dsm gRMQ ivcilaF pRvfixq rcnfvF qyqI svyXY akfl Ausqq afid ivcoN hI asF pVH ilaf huMdf qF vI ienHF bRfhmxI qpisafvF aqy qIrQ iesLnfnF bfry sfnUM kuJ smJ af jFdI. pr asIN qF ienHF ivcoN hI pMQ dI pRPulqf dyKxI cfhMudy hF ijhVI ik kdy vI sMBv nhIN.

cyqy rhy pMQ dy ieko iek rihbr aqy iesLt hn sfihb sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI. koeI vI rcnf ijhVI sfnMU gurbfxI jIvn qoN duryzy lYky jFdI hY jF bfxI isDFq nfl myl nhIN KFdI, AusnMU ibnF GoKy sMBflI rKnf jF apxI mMn bYTxf, pMQ vfsqy jLihr df tIkf vI ho skdI hY. iPr ijhVIaF rcnfvF df sfrf jwqn hI-gurU ieiqhfs dI tyk lY ky imiQhfs nMU ieiqhfs bnfAuxf hY. ijWQy gurU nfnk pfqsLfh "afip nrfiexu klf Dfir jg mih prvirXAu ] inrMkfir afkfru joiq jg mMzil kirXAu" (pMnf 1395) vrgI mhfn hsqI dy pRkfsL nUM bydIaF-soZIaF dy afpsI vrF-srfpf df nqIjf aqy ienHf hI vrF-srfpF kfrx afps ivc gurgWdIaF bdlx vfly disaf igaf hovy- ijnHF rcnfvF ivcoN dsmysL jI nMU acfnk hI pihly no gurU srUpF qoN inKyV ky pysL kIqf igaf hovy. gurU ieiqhfs dy ipCly 230 sflF dIaF Gflxfvf qy isafhI Pyrky, dsmysL jI dy jIvn kfl dy afKrI nO sflF ivc hI sB kuJ huMdf disaf hovy aqy hor bhuq kuJ. iPLr vI asIN bfxI ivruD ajyhIaF rcnfvF nUM bfxI dI brfbrI dyx leI lgy hovIey.

ajyhy imlfvt BrpUr imiQhfs kfrx vWkqI hymkuMt qF BfvyN pYdf kr ley jfx pr isWK Drm ivc PYldI jf rhI mnmq-hUVmWq-aMnmWq aqy ivpr mWq nUM TWl nhIN pfeI jf skdI. ies nfl KMzy dI pfhul bfry AudfsI, piqwqpuxy ivc ieMqhf df vfDf nhIN roikaf jf skdf. qWp-hWT krm XkInx gurbfxI df mfrg nhIN hn, hwQlI iliKq ies pfsy kyvl iek iesLfrf hY.

Kflsy df jnm nhIN-lPjL kVvy hn pr gurbfxI df isDFq hY aqy iesqoN mnukr nhIN hoieaf jf skdf. ieh iek akt scfeI hY ik ijsdf jnm hY Ausdf mrn vI avwsL hY. isWK Drm df qF kdy jnm hoieaf hI nhIN, ieh qF afid kfl qoN hI smucy mnuK mfqr df mUl Drm hY. gurmWq pfT nM: 39 "afid kfl df Drm isWK Drm" ivc ies scfeI nMU sfbq kIqf jf cukf hY, ieQy vyrvy dI loV nhIN. pfqsLfh ny gurbfxI dI isiKaf nUM apxf jIvn arpx krn vfilaF nUM hI sFJy pRIvfr df nfm bKisLaf isWK. bfxI rfhIN bfr bfr ieh cyqfvnI vI idqI ik jykr iksy dy jIvn ivc gurbfxI rfhIN bKisLaf igaf isWKI jIvn nhIN qF gurU nfnk pfqsLfh nMU Auh aKOqI isWK vI mnjLUr nhIN. ieQy qF "krmI afpo afpxI" df isDFq hI kMm kr irhf hY. isWK-Kflsf aqy isMG iBMn-iBMn nhIN hn aqy Drm df mUl nfm isWK Drm hI hY. ivsfKI 1699 nUM qF bfxI dI jugq vrqfAux vflI ijLmyvfrI pMj ipafiraF dy rUp ivc pMQ pfs afeI, iesy df nfm sI pMQ df sfjnf. sfrf vyrvf af cukf hY.

pr aj jo kuJ ivsfKI 1699 dy nfm qy pRcfiraf igaf Ausdf sfrf sMbMD gurU nfnk pfqsLfh dy afgmn ivsfKI sMn 1469 nfl hY aqy bfkI ivroDI imlfvtF. ies vfsqy ivsfKI 1999 Kflsy df jnm idn nhIN sI. kfsL! asF jykr iesdy aslI prIpyK ivc gl torI huMdI qF ivsfKI sMn 1999 nUM iqMn so sflf sfjnf idvs mnfAux df pUrf pUrf lfB AuTf skdy sF. ies Aupr mfx kr skdy sF. AusqoN ibnF scfeI AuGV hI nhIN sI skdI aqy nf hI imlfvtF qoN CuWtkfrf iml skdf hY aqy nf hI imilaf.

063s98.4s040

Including this Gurmat Lesson

"ivsfKI-1469" Gurmat Lesson No 63

For all the Gurmat Lessons written by Principal Giani Surjit Singh Sikh Missionary, Delhi, all the rights are reserverd with the writer, but easily available for Distribution within Guru Ki Sangat with an intention of Gurmat Parsar, at quite a nominal printing cost i.e. mostly Rs 200/- to 300/- (in rare cases upto 500/-)per hundred copies . (+P&P.Extra) From Gurmat Education Centre, Delhi, Postal Address- J-IV/46- II Fl. Old D/S Lajpat Nagar.-4 New Delhi-110024 Ph. 91-11-26487315

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