.

qIrQ iesLnfnF df Brm qy gurmiq

avqfr isMG imsLnrI

qIrQ-ieh sMsikRq df lPLj hY. BfeI kfnH isMG jI ricq mhfn kosL pMnf 594 anusfr ies dy arQ hn-ijs duafrf pfpF qoN bc jfeIey, pivqr asQfn, ijQy Dfrimk Bfv nfl lok pfp dUr krn leI jfx. sMsfr dy sfry mqF ny afpxy insLcy anusfr anyk pivqr QF qIrQ mMn rwKy hn. ikqinaF ny drsLn aqy sLprsL mfqr qoN hI qIrQF nUM mukqI df sfDn insLcy kIqf hY. gurmiq anusfr qF Drm dI isiKaf aqy ieiqhfs dI Gtnf qoN koeI lfB lYx leI qIrQF qy jfxf Auwqm hY pr qIrQF df mukqI nfl koeI nfl sLfksLfq sbMD nhIN hY. gurU sfihbfn ny jQfrQ qIrQ jo sMsfr nUM dwisaf hY Auh ieh hY- qIrQ nfvx jfAuN qIrQu nfmu hY]qIrQu sbd bIcfru aMqir igafnu hY](DnfsrI m:1 pMnf 687) qIrQ Drm vIcfr nfvx purbfixaf](vfr mlfr m:1 pMnf1279) lokF dy mMny hoey qIrQF bfbq siqgurU jI PurmFdy hn-qIrQ nfqf ikaf kry mn mih mYl gumfn](isrI rfg m:1 pMnf 61) anyk qIrQ jy jqn kry qf aMqir kI hAumYy kdy nf jfie](gUjrI m:3) qIrQ nfie n Auqris mYl]krm Drm sB hAumY PYl](rfmklI m:5 pMnf 890) sR[ ipafrf isMG pdm ny "gurU gRMQ kosL" dy pMnf 25 qy iliKaf hY ik ihMdU miq anusfr Bfrq ivwc byaMq qIrQ hn ijQy iesLnfn krky lok smJdy hn ik sfzy pfp Doqy gey EQy bYTy Drm afgUaF nUM puMn dfn krdy hn. pdm jI ilKdy hn ik mqsX purfx anusfr 2221 qIrQ hn prMqU vDyry pRiswD 68 hn pr kipl qMqR gRMQ anusfr 68 qIrQ ies pRkfr hn-1[ EaMkfr 2[ aXuiDaf 3[ avMiqkf 4[ eyrfvqI (rfvI) 5[ sLqdRv 6[ srsvqI 7[ srXU 8[ isMD 9[ isLpRf 10[ sLox 11[ sRI sLYl 12[ sRI rMg 13[ hirduafr 14[ kpfl mocn 15[ kiplodk 16[ kFsLI 17[ kFcI 18[ kflMjr 19[ kfvyrI 20[ kurKyqr 21[ kydfr nfQ 22[ kOisLkI 23[gXf 24[ go krx 25 [ godfvrI 26[ gomqI 27[ govrDn 28[ gMgf sfgr 29[ gMzkf 30[ GrGrf 31[ crmnvqI 32[ icqRkUt 33[ cMdRBfgf 34[ jgnnfQ 35[ jvflf 36[ qfpqI 37[ qfmR prxI 38[ quMg BdRf 39[ dsLfsvmyD 40[ dvfirkf 41[ Dfrf 42[ nrmdf 43[ nfg qIrQ 44[ nYims 45[ pusLkr 46[ pRXfg (iqRvYxI sMgm) 47[ pRQUdk 48[ bdrI nrfiex 49[ BdRysLvr 50[ BImysLvr 51[ iBRMg quMg 52[ mhFkfl 53[ mhF boiD 54[ mQrf 55[ mfn srovr 56[ mfXfpurI 57[ mMdf iknI 58[ Xmunf 59[ rfmyNsLvr 60[ ivqsqf 61[ ivMDX 62[ ibafs 63[ ivlvysLvr 64[ vyxf 65[ vyqRvqI 66[ vYsLnvI 67[ rfm qIrQ 68 [vYdXnfq afidk. pr gurU jI ienHF Brm qIrQF df KMzn krdy hoey PurmFdy hn-aTsiT qIrQ jy nfvih AuqrY nfhI mYlu] (pMnf 473) aTsiT qIrQ sgl puMn jIa dieaf prvfxu] (pMnF 135)) loVvMdF dI mdd krnI hI jIa dieaf hY nf ik mnuwKqf dy vYrI kIVy-mkOVy, swp-TUMhyN, mwKIaF-mwCr, jUMaF aqy cUihaF nUM bcfAuNdy iPrnf. aTsiT qIrQ gurU idKfey Git hI BIqir nfAuNgo](nfmdyv jI pMnF 974) suixaF mMinaf mMin kIqf BfAu aMqir giq qIrQ mil nfAu](jpujI) suxnf, mMnxf aqy aml krnf hI aMqir giq qIrQ nfAuNxf hY. sfzy ivwc vI qIrQ iesLnfnF dy Brm pfey gey hn jo ik ieMn ibMn bRfhmxI mq dI nkl hn.

BfeI kfnH isMG jI nfHBf gurmiq mfrqMz dy pMnf 559 qy vI qIrQF bfry ivcfr krdy hn ik-lokF nUM ihwq df AupdysL dyx, kukrmF dy bMDnF qoN mukq krn aqy afiml qQf afilm sjxf (ivdvfnF) dI sMgq qoN lfB pRfpq krn ar vfkPLIaq vDfAux leI qIrQF qy jfxf lfBdfiek hY pr kyvl qIrQ iesLnfn aqy drsLn qoN hI giq mMnxI aividaf hY. ieh hI qIrQF df Brm hY. hor ilKdy hn ik jo lok bfilk ibrD rogI aqy kmjLor iesqrIaF nUM qIrQF dy prbF qy BIV ivwc lY jf ky duwK dyx df kfrx bxdy hn aqy byaMq iBafnk rogF dy PYlfAux ivwc shfeI huMdy hn Auh dysL aqy kOm dy vYrI ar inrrQk Dn nfsL krn dy dosLI hn. kuMB afidk iewk myly qy Krc kIqf Dn dysL ivwc ividaf aqy hunr PYlf ky dirwdR dsLf dUr kr skdf hY.

qIrQF dI hoNd-asl ivwc purfxy smyN awj vrgy ivkisq sfDn nhIN sn ies krky isafxy lokF ny jl-pfxI dI loV nUM muwK rwK ky qIrQ srovr iqafr kIqy. pihly lok ndIaF, nilaF, dirafvF aqy JrinaF afidk qoN hI kudrqI pfxI dI pIx, nhfAux kpVy Dox aqy sPfeI afidk leI vrqoN krdy sn pr hr QF qy diraf smuMdr ndIaF nhIN huMdy sn. lokF dy pfxI vrqoN dI shUlq leI toBy, srovr qIrQ afidk bxfey. (ijvyN awj vI kudrqI vrKf dy pfxI qoN lfB AuTfAx leI zYm afidk bxfey jFdy hn.) ienHF hI ndIaF, nfilaF aqy dirafvF dy kMZy ivsLysL ByK Dfr ky lokF dI ingHf ivwc DrmI idsx vfly ByKIaF ny afpxy pwky zyry bxf ley qy afpo afpxy QF zyry nyVly pfxI afidk dI vwKrI-2 ivsLysL mhFnqf dwsxI sLurU kr idwqI aqy AunHF dI pUjf iesLnfn dy vI vwKry-2 mhqm dwsxy sLurU kr idwqy ik ienHF qIrQF qy sLrDf BfvnF nfl puMn dfn aqy qIrQ iesLnfn krn nfl pfp Doqy jFdy hn, kfmnfvF pUrIaF huMdIaF hn aqy rog afidk kwty jFdy hn. pihlF qF kuJ cMgy lokF ny aFm lokF dI shUlq leI qIrQ, srovr qy srfvF afidk ndIaF-dirafvF dy kMZy bxfey sn pr cfl bfj lokF ny Kfs kr bRfhmx sfDUaF ny lokF dI aigafnqf df nfjfiej Pfiedf AuTfAuNdy hoey afpxy hlvy-mMzy df pRbMD krn leI lokF nUM qIrQ Xfqrf qy qIrQF qy ivsLysL iesLnfn krn dy BrmI AupdysL dyxy sLurU kr idwqy. ievyN hr sfl qIrQF qy myly lgxy sLurU ho gey aqy puMn dfn rfhIN cVHq-cVfvy pdfrQ afidk BfrI igxqI ivwc cVHn lwg pey. misaf, puMinaF aqy sMgRFdF afidkF dy iesLnfn dI ivsLysL mhFnqf dwsI jfx lwg peI. pihlF awj vrgy afvfjfeI dy sfDn nhIN sn ies krky lok sflFbwDI ijvyN 6 sflF bfad arD kuMB, 12 sflF bfad sMpUrn kuMB afidk dy iesLnfnF qy jFdy sn pr ijvyN-2 afvfjfeI dy sfDn ivgisq huMdy gey qF cfl-bfj Drm ByKIaF ny kihxf sLurU kr idwqf ik sfl ivwc do vfr qIrQ iesLnfn df mhfqm ijafdf hY. vwK-2 qIrQ asQFnf dy vwKry-2 smyN inXq kr idwqy gey ijvyN qIrQF dI igxqI 68 imQ leI geI AuvyN hI hr mhIny sMgRFd, misaf, pUrnmfsLI afidk df iesLnfn krnf Bfv aYnIaF sMgRFdF nhfAugy, aYnIaF misaf nhfAugy aqy aYnIaF puMinaF pYNckF afidk nhfAugy qF vwD Pl imlygf pr lokF dIaF muwK shUlqF leI bxy asQfnF nUM qIrQ msLhUr kr idwqf igaf ievyN AunHF QfvF df aslI Bfv hI Kqm ho igaf qy kyvl suwKF suwKxIaF aqy mnokfmnf pUrIaF hox df pRclq kIqf Brm hI rih igaf ijs dy jrIey lotU sfD-sMq, mhMq aqy bRfhmx ByKI DrmI afidk afgU luwtdy sn qy awj vI aijhy ByKDfrI zyrydfr vihmI qy aigafnI lokF nUM Brm cwkRF ivwc pf ky luwtI jf rhy hn. scy igafn dy DfrnI BgqF, gurUaF aqy Bly lokF ny afm lokfeI nUM BrmF coN kwZx leI ienHF mMny gey qIrQF qy jfxf sLurU kr idwqf ikAuNik qIrQ afidk QfvF qy bhuqy lokF nUM QoVy smyN ivwc AupdysL idwqf jf skdf hY. lokfeI dy AuDfr vfsqy gurU sihbFn vI qIrQF qy gey. gur Purmfn hY-qIrQ Audmu siqgurU kIaf sB lok AuDrx arQf] (quKfrI m:4 pMnF 1116) BfeI gurdfs jI vI qIrQ iesLnfnF dy Pokt Brm bfry ilLKdy hn ik bfbf nfnk jI qIrQF qy ikAuN gey? bfbf afieaf qIrQYN qIrQ purib sBy iPir dyKY. purb Drm bhu krm kir BfAu Bgiq ibnu ikqy n lyKY. BfAu nf bRhmY iliKaf cfir byid isMimRiq piV pyKY. ZUMZI sglI ipRQvI siqjig afd duafpr qRyqY. kiljuig DuMDUkfr hY Brim BlfeI bhu ibiD ByKY. ByKIN pRBU n pfeIaY afpu gvfey rUp n ryKY]25](vfr nM[1 pfAuVI 25vIN)

gurmiq ny qIrQF sbMDI mnOqF df BrvF KMzn kIqf hY-qIrQ nfHvf jy iqsu BfvF ivx Bfxy ik nHfie krIN](jpu) qIrQ dyiK n jl mih pYsAuN jIa jMq n sqfvAuNgo]aTsiT qIrQ gurU idKfey Git hI qIrQ nfHAuNgo](nfmdyv jI pMnF 973) qIrQ nfie n Auqris mYlu]krm Drm siB hAumY PYlu](pMnf 890) bRfhmxI BrmgVH qy jbrdsq hmlf krdy hoey Bgq kbIr jI vI PurmFdy hn-aMqir mYlu jy qIrQ nfvY iqsu bYkuMT nf jfnf]lok pqIxy kCU n hovY nfhIN rfm aXfnf]1]pUjhu rfm eyk hI dyvf]sfcf nfvx gur kI syvf]1]rhfAu]jl kY mjin jy giq hovy inq inq myNzuk nfvih]jYsy myNzuk qYsy Eie nr iPir iPir jonI afvih]2](afsf Bgq kbIr jI) jn ky crn qIrQ koit gMgf](iblfvlu mhlf 5) BfeI gurdfs jI vI Purmfdy hn ik siqgur qIrQ Ciz kY aTsiT qIriQ nfvx jfhIN.(vfr 15vIN pfAuVI 10vIN) gMgf afidk qIrQ nih jfvYN.sUqk pfqk nih mnfvYN. (nvIn pMQ pRkfsL aiDXfie 74) qIrQF df iesLnfn qF sgoN hAumY pYdf krdf hY-qIrQ jfAu q hAuN hAuN krqy] (afsf m:5 pMnF 385).

qIrQF qy CUaf-Cfq df Brm-sLUdr qIrQ iesLnfn nhIN kr skdf ikAuNik sLUdr dy nhfAux nfl qIrQ iBitaf igaf smiJaf jFdf hY-jF kI Coqu jgq kAu lfgy](sRI rivdfs jI) gurU sfihbfn ny Aus vyly dI loV nUM mwuK rWK ky qIrQ, srovr, bfAulIaF aqy KUh afdik bxvfey ijQy hr jfqI, mjLhb df iensfn pfxI pI qy nhf skdf hY. AUc-nIc df koeI Brm nhIN aqy nF hI koeI mhfqm dwisaf jFdf hY-jl ky mjin jy giq hovy inq inq myNzuk nfvih]jYsy myNzk qYsy Eie nr iPir-iPir jonI afvih](afsf kbIr jI) jl nfl qF kyvl ipafs buJfeI jf skdI hY, srIr aqy kpVy afidk Doqy jf skdy hn pr mn nhIN Doqf jf skdf-qnu Doqy mnu hCf n hoeI](gurbfxI) aMqir mYl lgI nhIN jfxY bfhro mil mil DovY](vfr mfJ m:1 pMnf 139)

anmqIaF dI dyKf-dyKI aqy anmqI rIqF sMqF mhMqF rfhIN iswK miq ivwc af jfx kfrx awj sfzI kOm ivwc vI qIrQ Brm pYdf kr idwqy gey hn. aWj jd pfxI sfDnF dI koeI Gft nhIN iPr vI DVf-DV qIrQ srovr bxfey jf rhy hn. kOm df kImqI srmfieaf sony dy klsF, sMgmrmrI iblizMgF, qIrQF srovrF aqy votF btorn qy brbfd kIqf jf irhf hY. awj guirduafiraF ivwc vI misaf, puMinNaF, pYNckF aqy sMgRFdF afidk nhfAuNx df mhfqm drsfieaf jf irhf hY. BfrI igxqI ivwc kysDfrI iswK vI suwKIaF-suKfeIaF misaf, puMinaF sMgRFdf nhf rhy hn qy smJ rhy hn ik ievyN krn nfl pfp Doqy jfxgy. ienHF nUM ieh vI pqf nhIN ik kdy pfxI nfl vI pfp Dup skdy hn. ies bfry jpujI sfihb ivwc sfP iliKaf hY-BrIaY miq pfpF kY sMig Auh DopY nfvY kY rMig](jpujI) pfpF gunfhF afid nfl BrI miq qF nfm rUpI pfxI nfl Dup skdI hY nF ik qIrQ nhfAuNx nfl. ieh Brm ik qIrQ nhfAuNx nfl pfp dUr ho jFdy hn. ies leI insLMg ho ky hor pfp krdy hn-pfp krih pMcF ky bis ry]qIrQ nfie khih sB AuqrY]bhuir kmfvih hoih insMku]iqn kAu bFiD Krih kflMKu](pRBfqI m:5 pMnF 1348).

gurU sfihb qF gurbfxI sMgq nUM hI mhfnqF idMdy hn ik-rfmdfs srovr nHfqy]sB Auqry pfp kmfqy]inrml hoie kir iesLnfnf sfD sMgiq imil kIno dfnF](soriT m:5) rfmdfs bhu vcn lPLj hY ijs df mqlb hY rfm dy dfs Bfv Bly purK Bfv sqsMgIaF dy srovr ivwc pRBU pRmfqmF dy ivcfr jl ivwc nhfAuNx krky mn bury krmF vloN ht jFdf hY pr jy sO-sO vfr qIrQ nhf ky vI CUaf-Cfq, jfiq-pfiq, AUc-nIc aqy nPrq afidk nF geI qF-qIrQ nHfqf ikaf kry mn mih mYil gumfn](sRI rfg m:1 pMnF 61) gurmiq qF qIrQ iesLnfn afidk BrmF df BrvF KMzn krdI hY pr iswKF ivwc zyry bxfeI bYTy sfD-sMq aqy AunHF dy anuXfeI mMzn krdy hoey gurmiq nUM iCwky tMg sB Brm krI krfeI jf rhy hn. iewQoN qwk ik iswKF dI isrmOr jQybMdI sLRomxI kmytI vI awKF mIt ky sB kuJ huMdf dyKI hI nhIN jf rhI sgoN ByKI sfDF-sMqF nUM ieh qIrQF-srovrF afid dI kfr syvf Tyky qy idwqI jf rhI hY. gurmiq qoN bfgI ho ky bhuqy iswK lIzr cfhy Auh Dfrimk hn jF rfjnIqk votF aqy cODr dI Kfiqr ienHF ByKI sfDF-sMqF dy zyiraF qy jf ky mwQy rgVdy hoey sB krm kFz aqy Brm kbUlx dI mohr lf rhy hn.

awj sfnUM gurmiq dI soJI rwKx vfly aqy gurmiq aiBlfKI sB mfeI-BfeI nUM qIrQ iesLnfnF df Brm Cwz ky, gurbfxI rUpI qIrQ ivwc nhf ky mn dI sPfeI aqy lok BlfeI leI dysLF-ivdysLF, sLihrF, ipMzF aqy ksibaF ivwc gurbfxI pfT-ivcfr-sMiQaf dy skUlF rUpI qIrQ srovr kfiem krny cfhIdy hn ijwQy krmkFzI qy BrmI mnF nUM gurbfxI AupdysL ivcfr rUpI pivqr jl nfl aigafnqf dI mYl qy BrmF dy pfpF nUM Doqf jf sky. hryk gurduafrf hI qIrQ hY ijQy gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI bfxI rUpI pivwqr jl Biraf ipaf hY-qIrQ nfvx jfAu qIrQ nfm hY](pMnF 687) BfeI gurdfs jI vI BrmI lokF bfry jo swcy pivwqr siqgurU qIrQ nUM Cwz ky ByKI sfDF-sMqF, zyrfvfdIaF aqy sMpRdfeIaF afidk dy pfey Brm (qIrQF Awpr misaF, puMinaF aqy sMgRFdF nhf rhy hn) AunHF df pVdfPfsL krdy hoey zMky dI cot nfl kihMdy hn ik-siqgur qIrQ Ciz kY aTsiT qIrQ nfvx jfhIN.. ndI n zuwby qMUbVI qIrQ ivsu invfry nfhIN.(Bf[gu[ vfr 15vIN pAuVI 10vIN) iswK vfsqy pRmuwK gurbfxI hY nf ik koeI sfD-sMq jF Aus rfhIN clfieaf koeI Brm-kyvl nfm jpo ry pRfxI Cozhu mn ky BrmF](Bgq kbIr jI) gurU jI bfrbfr ieh hI kih rhy hn ik mn dy Brm BulyiKaF nUM Cwz idE ikAuNik gurU igafn qoN ibnF clIsy kwt-kwt ky aqy igxqI imxqI dy pfT kr-kr ky aqy misaf-puMinaF-sMgRFdF afidk vfly idnF qy iksy vI qIrQ qy iesLnfn krky nf mn krky pivqr hoieaf jf skdf hY aqy nF hI Bvjl sMsfr qoN qiraf jf skdf hY. gur Purmfn hY-miq ko Brm Buly sMsfir] guir ibn koie n Auqris pfir](gONz mhlf 5 pMnF 864)

Avtar Singh "Missionary"
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