.

siqgur pRsfid ]

kysF aqy dsqfr dI sMBfl

ienhI kI ikRpf ky sjy hm hYN nhIN mO sy gLrIb kror pry ] (gurU goibMd isMG sfihb)

akfl purK dI apfr bKisLsL sdkf ik sfzf jnm isWK pirvfr ivWc hoieaf . bWcpn qoN hI sfnMU gurduafrf sfihb jf ky sfD-sMgq dy drsLnF df suBfg pRfpiq huMdf hY . mfqf, ipqf, dfdI, dfdf jI aqy vWzy BYx-Brf pihlF qoN hI kysF dI sMBfl dI soJI idMdy rihMdy hn . svyry hI aMimRq vyly AuT ky, iesLnfn kr ky, jpu jI sfihb df pfT suxn dI lgn lWg jFdI hY . iPr skUl/gurduafry jf ky pMjfbI bolI ilKxI qy pVHnI vI af jFdI hY . hor surq sMBflx qy inWq-nym df pfT kMT ho jfxf aqy suKmnI sfihb df pfT vI kr lYxf, ieWk suBfvk gWl bx jFdI hY . ieMJ hI vWzy ho ky afp hI kysF dI sMBfl kr ky dsqfr sjfa lYx ivWc koeI aOkV nhIN afAuNdI . ieh hr gusisWK bWcy aqy hor pirvfrk mYNbrF leI bhuq jLrUrI hY BfvyN asIN pMjfb dysL ivWc rihMdy hoeIey jF iksyy bfhrly dysL ivKy .

ijLMdgI ivWc keI Auqfr-cVHfv afAuNx qy vI vfihgurU df imhr-Biraf hWQ hmysLf isr AuWpr rihx krky, isWKI jIvn sPlf rihMdf hY . keI pRfxI/pirvfr afm svfl krdy rihMdy hn ik aYnf pfT krn AupRMq vI keI muWsLklF df sfhmxf ikAuN krnf pYNdf hY? bfhrly dysLF ivWc rih ky kys rWKx aqy dsqfr dI kI loV hY ? hux pMj kkfrF dI kI mhWqqf hY ? pMjfbI bolI isWKx df kI lfB hY ? isWKI aMdr dI hoxIN cfhIdI hY, bfhr dy ivKfvy dI kI loV hY ? keI lok sfnMU mjLfk krdy hn, afidk . quWC buWDI anusfr dWsx df Eprflf krdy rihMdy hF ik hr rojL inWq-nym df pfT krn qy pqf lWgdf hY ik "jpu jI sfihb dI CyvIN qy pMdrvIN pAuVI aqy afsf kI vfr" syD idMdI hY ik isWK Auh hY jyhVf gurU dI isWiKaf anusfr jIvn bqIq krdf hY : -

miq ivic rqn jvfhr mfixk jy iek gur kI isK suxI ] (pAuVI 6 - pMnf 2)

mMnY qrY qfry guru isK ] mMnY nfnk Bvih n iBK ] (pAuVI 15 - pMnf 3)

isKI isiKaf gur vIcfir ] ndrI krim lGfey pfir ] (afsf kI vfr - 5, pMnf 465)

gurU sfihbfn dI isWiKaf kI hY, ies vfry sLRomxI gurduafrf pRbMdk kmytI, aMimRqsr vloN pRkfsLq pMQ-pRvfixq "isWK rihq mrXfdf" ivcfrxI bhuq jLrUrI hY . gurduafrf sfihb ivKy ies dIaF kfpIaF pMjfbI / aMgRyjLI ivWc AuplbD hn . jy iksy pRfxI nMU jLrUrq hovy qF muWPLq lY skdy ho . isWK Drm sMbMiDq mYNgjLIn, tRYkt aqy ikqfbF pVHxIaF vI jLrUrI hn . ies qrHF gurU dI mohr, kysF dI mhWqqf df pqf lWgdf hY jdoN asIN Coty sfihbjLfidaF, BfeI qfrU isMG jI aqy hor byaMq gurisWKF dIaF kurbfnIaF df ieiqhfs ivcfrdy hF . 1469 qoN lY ky 1851 qWk, iksy vI isWK ny kdI kysF dI byadbI nhIN sI kIqI . jdoN aMgRyjL srkfr ny ieMglYNz iljf ky bflk dlIp isMG jI dy kys kWtvf idWqy, aqy bfad ivWc eIsfeI pfdrIaF dy asr hyT af ky cfr isWK ividafrQIaF ny eIsfeI hoNx dI ieWCf pRgt kIqI qF 1873 ivWc "isMG sBf lihr" sdkf isWKF ny afpxI unique identity nMU kfiem rWiKaf . iPr hux (ihMdU jF eIsfeI mWq dy pRBfv hyT) ikAuN axjfxy ivWc afpxf isWKI srUp aqy ivrsf BuWl rhy hF ? gurU sfihbfn ny sfnMU hmysLf nfm jWpx aqy kysF dI sMBfl krn df AupdysL idWqf . ies qoN ielfvf, gurU nfnk sfihb jI ny BfeI mrdfny jI nMU kysF dI sMBfl krn leI qF Aucycf AupdysL idWqf sI . gurvfk qoN vI sfnMU syD imldI hY : -

bMky bfl pfg isir zyrI ] rfgu soriT bfxI Bgq rivdfs jI kI ] (gurU gRMQ sfihb - pMnf 659)

kfieaf ikrdfr aAurq XkInf ] rMg qmfsy mfix hkInf ]

nfpfk pfku kir hdUir hdIsf sfbq sUriq dsqfr isrf ]12]

(mfrU mhlf 5 ] gurU gRMQ sfihb - pMnf 1084)

 

Bfv, sdf rWb dI isPiq-sflfh kr ky, sMqoK qy inmRqf rWK, sWB df Blf mMg, pMjF kfmfidk nMU vWs kr ky, afpxI sUrq nMU sfbq ijAuN df iqAuN rWK aqy afpxy isr AuWpr dsqfr sjf ky, ies lok qy pRlok ivWc ieWjLq - afdr pRfpiq kr ky, jIvn sPLlf kr . sfnMU BI ieh hI AupdysL hY . qF iPr, asIN afpxI sLkl ikAuN Krfb krIey ? akfl purK ny sfnMU srIr dy nfl hI kys, dfhVf, muWCF aqy BrvWty bhumuWly gift dy ky ikRqfrQ kIqf . gurU sfihbfn ny kysF dI sMBfl leI kMGf qy dsqfr sjfAux df hukm idWqf . dWsvyN pfiqsLfh gurU goibMd isMG sfihb ny sfnMU aMimRq dI dfiq bKisLsL krky, afpxI mohr lf ky, aslI isWky vFg sfnMU inmfixaF nMU pRvfn krky, ieWk inafrf jIvn idWqf aqy ieAuN ibafn kIqf: KLflsf myro rUp hY KLfs ] KLflsy mih hoN kroN invfs ] ies qoN ijLafdf hor kI bKisLsL ho skdI hY ? CyvyN pfiqsLfh gurU hirgoibMd sfihb ny sfnMU pIrI-mIrI dy isDFq dI jFc idWqI . aWj qoN svf kuu pMj sO sfl pihlF gurU nfnk sfihb ny sfnMU ajLfd rihx df AupdysL idWqf aqy sfnMU ieWk akfl purK nfl joiVaf . ievyN hI drbfr sfihb, akfl qWKLq sfihb, gurU gRMQ sfihb, pMjfbI bolI, pMjfb dysL aqy isWK-rihxI bKLsLI . iPr asIN dUsiraF dI ikAuN nkl krdy hF ?

akfl purK dI kudrq dyKo ik mflk ny sfzy mWQy AuWpr, hWQF qy pYrF dIaF qlIaF qy vfl nhIN idWqy aqy nf hI bIbIaF dy muWK AuWpr ! vYsy BI vflF dI lMbfeI ieWk-sfr nhIN rWKI . so, ieh mflk dI dfiq hY . ies leI sfnMU koeI ikMqU nhIN krnI cfhIdI sgoN Aus dI rjLf ivWc rih ky, ijs rMg ivWc rWKy, hmysLF Aus dy sLukr-gujLfr rihxf cfhIdf hY . ijvyN KLry isWky vFg sfzy ivWc aslI DfqU aqy gurU dI mohr kfiem rWKx nfl asIN sWB dysLF ivWc mfx-ieWjLq nfl rih skdy hF - aMdrlI qy bfhrlI isWKI leI, bfxI aqy bfxf - (surq qy sUrq) dovyN hI jLrUrI hn . hF, ies nMU kfiem rWKx leI aMimRq dI dfiq, imsLnrI kflj df gurmiq kors aqy sicafry isWK df jIvn bhuq jLrUrI hY . sfry dysLF ivWc isWKI df pRcfr ho irhf hY . sfzf sihXog vI jLrUrI hY . bfhrly dysLF ivKy qF freedom of speech and freedom of worship hoNx krky, kysF qy dsqfr dI sMBfl krn nfl asIN afpxI distinctive identity kfiem rWK ky sfry sMsfr nMU dWs skIey ik isWKI jIvn hI sWB qoN AuWqm rihxI hY . pr, jy koeI pRfxI/pirvfr iksy gLlqI jF dUsry dy pRBfiv ivWc af ky piqq ho igaf hY, afE, aWj qoN iPr kysF dI sMBfl krky, dsqfr sjf ky aqy aMimRq dI dfiq pRfpiq krky, gurU dy sicafr isWK bx jfeIey . gurU sfihbfn df Purmfn hY :

so isKu sKf bMDpu hY BfeI ij gur ky Bfxy ivic afvY ] afpxY BfxY jo clY BfeI ivCuiV cotf KfvY ]

ibnu siqgur suKu kdy n pfvY BfeI iPir iPir pCoqfvY ]1] soriT mhlf 3 ] (pMnf - 601/602)

aqy

rihq ipafrI moh ko isWK ipafrf nfih ] jb lg KLflsf rhy inafrf ] qb lg qyjL dIE mYN sfrf ]

jb ieh ghy ibprn kI rIq ] mYN n kroN ien kI prqIq ] (gurU goibMd isMG sfihb)

afE, asIN sfry pihlF pUrn gurisWK bx ky ardfs krIey ik dfqf, hux sfnMU vI aMimRq dI dfiq bKLsL ky ikRqfrQ kro . ies qrHF sfzy gurpurb qy KLflsf sfjnf idvs mnfAuNxy sPl hn . jy sfzf hI isWKI df insLfn gLfieb hY qF iPr gurduafry insLfn sfihb qoN kI pRyrxf lY skdy hF ! isWKI srUp rWKxf koeI aOKI gWl nhIN, ihMmq kro, gurisWK pirvfrF nfl sMbMD rWKo, hr rojL gurduafry af ky sMgq kro, nfm jpo, Drm dI ikrq kro, vMz Cko aqy hr smyN gurbfxI df hI Et-afsrf lvo : -

gur siqgur kf jo isKu aKfey su Blky AuiT hir nfmu iDafvY ] Audmu kry Blky prBfqI iesnfnu kry aMimRq sir nfvY ] Aupdyis gurU hir hir jpu jfpY siB iklivK pfp doK lih jfvY ] iPir cVY idvsu gurbfxI gfvY bhidaf AuTidaf hir nfmu iDafvY ] jo sfis igrfis iDafey myrf hir hir so gurisKu gurU min BfvY ] ijs no dieaflu hovY myrf suafmI iqsu gurisK gurU Auypdysu suxfvY ] jnu nfnku DUiV mMgY iqsu gurisK kI jo afip jpY avrh nfmu jpfvY ]2] gAuVI kI vfr mhlf 4 ] (gurU gRMQ sfihb - pMnf 305-6)

 

gur-AupdysL anusfr jdoN asIN aMimRq vyly AuT ky iesLnfn krky, kysF dI sMBfl krky, dsqfr sjf ky, hr rojL inWq-nym dy pfT krFgy, gurduafry jf ky gurbfxI, kIrqn, kQf suxFgy, afpxy hWQIN syvf krFgy aqy akfl purK df Et-afsrf lY ky afpxI pVHfeI, nOkrI, kfrovfr, myhnq qy eImfndfrI nfl krFgy qF : -

siqguru isK kI krY pRiqpfl ] syvk kAu guru sdf dieafl ] isK kI guru durmiq mlu ihrY ] gur bcnI hir nfmu AucrY ] siqguru isK ky bMDn kftY ] gur kf isKu ibkfr qy hftY ] siqguruu isK kAu nfm Dnu dyie ] gur kf isKu vzBfgI hy ] siqguru isK kf hlqu plqu svfrY ] nfnk siqguru isK kAu jIa nfil smfrY ]1] gAuVI suKmnI mhlf 5 astpdI 18 ] (pMnf 286)

aqy

isKhu sbdu ipafirho jnm mrn kI tyk ] muKu AUjlu sdf suKI nfnk ismrq eyk ]

(rfmklI mhlf 5 ] pMnf 916)

asIN afpxy afp nMU isWK kihMdy hF, mrdmsLumfrI (Census) smyN afpxf Drm "SIKH" declare krdy hF aqy svyry-sLfm gurU sfihb dI hjLUrI ivWc ardfs krdy hF: "ijnHF isMGF isMGxIaf ny Drm hyq sIs idWqy, bMd - bMd ktfey, KoprIaF luhfeIaF, crKIaF qy cVHy, afiraF nfl icrfey gey, gurduafiraF dI syvf leI kurbfnIaF kIqIaF, Drm nhIN hfiraf, isWKI kysF suafsF nfl inbfhI, iqnHF dI kmfeI df iDafn Dr ky, KLflsf jI, bolo jI vfihgurU aqy isWKF nMU isWKI dfn, kys dfn, rihq dfn, ibbyk dfn, ivsfh dfn, Brosf dfn, dfnF isr dfn, nfm dfn, sRI aMimRqsr jI dy iesLnfn, cOkIaF, JMzy, buMgy, jgo jug atWl, Drm kf jYkfr, bolo jI vfihgurU! ies leI, sfzI socxI aqy krxI BI aYsI hI hoxI cfhIdI hY. gurU bKisLsL krn ik pRfiemrI (Primary) skUl qWk bWcy dy kysF dI sMBfl mfqf-ipqf krn aqy iPr bWcf afp hI dsqfr sjf ky skUl jfvy . ikMnf cMgf hovy jy gurduafiraF aqy hor isWK jQybMdIaF dy insLkfm pRbMDk, KLflsf skUl-kfljF dy aiDafpk afp isWKI srUp ivWc rih ky afp BI gurmiq pRcfr krn, qF hI piqqpuxf KLWqm ho skdf hY . ijhVy pRfxI / pirvfr kysF dI sMBfl nhIN krdy, Auh smJo gurU sfihbfn qoN muWK moV ky isWK Drm qoN dUr jf rhy hn . aYsy pRfxIaF / pirvfrF AuWpr gurU sfihb bKisLsL krn: -

BUly isK gurU smJfey ] AuJiV jfdy mfrig pfie ] mfrU mhlf 1 - pMnf 1032 ]

asIN gurduafry jf ky BfeI sfihb jI aqy hor rfgI isMGF/pRcfrkF/kQfkfrF pfsoN gur ieiqhfs suxdy hF aqy Aucycy dIvfnF ivWc vI hfjLrI Brdy hF . sfnMU dWisaf jFdf hY ik ikvyN gurU arjn sfihb jI, gurU qyg bhfdr sfihb jI, BfeI mqIdfs jI, BfeI idaflf jI, BfeI sqIdfs jI, Coty sfihbjLfdy jorfvr isMG jI qy PLiqh isMG jI, bhfdr bMdf isMG jI, BfeI mnI isMG jI, BfeI qfrU isMG jI aqy hor byaMq isWKF ny afpxy afp nMU qF kurbfn kr idWqf, pr iksy ny afpxy kysF dI byadbI nhIN hoNx idWqI ikAuNik kys aqy dsqfr hI isWKF dI ieWk inafrI pihcfx hY ijs sdkf asIN sfry sMsfr ivWc gOrv nfl gurU dy isWK jfxy jFdy hn . jy asIN kysF aqy dsqfr dI sMBfl nhIN kIqI qF iPr, sfzy ivWc aqy Bfrq, pfiksqfn, sRI lMkf, bMglfdysL, afid dy hor sLihrIaF ivWc kI PLrk irhf ? soco ! jy koeI gurU sfihbfn df AupdysL nhIN mMndf qF iPr, Auh gurU df isWK ikvyN hoieaf ! gurU sfihbfn ny hryk Drm dy pRfxI nMU afpxy afpxy Drm ivWc pWkf rihx leI AupdysL idWqf ! afE, alWg alWg PuWlF dy guldsqy vFg, asIN BI afpxI isWKI hoNd nMU kfiem rWKIey .

1947 dI cMdrI vMz smyN lWKF isWK pirvfr afpxy Drm dI KLfqr, pfiksqfn ivKy afpxIaF mihl-vfVIaF CWz afey pr 26 jnvrI 1950 dy bfad ihMdU-ihMdI dy pRBfiv hyT af ky keI pirvfrF ny afpxy isWKI ivrsy nMU BuWlxf sLurU kr idWqf aqy keI piqq ivlfieqIaF, pihlvfn/iPLlmI aYktrF, trWk zrfeIvrF, afid (and subsequently this malady like wild-fire spread all over: malice towards none) nMU dyK ky iksy jQydfr/isWK lIzr ny hfh df nfrHf nf mfiraf . 1978-1984 ivckfr KLflsf jrnYl isMG jI ny isWKF ivWc iPr gLYrq ilaFdI ijs sdkf hjLfrF pRfxIaF ny kysF dI sMBfl krky, aMimRq dI dfiq pRfpiq kIqI . pr, ipCly kuJ ku sflF qoN bhuq sfry isWK bWicaF, nOjvfnF aqy bjLuWrgF nMU dyK ky isr sLrm nfl JuWk jFdf hY ik asIN gurU dI mohr nMU lfh ky ikAuN Koty isWky bx gey hF ! nFh asIN Gr dy rhy qy nFh Gft dy . afE, gurbfxI aqy isWK rihq mrXfdf qoN syD lY ky, afpxI hAuymY iqafg ky, aWj qoN hI kysF aqy dsqfr dI sMBfl krnI sLurU kr deIey . gurduafry dy pRbMDkF aqy BfeI sfihb/rfgI isMGF nMU vI inmRqf sihq bynqI hY ik isWK rihq mrXfdf anusfr isWKI pRcfr ivWc lWg jfvo aqy Gr Gr jf ky isWK pirvfrF nMU gurU df AupdysL gRihx krfvo. jLrf soco ik jy koeI pRbMDk jF tRWstI afp hI isWKI isDFqF anusfr nhIN cldf qF Auh dUsiraF nMU isWKI vfry kI ds skdf !

gurisK mIq clhu gur cflI ] jo guru khY soeI Bl mfnhu hir hir kQf inrflI ]1]rhfAu]

(DnfsrI mhlf 4 ] pMnf 667)

vfihgurU jI kf KLflsf vfihgurU jI kI PLiqh

bynqI krqf: gurmIq isMG (Tel. No. 61 - 2 9837 2787)

siqgur pRsfid ]

W H O I S A S I K H ?

In the "SIKH REHT MARYADA" - (The Code of Sikh Conduct & Conventions) published by "Dharam Parchar Committee" (Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee, AMRITSAR - Jan. 2000 print), the Definition of Sikh is mentioned: -

Any human being, who faithfully believes in

  1. One Immortal Being - (Everlasting Entity),
  2. Ten Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind Singh,
  3. The Guru Granth Sahib,
  4. The utterances and teachings of the ten Gurus and
  5. The baptism (Sikh Amrit) bequeathed by the tenth Guru, and

who does not owe allegiance to any other religion, is a "Sikh".

Furthermore, DELHI SIKH GURDWARAS ACT, 1971 passed by the Parliament of India on 30th December 1971 defines: -

"SIKH" means a person who professes the Sikh religion, believes and follows the teachings of Guru Granth Sahib and the Ten Gurus only, and keeps unshorn hair. For the purposes of this Act, if any question arises as to whether any living person is or is not a Sikh, he shall be deemed respectively to be or not to be a Sikh according as he makes or refuses to make in the manner prescribed by rules the following declaration: -

"I solemnly affirm that I am a Keshadhari Sikh, that I believe in and follow the teachings of Guru Granth Sahib and the Ten Gurus only, and that I have no other religion."

SAHAJDHARI SIKH means a person:

  1. Who professes Sikh Religion, believes in one God, follows the teachings of Guru Granth Sahib and the Ten Gurus only;
  2. Who performs all ceremonies according to Sikh rites;
  3. Who does not smoke, use tobacco, kutha (Halal Meat) in any forms;
  4. Who does not take alcoholic in any forms drinks;
  5. Who is born in not Sikh family, but not a Patit.

[Also refer to The Gazette of India Notification No. 936 dated 9 October 2003 Provided that no person shall be registered as an elector who (a) trims or shaves his beard or keshas; (b) smokes; and (c) takes alcoholic drinks]

"PATIT" means a Sikh who trims or shaves his beard or hair (keshas) or who after taking Amrit commits any one or more of the four Kurahits.

"FOUR KURAHITS" - The under mentioned four transgressions (tabooed practices) must be avoided:

  1. Dishonouring the hair;
  2. Eating the meat of an animal slaughtered the Muslim way;
  3. Cohabiting with a person other than ones spouse;
  4. Using tobacco.

{All Sikh families are requested to take care of their Sikh Identity and follow "Gurbaani & Gurmatt"}

GURMIT SINGH, 9 HAMLIN STREET, QUAKERS HILL, NSW - 2763, AUSTRALIA - (Tel/Fax No. 61 - 2 9837 2787)




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