.

(sMpfdkI not:- hyT iliKaf jfpu sfihb stIk df muK-bMD sfnUM hrjIq isMG AuBI (Bolf) jI ny Byijaf hY. sLfied AunHF df iKafl hovygf ik ies nUM pVH ky sfzy aqy hor keIaF dy vIcfr dsm gRMQ vfry bdl jfxgy ikAuNik asIN pRo: sfihb isMG nUM mhfn ivdvfn mMndy hF. hornF vfry qF mYN kuwJ kih nhIN skdf pr myry afpxy vIcfr qF dsm gRMQ vfry ibWlkuwl nhIN bdl skdy. imsLnrI soc vfly isWK, BfeI kfnH isMG nfBf aqy pRo: sfihb isMG jI dI byhwd kdr krdy hn pr Auh kiQq mhFpursLF dy sLrDflUaF vFg nhIN socdy ik jo Plfny kiQq mhFpursL ny kih idWqf Auh hI pwQr qy lkIr vFg TIk hY Aus qoN agFh swc ho hI nhIN skdf. ieWQy iek BfeI kfnH isMG nfBf vloN dsm gRMQ vfry, BfeI mnI isMG jI qy kIqI itWpxI duhrfAuNdf hF. gurmiq mfrqMz dy pMnF 570 qy BfeI kfnH isMG nfBf jI ilKdy hn, "asIN BfeI mnI isMG jI nUM pMQ rqn aqy Drm vIr mMndy hoey BI ieh afKxo sMkoc nhIN krdy ik BfeI sfihb ny ieh ajyhI Buwl kIqI hY, ijs qoN apfr hfnI puwjI hY ar awgoN nUM BI BfrI nuksfn hox df zr hY.")

jfpu sfihb stIk

muK-bMD

jfpu sfihb sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI dI bfxI hY. rihqnfimaF ivc siqgurU jI vloN hY ik hryk iswK hr rojL svyry Gwt qoN Gwt jpu aqy jfpu sfihb df pfT jLrUr kry.aMimRq iqafr krn vyly BI ieh bfxI pVHI jFdI hY.

pr afm vyKx ivc afAuNdf hY ik ijqnI loV ies bfxI dI iswK afqimk jIvn ivc dwsI geI hY; Auqnf iDafn ies vwl nhIN idwqf jf irhf. iesdf kfrn ieh jfpdf hY ik ies ivc sMsikRq, arbI qy PfrsI dy bhuq ijLafdf lPjL hn, ijMnHF krky ieh bhuq aOKI lwgdI hY. ies aOiKafeI nUM dUr krn leI kuwJ tIky kIqy jf cuwky hn, pr Koj ky pVHn vfly ividafrQI dy idRsLtI-kox qoN Auh qswlI bKsL sfbq nhIN hoey.

sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI dI bfxI ivcoN BfvyN mYN ieh pihlf tIkf pysL kr irhf hF, pr AunHF hI lIhF qy kIqf igaf hY jo jpu jI, BwtF dy svYXy, afsf dI vfr, suKmnI qy rfmklI swdu dy tIky krn ivc vrqIaF geIaF hn. ies gwl df Kfs iDafn rwiKaf igaf hY ik bolI dy idRsLtI-kox qoN ividafrQI hryk musLkl lPjL qy Aus ivc dwsy Bfv nUM TIk qrHF smJ sky.

jfpu sfihb ivc keI lPjL muV muV keI vfr afAuNdy hn, ies vfsqy iesnUM jLubfnI Xfd krnF kfPI aOKf ho jFdf hY. jLubfnI Xfd hox qy BI jy iesdf pfT krn vyly surq hor pfsy iKMz jfey qf pfT Gwt hI isry cVHdf hY, ikAuNik ieko lPjL dy keI vfrI afAux krky pfT agFh ipCFh ho jFdf hY. so surq nUM iek QF rwKx ivc ieh bfxI bhuq shfieqf krdI hY.

EprI njLry ies bfxI nUM piVHaF ieAuN jfpdf hY ik ijvyN ies ivc pRmfqmf dy kyvl awzo awz guxF df hI muV muV ijLkr kIqf hY, qy ies bfxI ivc iKaflF dI koeI iek sfr imlvIN lVI nhIN hY. pr mYN ies tIky ivc ieh dwisLaf hY ik jfpu sfihb dy sfry 22 CMdF ivc iek-sfr qy imlvF Bfv imldf hY.

ihMdU lok sMsikRq nUM dyv-bfxI kih rhy sn. muslmfn isrP arbI afpxy mjHb ivc jfiejL qy shI smJdy sn. iek mq dy bMdy dUjy mq dI Dfrimk ikqfb dI bolI nUM afpxy Dfrimk qrMg pRgt krn ivc vrqxoN nPrq kr rhy sn. pr sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny jfpu sfihb ivc sMsikRq arbI qy PfrsI dy lPjL vrq ky qy iswK kOm nUM ies bfxI df hr rojL pfT krn df hukm dy ky ihMdU qy muslmfn kOm dI sdIaF dI qMg-idlI qy pwK-pfq nUM sdf leI iswKF dy idl ivcoN imtf idwqf hY.

gurU nfnk sfihb dy afAux smyN dysL ivc rsmI qOr qy iqafgI aKvfAux vfly lokF dy huMidaF BI asl iqafg, Klk qy Klkq nfl ipafr bhuq Gwt vyKx ivc afAuNdf sI, dieaf qy sMqoK vflf jIvn ikqy ikqy ivrly QF sI. afm qOr qy iksy dysL dy lok gIq Ausdy vfsIaF dy jIvn Auqy bVf zUMGf asr pFdy hn, pr eyQy Dfrimk jLfhrdfrI vD jfx krky ieh lok gIq vI dieaf, sMqoK, ipafr, kurbfnI afidk dy Ayucy iensfnI vlvilaF df hulfrf dyxo rih cuwky sn. gurU nfnk dyv jI ny ieMnHF lok gIqF ivc nvIN jfn pfeI, GoVIaF, CMq, alfhxIaF, sdu, bfrhmfh, lfvF, vfr afidk dysL pRcwlq CMd vrq ky jIvn dy sfry mr cuwky pihlUaF ivc iPr ijLMd rumkf idwqI; swc, iqafg, ipafr, dieaf qy sMqoK dy qrMg afm jMnqf dy jIvn ivc suMdrqf pYdf krn lwg pey. gurU nfnk dyv jI dI sLFq rs bfxI ny lokF nUM ivkfrF vwloN htfieaf. pr Auh ihrdf sdf pivwqr nhIN itikaf rih skdf ijs ivc josL df hulfrf nhIN, Auh gux ijAuN nhIN skdf jo AuqsLfh nhIN pYdf krdf. kfidr dI suMdrqf dy do pihlU hn; iek hY jmfl (koml suMdrq) qy dUjf hY jlfl. iqafg, ipafr, dieaf qy sMqoK afidk mnuwKf jIvn dI koml suMdrqf hY, ijs nUM gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI bfxI ny pYdf kIqf. ies jmfl nUM ijAuNdf rwKx leI jlfl dI loV sI, bIr rs dI loV sI, ieh kMm virafm mrd gurU goibMd isMG jI dy ihwsy afieaf. luqP ieh hY ik ieMnHF dI bfxI ivc pRmfqmf dI hI isPq-slfh hY, pr lPjL aijhy vrqy hn qy lPjLF dI cfl dy CMd aYsy vrqy hn ijMnHF nUM pVH-sux ky bIr-rs hulfry ivc afAuNdf hY. sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI sfrI bfxI rfg-vfr vMzI geI hY, pr gurU goibMd isMG jI dI bfxI vwKo vwKry CMdF anusfr vMzI hoeI hY, jo bIr-rs pYdf krn ivc shfeI huMdy hn, vyKo, bicwqR nftk ivc pRmfqmf nUM qyg-rUp afK ky aYsy lPjLF qy CMdF ivc nmskfr krdy hn ik icwq josL ivc af ky mfno, nwc AuTdf hY:_

Kg KMz ibhMzM, Kl dl KMzM, aiq rx mMzM, br bMzM]

Buj dMz aKMzM, qyj pRcMZM, joiq amMzM, Bfn pRBM]

suK sMqh krxM, durmiq drxM, iklivK hrxM, ais srxM]

jY jY jg kfrx, isRsit Aubfrx, mm pRiqpfrx, jY qygM]2]

sLfied ieMnHF hI do kfrnF krky sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny afpxI bfxI nUM sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dI bfxI qoN vwKrf hI rihx idwqf.

Kflsf kflj, aMimRqsr sfihb isMG

1 jnvrI, 1944

CyvIN Cfp

ies tIky dI dUjI Cfp 1950 ivc, qIjI 1957 ivc, cOQI 1966 ivc, qy pMjvIN 1970 ivc pysL kIqI geI sI. mYN pfTkF df DMnvfdI hF, jo myrI hOslf aPjLfeI krdy hn.

57, josLI kflonI, mfl roz, aMimRqsr sfihb isMG

1975

jfpu sfihb kdoN qy ikwQy Aucfiraf igaf?

sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny sMn 1699 eI: ivc aMimRq Ckf ky Kflsf pMQ iqafr kIqf. aMimRq iqafr krn vyly jo bfxIaF pVHIaF jFdIaF hn, AunHF ivc iek bfxI jfpu sihb hY. jo pMj isMG aMimRq iqafr krdy hn, AunHF vfsqy ieh BI jLrUrI hy ik Auh afp ieMnHF bfxIaF df pfT krn dy nymI hox. so, ijnHF isMGF ny Kflsf sjfx vfly idn pihlF aMimRq iqafr krn ivc ihwsf ilaf, Auh jLrUr ieMnHF bfxIaF dy pfT krn dy nymI sn, aqy AunHF nUM jfpu sfihb jLubfnI Xfd sI.

pMj ipafry cuxn vyly koeI ieh ksOtI nhIN sI vrqI geI ik Auho hI awgy afAux ijMnHF nUM jfpu sfihb jLbfnI Xfd hovy. pr ieMnHF pMj ipafiraF df hI sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI vfsqy aMimRq iqafr krnf hI jLfhr krdf hY ik AunHF nUM jfpu BI jLbfnI Xfd sI. ieh sfbq krdf hY ik Aus vkq qwk iswK kOm ivc jfpu sfihb df rojLfnf pfT afm pRcwlq sI. pihly idn pMJI hjLfr iswKF ny aMimRq Cikaf, Ckfx vfly keI jQy nflo nfl iqar huMdy gey, Auh sfry hI jfpu sfihb df rojLfnf pfT dy nymI hoxgy, qfhINeyN aMimRq iqafr kr sky. ieh sfrI ivcfr awKF awgy rwiKaF iehI iswtf inkldf hY, ik jfpu sfihb dy rojLfnf pfT df qdoN afm irvfjL sI.

ies bfxI dI bxqr vyiKaF pqf cldf hY, ik ies ivc sMsikRq dy bhuq lPjL hn aqy hn BI kfPI musLkl. so ies bfxI dy pRclq hox leI kfPI smyN dI loV sI: Kfs qOr qy Aus hflq ivc jdoN ik afm lokF nUM, bRfhmx qoN Aury Aury dy grIb lokF nUM, sMsikRq qoN Kfs qOr qy vFiJaf rwiKaf jf irhf sI.

ieh iKafl BI, ik sLfied Kflsf sjfx vfly idn siqgurU jI ny aMimRq iqafr krn vfly isMGF pfsoN gutikaF qoN hI pfT krf ilaf hovy, prK dI ksvwtI Auqy TIk nhIN Auqrdf. jfpu sfihb df pfT krky vyKo nvF bMdf jo sMsikRq qy PfrsI dohF qoN anjfx BI hovy, do cfr ds idnF dI imhnq nfl BI shI qrIky nfl pfT nhIN kr skdf. qy pihly idn hI gutikaF qoN pfT krky BI pfT krn vfilaF dy aMdr ies bfxI qoN pYdf hox vflf hulfrf qy AuqsLfh BI pYdf nhIN sI ho skdf. ies qrHF BI Auh sfrf Audm insPl jFdf sI. so, Aupr dwsI ivcfr qoN iehI iswtf inkldf hY, ik jfpu sfihb dI bfxI sMn 1699 qoN kfPI smF pihlF dI AucfrI hoeI sI aqy iswKF ivc iesdf pfT bhuq pRclq sI.

ieh gwl ieiqhfisk qOr qy bhuq pRiswD hY, ik gurU goibMd isMG jI pfs 52 ivdvfn kvI rihMdy sn, jo siqgurU jI dI ingrfnI hyT keI iksm dI AuqsLfh-jnk kivqf ilKdy sn. sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny guirafeI dI ijLMmyvfrI sMBflidaF hI vyK ilaf sI ik hux KMzf KVkx df smF iPr nyVy af irhf hY, qy ies ivc pUry Auqrn leI gurU nfnk dyv jI dy nfm- lyvf iswKF ivc bIr-rs BI Brn dI loV hY. hor qrIky vrqx dy nfl ieh BI jLrUrI hY ik josL BrI kivqf iqafr kIqI jfvy aqy ies dy suxn pVHn df vI afm iswKF ivc prcfr hovy. aijhy pRcfr df sB qoN sOKf qrIkf kvI drbfr hI ho skdf hY. so, sRI klgIDr jI dI ingrfnI ivc AuqsLfh-jnk kivqfvF dy kvI drbfr BI huMdy sn.

ieh kvI drbfr kdoN qoN sLurU kIqy gey? ies bfry ieiqhfsk qOr qy sfnUM ieh Kbr imldI hY ik irafsq nfhn ivc jo sRI dsm pfqsLfh jI dy hwQfF df bixaF hoieaf gurdvfrf pAuNtf sfihb hY, AuQy hjLUr kvI drbfr lfieaf krdy sn (eysy asQfn dI iek kMD agsq 1942 ivc jmunf diraf dy hVH nfl ZwTI sI) so ieQoN do gwlF dI Kbr imlIpihlI, jdoN siqgurU jI irafsq nfhn ivc gey, Aus smyN qoN pihlF hI afpdy pfs keI ivdvfn kvI af cuwky sn; dUjy, ieMnHF kvIaF dI AuqsLfh-jnk kivqf kvI drbfrF ivc iswKF nUM suxfeI jFdI sI, qF ik iswKF ivc bIr-rs vDy.

pr jo siqgurU jI ivdvfn kvIaF dI ieqnI kdr krdy hox, aqy ijMnHF dI afpxI BI Auc drjLy dI bfxI sfzy pfs mOjUd hovy, AunHF bfry ieh aMdfjLf glq nhIN ik irafsq nfhn ivc bxy gurdvfrf pAuNtf sfihb dy kvI drbfrF ivc hjLUr dI afpxI bfxI BI suxfeI jFdI sI aqy afp Aus vkq qwk mMny-pRmMny kvI bx cuwky sn.

gurU goibMd isMG jI irafsq nfhn ivc sMn 1684 eI: ivc gey, qy AuQy iqMn sfl rhy. AunHI idnI (1684-87) Aus irafsq ivc jmunf ndI dy kMZy dI iekFq ivc jfpu sfihb svYXy aqy akfl Ausqiq afidk bfxIaF AucfrIaF geIaF.jfpu sfihb aqy svYXy rojLfnF pfT ivc sLfml hox vflIaF bfxIaF hox krky bhuq iswKF nUM ieh jLubfnI Xfd ho geIaF, aqy aMimRq iqafr hox dy smyN sfDfrn qOr qy hI bQyry aYsy iswK iml sky ijMnHF nUM ieh jLubfnI kMT sn.

jfpu sfihb ivc arbI qy PfrsI

sMsikRq lPjLF qoN ielfvf ies bfxI ivc PfrsI qy arbI lPjL vI hn. iehnF lPjLF bfry qF Auho ijhI koeI guMJl nhIN, jo sMsikRq lPjLF ivc vyK afey hF; pr eyQy BI arbI bolI dy ivafkrx dy sMbMD ivc iek aOkV hY, jo TIk qrHF smJ lYxI jLrUrI hY.

sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI dI bfxI ivc keI aYsIaF anoKIaF gwlF afAuNdIaF hn, ijMnHF nUM smJx vfsqy jy AunHF dI bfxI qoN koeI bfhrlI ksvwtI vrqI jfey qF glqI Kf jfeIdI hY.ardfis ivc vrqy hoey lPjL BgOqI bfry bhuq swjx twplf Kf jFdy hn, keI qF ies nUM dyvI-vfck smJ ky ies nUM bfxI ivcoN kwZx df hI jqn krn lwg pYNdy hn, qy keI swjx ies nUM qlvfr df arQ dy ky ieh kihx lwg pYNdy hn ik siqgurU goibMd isMG jI ny sLsqR-pUjf sLurU krf idwqI.bicwqr nftk ivc lPjL kflkf vriqaf imldf hY; ies nUM pVH ky keI swjx qF ieh mMn rhy hn ik siqgurU jI ny durgf dI pUjf kIqI hY, keI ieh kih rhy hn ik ieh bfxI siqgurU jI dI afpxI nhIN hY. BfeI gurdfs jI (dUjy) dI vfr ivc ies lPjL kflkf bfry iek quk ieAuN hY:

guir ismir mnfeI kflkf KMzy kI vylf]

pr lPjL kflkf nUM shI qrIky nfl nf smJx krky keI swjx ies df pfT ieAuN krdy suxIdy hn:

gur ismir mnfieE kfl ko KMzy kI vylf]

ieMnHF BulyiKaF df asl kfrn ieh hY ik siqgurU goibMd isMG jI dI bfxI ivc vrqy hoey ieho ijhy lPjLF nUM smJx vfsqy asIN bfhroN koeI hor ksvwtI vrqdy hF. pr asl ivc AunHF dy BfvF nUM smJx df shI qrIkf ieh hY ik AunHF dI afpxI hI bfxI ivc hor hor QF vrqy hoey iehnF lPjLF nUM pVIHey qy iPr vyKIey ik Auh afp ieMnHF lPjLF nUM iks arQ ivc vrqdy hn. Auc-kotI dy kvI qy ivdvfn ilKfrI isrP pihlI mOjUd bolI nUM hI suMdr qrIky nfl nhIN vrqdy sgoN bolI ivc hor nvyN lPjL qy iKafl ilaf Brdy hn, qy keI mr cuwky lPjLF nUM nvIN ijMd pf ky nvyN rUp qy nvyN arQ ivc vrqdy hn.

not:-pRo[ sfihb isMG jI (zI[ ilt) dI ilKI hoeI pusqk jfpu sfihb stIk isMG bRdrjL, bjLfr mfeI syvF, aMimRqsr vwloN CfpI geI hY, ijsdf afeI aYs bI aYn 81-7202-077-1 (pypr bYk) aqy sijld df nM: 81-7205-146-8 hY.

 




.