.

iek hkIkI vflf pMjfb iks rfh?

pRo:ieMdr isMG Gwgf

purfqn simaF ivc ividaf pRfpqI vfsqy skUl kfljF dI axhoNd kfrn vDyry iensfn awKr igafn qoN swKxy hI sn. afm qOr qy msjdF nfl mdrsy, mMdrF nfl pfTflf qy gurdvfiraF nfl BfeI sfihb gurmuKI awKr igafn qy gurbfxI sMQf idaf krdy sn. pRclq rvfieqF muqfbk kQf krnI qy kIrqn dI iswiKaf BI idqI jFdI sI. afbfdI dy vfDy nfl, aqy mnuKI cyqnf dy ivkfs nfl, ijQy hor anyk qbdIlIaF afeIaF AuQy ividaf pVHn pVHfAux dy ZMgF ivc BI vwzf pRIvrqn afieaf. ies ivkfs krm nUM aMgRyjI rfj smyN vwzf huMgfrf imilaf. ihMdUaF muslmfnF ny keI QfeIN nvIn ZMgF dy skUl kflj cflU kIqy, ijQy AuhnF dy bwcy ividaf pRfpq krky smyN dy hfxI bx skx. CfpyKfny dI afmd ny pusqkF Cpx ivc qyjI ilaFdI. aKbfr cflU hox lwgy. iswKF ivcly cyqMn vrg ny afpxy bwicaF nuMU srbpKI ividaf dyx vfsqy socxf afrMB kIqf. pr iswKF dI koeI kyNdrI jQybMdI nF hox krky ieh kfrj kuJ isrlwQ XoiDaF nUM gurU df Et afsrf lY ky iekwilaF hI urU krnf ipaf. ies rfh dy pFDIaF nUM mMijlyN mksUd qy puwjx qoN rokx leI bhuqy afpixaF`` ny hI rfhF ivc kMzy iKlfry. BfvyN pYr lhU luhfx hoey, dusvfrIaF nfl afZf lfieaf nMgy DV lVidaF isdk isrV qoN zoly nF. rDfvfn iswKF vloN imly huMgfry sdkf bhuq sfry skUl cflU krn ivc kfmXfbI imlI. iesy Gflxf df afKrI imwTf Pl sI Kflsf kflj aMimRqsr. BfvyN ihMdU lIzrF dI cukxf ivc af ky iswK glqI kr bYTy, pMjfb dy gory gvrnr ny kflj nUM iswK XUnIvristI df drjf dyx afAuxf sI. kuJ isr iPry iswK lIzrF, aqy afm muMzIhr ny, Aus ivruD nfarybfjI krn, aqy afAux df ivroD krn dI Tfx leI. gvrnr ny afAuxf rwd kr idqf, BIVF mUrKqf ivc KusIaF mnfAux lgIaF, pr ies Aujwzpuxy dI sjf iswK pMQ awj qk Bogdf af irhf hY. ikAuNik iswK XUnIvristI df grBpfq`` ho igaf sI. af irhf muwK mihmfn ipRMs cfrls iswDf lfhOr clf igaf. kflj dy ipRMsIpl vfdn ny asqIPf dy idwqf. ieh XUnIvristI alIgVH puwj geI muslmfnF kol.

iehnF idnF ivc ijQy qyjI nfl aMgRyjI ividaf aqy pwCmI siBaqf hr aYry-gYry nUM bUr dy lwzUaF vFg, apxy vl afAux dIaF sYxqF mfr rhI sI, AuQy hI pRo: gurmuK isMG aqy AuhnF dy sMgI sfQIaF, sMsfrI ividaf dy nfl inrMkfrI ividaf PYlfAux df bfnxUM bMnx df qhweIaf kr ilaf. sMn 1885 dy lgpg isMG sBf lihr dy ies moZI ny, gOrimMt kflj lhOr ivc bI ey qk pMjfbI mfiDam rfhIN ividaf pRfpqI df rsqf Kulvf idqf. iPr iehnF Dfrmk ividaf dI pVHfeI leI aglf kdm puwitaf. gorI srkfr qoN igafnI dI pVfeI leI pRvfngI pRfpq kr leI. igafnI`` bd afm qOr qy Dfrimk ibrqI vfly iswKF leI vriqaf jFdf sI. gurmq igafn vloN BfvyN Auh kory hI ikAuN nF hox. iesy igafnI nfm hyT pRo: gurmuK isMG ny nOjvfnF leI, Dfrmk ividaf df slybs bxf ky, srkfr qoN prvfn krvf ilaf. ies ivc iswK ieiqhfs, gurbfxI sMQf, arQ ivafiKaf, kIrqn qoN ielfvf iswK iPlfsPI, BfeI gurdfs jI, aqy hor gurmq sfihq pVHfieaf jfx lgf. AuhnF dI Auqm Gflxf aqy bhupwKI Xogqf sdkf AuhnF nuMU bqOr aiDafpk pVHfAux dI syvf qy BI lf idqf igaf. iehnF dy pVfey ividafrQI sc muc hI igafnI jI (igafnvfn) bx ky anyk KyqrF ivc mohrI rol adf krn lgy. AuhnF simaF ivc igafnI jI aKvfxf PKr df vfies bx igaf sI. ijQy gurmq sfihq ivc BfeI`` bd aqI mfx siqkfr vflf hoieaf krdf sI, iesy qrF apxy nfm nfl igafnI lfAuxf mfx df pRvfnf (qgmf) smiJaf jfx lwgf. igafnIaF dIaF agoN tksflF clx lwgIaF. ieh sMqpuxy vflf CUq rog qF iblkul afDuink ibmfrI hY. iswKF dy purfqn simaF ivc hI nhIN vrqmfn smyN ivc BI pRvixq gurmuKI ivyx igafnI`` aqy BfeI`` hI mMny jFdy hn. ies mflf dy mxikaF ivcoN BfeI rxDIr isMG, BfeI vIr isMG BfeI kfhn isMG qy BfeI joD isMG dy nfm ijkrXog hn. iPr igafnI igafn isMG, igafnI hjfrf isMG (vIr isMG dy ipqf jI) igafnI grjf isMG. zyiraF tksflF dy muKI BI igafnI hI aKvfieaf krdy sn. Xogqf anusfr iswK smfj aqy mnuKqf dI syvf ivc ihsf pfAuNdy rhy ieh syvfdfr.

smyN ny krvt bdlI ` 47 dI dys vMz hoeI, nvyN hukmrfn gwdIaF mwl bYTy. nvF ieiqhfs iliKaf jfx lgf, skUlF kfljF dIaF pfT pusqkF dy aiDafey bdly jfx lgy. hOlI hOlI igafnI dy ivy ivcoN Gtdf Gtdf gurmq bfry kyvl iek pypr rih igaf, bfkI sB Auzf idqf igaf. ies dI QF afieaf nfvl, nftk, kivqf, iekFgI, ivakqIgq jIvnIaF. ieQy hI bws ho jFdI qF sfied awDf ku igafnI bc rihMdf. mlInqf BrI soc AuBrky AudoN sfhmxy afx nwcI jdoN hIr rFJf, swsI punUM, imrjf sfihbF vrgy iek mjfjI vrgy lwcr sfihq nUM igafnI slybs df ainKVvF aMg bxf idqf. jrHF ipCl Jfq mfro, awDI sdI qoN pfT pusqkF ivc sfzy bwcy iehnF loPrF dy mlIn jIvn nuUM gihrfeI nfl`` pVHdy af rhy hn. GroN kiZaf mKwtuU rFJf, hIr dy Gr mwJF nUM pwTy pfAuNdf, KyqF ivc Gfh cfrdf, duD cONNdf gohf kUVf hUMJdf hY, bfrF sfl qk. pr iks irsqy aDIn? Gr ivc pU sFBx vfly pflIaF sIrIaF vrgy nOjuafn nUM hIr, cUrIaF kuwt ky KvfAuNdI hY, iks irsqy aDIn? akl dy aMinaF mfqf ipqf nUM jy koeI rm nhIN sI qF kI sfrf rIkf kbIlf, irqydfr BI eyzy niKwD sn ik sfiraF dI jubfn TfkI geI? iPr rFJf hIr nUM Aus dy shury GroN AuDfl ky lY jFdf hY, ieh ikhVf jMg ijq ilaf Ausny? hIr ny mfqf ipqf aqy shury pRvfr dy isr suafh qF pfeI hI sI, kI apxf mUMh BI kflf nhIN kIqf? Gr vsfieaf Aus ny apxf?

swsI QlF ivc sV mrI vkq isr punUM nF bhuiVaf. jdoN vfps priqaf qF swsI dI mOq dI Kbr sux ky Kud BI sMsfr qoN kUc kr igaf. sMsfr nUM kI dy ky igaf? KudkuI df rfh? imrjf, sfihbF nUM aYn Aus vkq AuDfl ky lY jFdf hY, jdoN Aus nUM ivafhux vfsqy brfq ZuwkI hoeI sI. pRvfrF aqy smfj dI iewCf qoN ivprIq kIqf aijhf kfrf kI awj koeI sMGoN Qwly Auqfr skdf hY? kI Aus ny bhuq bhfdrI df kfrj kIqf sI? hor isqm vyKo! jy iksy dI kMvfrI DI AuDfl ky lY hI dOiVaf hY, qF aijhf mUrK imrjy qoN ibnF sfied hI ikDry imly ijhVf rfh ivc lMmIaF qfx ky sON jfvy. iksy jMgl byly ivc lukdf, apxy Gr pujdf, iksy df imMnq qrlf krky jfn bKsI leI vfsqf pfAuNdf[[[[[. pr imrjf vwiZaf hyTF jMz dy [[[[imrjf bFJ BrfvF mfiraY``[[[[. ikAuN ieh mMd krqUq BrfvF nUM kbIly nUM puwC ky kIqI sI? kI imrjf jwt qy sfihbF jwtI dIaF ieho krqUqF pVHfAux jogIaF rih geIaF? mhIvfl sOdfgr dy rUp ivc quwly Guimafr qoN imwtI dy sohxy BFzy mihMgy Bf KRId ky ssqy Bf vycdf hY. Cy mhIinaF ivc sfrI rkm lutf idqI. iPr sohxI dy ipAu nfl BFzy Qpdf hY Koqy cfrdf hY, sohxI nuMU ipafr pINGF JutfAuNdf hY. pqf lgx qoN mhIvfl nUM quwlf Guimafr sohxI df ipAu Dwky mfrky GroN kZ idMdf hY. sohxI df Jwtpt, muMzf vyK ky ivafh kr idMdf hY. ivcfrf mhIvfl diraf dy iknfry, sohxI dy sOhry ipMz nyVy, kwKF kfinaF dI JuwgI pf ky bYT igaf. shury pRvfr nUM dgf dy ky awDI rfq ieh hoxhfr isafxI kuVI`` afk nUM imlx jFdI rhI. mhIvfl diraf pfr krky ies nUM af imldf. ivcfrf vKqF mfiraf mwCIaF PV Kf ky zMg tpfAuNdf. kuJ mwCI dy tukVy sohxI nUM KvfAuNdf. iksy idn mwCIaF nf imlIaF qF lfsfnI kfrnfmf ies hoxhfr nOjvfn ny kr ivKfieaf. apxy pwt df mfs kwtky BuMn ky sohxI nUM Kuaf idqf. pqf lgx qy mfUkf jfro jfr roeI. agoN leI diraf pfr mhIvfl nhIN krygf sohxI GVy qy qYr ky diraf pfr krygI. Gr pqf lg igaf, pfpx nnfx`` ny GVf bdl ky pwky dI QF, kwcf rwK idwqf. sohxI kwcy nfl hI iTwl peI qy zuwb moeI. ies nUM bcfAuNdf mhIvfl zuwb miraf. vfh ikaf lfsfnI kfrnfmf kr ivKfieaf. sMsfr dy nIm pfgl muMzy kuVIaF leI cfnx munfrf`` hn ieh lok?

jrf apxy pRvfrF/smfj vl JfqI mfro ! kI mfqf ipqf afpxIaF kuafr kMjkF nUM hIr vrgf pfp krm krn qy Kus hoxgy? kI apxIaF bytIaF dy nfm hIr`` rwKx dI juarq kr skxgy? iPr kI swsI vrgI afp hudrI lVkI Epry bMidaF ipCy ijvyN vfsnF ivc aMnI ho ky nwsI, qy apxI jfn gvf bYTI, Aus vFg apxIaF DIaF nUM Kuwl KyZx dyxgy? ijgr dy tukiVaF nuMU mfrUQlF ivc rulx dyxgy? awj dy mfqf ipqf apxIaF DIaF dy nfm swsI rwKx dI ihMmq ivKfAuxgy? sfihbF aYn PyiraF vkq, pihlF GVI skIm muqfbk, do pRvfrF, do ipMzF df nwk vZky, imrjy dI bwkI qy bYTky AuzfrI mfr geI. iPr kI pRvfrF nUM shury pyikaF nuMU, cfhIdf sI ik Aus nUM vzy iekwT ivc ies bhfdrI`` leI snmfnq krdy? kI awj mF bfp kMinafvF dy nfm sfihbF rwKx dI iprq pfAuxgy?

iesy vwg dI vwCI sohxI, bfkIaF vFg mnafeIaF krdI, Gr AujfVky Kud zuwb mrI, qy ipCy do pRvfrF nUM KUh Kfqy sut geI. iblkul iesy qrHF hY rFJy dI kfrgujfrI, kI apxy kfikaF nUM rFJy vFg lokF dIaF mwJF cfrn, KurlIaF ivc lytx, bfrF sfl qk bygfny GrF ivc Dwky Kfx vfsqy mfqf ipqf Byjx leI sihmq hoxgy? kI apxy puqrF dy nfm rFJy rwiKaf krngy? hY aijhI ihMmq? punUM iek amIr qy aXfs nOjvfn sI. apxI dOlq dy bl swsI nfl mOj msqI krn AuprMq, vfps apxy sfQIaF smyq dys prq igaf sI. kI awj BI bhuq sfry kfky`` iehI vrqfrf nhIN krdy? iPr duiKafrIaF DIaF dy mfpy iehnf avfrf muMizaF dy guxgfn krdy hn jF Aumr Br qVpdy hoey iehnF dy kIqy kfiraF qy mx mx hMJU kyrdy hn? drasl kfrnF df kfrn ieh hY ik sfzy afgU nhIN chuMdy ik ieQoN df nOjvfn igafnvfn hovy. bhfdr hovy, iemfndfr hovy Aucy ieKlfK vflf hovy. ikAuNik AuhnF nUM isrP votF pfAux vflIaf vot/ByzF cfhIdIaF hn, bws. ipCly smyN ivc iehnf afkI dy ikwisaF bfry keI iPlmF bx cukIaF hn. pusqkF ivc bqOr slybs iehnF nUM sfml kIqf jf cuikaf hY. myilaF iekwTF ivc iehnF dy gIq gfey jFdy hn. bolcfl ivc iehnF dy iek nUM swcf iek kih ky vizafieaf jFdf hY. pMjfbI siBaqf dI aslI qsvIr iehnF pRym khfxIaF ivc hI hY`` df rfg bfr bfr alfipaf jFdf hY. hor qF hor iehnF CokiraF CokrIaF bfry zUMGI Koj krky keIaF pypr pVHy hn. bhuq sfry nOjvfnF ny QIiss ilKy hn, qy keIaF ny vwzI Gflxf nfl iehnF iviaF qy pI aYc zI dIaF izgrIaF JolI puaf ky ivdvqf df qfj isr qy rwiKaf hY. keI vfrI styjF qy suxfieaf jFdf hY, pMjfb dI DrqI gurUaF pIrF sMqF PkIrF dI DrqI hY``. pr jfpdf aYAuN hY ik ieh luwicaF lPMigaF corF TwgF bdmfsF dI DrqI hY, ikAuNik Dfrmk purKF df Aupdys qF Drm asQfn dI AucI iemfrq dy aMdr hI dm qoV idMdf hY. pMjfb dy vsnIk rFJy nUM jMz hyT vZINdf df sux ky hAuky lYNdy hn, iehnF nUM bMdf isMG bhfdr, aqI kqIflI qy awKV hkUmq nfl twkr lYx AuprMq isdk qy rihMidaf bMd bMd ktfAuNdf njr nhIN afAuNdf. rFJy vrgf gBrU mwJF cfrdf pMjfbIaF leI qrs df pfqr hY, nvfb kpUr isMG sR[ jwsf isMG afhlUvflIaf, hjfrF ablfvF nUM pfmrF dy KUnI pMijaF ivcoN mukq krvf ky iewjq nfl Gry GrI pucfAuNdy kdI nhIN idsdy. ieQy punUM vrgy DoKybfj leI idlF ivc QF hY, BfeI mnI isMG vrgy prAupkfrIaF leI koeI QF nhIN. ieQy JnF ivc mhIvfl dy zuwb mrn df bhuq gm hY, pr sqluj dy kMZy isMGF sUrimaF vloN qry KUn dy diraf cyqy ivc hI nhI afey. sR[ fm isMG atfrIvfly vrgf XoDf BI ivsr igaf. kI iesy nIc ibrqI df nfm hI pMjfbIaq qF nhI hY?

ieQy hIr, swsI, sohxI qy sfihbF pMjfbIaF dy idlo idmfg qy CfeIaF hoeIaF hn. iesy leI ieQy iesy iksm dIaF iPlmF qy kYstF lwKF lok suxdy vyKdy hn. pr kI arsI rUh byby nfnkI jI, siqgurU nfnk sfihb jI dy BYx jI nfl sfzf koeI nfqf hY? mfqf KIvI jI, bIbI BfnI jI nUM pMjfbI jfxdy hn? mfqf gMgf jI mfqf gujrI jI, ikMny ku Xfd hn? mfqf Bfg kOr jI, idl dy iks Kfny ivc hn? ijhnF mfvF ny bwicaF dy tukVy krvf ky JolIaF ivc puafey, svf svf mx pIsxf pIisaf, kdI Xfd afeIaF Auh mfvF? srdfrnI sdf kOr dI sUrmgqI, mhfrfxI ijMd kOr dI isafxp [[[ afDunk smyN qk, Xfd hY sB kuJ pMjfbIaF nUM? sfzIaF srkfrF qy XUnIvrstIaF afskF`` qy hI Koj krdIaF rihxgIaF, iehnF nUM hI koml mn, ividafrQIaF dy aMdr TosdIaF jfxgIaF jF kdI hrI isMG nlvf, fm isMG atfrI vflf, akflI PUlf isMG, BfeI mhfrfj isMG, sR[ cqr isMG, sR: yr isMG bfry BI kdI Koj krfAuxgIaF? ies DrqI dy hfkmF nuMU (smyq iswKF dy) afkF dI bhuqI iPkr hY, ivcfry ikMny aOKy hoey, iksy ny Gr nF vsfieaf, iksy ny jMj brfq nfl Zukf nf kIqf. iksy dy Gr inkf inafxf nf jMimaf. kf ieh bwcy jMmdy pfldy, lUx qyl dy Bfa df pqf lg jFdf. byrujgfrI ny sMGI nwpI huMdI, sfrf iek df BUq Auz jfxf sI. kf ik shI mfihinaF ivc nOjvfn igafnI bx skx. POj ivc iswK Dfrmk muKI dI Xogqf igafnI`` hI hY. afskF nuMU pV ky bixaf igafnI`` ikho ijhf Drm Aupdys kr skygf? soicaf hY kdI sfzy iksy afgU ny?

1[ igafnIaF no sB scu hY sc soJI hoeI.. Auie Bulfie n iksY dy BulnI scu jfxin soeI..42)

2[ igafnI hoie sucyqMn hoie aigafnI aMDu kmfie.. (556)




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