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Ç sRI gurUuu gRMQ sfihb jI df siqkfr kI hY ? Ç

jsvMq isMG biTMzf

DMn gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI smucI bfxI nUM asIN pUrn gurU mMndy hF . ies ivc sLMkf vflI koeI vI gl nhIN hY. jd gurU goibMd isMG jI ny scKMz sRI hjLUr sfihb nFdyV ivKy sMn 1708 ivc gurU gRMQ sfihb jI nMU pUrn gurU df drjf idqf qfN Aus vkq gurU goibMd isMG jI dy dwsy hukm (AupdysL) anusfr asIN hr rojL ardfs qoN bfad duhrfAuNdy hF; "jo pRB ko imlbo cfhY, Koj sLbd mih lyh" df Bfv iehI bxdf hY ik asIN sLbd nUM pVH-sux ky Aus Auqy aml krky Aus anusfr afpxf jIvn bxfeIey. agr asIN sLbd pVH-sux qF ilaf pr Aus anusfr jIvn nhIN bdilaf qF ieh "gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df siqkfr nhIN" blik inrfdrI krn vflI glL hY.

ijs qrfN iek puqr afpxy ipqf nUM ipqf qfN jLrUr kihMdf hovy pr ipqf dI dsI isiKaf nUM iblkul hI nF gOly, ik agr ipqf Aus nUM skUl jfx leI kihMdf hY pr Auh skUl nhIN jFdf, sgoN isnymf afidk dyKx jfNdf hY, iesy qrF jd hor keI qrF dIaF glF nhIN mMndf qF ipqf Aus vl qvWjo dyxI Gt kr idMdf hY aqy smF pf ky jd Auh bcf vzf huMdf hY qF Auh iksy pfsy jogf nhIN rihMdf. TIk iesy qrF asIN gurU gRMQ sfihb nUM afpxf gurU qF mMndy hF pr Aus ivc idqI isiKaf nUM nhIN mMndy qF asIN vI smF pf ky iksy pfsy jogy nhIN rih jFdy hF. sLbd nUM sux-pVH ky jF gurU agy sIs invfAux nfl gurU df siqkfr nhIN hY. ijs qrF DMn gurU amrdfs jI Purmfn krdy hn : siqgur no sBu ko vyKdf jyqf jgq sMsfr] izTY mukiq n hoveI ijcru sLbd n kry vIcfru](vzhMs kI vfr slok mhlf 3 pMnf 594) Bfv ik ijqnf smF asIN sLbd dI vIcfr nhIN krdy Auqnf smF asIN dunIafvI ivkfrF qoN mukq nhIN ho skdy hF. Auqnf smF sfnUM keI pfKMzI sfD PokIaF glf ivc Psf ky gurbfxI dy glq arQ ds ky sfnUM vihmF BrmF ivc pf ky lutdy hn. pr jd sfnUM iksy igafnvfn mnuK pfsoN shI arQ pqf lgdf hY, qF Aus vkq jo sfzy aMdr gurbfxI pRqI glq BulKy pey huMdy hn qF pihlF sfnMU AuhnF BulyiKaF nM bfhr kZxf cfhIdf hY:-"vsqU aMdr vsq smfvY dUjI hovY pfis (afsf kI vfr mhlf 2) Bfv ik jo sfzy aMdr gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy siqkfr pRqI glq DfrnfvF bxIaF hoeIaF hn pihlF AunF nUM iqafgxf pvygf. ijs qrF iksy BFzy ivc pihlF koeI vsqU peI hovy aqy dUjI vsqU pfAuxI hovy qF pihlF peI hoeI vsqU nUM bfhr kwZ ky BFzf sfP krnf pvygf. Aus qoN bfad hI asIN dUjI vsqU Aus BFzy ivc pf skdy hF. qF iPr gurU gRMQ sfihb df siqkfr qF hI bxdf hY ik asIN gurbfxI nUM iDafn suxIey aqy pVIey. iesy leI ijQy vI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df pRkfsL hovy AuQy asIN afpxf sIs invf ky gurU agy iehI bynqI krdy hF ik sfnMU afpxI miq ijs nUM gurmq ikhf jfNdf hY bKisLsL krn dI ikRpflqf kro, Purmfn hn; aYsI mq dIjY myry Tfkur sdf sdf quD iDafeI (DnfsrI mhlf 5 pMnf 673) pr jy asIN afpxI mq vrq rhy hF qF gurU df siqkfr nhIN kr rhy hF. asIN hr roj aKMz pfT, sihj pfT, jF gurU GrF ivKy gurbfxI suxdy af rhy hF pr sfnMU ieh pMgqIaF kdy suxfeI nhIN idMdIaF ? ry jn AuQfrY dibahu suiqaF geI ivhfie ]gur kf sLbd sux n jfigAu aMqr n AupijAu cfAu] (soriT kI vfr mhlf 4 pMnf 651) ieQy suiqaF qoN Bfv aKF bMd krky sOxf nhIN hY. ieQy suiqaF qoN Bfv afqimk qOr qy gurU dI dsI gl qo by-muK hoxf hY. ijs gl df sfnMU pqf nhIN qF Aus gl pRqI suiqaF mnuKF vrgI hI hflq dsdy hoey gurU sfihb AupdysL dy rhy hn ijhVf ivakqI BfvyN srIrk qOr qy aqy BfvyN afqimk qOr qy suqf hoieaf hY qF Aus dy Gr ivcoN cor sfrf smfn corI kr ky lY jFdy hn. pr ieh mnuK jfgdf hI nhIN hY, Purmfn hn "ies dyhI aMdir pMc cor vsih kfm kRoD loB moh ahMkfrf aMimRq lUtih mnmuK nhIN bUJih koie nf suxY pukfrf" (soriT mhlf 3 pMnf 600) ies mnuK dy aMdr ivkfrF rUpI cor jo ies dy aMdr aMimRq rUpI gux sn ienF ny sB lut ley.

ies df Bfv ieh inkldf hY asl ivc gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df siqkfr sLbd sux ky vIcfr krnI bxdI hY. pr asIN gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df siqkfr mwQf tykx, kyvl mihMgy-2 rumfly cVHfAux, srdIaF cí gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy kmry ivwc hItr lfAuxy aqy grmIaF ivwc ey[sI[ jF pwKy lfAuxy, pfT vyly DUPF joqF, nfrIal,kuMB, mMjI sfihb dy pfvy Guwtx, nMgy pYrIN qurn, aqy kyvl qoqf rtnI jF mMqR pfT, sMpt pfT krn aqy gurU gRMQ jI nUM murqIaF dI qrHF mwQf tykx qwk hI sImq kr ilaf hY. ies qo agy jfx dI koisLsL hI nhIN krdy hF. gurU sfihb Purmfn krdy hn- syvk isK pUjx siB afvih sB gfvih hir hir AUqm bfxI] gfivaf suixaf iqn kf hir Qfie pfvY ijn siqgur kI afigaf siq siq kr mfnI] (pMnF 669) gfAuxf-suxnf Aus df hI prvfn hovygf ijhVf gurU dI afigaf df pflx krygf. asIN ikMny ikMny simaF qoN gurduafry jf rhy hF, bVy pfT, kIrqn, kQf, lYkcr, vIcfrF suxIaF hn pr ieqnF kuJ sux ky agr iksy nfl hyrf PyrI krdy hF, iksy nfl vYr rKdy hF, prAupkfr nhIN krdy hF afidk sfzy mn ivc hY qF ieqnf kuJ suixaf gurU df siqkfr nhIN hY. gurU sfihb qF gfAux vfly nMU vI aqy suxn vfly nMU vI gurU dI miq anusfr jIvn Zflx dI hdfieq krdy hn. keI vfr mn bVf hYrfn ho jFdf hY ik keI kIrqn krn vfly rfgI isMG bVIaF imTIaF surF lf ky kIrqn krdy hn aqy sMgqF vI bVy ipafr nfl kIrqn suxdIaF hn pr jy kIrqn krn vfly nMU jF suxn vfly nMU Aus sLbd bfry puiCaf jfvy qF iehI jvfb imldf hY, jI anMd qF bhuq af irhf sI pr sLbd dy kI arQ hn? ies df sfnMU pqf nhIN hY. kI ieh gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df siqkfr hY jF kMn-rs? jo gurbfxI nMU gf irhf hY pr Aus pqf nhIN ik mYN kI suxf irhf hF qF ieh gurU dy kol bYT ky gurU dI miq qON axjfx hox vflI gl hY. ijs qrF Purmfn hn-jo zubMdo afip so qrfey ikn Ky] (mfrU vfr mhlf 5 pMnf 1101) jo afp pfxI ivc zub irhf hY Auh dUsry nMU iks qrF qfr ky bfhr kZ skdf hY. sfnMU gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df siqkfr qF hI krnf afvygf jdoN asIN gurbfxI afsLy anusfr ijLMdgI df hr pl Zfl lvFgy. iPr jdoN vI asIN gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy kol jfvFgy qF sfzf sIs Aus sLbd df siqkfr kridaF afpy hI Juk jfvygf ijs df sfnMU igafn ho igaf hovy. gUrU sfihb qF sfnMNU sLbd df hI nhIN blik kihMdy hn ik koeI vI mYnMU gUrU dI koeI vI gwl af ky dsy qF mYN Aus dy siqkfr ivc afpxf isr Aus dy bYTx leI rwK idaF, Purmfn krdy hn-qY sfihb kI bfq ij afKY khu nfnk ikaf dIjY] sIs vZy kr bYsx dIjY ibn isr syv krIjY] (vzhMs mhlf 1 pMnf 558) ies df Bfv hY ik mYN gurU dI isiKaf nUM ieqnf mMn ivc vsf lvF ik myrf hr pl hr svfs gurU dI isiKaf anusfr bqIq hovy-jo dIsY guir isKVf iqsu iniv iniv lfgAu pfie jIAu]afKF ibrQf jIa kI guru sjxu dyhu imlfie jIAu] (sUhI mhlf 5 pMnf 763) Bfv ik jo vI gurU dI isiKaf nMU mMn ivc vsf ky jIvn bqIq krdf ids irhf hY, mYN Aus nMU inmrqf sihq afpxy mn dI avsQf dwsF ik mYnUM vI sLbd rUpI gurU df imlfp krvf idAu ikAuNik jo vI mYnUM myry pRIqm dI gwl dwsdf hY AuhI myrf gurU nUM imlfAux vflf mfrg drsLk hY-myry hir pRIqm kI koeI bfq sunfvY so BfeI so myrf bIr ](goNz mhlf 4 pMnf 861) iesy leI sfnUM gurU gRMQ sfihb dI bfxI ivcoN aslI irsLqf isrP gurisKF nfl hI myl imlfp rwKx leI AupdysL imldf hY-gurisKF ieko ipafr gur imqF puqF BfeIaF ] (soriT kI vfr slok mhlf 3 pMnf 648) afAu hux jfgIey jo DMn gurU nfnk dyv jI df Purmfn hY ik-sLbd gurU surq Duin cylf] AunF qoN bfad gurU goibMd isMG jI df AupdysL, sLbd gurU DMn gurU gRMQ sfihb jI nMMU gurqf gWdI dyxf gur sLbd nUM smJx dI loV hY qF hI asIN DMn gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df siqkfr krFgy-afigaf BeI akfl kI qbY clfieE pMQ]siB isKn kAu hukm hY gurU mfinEN gRMQ]gurU gRMQ jI mfinEN pRgt gurF kI dyh]jo pRB kAu imlbo chY Koij sLbd myN lyh]

jsvMq isMG "biTMzf"

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