.

(qq sRI dmdmf sfihb (biTMzf) ivKy I gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy mnfey jf rhy sflf sMpUrnqf idvs smrpq ivy lyK)

RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy dmdmI srUp` df ieiqhfsk swc

jgqfr isMG jfck, afnryrI ieMtrnYnl iswK imnrI

RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI` dI pfvn bIV df muwZlf qy pihlf srUp hY, mfnv-drdI gurU nfnk sfihb jI mhfrfj vloN Driq lokfeI` soDx ihwq kIqy pRcfr dOiraF (AudfsIaF) vyly afpxI qy vwK vwK BgqF dI Aucfrn kIqI Dur kI bfxI` df sMgRih rUp Auh ikqfb` (poQI), ijs df ikr BfeI gurdfs jI ny afpxy vloN ricq vfrF ivwc siqgurU jI dI mwky mdIny` dI Xfqrf df vrnx kridaF do vfr ieAuN kIqf hY :

bfbf iPir mwky gieaf, nIl bsqR Dfry bnvfrI . afsf hiQ, ikqfb kiC, kUjf bFg muswlf DfrI . {vfr ,pAuVI }

puCin Poil ikqfb no, ihMdU vwzf ik muslmfnoeI ? bfbf afKy hfjIaF, suiB amlF bfJhuN dono roeI . {vfr ,pAuVI }

RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI pfvn bIV dy ivkfs ivwc dUjf srUp hY, pMcm pfqfh gurU arjn sfihb jI mhfrfj vloN sMn 1604 (sMmq 1661) ivwc sRI aMimRqsr ivKy iqafr kIqI Auh poQI`, ijs hux afid bIV` (poQI sfihb), krqfrpurI bIV` jF krqfrpurI srUp` kih ky siqkfiraf jFdf hY . ikAuNik, aYsf mMinaF jf irhf hY ik CyvyN pfqfh gurU hirgibMd sfihb jI dy vyly qoN ieh srUp, iqnHF dy sfihfdy bfbf guridwqf jI dy byty aqy gurU hirrfey jI dy Brf bfbf DIrmwl jI dI sMqfn pfs sRI krqfrpur (jlMDr) ivKy suriKaq hY . ies bIV ivKy qqkry dy arMB AuWqy hyT ilKI ilKq hY :

sMmq imqI BfdoAu vdI eykm poQI iliK phucy .`` {dyKo, ipMsIpl joD isMG dI ilKq krqfrpurI bIV dy drn` pMnf }

not krn vflI hkIkq hY ik ies bIV ivwc so purKu` sMgRih dy bdF (rfgu afsf mhlf .. so purKu inrMjn`u qoN lY ky afsf mhlf .. BeI prfpiq mfnuK dyhurIaf .. vfly bd qwk) qoN bgYr, gurU nfnk sfihb, gurU aMgd sfihb, gurU amrdfs sfihb, gurU rfmdfs sfihb, gurU arjn sfihb aqy gurU idRtI ivwc pRvfn cVHy pUj BgqF, BwtF qy syvk iswKF dI Auh sfrI bfxI aMikq hY, ijhVI ajoky smyN pRkfq ho rhIaF pfvn bIVF dy ivwc drn dy rhI hY .

RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI pfvn bIV dy ivkfs ivwc qIjf srUp hY, dsm pfqfh gurU goibMd isMG sfihb jI mhfrfj vloN afpxI dyK-ryK hyT sRI anMdpur ivKy oBnIk sRI dmdmf sfihb` dy sQfn Aupr sMn 1682 (sMmq 1739) ivKy so purKu` dy bdF vfly sMgRih aqy nOvyN pfqfh dI bfxI smyq iqafr krvfeI pfvn bIV, ijs dmdmI bIV` jF dmdmI srUp` afiKaf jFdf hY . dsm pfqfh sMn 1708 ivwc sRI abcl ngr hUr sfihb ivKy iesy hI dmdmI srUp` nUM guirafeI bKky joqI-joiq smfey sn. asl iehI hY RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI sMpUrnqf df afKrI pVfE aQvf sMpUrnqf idvs . ikAuNik, guirafeI bx dy ies idhfVy qoN pihlF qF bfxI dIaF sfrIaF pfvn bIVF poQI sfihb` kih ky hI siqkfiraf jFdf irhf. iehI kfrx hY ik RomxI kmytI dI muwZlI qy pRiswD mfisk piqRkf gurduafrf gt`(jUn 1977) ivwc kmytI dy rIcrc skflr qy iswK rYPrYNs lfiebRyrI sRI aMimRqsr dy ieMcfrj sR: smyr isMG aok` jI ny RI afid bIV` qoN dmdmI bIV` dy ivkfs dI crcf kridaF iliKaf sI :-

RI afid bIV` qoN dmdmI bIV` df ivkfs qy Pyr Ausy bIV RI gurU grMQ sfihb jI` dI pivqr pdvI df pRfpq hoxf, ies bIV df aMqlf pVfE hY . sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ny ipqf sRI gurU qygbhfdr jI dI hIdI qoN bfad sMmq 1732 qoN sMmq 1739 ibkRmI (sMn 1675 qoN 1682) qwk, afid isMGfsn dmdmf` sRI anMdpur sfihb dy asQfn pur, jd ik gurU sihb jI dI Aumr ajy 9 qoN 15 virHaF dy dirimafn sI, afpxy siqkfr pVdfdf sRI gurU arjn dyv jI pMcm pfqfh dy ivrsy vjoN imly sRI afd gRMQ` smyN dy Pyr nfl ho rhIaF adlf-bdlIaF hox qoN bVy Xqn nfl sMBfilaf qy Pyr afpxI dyK-ryK ivwc hId ipqf RI gurU qygbhfdr jI dI bfxI Aus ivwc bkfiedf QfAuN QfeIN fml krky, Ausy afid bIV` dmdmI bIV df srUp sMmq 1739 ibkRmI (sMn 1682) ivwc idwqf . ijs df pRmfx iswK rYPrYNs lfiebRyrI` dI purfqn hwQ ilKq nM: 97 vyK ky ho skdf hY``.

hId iswK imnrI kflj dy ipRMsIpl hrBjn isMG (BfeI sfihb), ijhVy Auprokq swc dy kwtV hmfieqI qy pRcfrk sn, iqnHF ny gurbfxI sMpfdn inrxY` pusqk ivKy, afpxy ieh hwkI-dfavy swc iswD krn dy mksd nfl, RI gurU goibMd isMG jI mhfrfj dy sfbo kI qlvMzI (biTMzy) phuMcx dy sMmq 1762 (sMn 1705) qoN pihlF dIaF ijhVIaF vK vK bIVF df vyrvf idwqf hY, Aus vfc ky koeI vI mfeI df lfl ieh nhI kih skdf ik afid bIV` ivwc nOvyN pfqfh dI bfxI sfbo kI qlvMzI cVHfeI geI aqy bIV sMpUrn hoeI . ipRMsIpl sfihb jI dy idwqy ies vyrvy ivwc sMmq 1739 (sMn 1682) vflI Auh bIV vI fml hY, ijs aok jI dmdmI srUp` dsdy hn . ijvyN :

() sMmq 1739 vflI bIV :- ies ivwc RI gurU qyg bhfdr jI dI sfrI bfxI aqy sodru` dy 5 bd aqy so purKu` dy 4 bd aMikq hn . rfg jYjfvMqI, ijs ivwc nOvYN mhly dy hI cfr bd hn, vrqmfn qrqIb anusfr, rfg pRBfqI dy bfad afAuNdy hn .

() BfeI pfKr mwl iZloN poqrf cODrI lMgfh df, bIV ilKx df sMmq 1745 :- ies ivwc RI gurU qyg bhfdr jI dI sfrI bfxI QF isr aMikq hY .so dru` dy 5 qy so Gru` dy 4 bd vI . ies ivwc koeI vfDU bfxI drj nhI imldI .

afid isMGfsn dmdmf` (RI anMdpur), qq sRI kysgV sihb dy jQydfr isMG sfihb igafnI guridafl isMG ajnohf hurF vloN 3 akqUbr 1976 hId iswK imnrI kflj dy (mihrUm) ipRMsIpl hrBjn isMG ByjI ilKqI rfie anusfr Auh asQfn hY, ijQy bYT ky gurU goibMd isMG jI mhfrfj ny afid RI gurU grMQ sfihb jI` dI bIV ilKvfeI sI qy nfvyN pfqfh gurU qyg bhfdr sfihb jI dI bfxI cVvHfky bIV sMpUrn krvfeI sI`. (dyKo, ipRMsIpl jI dI pusqk ibbyk-buwiD` pMnf ) igafnI grjf isMG (ilKq, gurduafrf gt jUn 1954) anusfr iesI asQfn AuWqy 1733 ibkRmI muqfibk 24 mfrc 1676 eI: dI vYsfKI vfly idn dsm pfqfh` ny siqgurU goibMd rfie, swcf pfqfh dI pdvI Dfrn kIqI sI . ies asQfn qy hI drbfrI ilKfrIaF pfsoN nfvyN pfqfh dy smyN qoN arMB kIqIaF afid gRMQ sfihb` dIaF bIVF ivwc nfvyN mhly dI bfxI sfrI fml krky bIVF sMpUrn krfeIaF sn. ienHF ivcoN hyT ilKIaF bIVF (ivcly bfxI dy vyrvy qy sUcnfvF) kfbly gOr hn . ijvyN : (A) Zfky vflI bIV - sMmq , imqI aghn , vdI grMQ iliKaf . {not: ieh bIV, nOvyN gurU jI dI hIdI qoN 13 idn pihloN anMdpurI dmdmf sfihb ivKy, mwGr vdI sMpUrn hoeI sI. (dyKo: gurbfxI sMpfdn inrxY, pM:202) } (a) ipMzI lflf (gujrfq) vflI bIV- sUcI pqR sMmq poh qyvIvyN poQI iliK phuMcy . { not: ies bIV AuWqy nfvyN pfqfh dy hsqfKr hn aqy AunHF dI sfrI bfxI iewk QF iekwTI hI ilKI hoeI hY . gurbfxI sMpfdn inrxY, pM:) } (s) sUcI pqR poQI kf, qqkrF rfgF kf, sMmq , vYsfK poQI iliK phuMcy . { ies poQI ivwc nOvyN pfqfh dI bfxI vI drj hY aqy mMgl iewk smfn pihlF hn. (gurbfxI sMpfdn inrxY, pM:) }

ies leI XUnIvristI pitaflf dy pRo: ipafrf isMG pdm` df ieh inrxf sO pRqIq swc hY ik : BfeI bMno, pihlf iswK sI, ijs ny afid bIV` qoN dUjf Auqfrf iqafr krvfieaf . iPr ienHF bIVF qoN awgy keI Auqfry hoey . ipCoN, sRI gurU qygbhfdr jI dy smyN, AunHF dI bfxI drj hox lwgI . pr, hr ilKfrI afpxI mrI anusfr ijwQy ikqy Auqfrf kr lYNdf sI . iksy ny jYqsrI nfl jYjfvMqI dy bd drj kIqy, iksy ny aIr AuWqy aqy iksy ny iewky QF nfvy gurU dI bfxI ilKI .

RI gurU goibMd isMG jI` ny BfeI mnI isMG jI dI agvfeI ivwc anMdpur vfly dmdmy` bIVF ilKx df kMm krvfieaf, qF ik iewky iksm dI pRmfxIk qrqIb rhy . ipCoN ieh Gtnf sfbo kI qlvMzI` vfly dmdmy nfl joV idwqI geI . ieh TIk hY ik AuQy vI bIVF ilKx df BfrI kMm ipCoN hoieaf, pr pihly ieh kMm anMdpur vfly dmdmy` kfPI arsy huMdf irhf. mukdI gwl ieh hY ik aMiqm rUp vflI bIV dmdmI bIV` dy nF nfl pukfrI geI aqy iesy dmdmI srUp` svIkfr krky hux afid RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI` df Cfpy duafrf pRkfn kIqf jFdf hY`` . {pusqk gurU gRMQ pRkf` pMnF 41}

gurU-rDf nfl lbry pUj ipRMsIpl qyjf isMG qy pRiswD ieiqhfskfr zfktr gMzf isMG jI duafrf iml ky ilKI aMgryI dI pRiswD pusqk A Short History of the Sikhs ivc iliKaf hY : The Guru managed to reach Talvandi Sabo, now called Damdama or resting place. Here he stayed for nine months with an influential Sikh named Dalla and made it a great seat of learnig. It is often described as Gurus kashi. The Guru, while here, is said by some later writers, to have reproduced whole Adi Granth from memory, and completed it by adding the hymns omposed by his father. This miracle of memory is not recorded by the Gurbilas or the Surj Prakash. That the hymans of the ninth Guru were incorporated here is contradicted by the fact that there is a copy of Holy Granth at Patna, bearing the date 1748 BK.(1691AD.) containing the hymans of Guru Teg bahadur in there proper places. There is another such copy found at Dacca, which was written even than this in 1675AD. In the first year of Guru Gobind Singhs accession.

{AuulwQf:- (gurU goibMd isMG jI) ijvyN ikvyN qlvMzI sfbo phuMcy ijs hux dmdmf (sfihb) jF (gurU jI dy) arfm krn vflI QF krky swidaf jFdf hY . eyQy, afp iewk jbHy vfly (BfeI) zwlf nfmI iswK pfs nO mhIny Tihry aqy ies ividaf pRfpqI df mhfn asQfn bxfieaf . ies afm krky gurU kI kFI` swidaf jFdf hY . bfad dy ilKfrIaF dy kihx anusfr siqgurF ny afpxI kqI duafrf sfry afid gRMQ` Aucfrx kIqf . pRMqU, cyqf kqI dI ieh krfmfq guriblfs` jF sUrj pRkf` ny rIkfrz nhI kIqf . nOvyN siqgurF dI bfxI cVHfAux dy dfavy ieh hkIkq KMzn krdI hY ik ptnf sfihb ivKy sMmq 1748 ibkRmI (sMn 1691 eI:) dI ilKI bIV mOjUd hY, ijs ivwc RI gurU qygbhfdr jI dI bfxI QF isr aMkq hY . ies qoN ibnF Zfky ivKy iewk hor bIV surwiKaq hY, jo ies qoN vI pihlF sMn eI: dI hY, ijhVI dsvyN siqgurF dy gwdI AuWqy ibrfjmfn hox dy pihly sfl ivwc hI ilKI geI sI .}

ikAuNik, bMsfvlI nfmy (sMmq 1826) dy ilKfrI kysr isMG iCbr vloN sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI mhfrfj vloN sRI anMdpur sfihb ivKy sMn 1696 (sMmq 1753) bfbf DIrml jI qoN sRI krqfrpurI bIV df koeI Auqfrf mMgfAux qy gurU jI vloN afpxI rsnf qoN koeI bIV Aucfrn dI Gtnf dy vyrvf, aqy dUjy, lOgovfl (sMgrUr) dy jMmpl qy inrmly sfDU ig: igafn isMG jI (1822 eI: qoN 1921) duafrf vIhvIN sdI dy muwZly dOr ivwc rcIaF do rcnfvF pMQ pRkf qy qvfrI gurU flsf` ivwc sfbo kI qlvMzI (biTMzy) ivKy sMn 1705 (sMmq 1762) gurU jI vloN, kyvl DIrml df AulHfmf (jy gibMd isMG` afpxy afp gurU aKvFdf hY qF Auh nvIN bIV Aucfrn kr lvy) Auqfrn leI Aucfrn kIqI bIV dI ielfkfpRsqI dy pRBfv hyT GVI khfxI, ieiqhfsk-swc dy sfhmxy muwZoN hI rwd ho jFdI hY . ikAuNik, iewk qF bMsfvlI nfmy qy pMQ-pRkf dy ilKy sMmq qy GtnfvF df vyrvf afps ivwc nhI imldf . dUjy, Bwt vhIaF dI pRmfxIk qy akwt gvfhI iswD krdI hY ik bfbf DIrmwl qy Auhdy byty rfm cMd qF gurU goibMd isMG jI dy gurgwdI bYTx dy pihly sfl ivwc aqy gurU jI dy sfbo kI qlvMzI phuMcx qoN 29 sfl pihlF hI bfdfh aOrMgyb df hukm nfl sMmq 1733 (sMn 1676) ivwc igRPqfr kIqf jf cuwkf sI aqy iPr rxQMbOr dy ikly ivwc nrbMd rwK ky iPr agly hI sfl sMmq 1734 (sMn 1677) ivwc AuQy hI kql vI kr idwqf igaf sI aqy Aus dy byty rfm cMd` sMmq 1735 (sMn 1678) ivwc . ipRMsIpl hrBjn isMG jI pusqk ibbyk buiD` ivKy pMnf 132 `qy Bwt vhIaF dI ilKq ies pRkfr hY: sMmq ibkrmI asU vdI duafdI bfbf bkflf qoN bfbf DIrmwl jI idwlI srkfr dy bulfey idwlI gey . {gur pRxflI krqfrpur soZIaF, ilKq dAulq rfie Bwt, lfhOr invfsI} ibkrmI, mGr sudI dUj, ukrvfr , bfbf DIrmwl jI, gurU goibMd isMG jI dy qfieaf-jfd BfeI, gVH rxQMBOr ivwc iewk sfl, do mhIny, pMj idn nrbMdI ivwc rih ky, zyZ pihr idn cVHy gurpurI isDfry . {Bwt vhI mulqfn-isMDI qy cilqr joqI joiq smfvny df, afid bIVf buMgf rfgIaF, hUr sfihb}

so ies krky spt hY ik pMcm pfqfh gurU arjn sfihb jI dI sMn 1604 ivwc sRI aMimRqsr ivKy poQI sfihb dy rUp ivwc sMpfdq kIqI afid bIV`(poQI sfihb), pihlF krqfrpurI srUp` dy nfm qoN pRiswD hoeI aqy iPr RI anMdpurI dmdmf sfihb ivKy dsm pfqfh gurU goibMd isMG jI mhfrfj dI dyK-ryK hyT Ausy hI bIV ny sMn 1682 (sMmq 1739) ivwc dmdmI srUp` Dfrn kIqf . ies srUp sRI hUr sfihb (nMdyV) ivKy sMn 1708 (sMmq 1765) dsvyN pfqfh ny joqI-joiq smfvx vyly gur-gwdI b ky RI gurU gRMQ sfihb` jI dy ajoky srUp ivwc sMpUrnqf dI pdvI qy phuMcfieaf . iehI kfrn hY ik zyrydfrI dy pRBfv hyT ivcrn vfly biTMzy ijly dy iewk do kmytI mYNbrF qy pRcfrk sjxF dy or dyx AuWqy jdoN RomxI kmytI ny akflI dl dI rfjInqk nIqI qihq sMn 1997 ivKy afpxI jMqrI ivwc RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy sMpUrnqf idvs` df ikr krnf pRvfn kr ilaf qF ipRMsIpl hrBjn isMG jI, ijhVy Aus vyly Drm pRcfr kmytI mYNbr sn, iqnHF ny ros pRgt kridaF iliKaf sI :

sB qoN vwzf Kyd hY ik RomxI kmytI, ibnF prKy pVcoly dy, afpxI RomxI jMqrI ivwc ies gYr-ieiqhfsk Gtnf pwikaF kr rhI hY ik RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI` dI sMpUrnqf idn agsq hY, RI dmdmy sfihb . { ibbyk buiD-pMnf 148}

iesy qrHF sRomxI kmytI dy virHaF bwDI lgBg awDI sdI skwqr rih cuwky burg sR : mihMdr isMG jI (aMimRqsr) ny ipCly idnI abfrF ivwc lyK ky Aus vyly ivroD jqfieaf sI, jdoN RomxI kmytI ny sfbo kI qlvMzI (qq) sRI dmdmf sfihb ivKy sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df iqMn sO sflf sMpUrnqf idvs mnfAux df PYslf kIqf . ikAuNik, ipRMsIpl jI vFg AunHF vI idisaf ik ies PYsly ipCy rfjInqk iswK afgUaF dIaF suafrQI qy ielfkfvfdI sMkIrx rucIaF dy nfl nfl, ibprvfdI iswK zyiraF ivwc plI sMprdfeI soc vI CupI hoeI hY, ijhVI qfbdIaF dy or-rfby ivwc aigafnqf-vws qy jfx bwJ ky pRcfrIaF aqy afpxy pRBfv hyT gur-asQfnF ivwc lfgU kIqIaF glq rvfieqF swcIaF qy pMQ-pRvfixq iswD krky sdf leI kfiem krn ihwq XqnIl hY, qF jo JUT dIaF nIhF AuWpr KVHy AunHF dy sMprdfeI mhwl itky rih skx, ijnHF ivwc buwZf ibprvfd luikaf hoieaf hY, ijhVf sdf nOjvfn rihx vfly flsf pMQ dy AuWjly BivK leI aiq hfnIkfrk hY .

gurU-pMQ df dfs

jgqfr isMG jfck, inAUXfrk[ sfbkf gRMQI sRI drbfr sfihb, aMimRqsr.

imqI : agsq 22, 2006




.