.

kI iswK Drm ivwc mfs Kfx dI mnfhI hY?

-hrcrn isMG (aYzItr-iswK ivrsf)

Address: PO Box 55131 Temple RPO NE

Calgary AB. Canada T1Y 6R6

Tel.: (403) 250 8898 Fax: (403) 250-8825

iswKF ivwc ieh vfd-ivvfd afm cldf rihMdf hY ik iswK mfs Kf skdf hY jF nhIN qy Kfskr kI aMimRDfrI iswwK mfs Kf skdf hY jF nhIN? ieh ivvfd pMjfb nfloN ivdysLF ivwwc vwwD hY ikAuNik jUn 84 qoN bfad ivdysLI gurduafiraF df kMtrol iswwDy aiswwDy ZMg nfl KfilsfqfnI soc vfly lokF kol irhf hY, ijnHF qy pMQ dI mirXfdf jF gurU gRMQ sfihb dI ivcfrDfrf nfloN vwwD pRBfv dmdmI tksfl, aKMz kIrqnI jQy jF keI hor zyiraF dI iswwiKaf df hY. ieh sfry zyry 'mfs Kfx' nUM iswKF dI rUhfnI cVHq ivwc rukfvt smJdy hn qy sLfkfhfrI Bojn Kfx df pRcfr krdy hn ikAuNik ienHF sfry zyiraF df ipCokV bnfrs jF hirduafr nfl jf juVdf hY. jy iksy nUM sLwwk hovy, Auh ienHF zyiraF dy ieiqhfs nUM pVH skdf hY?

asl ivwc iswwKF ivwwc sLfkfhfrI vrqfrf bnfrs dy pVHy hoey ihMdU ivdvfnF (ijnHF nUM lok inrmly sMq vI kihMdy hn) aqy hirduafr dy ihMdU pujfrIaF (ijnHF nUM lok AudfsI mhMq vI kihMdy hn) dy aihMsfvfdI pRcfr sdkf sLurU hoieaf hY. ieh Auh lok sn, jo iewwk pfsy iswwKF dy ihqYsLI bx ky iswwKF dy Dfrimk asQfnF df kMtrol krI bYTy sn qy dUjy pfsy srkfr nfl imlI Bugq krky afm iswKF nUM jMgjU suBfa qoN vwK krnf locdy sn ikAuNik koeI vI srkfr kdy vI ieh nhIN cfhuMdI ik AusdI hkUmq iKlfP koeI bgfvq hovy, ies leI srkfrF hmysLF hI bfgIaF nUM srkfrI qfkq nfl dbfAux dy nfl-nfl keI qrHF dy hwwQ kMzy vrqdIaF hn. ieh srkfrF vloN imlI qfkq hI sI ik iswwKF dy gurDfmF qy kfbj ies inrmlf-AudfsI gwwTjoV nUM lFBy krn leI iswwK pMQ nUM lhU zolvF sMGrsL krnf ipaf sI qy 20vIN sdI ivwwc gurduafry ajLfd krfey gey sn BfvyN ik AudfsI mhMqF qoN gurduafry ajLfd krfky iswwKF ny gurduafry isafsI mhMqF dy hvfly kr idwwqy sn.

jy ieiqhfsk pwwK qoN dyKIey qF ies gwwl dI QF QF gvfhI imldI hY ik gurU sfihbfn smyq iswwK aksr isLkfr krdy sn qy mfs KFdy sn. gurduafiraF ivwwc sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dI kQf dI QF ijs kvI BfeI sMqoK isMG dy gRMQ 'sUrj pRkfsL' dI kQf ieh zyiraF vfly rojLfnf krdy, krfAuNdy hn, Aus gRMQ ivwwc spwwsLt iliKaf hY ik gurU ky lMgr ivwwc mfs bixaf krdf sI. Aus ivwwc ieQoN qwwk drj hY ik jdoN (gurU) amrdfs jI pihlI vfr KzUr sfihb gurU aMgd dyv jI nUM imlx afey qF lMgr ivwwc mfs bixaf dyK ky Auh lMgr Kfx qoN iJjk gey sn ikAuNik (gurU) amrdfs jI sLfkfhfrI sn. inrmly qy AudfsI, ihMdU mq dy iksy Kfs pRBfv aDIn ikAuNik afp mfs nhIN KFdy sn, ies leI ienHF ny iswwKF ivwwc vI 200 sfl aijhf pRcfr kIqf, ijsdf nqIjf ieh hY ik awwj mfs Kfx jF nf Kfx df mslf iswwKF df iewwk vwwzf mslf bx cuwwkf hY. hux bhuq sfry pRcfrkF nUM jdoN koeI svfl krdf hY ik jy iswwKF ivwwc mfs Kfx dI mnfhI hY qF gurU sfihb isLkfr ikAuN krdy sn qF AunHF df hfsohIxf jvfb huMdf hY ik Auh mfs Kfx leI isLkfr nhIN krdy sn, sgoN AunHF jfnvrF df Audfr krn (Bfv mukqI dyx) leI isLkfr krdy sn qy jy koeI puC lvy ik iPr mfr ky Aus jIv df kI krdy sn qF koeI jvfb nhIN huMdf. iewwk pfsy aijhy pRcfrk ieh vI pRcfr krdy huMdy hn ik 84 lwwK jUnF ivcoN jIv afqmf df Audfr isrP mnuwwKf jnm ivwwc hI ho skdf hY ikAuNik ies jnm ivwwc nfm jp ky mnuwwK afvgvn qoN mukq ho skdf hY, iPr jy mnuwwK df hI Audfr ho skdf hY qF gurU sfihb ies asUl dI AulMGxf krky jfnvrF df Audfr ikvyN krdy sn? iewwk svfl ieh vI AuqpMn huMdf hY ik gurU sfihb kol afpxy GoVy sn, ijhVy AunHF dI sfrI Aumr svfrI leI mwwdd krdy sn qy jMg ivwwc AunHF dy shfeI huMdy sn. iswwKF jF gurU sfihbfn kol duuwwD pIx leI gfvF-mwwJF hoxgIaF, KyqI krn leI bld, Joty, GoVy afid hoxgy, ijhVy iswwKF dy mwwddgfr sn. iPr AunHF iksy gF, mwwJ, GoVy, bld afid df Audfr ikAuN nhIN kIqf, jMglF ivwwc sLyrF, irwwCF, ihrnF df hI Audfr ikAuN kIqf? jd ik AunHF qoN gurU sfihb jF iswwKF nUM nf koeI lfB sI qy nf hI Kqrf? ies qrHF ieh lok mnGVq sfKIaF rfhIN sMgq nUM hmysLF guMmrfh krdy hn qy asIN sLrDf vs ienHF dy gpOVF nUM awwKF mItI nf isrP suxdy hI hF, sgoN notF dy mINh vI vrHfAuNdy hF.

ienHF AudfsI mhMqF (hirduafr dy ihMdU pujfrIaF) qy inrmly sfDF (bnfrs dy ihMdU ivdvfnF) vloN clfeI rIq ivcoN hI awwj dy sfry zyry inkly hn. iksy vI zyry df ipCokV lwwB lAu, ienHF df pihlf gwwdIdfr, bnfrs jF hirduafr qoN piVHaf hovygf jF iPr iksy bnfrs jF hirduafr qoN pVHy hoey ivdvfn jF sMq koloN piVHaf hovygf. iesy rIq ny ivhlV bfibaF/sfDF dI lMmI cOVI PLOj iswwK pMQ ivwwc iqafr kr idwqI hY jo Boly-Bfly pr aMD ivsLvfsLI iswKF nUM afpxy jfl ivwc Psf lYNdy hn. gurmiq igafn qoN swwKxy aMD ivsLvfsLI iswwKF dy isr qy hI ieh sB zyry cwwl rhy hn.

bysLk pMQ vloN pRvfnq iswwK rihq mirXfdf ivwwc iliKaf hoieaf hY ik iswwK ny isrP hlfl mfs nhIN Kfxf qy gurU sfihb ny vI bfxI ivwwc dwwisaf hY ik mfs Kfxf sLurU qoN hI pRfxIaF dy kudrqI suBfa df ainKVvF aMg irhf hY. pr iPr vI pqf nhIN asIN iesnUM bhuq vwwzf mslf ikAuN bxfAuNdy hF. AuWqrI aqy dwKxI Druv vfly pfsy rihx vfly lokF leI 'mfs' Kfx bgYr jIxf hI nf-mumikn hY. mnuwK jLmfny-kdIm qoN hI mfs KFdf af irhf hY. pihlF kwcf mfs KFdf sI, iPr ijvyN ijvyN mnuwKI ivkfs hoieaf, Ausny mfs BuMn ky Kfxf sLurU kr idwqf. akfl purK ny vwwK-vwwK KfxIaF (ijvyN aMzj, jyrj, syqj, AuqBuj afid) bxfeIaF hn, pr mnuwK nUM srdfrI bKLsL ky inhfl kIqf hY. kudrq ny hr jIv jMqU leI afpxI ivsLysL irjLk (KLurfk) mukrr kIqI hY qy Auuh bfkI dI KLurfk nhIN Kf skdf. gF, mwJ afid jfnvr Gfh, pwqy, vMz-vMzyvF aqy cfrf KFdy hn, pr ienHF df duwD pIx vflf mnuwK ieh 'sLfkfhfrI' vsqF vI nhIN Kf jF hjLm kr skdf. sLyr jF keI hor jfnvr aijhy hn, jo Gfh PUs nhIN Kf skdy, Auh isrP mfs hI KFdy hn. kuJ jfnvr aijhy vI hn, ijnHF nUM kudrq ny vYjItysLn qy mfs Kfx df bwwl bKisLaf hoieaf hY. mnuwwK vI aijhI sLRyxI ivwwc hI afAuNdf hY.

srvr aMdir hIrf moqI jy hovY so hMsf kf Kfxf]bgulf kfgu n rhI srvr jy hovY aiq isafxf]Enf irjLku n pieE EQy EnF hory Kfxf](pMnf: 956)

mfs hY kI?

purfxy smyN mfs ibnF sMkoc KfDf jFdf sI aqy vrqINdf sI. ihMdU Drm dy gRMQF anusfr, ivsLnUM purfx aMs 3, a: 16 vimsLn imimRqI a:4, mnU isimRqI a:3, slok 268 qoN 271.

Xjurvyd dI ibRhdfrvXk AupinsLd ivwc puwqr dy iewCfvfn iesqrI purK nUM mfs qy cfvl pkf ky Kfxy dwsy hn. jYimnI asLvmyD ivwc anyk pRkfr dy mfs, jo ikRsLn jI ny KfDy sn, AunHF df ivsQfr nfl ijLkr kIqf igaf hY. mnU ny sLrfD Xwg afid ivwc iqafr kIqy mfs nUM nf Kfx vfly leI 21 jnm psLU dy pRfpq hoxy dwsy hn.

Bfrq ivwc mfs df iqafg buwD Drm dy pRcfr qoN hoieaf hY. ies qoN pihlF hryk mwwq dy lok mfsfhfrI sn. iswK Drm ivwc mfs df Kfxf ihMdU Drm sLfsqrF vFg ivDfn nhIN aOr nf hI boDIaF, jYnIaF vFg iesdf iqafg hY.

(gurmiq mfrqMz, BfeI kfnH isMG nfBf)

'gurU gRMQ sfihb' ivwc

'gurU gRMQ sfihb' ivwc 'mfs Kfx' bfry koeI 'hF' jF 'nFh' dy rUp ivwc AuWqr nhIN imldf. asl ivwc bfxI ivwc Kfx pIx bfry suqMqr ivDfn pysL kIqf igaf hY. Bojn kyvl srIr dI surwiKaf (ijMdf rihx) leI jLrUrI hY, ies leI kI Kfxf hY qy kI nhIN Kfxf, ies pRsLn df AuWqr 'ieh nhIN Kfxf' qy 'aOh jLrUr Kfxf hY' dy rUp ivwc nhIN idwqf igaf sgoN ivigafink ZMg nfl nsIhq kIqI geI hY ik aijhI koeI vI vsqU, ijsnUM Kfx nfl srIr rogI hovy qy buwDI ivkfr-gRsq hovy, iqafgx-Xog smJI jfxI cfhIdI hY.

bfbf horu Kfxf KusI Kuafr]ijqu KfDY qn pIVIaY mn mih clih ivkfr](pMnf: 16)

hux jy qF iksy dy srIr nUM mYzIkl qOr qy mfs Kfx nfl koeI rog lwwg igaf hovy jF rog lwwgx df Kqrf hovy (ijs qrHF ajkl keI dysLF ivwwc vrz PlU df Kqrf bixaf hoieaf hY), Auh mfs df iqafgI ho jfvy jF vYsy hI iksy nUM mfs Kfxf cMgf nf lgdf hovy, Auh vwwKrI gwwl hY. aijhy ivakqI mIt nf Kfx, iksy nUM koeI ieqrfjL nhIN ho skdf, pr iksy Brm aDIn ieh smJxf ik mIt Kfxf iswwK Drm ivroDI krm hY qy mIt nf Kf ky mnuwwK ijLafdf DrmI jF vDIaf iswwK bx jFdf hY, iswwKI pRqI aigafnqf hI khI jf skdI hY. asl ivwwc mIt Kfx jF nf Kfx df Ausy qrHF iswwKI nfl koeI sbMD nhIN, ijs qrHF ikhf jFdf hY ik iksy nUM mFh vfdI qy iksy nUM svfdI.

akfl purK dI pRfpqI dy mfrg ivwc asl ivGnkfrI cIjL mfs nhIN, sgoN mn dIaF burIaF ibrqIaF hn, ijnHF qoN surwiKaq rihx leI 'akfl purK' dy nfm aqy hukm dI pCfx krnI Auicq ho jFdI hY. gurU nfnk sfihb bfxI ivwwc spwsLt smJfAuNdy hn ik smfijk ivakqIaF dI AuqpqI, ivkfs, posLx aqy sMBfl mfs nfl hI sMBv hn:

mfshu inMmy mfshu jMmy hm mfsY ky BFzy] igafnu iDafnu ikCu sUJy nfhI cquru khfvY pFzy]bfhr kf mfsu mMdf suafmI Gr kf mfsu cMgyrf]jIaf jMq siB mfshu hoey jIie lieaf vfsyrf]aBKu BKih BKu iqj Cozih aMDu gurU ijn kyrf]mfshu inMmy mfshu jMmy hm mfsY ky BFzy](pMnf: 1290)

ies sLbd ivwwc gurU sfihb smJfAuNdy hn ik asIN mfs qoN, mfs rfhIN, mfs dy bxy hoey hF, iPr mfs dy iqafgI bx ky ikAuN cqr bxdy iPrdy hF? sfry jIv jMqU vI mfs qoN hI bxy hoey hn. jo asIN Cwwzxf sI (Bfv ivsLy, ivkfr, bury kMm, eIrKf, dvYsL, nPrq, dUjy nUM nuksfn phuMcfx dI ibrqI) AunHF nfl Bry pey hF, pr mfs dy iqafgI bx ky DrmI khfAuNdy hF.

gurU sfihb PurmfAuNdy hn ik purfxF (ihMdU Dfrimk pusqkF), muslmfnI mjLhbI ikqfbF ivwc mfs Kfx dI afigaf hY aqy cfrF hI XugF aMdr mfs vriqaf jFdf irhf hY. nfrI, nr, rfjy qy mhfrfjy sfry mfs qoN hI AuqpMn huMdy hn:

mfsu purfxIN mfsu kqybIN chu jug mfsu kmfxf]jij kfij vIafih suhfvY AuQY mfsu smfxf](pMnf: 1290)

'mfs-afhfr' df ivroD krn vfly pMzqF (awwjkl dy zyrydfrF) nUM, AusdI KLudgLrjLI aqy aDfrhIx pRcfr leI, gurU sfihb AusnUM JfV pfAuNdy hoey afKdy hn:

mfsu mfsu kir mUrKu JgVy igafn iDafnu nhIN jfxy]kAuxu mfsu kAuxu sfgu khfvY iksu mih pfp smfxy]gYNzf mfir hom jg kIey dyviqaf kI bfxy]mfsu Coiz bYis nku pkVih rfqI mfxs Kfxy](pMnf: 1290)

gurU sfihb kihMdy hn ik mfs qy sfg (vYjItysLn) df JgVf mUrKF df JgVf hY ikAuNik aigafnI pursL ieh nhIN jfxdy ik ikhVI cIjL mfs hY qy ikhVI vYjItysLn hY jF iks dy Kfx ivwwc puMn hY qy iks dy Kfx ivwwc pfp hY. asl ivwwc ijs DrqI qoN pfxI, hvf qy hor lIVINdI Kurfk lY ky vYjItysLn pYdf huMdI hY, Ausy vYjItysLn nUM Kf ky mfs, KUn qy duwwD bxdf hY, iPr ieh Prk ikvyN kIqf jfvy ik ikhVI cIjL mfs hY qy ikhVI vYjItysLn hY. ijhVy lok hor bury krm krn qoN qF iJjkdy nhIN, pr mfs Kfx dy iqafgI bx ky dUsiraF (mfs) Kfx vfilaF nUM nPrq dI ingHf nfl dyKdy hn, AunHF nUM JfV pfAuNdy hoey gurU sfihb kihMdy ik mfs dy iqafgI bx ky qusIN nwwk pkVdy ho ky quhfnUM mfs qoN bU afAuNdI hY qy pr corI iCpy lokF dy hwwk mfr ky mfxs Kfx ivwwc quhfnUM koeI lwwjf nhIN (ikAuNik gurU sfihb dIaF njLrF ivwwc dUjy df hwwk mfr Kfxf murdfr Kfxf hY).

BfeI gurdfs jI vI afpxIaF vfrF ivwc spwsLt krdy hn:

mrxy prxy mMnIaY, jig prvfx krfeI mfs pivwqr igRhsq no] (13-23, vfr)

jnm sfKIaF qy sUrj pRkfsL dI iewwk sfKI anusfr gurU nfnk sfihb jdoN sUrj gRihx smyN kurUksLyqr gey qF AunHF AuQy iewk ivakqI vloN Bytf kIqf ihrn df mfs irMnHxf sLurU kIqf. lokIN iekwTy ho ky gurU sfihb nUM afKx lwgy ik "mfs irnH ky, pivwqr QF qy af ky qusF mirafdf BMg kIqI hY" jdoN ik sUrj gRihx mOky qF awwg bflxf vI pfp hY qy qusIN mfs irMnH ky vwwzf anrQ kIqf hY qF gurU sfihb ny AuQy hI 'pihlF mfsh inimaf mfsY aMdir vfsu' vflf sLbd Aucfr ky pFizaF dy kpft KolHy sn.

Jtkf kI hY?

afm Dfrnf anusfr 'Jtkf' qoN arQ Aus mfs df hY jo qurMq jF iekdm (ibnF dyrI dy) mfr ky iqafr kIqf hovy. pr asl ivwwc ihMdusqfn ivwwc iewwk hjLfr sfl qoN vwwD smF muslmfn hukmrfnF df rfj irhf, jo ik isrP hlfl mIt jF kuTf mIt hI KFdy sn. Auh jfnvr nUM mfrn vyly afpxIaF Dfrimk klmF pVH ky hOlI-hOlI mfrdy sn. pr ihMdusqfnI lok isLkfr Kyz ky jF vYsy hI iewwk Jtky nfl jfnvr nUM mfr ky mfs iqafr krdy sn, ies qrHF mIt leI hlfl qy Jtkf do sLbd pRclq ho gey. afm iswKF ivwc Jtkf krn jF Jtkf Kfx df arQ hY iksy vI hiQafr nfl jfnvr df isr vwZxf jF bMdUk nfl mfrnf. bysLk awwj dy qyj rPqfr smyN ivwwc iksy kol isLkfr krky ilafAux jF afp Jtkf krn df smF nhIN, ies leI dukfnF qy imldf mfs Kfx ivwwc koeI hrj nhIN. bysLk purfqn ieiqhfsk ilKqF dwwsdIaF hn ik gurU nfnk sfihb dy smyN qoN hI iswwKF ivwwc mfs Kfx dI Kuwwl sI, pr iswK ieiqhfs ivwc Jtkf mfs Kfx dI sLurUafq gurU hrgoibMd sfihb dy smyN sLurU hoeI mMnI jFdI hY, jdoN AunHF ny bkfiedf iswwKF nUM nfl lY ky jMglI jfnvrF df isLkfr krnf sLurU kIqf sI.

ijQy muslmfnI qrIky nfl psLU jF pMCI nUM mfrn lwigaF 'klmf' pVH ky mfiraf jFdf hY, ijsnUM Auh hlfl mfs afKdy hn, AuQy XhUdI lok kuJ iesy qrHF iqafr kIqy mfs nUM 'kosLr' kihMdy hn. 'kuwTf' lPLjL kohxf qoN inkilaf hY, ijsdf arQ ijLbHf krnf hY. ijQy Auh psLU afid mfrdy hn, AusnUM ijLbHfKLfnf vI afKdy hn. gurU sfihbfn ny 'kuwTf' afpxy iswKF leI ikAuN vrijq kIqf, Dfrimk nukqf ingfh qoN iesdI ivafiKaf nhIN kIqI jf skdI. smfijk qy isafsI nukqf ingfh qoN dyiKaf jfvy qF muslmfn hukmrfnF vloN afm ihMdusqfnIaF jF gYr muslmfnF dy Jtkf mfs jF isLkfr krn qy pfbMDI lgf idwwqI sI qy AunHF nUM hlfl mIt Kfx qy mjbUr kIqf jFdf sI. jdoN iksy df jbrI Drm bdl ky ieslfm ivwwc ilaFdf jFdf sI qF AusnUM sB qoN pihlF hlfl (kuwwTf) mfs Kuafieaf jFdf sI. gurU sfihb ny ies vrqfry nUM ihMdusqfnIaF dI gulfmI dy icMnH vjoN vyiKaf. iesy leI AunHF ny siBafcfrk aqy isafsI gulfmI dy pRqIk kuwwTf (hlfl) mIt Kfx vfly pMzq qy afsf kI vfr ivwwc ivaMg kIqf hY ik pMzq muslmfn hfkmF (ijnHF nUM Auh mlysL kihMdf hY) dI gulfmI krdf hoieaf, AunHF nUM KusL krn leI aMdrKfqy kuwwTf mIt KFdf hY qy afpxy lokF nUM sLUdr kih ik cOky nhIN cVn idMdf ik Auh iBwwt ho jfvygf.

aBfiKaf kf kuwwTf bwwkrf Kfxf] cAuky Aupir iksY nf jfxf] (afsf kI vfr)

kuJ iswK 'Jtkf' krn smyN 'siq sRI akfl' df Aucfrn krdy hn. jo ik iblkul glq hY ikAuNik ijQy iswwK Drm ivwwc boDI jF jYnI DrmF vFg mfs dI mnfhI nhIN, AuQy iesdy Kfx dI Dfrimk qOr qy koeI mirXfdf vI nhIN, ijvyN ik ieslfm jF hor DrmF ivwwc hY. ieslfm ivwwc bhuq sfry Dfrimk iqAuhfr mfs qoN ibnF aDUry khy jf skdy hn. pr iswwK Drm ivwwc aijhI koeI gwwl nhIN. iswwK ny mfs nUM Ausy sihj nfl vrqxf hY ijvyN Auh afpxI rojLfnf dI Kurfk ivwwc hor dflF, sbjIaF, Pl PrUt vrqdf hY. gurU hir goibMd sfihb dy smyN qoN hI iswK sLsqrDfrI ho ky isLkfr Kyzx lwg pey sn. gurU hir rfie sfihb dy smyN vI iswK isLkfr Kyzdy qy KFdy sn. gurU goibMd isMG jI qy aksr isLkfr qy jFdy sn. PLfrsI dI iewk purfxI pusqk 'dibsqfny-mujLfihb' df lyKk jLulPLkfr ardsqfnI ilKdf hY, "[[[[[[iswKF ivwc ihMdUaF jyhf Kfx pIx df bMDn nhIN[[[[[[kuJ icr ipwCoN AunHF dy iswK mfs Kfx lwg pey.[[[[[ipwCoN (gurU) arjn ml df puwqr gurU hirgoibMd (sfihb) mfs KFdf qy isLkfr krdf sI, ijs krky AunHF dy bhuq sfry iswKF ivwc ieh rIq pY geI."

jLulPLkfr afp ilKdf hY ik Ausny gurU hirgoibMd sfihb dy drsLn ihjrI sMn iewk hjLfr pcvMjf (1055) ivwc kIqy aqy gurU sfihb nfl Ausdf KLqo-ikqfbq vI irhf.

BfeI gurdfs jI afpxI iewwk vfr ivwwc gurU hirgoibMd sfihb df ijLkr krdy hoey ilKdy hn:

Aumiq mhlu n pfvdI nTf iPrY n zrY zrfieaf. mMjI bih sMqoKdf kuqy rwwK isLkfr iKlfieaf. (vfr 26)

gurU goibMd isMG sfihb ny 1699 dI ivsfKI smyN 'Kflsf pMQ' pRgt krn lwigaF, ijQy Kflsf POj dy ispfhIaF leI 'Jtkf mfs' Kfx dI Kuwwl idwwqI, AuQy isafsI kfrnF krky (Aus smyN hlfl mIt Kfxf gYr muslmfnF leI gulfmI df pRqIk sI) kurihqF ivwc 'kuwTf nhIN Kfxf' nUM sLfiml kIqf igaf. BfvyN Aus smyN bhuqy iswKF dI KLurfk mYdfnI ielfkf hox krky mfs nhIN sgoN dfxy, dflF, sbjLIaF, duwD, Pl afid hI sI qy hY. pr iswK Drm ivwc mfs Kfx jF nf-Kfx ivwc koeI ivqkrf nhIN. iswK rfj smyN mfs (Jtkf) iswKF dy lMgr dI Kurfk ivwc sLfiml sI. XhUdI aqy ieslfm DrmF ivwc mfs BfvyN jLrUrI Dfrimk rIqI vjoN kbUl kIqf igaf hY, pr iswKF nUM gurU sfihbF ny isafsI kfrnF krky kyvl 'kuwTf' mfs vrijq krfr idwqf sI. BfvyN ik awwj dy hflfqF ivwwc ies bMidsL dI koeI mhwwqqf nhIN rhI ikAuNik isafsI hflfq iblkul bdl cuwwky hn. gurU goibMd isMG jI ny BfrI svYmfx nUM jgfAux leI aqy hukmrfnF dI gLulfmI nUM prF suwt ky 'kuwTf' bwwjr kurihq krfr idwqf sI. AunHF simaF ivwwc mugl hukmrfnF ny ieh vI aYlfn kIqf hoieaf sI ik koeI gYr muslmfn ihMdusqfnI sLsqr (hiQafr) nhIN rwwK skdf, pr gurU sfihb ny jdoN afpxI Kflsf POj dI sfjnf kIqI, AudoN hr Kflsy nUM ikrpfn dy ky sLsqrDfrI hox df hukm kIqf. BfvyN ik awwj asIN Ausy ikrpfn nUM kortF ivwwc kys ijwwqx leI idKfvy df Dfrimk icMnH dwws ky kys ijwwq rhy hF. ieMJ lok sLsqrDfrI ho ky pihlF mfnisk qOr qy ajLfd hoey, iPr lMby sMGrsL bfad smfijk qy isafsI qOr qy vI ajLfd ho gey, jdoN AunHF afpxf Kflsf rfj kfiem kr ilaf. gurU jI ny iswKF nUM iksy vI zr, sihm, dfby qoN Cutkfrf pfAux leI 'sMq ispfhI' bxf ky jLulm nUM pfsL pfsL hI nhIN kIqf sgoN 'KLflsf kOm' nUM KLudmuKLiqafr bxf idwqf:

BFiq Bfiq bn Kyl isLkfrf mfry rIC roJ JMkfrf] (pMQ pRkfsL, rqn isMG BMgU)

ieiqhfsk somy

kuJ mhwqvpUrx ieiqhfsk somy aijhy hn, ijnHF ivwc 'mfs' df spwsLt ijLkr afieaf hY.

(A) gurU kIaF sfKIaF: ieh pusqk BfeI srUp isMG dI ilKI hoeI hY ijsny sfKI nMbr 110 ivwc iliKaf hY ik jdoN gurU goibMd isMG sfihb, mfDodfs dy zyry gey qF AuQy 'mfs' pkfieaf igaf[[[[[[[jo kuJ iesdy zyry myN imlqf hY, voh lMgr mYN pfie lIaf jfey. bwkrI qy do Ausky lyly hYN, aOr koeI vsqU nhIN. bs hukm hony kI dyr sI-isMGF cfry Jtkfie kr lMgr iqafr krnf sLurU kIqf".

(a) 'bMsfvlI nfmf dsF pfqsLfhIaF kf': ieh pusqk BfeI kysr isMG iCwbr dI hY, ijsdy purKy gurU sfihb dy dIvfn rhy sn. gurU goibMd isMG sfihb ny bRfhmxF dI soD krn vfsqy pihlF bRfhmxF nUM Jtkf mfs Kvfieaf. iesy pusqk dy sPLf 128-129 dI vfrqf suxo:

sfihb bRhm-Boj krfieaf. nfly luwcI-sIrf, nfly mfs pkfieaf. jo mfs Kfey idj, iqs dwKxf dyxI rupXf. jo luwcI kcAurI Kfey iqs tkf idvXf. 37. jo mfs Kfey, so ds rupXy dwKxf pfey. cfr afny iqs nUM dwKxf, jo luwcI kcAurI Kfey. Pyr dony kfgq dwKxf vfly sfihb pfs afey. mfs vflf Cizaf PfV, luwcI kcAurI vflf ilaf boJy pfey.39. jo bRhmx hoie ky mfs Kfey, so rupXf sAu dwKxf pfey. jo luwcI kcAurI pfey, so iewk rupXf pfey]41]

gurU sfihb ny bRfhmxF nUM sMboDn krky ikhf:

bcn kihaf: "asI qusF nUM mfs hY Kvfxf."

iqn kihaf: "jI Blf qusF sfnUM mfs ikAuN ho KvFdy?"

bcn kihaf: "asI bcn sLsqr dy hF kmFdy"]44]

jdoN dsmysL ipqf sfhmxy iqMn bRfhmxF hirBgvfn, lCmI rfm aqy hirdfs ny mfs Kfx qoN ienkfr kIqf qF sfihbF ny bcn Aucfry:

bcn kIqf: "ieky qF mfs KfA, nhIN qF pRfx gvfAu. pkVo ienHF nUM idAu PFsI jfAu."

(e) qsLrIh-Aul aYkvfm: ieh PLfrsI ilKq ibRitsL lfiebRyrI ivwc nMbr 2755 (FF 1599-1606) hyT peI hY, ijs ivwc Jtkf Kfx bfry ies qrHF drj hY, Auh (iswK) hlflI mfs nUM iGRxfXog aqy vrijq smJdy hn aqy Jtkf mfs Ckdy hn arQfq iksy vI jfnvr df mfs jo Auh qlvfr nfl JtkfAuNdy hn.

(s) srIafrul-muqfKLrIn: ies PLfrsI ilKq df krqf munsLI mIr gulfm husYn KLfn hY jo gVHI ivwc iGry hoey bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr bfry ilKdf hY, abdul smwd KLfn bfhroN Gyrf pfAux ivwc juitaf hoieaf sI qy anfj df iewk dfxf vI iklHy aMdr nhIN sI jfx idMdf. jd Gyrf bhuq dyr lMmf ho igaf, dfixaF dy koTy muwk gey, Kfx pIx nUM kuJ nhIN irhf qy iGry hoey afdmI bhuq sn qF AunHF ny mjLbUr ho ky gAUaF, GoVy qy gDy mfr ky Kf ley sn.

pRfcIn pMQ pRkfsL: mwwsy rMGV df isr vwwZx vfly BfeI mihqfb isMG dy poqy BfeI rqn isMG BMgU afpxy gRMQ pRfcIn pMQ pRkfsL ivwwc ilKdy hn ik iswwKF ivwwc sB qoN pihlF mfs Kfx dI mnfhI bMdf isMG bhfdr ny kIqI sI ikAuNik Auh iewwk vYsLnv vYrfgI qoN isMG bixaf sI, BMgU anusfr iesy krky bhuq isMG Ausdf sfQ Cwwz gey sn, BfvyN ik jdoN gurdfs nMgl dI gVI ivwwc bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr iGr gey sn, Aus vkq Ausdy sfQI isMGF ny afpxI jfn bcfAux leI kuJ hor nf imlx qy GoVy, gfvF afid df mfs vI KfDf sI.

s: BMgU anusfr jdoN gurU goibMd isMG jI ny 1699 dI vYsfKI nUM Kflsf POj dI isrjnf kIqI qF hor AupdysLF nfl ieh AupdysL vI idwwqf sI:

kr Jtky bkrn ko KfXo.

murdy kuTY inkt n jfXo.

iesy qrHF Auh mfCIvfVy dy pRsMg ivwwc ilKdy hn:

iek idn gur bwwkro mMgvfXo. isMGn qY Jtko krvfXo. ijm siqgur Jtko kir Kfvih. sut sMKI Gr qurk igrfvih.

BfeI BMgU bfbf bMdf isMG bhfdr nUM gurU sfihb vloN imlx jfx vfly pRsMg ivwwc ilKdy hn:

iqs ko bwwkry isMGn Gfey. kft kUt dey dygn pfey.

mihmf pRkfsL: BfeI srUp dfs Bwlf afpxy gRMQ mihmf pRkfsL ivwwc ilKdf hY ik gurU nfnk sfihb jdoN AudfsIaF qy sn qF iewwk idn rsqy ivwwc iksy ny gurU sfihb nUM ihrn df mfs Byt kIqf, jo AunHF ny ipafr nfl Cikaf.

aiq suMdr kir pRym bnfXf. hrn mfs iqafr kir lXfXf. inrK Bfv bfby jI lInf. ajgr ibRiq Bog qb kInf.

iesy gRMQ ivwwc iewwk hor jgHf ies qrHF vI iliKaf imldf hY:

gFv (ipMz) qy iswwK koAU qih afXf. afgXf BeI mClI ql ilafXf. siqgur qhF kIn pRsfid. dXfl hoie khXo Blo suafd.

aTfrvIN sdI dy rihqnfmy

iswK pRIBfsLf asloN jIvn-mirafdf (cwj-acfr) hI hY, ijs anusfr iswK ny afpxf jIvn gujLfrnf hY. iswK Drm srIrk qy rUhfnI rhurIq df sMgm hY. iswK ny afpxI ijLMdgI ivwc Auh hI krm krny hn, ijnHF anusfr afqimk, mfnisk qy srIrk ivkfs huMdf hovy. Jtkf (mfs) iswKF leI kyvl ihMmq kfiem rwKx vjoN loVINdI KLurfk ivwc sLfml hY. hux lMgr ivwc mfs nhIN bxdf ikAuNik AuQy sLfkfhfrI vI lMgr Ckdy hn, ijnHF ivwc bhuqy lok dUjy DrmF nUM mMnx vfly huMdy hn ijvyN ihMdU, muslmfn, boDI, jYnI afid. gurU sfihb ny qF spwsLt kr idwqf hY ik 'jIaf kf afhfr jIa Kfxf'.

rihqnfmf (BfeI dXf isMG jI)

-kr Jtky bkrn jo KYso. murdY kuwTy inkt n jYso.

-bkrf Jtkf Cky qF ckY. aOr mfs vl kbI n qkY.

iswK Drm buinafdI qOr qy mfrsLl kOm hY jo sMsfrI aqy afqimk qOr qy rUhfnIaq dI isKr mMnI jFdI hY. cMgI ishq vfsqy cMgI KLurfk df hoxf jLrUrI hY. cMgI KLurfk ivwc vDIaf pRotIn hoxI lfBdfiek hY. mfs ivwc pRotIn sbjLIaF qoN vDIk hY. ajoky ivigafnIaF ny sfbq kr idwqf hY ik hr jIv ivwc RNA aqy DNA mOjUd hn BfvyN Auh psLU hn jF sbjLIaF.

asIN hr rojL duwD, dhIN, pfxI, sbjLIaF afid ieh kih ky KFdy hF ik AunHF ivwc ijLMdgI nhIN. jdik sfieMs ny ieh sfibq kr idwwqf hY ik lhU qy duwD ivwwc rMg df hI Prk hY, ikAuNik ijs Gfs, PUs jF vYjItysLn Kf ky psLU df srIr kudrq dy inXm aDIn duwwD bxfAuNdf hY, Ausy qoN hI lhU qy mfs bxdf hY, iPr duwwD ikvyN aMimRq ho igaf qy mfs iGRxfXog vsqU? keI lok afKdy hn ik jIv hwwiqaf krnf pfp hY. gurU sfihb qF spwsLt PLrmfAuNdy hn:

gohy aqy lkVI aMdir kIVf hoie]jyqy dfxy aMn ky jIaf bfJu n koie](pMnf: 472)

mfs jF sbjLI bxfAux vfsqy ihMdusqfn ivwwc lwkVI aqy gohy dIaF pfQIaF df pRXog hr rojL lok krdy hn. kI ies qrHF asIN ienHF ivwc kIVy, pqMgy mfrn dy dosLI nhIN bxdy?

muZ qoN hI psLU dI blI Dfrimk rsmF dy Bfg vjoN idwqI jFdI rhI hY (kbfielI Xug ivwc dyvqy nUM KLusL krn leI mnuwK dI 'blI' dyx df irvfj vI sI). iswKF aMdr, hor DrmF vFgUM, Dfrimk rIqI dy Bfg vjoN psLU dI kurbfnI dyx leI koeI QF nhIN. ajklH vI inhMg isMGF ivwc 'bwwkrf JtkfAux' dI rIq brkrfr hY, jo purfqn isMGF dy 'Jtkf mfs' Kfx dI rIq dI pRqwK gvfhI hY. pr inhMgF ivwwc ijs qrHF bwwkry JtkfAux jF mfs Kfx nUM Dfrimk rMgq idwwqI jFdI hY, AusdI iswwKI ivwwc koeI QF nhIN. mfs Kfx jF nf Kfx df iswwK Drm nfl koeI sbMD hI nhIN hY. ieh hr mnuwwK df inwwjI mslf hY. ijsnUM cMgf lwwgy Kfvy, ijsnUM nf cMgf lwwgy nf Kfvy. qKq hjUr sfihb ivwwc holI, ivsfKI qy hor kuJ Kfs iqAuhfrF mOky bwwkry Jtkfey jFdy hn qy mfs vrqfieaf jFdf hY. ksLmIr ivwwc awwj vI aMimRq sMcfr qoN bfad pMj ipafry afp vI mfs Ckdy hn qy nvyN aMimRqDfrFaF nUM vI CkfAuNdy hn. ieMglYNz ivwwc BftiraF dy iewwk gurduafry ivwwc lMgr ivwwc inwwq mfs-mwwCI bxdf hY. aPgfinsqfn dy qkrIbn sfry gurduafiraF ivwwc lMgr ivwwc mIt bxdf hY. pMjfb ivwwc vI inhMg isMGF dy kMtrol vfly gurduafiraF ivwwc aksr bwwkry Jtkfey jFdy hn. sLRomxI kmytI dy bhuqy mYNbr qy akflI dl dy bhuqy aMimRqDfrI afgU mfs df syvn krdy hn ikAuNik AunHF anusfr isrP hlfl mfs dI mirXfdf anusfr mnfhI hY.

ies sfrI crcf qoN spwwsLt huMdf hY ik iswwKF ivwwc nf qy muslmfnF, iesfeIaF, XhUdIaF vFg mfs Kfx dI koeI Dfrimk mirXfdf hY aqy nf hI boDI, jYnI vYsLnvF, jF ihMdUaF dy keI iPrikaF vFg Dfrimk qOr qy mnfhI hY. ijs qrHF iksy nUM goBI cMgI lgdI hY, iksy bYNgx, iksy nUM kryly bVy suafd lgdy hn, pr iksy nUM kryly kusYly lgdy hn, iesy qrHF iksy dy kuJ Kfx dI afpxI mrjLI ho skdI hY, jy iksy nUM mfs Kfxf cMgf lgdf hY, Auh Kfvy, pr Auh mfs nf Kfx vfilaF bfry mfVy ivcfr nf rwwKy, iesy qrHF jo mfs nhIN KFdy, ieh AunHF dI afpxI mrjI ho skdI hY, pr Auh mfsfhfrIaF nUM aDrmI jF GtIaf iswwK qy afpxy afp nUM vwwzy guriswwK nf smJx. iehI iswwKI dI mirXfdf hY. keI pRcfrk gurbfxI dIaF kuJ pMgqIaF lY ky mfs dy ivsLy nUM hmysLF ivvfd df ivsLf bxfAuNdy hn, pr Auh sqrF iks pRQfey hn, ies bfry jfxkfrI nhIN idMdy. asIN iswwK ivrsf dy iksy agly aMk ivwwc aijhIaF qukF dy arQ dyx dI vI koisLsL krFgy. mfs dy ivroDI pRcfrk jF iswwK, mfs sbMDI gurU gRMQ sfihb ivwwc afey do sLbdF mfs mfs kr mUrK JgVY qy pihlF mfsAu inimaf dy arQ sMgq ivwwc krn qF sLfied AunHF nUM vI qy iksy hor nUM vI koeI BulyKf nhIN rhygf.

aKIr ivwwc asIN iehI kih skdy hF ik mfs Kfxf jF nf Kfxf iswwKI dI koeI mirXfdf nhIN, ieh hr iewwk dI afpxI iewwCf qy inrBr hY ik Ausny kI Kfxf hY qy kI nhIN Kfxf.Kfx-pihnx dy msly ivwwc iswwK Drm nUM vfVnf sfzI aigafnqf hI khI jfvygI. qusIN agr ienHF ivcfrF nfl sihmq nhIN jF quhfzy iKafl ivwwc ies lyK ivwwc gurmiq qoN Ault ivcfr idwwqy gey hn qF qusIN afpxy ivcfr ibnF iJjk Byj skdy ho qF ik hor pfTkF nUM vI shI gurmiq dI soJI ho sky. sfnUM quhfzy ivcfrF, suJfvF dI AuzIk rhygI.




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