.

sMqF dy kOqk[[?

(Bfg pihlf, iksLq nM: 01)

BfeI suKivMdr isMG 'sBrf'

BUimkf

afid kfl dy mnuwK jMglF ivc BuwK ny Bojn dI qlf vfsqy mjbUr kIqf, ipafs ny pfxI dI qlf vfsqy mjbUr kIqf. jMgl dy ivc kudrqI kxk, mwkI, dflF, sfg-sbIaF dI vrqoN krky ies ny qn dI BuwK imtfAuxI urU kIqI. kudrqI jl nfl iesny ipafs buJfeI. jMgl dy drwqF dy pwiqaF nfl qn Zwkxf urU kIqf. aMdr Ausny iPr vI bycYnI mihsUs kIqI. iPr Aus mnuwK ny drwqF, jMglI jIvF swpF, dirafvF afid sfhmxy KVHy ho ky pUjf krnI urU kIqI ik hy YbI kqI jy qUM hYN qF mfnisk bycYnI dUr kr. mfno ik Dfrimk arMBqf ho geI. smF lMGdf igaf qF ivcoN hI keIaF ny Coty Coty Dfrimk sQfn mMdr afid bxfAuxy urU kr idwqy. smF pf ky snfqn mwq pYdf ho igaf. mvfdI pujfrIaF ny mnuwKqf ivc vMzIaF pf idwqIaF. koeI bRfhmx, koeI KwqrI, koeI vY qy koeI Udr aYlfinaf igaf. Dfrimk grMQ ilKy gey. iehnF gRMQF ivc vI sfry hwk bRfhmx dy idwqy gey. ieQoN qwk ik Udr qF Dfrimk mMdrF ivc dfl vI nhIN sI ho skdy. koeI pVHfeI afid vI nhIN sI kr skdy. Drm dy nF qy luwt df dOr urU ho igaf. bRfhmx pujfrI ivhlf bYT ky lokF isroN KFdf aqy gruV purfx ivc ilKy nrkF svrgF dIaF itktF kwt ky Boly Bfly lokF dy hwQF ivc PVf idMdf. lok svrgF dy lflc aqy nrkF dy zroN bRfhmx dyvqy afpxf aslI rwb smJdy. Aus smyN dy rfjy vI bRfhmx rwb smJdy sI. buwD aqy jYn mwq vwloN vI smyN-smyN isr ihMdU mwq dI ivroDqf hoeI. (huMdI rhI)

sfry pfsy PYly hoey aigafn dy Guwp hnyry ivc BuwilaF BtikaF iek afs dI ikrn nr afeI. Bgq kbIr sfihb df jnm ho igaf. Gr ivc BfvyN grIbI sI pr ihrdf rwbI rws nfl mflfmfl,

swc dI pRfpqI ho geI. Dfrimk afgUaF dI luwt df jvfb idMidaF pihlf bfx Cwizaf,

jAu qUM bRfhmx bRfhmxI jfieaf

qAu afn bft kfhy nhI afieaf.. (pMnf 324)

JUTf Dfrimk afgU bRfhmx cIK AuiTaf ik ieh kOx? awj qk qF awgy boilaf hI koeI nhIN sI. Bgq nfmdyv jI ny vI kYpsUl ivc vlytx qoN ibnF hI swc rUp kOVIaF puVIaF Poky Dfrimk afgU awgy prosIaF ik afh lY Kfh! smyN smyN swc mHf dy prvfny afey. sMn 1469 eIsvI iek ielfhI joq srgux srUp DMn gurU nfnk dyv jI mnuwKqf dy Bly vfsqy DrqI qy pRgt ho gey. rIbF, inqfixaF, nIcF hUr ny AuWcf cuwkxf urU kr idwqf. cfr AudfsIaF dOrfn dUr dUr gey, swc Drm idRVH krvfieaf. Drm-flfvF bxvfeIaF. jfq-pfq, suwc-iBwt, vihmF-BrmF dy ivruwD afvf AuTfeI. pUrn mnuwK ijsdf Kfkf pihly pfqfh ny icqiraf, bfkI nON gurUaF ny 239 sfl swc Drm idRVH krvfieaf, jo ikhf Auh krky idKf idwqf. nvF ieiqhfs isrijaf. Dur kI bfxI Aucfrn kIqI. dyhI ipwCy rwK ky bd awgy kIqf. dsvyN pfqfh jI ny injDfm prqx smyN hwQIN sfjy Kflsy bcn kih idwqf ik afqmf gRMQ ivc srIr pMQ ivc. DMn gurU gRMQ sfihb sdf vfsqy gurgwdI sONp idwqI. bcn khy ik gurU pMQ ny sdf hI agvfeI DMn gurU gRMQ sfihb qoN lYxI hY. mnmrIaF nhIN krnIaf.

so 239 sfl gurU sfihbF dy nfl bVI AucI avsQf vfly isMG rhy pr iksy iek dy nfm nfl sMq awKr nhIN hY. BfeI hn sfry, BfeI mrdfnf jI, BfeI gurdfs jI, BfeI mnI isMG jI, BfeI dieaf isMG, BfeI Drm isMG afid. mulF dy ulmF dy smyN isMG jMglF afid ivc rihMdy sn qF DMn gurU gRMQ sfihb dI syvf sMBfl bfhmxI mwq dy DfrnI AudfsIaF, inrmilaF afid dy hwQF ivc sI. AunHF ny ieh sMq lbk isK Drm ivc ilafx vfiVaf. gurU hukmF dy Ault BfeI awKr Cwz ky lwgy vMn suvMny sMq bxn. gurU pMQ ivc vMzIaF pYxIaF urU ho geIaF. bfhmxI mwq dy DfrnIaF, ienHF sMqF ny afpxy koloN mirXfdf aqy isDFq GVny urU kr idwqy. ijs sI pUjf qoN gurU ny vrijaf sI, ieh Auho pUjf krvfAux lwgy. gurU aqy iswK dy ivckfr ieh qIjI iDr bx bYTy. pMjfbI dI khfvq hY qIjf rilaf Juwgf gilaf. ijAuN ieh aKOqI bRhmigafnIaf dI lfeIn lwgI, ajy qk nhIN tuwtI. koeI tksflI hox df dfavf krdf hY, koeI sMprdfeI hox df dfavf krdf hY. ies lok df pqf kwK nhIN, ieh iqMnF lokF dIaF gwlF krdy hn. ienHF dIaF hwQ ilKqF gurbfxI, gurmiq isDFqF df ryafm mKOl Auzf rhIaF hn. ienHF dy sfhmxy ienHF dI rIs dI Aupj QF-QF dyhDfrI gurU pYdf ho gey. gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy srUp keI QfeIN agn Byt ho gey. 90 PIsdI iswK nOjvfn mony ho gey. Gr Gr gurbfxI df gutkf nhIN phuMicaf, tI:vI: Gr Gr phuMc gey. ienHF dy sfhmxy iswK khfAux vfly vI jfq-pfq, suwc-iBwt, vihm-Brm, PokIaF rIqIaF kr rhy hn. nMgy nfc aKfVy lwg rhy hn. pMQk eykqf KyrUM-KyrUM hoeI peI hY. DMn gurU gRMQ sfihb dukfnF qy ivk rhy hn. gurdvfiraF ivc viVaf pujfrIvfd mnmrIaF krdf hoieaf isafsI bMidaF dy hwQF ivc ivk igaf hY. ikrq krky vMz Kfx vfly gurU hukm dy Ault ieh zyrydfr aqy pujfrIvfd golkF, cVHfvy Kf rhy hn. gurU pMQ dy Bly vfsqy iksy iek vI sMq dI avsQf aqy aMqr-Xfmqf ny kMm nhIN kIqf. aigafnI mflIaF ny iehnF BUqry hoey sfnHF ny gurU jI dI iswKI dy bf ikvyN AujfiVaf? ies hwQlI pusqk ivc ibafn krn dI koi kr irhf hF. afs krdf hF ik jo ienHF aKOqI sMqF ny afpxIaF hwQ ilKqF ivc gurbfxI, gurmiq isDFq nfl vYr kmfieaf hY, ienHF KMz ivc lpyt ky ihr idwqf hY. pfTk ieh pCfx lYx. aYsf nf hovy ik swc iswK Drm vI sMsfr dI Drm mMzI ivc buwD aqy jYn vFg fqr bRfhmx dy jbfVy dI urfk bx jfvy.

hoeIaF BuwlF dI imf gurU gRMQ sfihb pfsoN mMgdf hF. gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df inmfxf syvk.

dfsrf

suKivMdr isMG

do bd

mhfqmf buwD dy cyly ny awj qoN hfrF sfl pihlF, buwD iek svfl kIqf sI, ik quhfzy kol koeI BIV nhIN hY jdoNik hornF jogIaF afid dy zyiraF qy kfI BIV hY. kfrn? mhfqmf buwD ny bVf b-kmfl jvfb idwqf, bhuq BIV ivc koeI cMgy mnuwK nhIN huMdy aqy cMigaF mnuwKF dI kdy BIV nhIN huMdI. iesy qrHF awj vI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy brfbr keI bfby, sfD, sMq aqy nklI gurU pYdf ho gey hn. gurmiq dy Ault keI iksm dIaF ienHF sfDF sMqF ny mnmwqF, gurmiq dy isrlyK hyT clfeIaF hoeIaF hn, kfr syvf dy pVdy Qwly vfpfr syvf ho rhI hY. ienHF sfDF-sMqF vloN sdf iehI koi rhI hY ik lok gurmiq qoN dUr rihx aqy ienHF dIaF dukfnF cldIaF rihx, pr gurU dy iswK hmyf gurU gRMQ aqy gurU pMQ dy ho ky rihMdy hn. Auh afpxy jIvn ivc hr qrHF dI agvfeI gurU gRMQ sfihb qoN lYNdy hn, hor iksy sfD sMq, dyhDfrI dy zyry vwl Auh Jfkdy vI nhIN hn. ijnf nfAu suhfgxI iqnf Jfku n horu.. (pMnf1384) so ies pusqk aMdr hMs ibrqI rfhIN JUT aqy swc, gurmiq aqy mnmiq inKyVI hoeI hY, ieh iek lfGfXog AuWdm hY, koi hovygI ik ies pusqk hr lfiebryrI aqy hr Gr aMdr phuMcfieaf jf sky.

gurU gRMQ aqy gurU pMQ dy

dfsindfs

gurmIq isMG

gurmiq isDFqk pRcfrk

inMidaf ik swc?

sfDF sMqF ny suKmnI sfihb vflIaF atpdIaF dIaF qukF dy afpxy hwk ivc, glq arQ krky lMmy smyN qoN ieh zr pfieaf hoieaf sI ik sMq dI inMidaf kdy vI nhIN kIqI jf skdI ikAuNik bRfhmx bfry vI ieho kihMdy sI ik pMzq dI inMdf nhIN krnI. bRfhmx koeI corI, kukrm krdf vI PiVaf jfvy qF vI inMidaf nhIN krnI. so sMq ny ieh vI rIq bRfhmx qoN leI hY. sB hwk rfKvyN hn, inMidaf nhIN krnI. pihlF smJo qF shI ik inMidaf huMdI kI hY? Puwl kMzf kihxf ieh inMdf hY, kMzy kMzf kihxf ieh swc hY. kMzy Puwl kihxf ieh PokI Kufmd hY. jo inMidaf nfloN vI BYVI hY. kMzy kMzf kihxf ieh swc hY, ieh kqweI inMidaf nhIN hY. kbIr sfihb ny bgly sMqF bfnfrs ky Tg afiKaf hY, kI kbIr sfihb inMdk khogy? nOvyN pfqfh kih rhy hn, sfDo mn kf mfnu iqafgAu.. swc afK rhy hn.

ajoky sMq, iek dUjy nfl lVn vfsqy hiQafr cuwkI iPrdy hn. ajoky sMq, isafsI lIzrF zyiraF ivc swd ky AudGftn krvf rhy hn, isropy dy rhy hn, ajoky sMq isafsI lIzrF TwgIaF mfrn vfsqy asIsF dy rhy hn. cMgy cVHfvy cVHfAux vfilaF spYl lMgr KuvfAuNdy hn. ajoky sMq afpxy zyiraF ivc BMg, posq, aImF vrqf ky Boly Bfly lokF nweI bxfAux dI syvf bVI qndyhI nfl inBf rhy hn. ajoky sMq, ihMdU mwq vflI drgfh aqy nrk, svrg vI gruV purfx vfly hI pRcfr rhy hn. aYsy aKOqI sMqF dy ivruwD ilKqF ilKxIaF, pRcfr krnf iblkul inMidaf nhIN hY. ieh swc hY, so Koj BrpUr ieh pusqk hr Gr aqy lfiebryrI df iMgfr bxygI.

dfsrf

gursfb isMG

flsf pMcfieq, sBrf

ikqfbI kIVy ik swcy syvk

afm sMqF dIaF styjF qy pMQ drdI vIrF ikqfbI kIVy ikhf jFdf hY. pr swc jfixAu jy ieh isMG, ivvykIl akl nfl gurbfxI isDFq smJx dI koi nf krdy qF pqf nhIN kI df kI kuJ hor df hor ho jFdf. sfKI Auh hI swcI hY ijhVI gurmiq isDFq nfl myl KFdI hY. bfkI ihMdU mwq dIaF imQhfsk khfxIaF hn jo anjfx iswK ilKfrIaF ny ilK ky iswK ieiqhfs imlgoBf bxF ky rwK idwqf hY. gurmiq dy KojI duwD aqy pfxI inqfr idMdy hn. gurmuKF gurbfxI ivc hMs afiKaf hY. mwKI qy mwKI mfrI jfxI iswKI nhIN hY. iswKI bhuq hI mihMgy muwl imlI hY ijs ajoky sMq, Dfrimk lIzr afid kOzIaF dy Bfa vycI jf rhy hn.

iswK nOjvfn nfeIaF dIaF dukfnF qy jf ky 10-12 rupey ivc iswKI srUp vyc afAuNdy hn. sfry pfsy gurdvfiraF ivc vI golk cor bYTy hn, kUV, TwgI, vwZI-twkI pRDfn hY. gurdvfry ivc bYTf gRMQI golk vwl Jfk irhf hY, zyry ivc bYTf sMq golk vwl ingHf rKdf hY, gurU vwl nhIN. gurdvfry ivc bYTf gRMQI gurU Ku krn dI bjfey sMgq Ku kr irhf hY ikAuNik rotI roI Qwly nwipaf hoieaf hY. keIaF dI ingHf ivc, jo plMiGaF qy bYT ky awKF mIt ky idKfAuNdy hn AunHF dI avsQf igxdy hn ijhVy iswK gurmiq dy DfrnI hn, pfKMz nhIN krdy, hwQIN ikrq krky KFdy hn, JUT dy ilf, pKMzF, krmkFzF dy ivruwD afvf AuTfAuNdy hn, AunHF ieh ikqfbI kIVy kihMdy hn.

koeI bhuq icr nhIN hoieaf. bVody ivc mhfqmf gFDI ny ikhf ik dsvyN pfqfh iek Buwly hoey rihbr sn, AunHF qlvfr nhIN sI cuwkxI cfhIdI. sMq ky hfQ KUn sy rMgy hony nhIN cfhIey. so ieh aKOqI ivdvfn vI ijhVy kihMdy sMqF dI asvQf huMdI hY, ienHF sMqF ny vI mhfqmf gFDI df ikhf suixaf, pr mwQy itkfAux vfilaF dI koeI ihMmq nf peI ik mhfqmf gFDI kuJ jvfb dy skx. ikAuNik sMqF ny qF jlybF dy lMgr lfey hoey hn, iksy ny syvf vflI tokrI ivcoN rwb pf ilaf hY. ienHF kI loV sI ik mhfqmf gFDI dy ilf bfn Koldy. ienHF ieh vI pqf krn dI koeI loV nhIN ik iksy ny gurUaF dy ilf kI boilaf hY. afr:aYs:aYs: kI kr rhI hY? Ausdy ivroD ivc asIN kI krnf hY? ienHF dI iswKI kyvl lMgr ivc hI hY. ienHF dI iswKI kyvl syvf vflI tokrI ivc hI hY. ijhVy gurUaF ny iswKI fn vfsqy afpxy bwcy kurbfn kr idwqy. gurUaF dy prAupkfrF df krf kyvl lMgr lf ky nhIN lfihaf jf skdf. kyvl gurduafry Ausfr ky nhIN lfihaf jf skdf. zyrf bxf ky, aKOqI vIrF isropy dy ky nhIN lfihaf jf skdf.

so jd mhfqmf gFDI dy kubol ipRMsIpl gMgf isMG jI dy kMnIN pey qF Gr ivc iek rfq vI kwtxI aOKI ho geI. svyry hI ikrfieaf kol lY ky bVody cwl pey. AuQoN pqf lwgf ik mhfqmf gFDI aihmdfbfd igaf hY, AuQy mgry hI gey, jf ky imly qF mhfqmf gFDI ny afAux df kfrx puwiCaf. ipRMsIpl gMgf isMG kihMdy ik qusIN dsvyN pfqfh bfry apmfnjnk bd khy hn, mYN jvfb dyx afieaf hF. qusIN ijs gIqf mF kihMdy ho, iesdf jnm ikQy hoieaf sI? pqf hY? iesdf jnm jMg dy mYdfn ivc hoieaf sI. arjun ny Dnubfx suwt idwqf sI ik Bgvfn mYN nhIN lVFgf, ikAuNik agly pfsy myry cfcy qfey hn, ienHF mfr ky rfj lYxf myry vfsqy lfhnq hY, qF ikRn kihMdy ik afpxy hI srIr qy PoVf inkl afvy qF cIrnf pYNdf hY. ieh droxfcfiraf vrgy sfry PoVy hn, cIr dy ienHF . ikRn dy kihx qy arjun ny Dunbfx cuwk ilaf. mhFBfrq df jMg hoieaf, lwKF bMdy mfry gey. ieh lwKF bMidaF dI kfql gIqf qusIN mF kihMdy ho. ikRn sudrn cwkr rwKdf hY, quhf pRvfn, ivjI iqRUl rwKdf hY quhf pRvfn, hmfn gdf rKdf hY quhf pRvfn, prsrmf kuhfVf rwKdf hY quhf pRvfn, rfm cMdr Dnubfx rwKdf hY quhf pRvfn, pr dy dI sMsikRqI bcfAux vfsqy, ihMdU bhU-bytIaF jrvfixaF hwQoN CuzfAux vfsqy, ulm dy tfkry vfsqy, fbrF nwQ pfAux vfsqy, mjlUm dI riKaf vfsqy, hr pfsy swc dI jYkfr vfsqy, dsvyN pfqfh ny sqr cuwky qF quhf ieqrf iks gwl df hY? kI ieh aikRqGxqf dI ieMqhf nhIN? so mhfqmf gFDI abfrF ivc muafI mMgxI peI sI. DMnvfd aYsy gurU ky isMGF df. ies qrHF qswlIaf krfAuNdy hn ikqfbI kIVy.

gol pwgF vfly, icwty coilaF vfly, lMgr Kf ky suwqy rihMdy hn, iswK kOm aMdr ijMnf vI afls aqy dilwdr hY, ieh sfrf ienHF sMqF df hI pYdf kIqf hoieaf hY. ieh 50-50 lwK dIaF kfrF qy GuMmdy hn. keI kwl dy jMmy Cokry sMq bx bx ky sfzy sfhmxy af rhy hn. ieh sfrf tolf iswK isDFq aqy iswK rihq mrXfdf df mKOl Auzf irhf hY.

ienHF sMqF dIaF styjF qy guriswKF ikqfbI kIVy afiKaf jFdf hY. ienHF dIaF styjF qy sMq kI mihmf byd n jfnih kyvl ienHF pMgqIaF dI hI ivafiKaf kIqI jFdI hY ik ienHF sMqF dI mihmf qF byd vI nhIN jfx skdy. ienHF kOx dwsy ik ieh quhfzy vfsqy nhIN hY, ieQy sMq df arQ gurU gRMQ sfihb hI hY. ijvyN sfrMg kI vfr ivc iliKaf hY ik gur kI mihmf byd n jfnih.. aqy mfrU solhy aMdr iliKaf hY, gur kI mihmf byd n jfnih.. (pMnf 1078) ieh gur kI mihmf vfly bcn kdy vI iksy sMq ny styj qy nhIN suxfey ikAuNik ieh gurU ipwCy krky afp awgy lwgy hoey hn. keIaF ny lybl qF ajy nhIN lfieaf pr kMm AunHF dy sfry gurUaF vfly hI hn. ieh sMq hwQIN ikrq nhIN krdy, pUjf dy Dfn Aupr jIvn inrbfh krdy hn. ies sfrI RyxI pujfrI RyxI ikhf jFdf hY. hmyf ieh vyiKaf igaf hY ik ieh pujfrI RyxI bVy kmor idl gurdy dI mflk huMdI hY. hfkm df pwlf PVky cwlx ivc mfx mihsUs krdI hY aqy Drm df burkf pf ky krm kFzF, vihmF BrmF, Poky rIqI irvfjF lokF aMdr pRcfrdI hY. ies qoN kdy vI awj qk swc dI afs nhIN rKI geI.

so ieh pusqk inrpwK rih ky ilKI geI hY. Koj BrpUr ieh pusqk iswK sMgqF vfsqy iek lfhyvMd sOgfq sfbq hovygI. smyN dI loV muwK rKidaF hoieaF ies pusqk GrF aqy lfiebRyrIaF df iMgfr bxf lYxf cfhIdf hY.

dfsn dfs

bohV isMG POjI




.