.

rfg mflf pVcol (iksLq cOQI)

sinmr bynqI

ipRMsIpl igafnI surjIq isMG, isWK imsLnrI, idWlI

drasl rfgmflf df ieU ies vkq pMQk ieU hY. pUrf pMQ ies bfry do ivroDI iDrF ivwc vMizaf hoieaf hY. ies nUM pMQ dI bdiksmqI hI ikhf jf skdf hY. vyiKaf jfvy qF dohF iDrF ivwc koeI vI pMQ ivroDI nhIN. dyvyN pfsy aqI siqkfr Xog swjx aqy pMQk hsqIaF hn. sfiraF dI pMQ vfsqy iksy nf iksy pwK qoN vwzI dyx hY, iesnUM JuTlfieaf nhIN jf skdf. spt hY ik hwQlI rcnf rfgmflf pVcol` ilKx df sfzf mksd iksy vI iewk jF dUjI iDr dI fn ivwc gusqfI krnf jF iksy iDr df ivroDI hoxf nhIN. dohF pwKF dy swjx qy afgU sfzy vfsqy pUrn siqkfr Xog hn.

rfgmflf` dy msly bfry dyiKaf jfvy qF pMQ mUl rUp ivwc afpxf PYslf dy cuwkf sI, ijvyN ik pMQk rihq mirafdf ivwc ies bfry spt iliKaf ipaf hY ik sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dy pfT (sfDfrn jF aKMz) df Bog muMdfvxI Auqy jF rfgmflf pVH ky cldI sQfnk rIqI anusfr pfieaf jfvy. (ies gwl bfbq pMQ `c ajy qk mqByd hY, ies leI rfgmflf qoN ibnF sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI bIV ilKx jF Cfpx df hIaf koeI nf kry.)`` ieh gwl afpxy afp ivwc spt hY ik bfxI dy iksy aMg bfry smuwcy pMQ nUM aijhf nvF inrxf lYx df koeI hwk nhIN. aijhf PYslf kyvl qF hI idwqf igaf hY jdoN ik rfgmflf` bfxI df aMg sfbq nhIN ho skI. iPr vI jdoN qIk sRI akfl qq sfihb qoN ies bfry hukmnfmy rfhIN PYslf hI nf dy idwqf jfvy, ies bfry iksy vI pMQk ivdvfn nUM iesdy hwk jF ivroD ivwc inrxf dyx df hwk nhIN, kyvl rfey idwqI jf skdI hY. iesy kfrx hwQlI rcnf vI koeI pMQk inrxf nhIN, kyvl iek sptIkrn hY.

Koj dy afDfr `qy rfgmflf` bfxI df aMg sfbq nhIN huMdI aqy gurbfxI sMpUrnqf qoN bfad Cfpy vflIaF bIVF ipwCy cVH geI aqy pRclq ho geI spt hY. pMQk rihq mirafdf ivclIaF pMkqIaF vI iesy hI gwl nUM spt kr rhIaF hn. BfvyN ik pMQ ies inrxy `qy puwj cukf sI ik rfgmflf` gurbfxI df aMg nhIN, pr ies qoN ibnF bIV nf Cfpx dy PYsly ipwCy kuJ vkqI mjbUrIaF sn. drasl iesy nUM bhuq lMmf kr dyxf hI pMQk duibDf-duicwqI df kfrx bixaf.

kyvl hMs bihs -

AusfrU bihs aQvf ivcfr-vtFdrf iksy kfrj dI sPlqf qy iksy duicwqI-duibDf ivcoN inkln vfsqy mnuwKf iMdgI dI aiq vwzI loV hY. drasl iehI ivcfr-vtFdry df hiQafr hY jo ik pihlI pfqfhI qoN vrqnf afrMB kIqf igaf aqy vwzy-vwzy aigafnqf dy gVH qoV idwqy gey. BfeI gurdfs jI ny iqMn pRkfr dI bihs df ikr kIqf hY, pr guriswK vfsqy kyvl ieko pRkfr dI bihs hI pRvfn kIqI geI hY ijsnUM hMs bihs ikhf hY, Bfv dlIl dyxI aqy dlIl lYxI gurmuK bYso sPf bCfeI`` vflI bihs. bfkI do pRkfr dI bihs, kfgf bihs - kfvF vFg afpxI kF-kF krdy jfxf aqy dUjy dI sunxI nhIN. dUjI, grDb bihs - giDaF vFg ibnf dlIl boldy jfxf, ijQy isry lwgx dI koeI gwl hI nhIN. ieh dovyN pRkfr dIaF bihsF guriswK vfsqy pRvfn nhIN. qF qy guriswKF, ivdvfnF nUM hMs bihs (ivcfr-vtFdry) df rsqf apxfky kyvl rfgmflf hI nhIN, sgoN hor vI aijhy do-cfr msly hwQ ivwc lY ky pMQ nUM jldI duibDf ivcoN kwZxf cfhIdf hY. ieQy iewk gwl hor vI iDafn krn dI loV hY ik jykr hMs bihs dI soc dy nfl bYT vI gey pr afpxI bxI hoeI Bl nUM asF afpxy vkfr df suafl bxf ilaf jF iPr afpxy iksy siqkfrXog afgU nUM hI pUrn mMn bYTy aqy gurU nUM ipwCy pfAux vflI dOV ivwc Pws gey qF vI aijhIaF duibDfvF ivcoN nf qF afp inkl skFgy aqy nf hI pMQ nUM iksy duibDf ivcoN kwZ skFgy. gwl AuQy dI AuQy hI rih jfvygI. qF qy iksy ivy nUM inbyVn vfsqy sOVI soc nhIN blik KulHI soc ibrqI aqy gurbfxI ivcfrDfrf vflI ksvwtI dI vI BrvIN loV hY.

DMnvfd.

aflm kvI iek nhIN do

aflm kvI do hoey hn: iewk akbr dy mfny ivwc aqy dUjf dmy ipqf jI dy smyN. kuJ iek swjxF ny ies mfDvf nl kfm kMdlf dI rcnf nUM dUjy kvI aflm dI rcnf dwsx df jqn kIqf aqy ilwiKaf hY ik Ausny rfg mflf sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI ivwcoN corI krky, afpxI rcnf ivwc joV idwqI hY. pr iks leI ?

iesy hI ZMg nfl zfktr blbIr isMG jI ny, ijhVy zf; BfeI vIr isMG jI dy BRfqf sn, rfg mflf nUM gurbfxI sfbq krn df ivarQ jqn kIqf hY.

dr-asl ieh ivcfr hI inrmUl hn aqy ibnF GoKx-prKx dy jF iksy dbfa ivwc af ky bxf ley gey hn. AuNj afp siqkfrXog swjxF ny hI ;-

A[ muMdfvxI m; 5 mohr Cfp rok hY Bfv ieh ik gurU gMRQ sfihb dI smfpqI hY. (pMj gRMQI stIk BfeI sfihb BfeI vIr isMG jI)

a[ BfeI bMno jI nUM gurU jI ny Purmfieaf ik muMdfvxI qoN awgy vfDU bfxIaF qusIN afpxI mrI nfl ilwKIaF hn, asIN muMdfvxI qoN ilwKxoN bMd kr cuwky hF, ies vfsqy ieh KfrI bIV hY. (bfxI ibAurf krqf zf[ crn isMG jI)

e[ muMdfvxI m; 5 Bfv ieh ik ieQy sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb nUM bMd kIqf igaf hY. hor bfxI awgy nhIN afvygI, smfpqI hY. (gurU gRMQ ko, flsf trYkt susfietI, aMimRqsr, pMnf 186)

dmy jI dy smyN df aflm kvI iek ihMdU qoN muslmfn bixaf sI aqy sMsikRq df mhfn ivdvfn sI. Aus dIaF rcnfvF afilm kylI` aqy BRmr gIq` afid hn ijhnF ivwc kibq-svYXF df inXm vriqaf hy. dUjy pfsy aflm kvI pihly dI hI iek hor rcnf Bfgvq purfn dy igXfrvyN skMD dI ikRn lIlf df Bfv, iek hor afpxI rcnf isafm snyhI` dy nfm nfl ilwKI hY. Ausdy aMdr vI Ausdf ilwKx df ZMg mfDvf nl kMdlf vflf hI hY aqy copeIaF, dohy aqy sorTy idwqy hn. iPr pihlf aflm kvI anpVH sI aqy Ausny jo kuJ suixaf Ausy nUM afpxy awKrF ivwc ibafinaf hY, ijs df vrnx Auh afp hI afpxI rcnf kfm kMdlf dy afrMB aqy aMq ivwc ies pRkfr krdf hY-

kho bfq sunho sB logf. kroN kQf isMgfr ibEgf.

kCu afpx kCu pr iruLq jory. jQf skq kr aCr jory.

srb isMgfr ibRh kI rIqI. mfDv nl kfm kMdlf pRIqI.

kQf shsiruLq sun kCu QorI. BfKf bFiD cOpeI jorI.. 6..

aqy aMqm bMd ;-

cOpeI ;

kQf copeI afilm kInI. pihly kQf sRvn suin lInI.

khUM khUM bIc dohrf pry. khUM khUM bIc sorTf Dry.

sunq sRvn Xih kQf suhfeI. aiq rsfl pMizq min BfeI.. 179..

ieQy hI bs nhIN, kvI aflm qF ieh vI spwt ilwK irhf hY ik ies rcnf nUM ilwKx df kfrx kfmI purKF dI kfm vfnf nUM AuBfrnf aqy rs dyxf hY ijvyN ;

pRIqvMqu hoie nY n koeI. bfZY pRIq hIey suK hoeI.

kfmI rsik purKu jo sunhI. qy Xh kQf rYn idn gunhI.. 179..

mfDvf nl kfm kMdlf` kdoN ilwKI geI iesdf vrnx ies rcnf ivwcoN hI spwt imldf hY ik ieh akbr dy smyN ihjrI 991 ivwc ilwKI geI aqy ieh smF 1640 ibruLmI sMmq bxdf hY jdoN ik afid bIV df sMpfdn sMmq 1661 hY. qF qy aflm kvI rfhIN rfg mflf df afid bIV ivcoN curf ky afpxI rcnf ivwc lgfAux df suafl hI pYdf nhIN huMdf. aflm kvI dy afpxy lPF ivwc ;-

idlIpiq akbr sulqfnf. spq dIp mih jf kI afnf.

afgY nyb mhfmn mMqRI. inRp rfjf tozrml CwqRI.

sMn nON sY iekfniv afhI. kroN kQf ab boloN qfhI.

ies swcfeI nUM smJx vfsqy ik kfm kMdlf afilm kvI dUjy dI rcnf nhIN, blik akbr dy smyN hoey sUPI kvI afilm dI hI rcnf hY, iek pwKoN hor vI spwt hY ik pihly afilm kvI dy smkflI kvI yK kuqbn, mlk muhMmd jfiesI, kvI Ausmfn, nUr muhMmd afid hoey hn. iehnF sfry kvIaF dI bd cox, ilwKx ZMg, Bfv pRxflI aqy bolI ieko ijhI hI hY, blik ilwKx dI qrqIb vI iewko hI hY. ijvyN hr iek kvI ny afpxI hr iek rcnf dy afrMB ivwc pihlF pRBU pRmfqmf dI Ausqq, AupRMq muhMmd sfihb aqy AuhnF dy cfr Dfm df vrnx, iPr vkq dy bfdfh akbr aqy Ausdy drbfr dI Aupmf aqy vwizafeI aqy ies qoN bfad afpxy Aus khfxI-ikwsy df afrMB. ies ivy qy hor vyrvy sihq GoK vfsqy pVHo, myr isMG jI aok df ilwiKaf rfg mflf inrxX`.

ieqnI icwtI swcfeI nUM jfnx qoN bfad vI jykr kuJ swjx ivarQ hT krI jfx ik rfg mflf gurbfxI hY, qF AuhnF bfry kI ikhf jf skdf hY ?

sMn aqy sMmq ; mfDv nl aqy kfm kMdlf dIaF kuJ hwQ ilwKqF ivwc bd sMn aqy kuJ ivwc bd sMmq ilwiKaf hY ijvyN ;

sMmq nAu sY iekfnvf afhI.` aqy sMn nAUsY iekfnvf afhI.`

ies nUM muwZ bxf ky keI ilKfrIaF ny afpxy ivcfr dyx ivwc kfPI tplf KfDf hY. pr ies ivy Aupr hYrfnI vflI koeI vjHf nhIN. dr asl kyvl ivcfr-aDIn rcnf kfm kMdlf hI nhIN blik Aus smyN dIaF ijwqnIaF vI rcnfvF imldIaF hn, sMn aqy sMmq lP iek dUjy dy adl-bdl ivwc afm afey hn. asl ivwc Aus smyN sMn aqy sMmq ieh dovyN alwg alwg BffvF dy ieko arQ vfly bd mMny jFdy sn, aqy vrqx ivwc awj vFU vwzf Byq nhIN sI kIqf jFdf. sMn aqy sMmq awj dI qrHF vwKry vwKry pRBfvF ivwc nhIN sn mMny jFdy. mUl rUp ivwc vI ieh dovyN bd smfn arQI hn, kyvl BffvF df aMqr hY.

gurbfxI siqkfr aqy kwcIaF rcnfvF

gurbfxI dy drn ivcfr, pRqwK siqgurF dy drn aqy guriswK vfsqy ivy qOr qy gurU afdy hn ijnHF qoN Ausny afpxy jIvn rfh nUM apnfAuxf hY. gurbfxI dI rcnf df koeI vI aMg byloVf nhIN aqy rihMdI dunIaF qIk, sfrI dunIaF Br dy mnuwKF vfsqy, jIvn dy mOilk isDFq hn. mnuwK cfhy ikQoN df vI vfsI hovy ibnF rMg nsl, sQfn, ilMg Byd dy Aus vfsqy gurbfxI iewko iewk cfnx munfrf aqy swcy mnuwKI Drm dI tksfl hY. iksy vI hor rcnf nUM, BfvyN Auh ikqnI vI mhfn ikAuN nf hovy, gurbfxI dI brfbrI dyxf, gurbfxI mMnxF jF smJxf aqy gurbfxI vflf siqkfr dyxf iek nf bKiaf jfx vflf gunfh hY. BfeI gurdfs jI, BfeI nMd lfl isMG jI dIaF rcnfvF vI aiq siqkfr jog hn aqy gurmiq smfgmF ivwc gurbfxI ivafiKaf dy nfl pVHIaF jfx vfsqy pRmfxIk hn. pr koeI vI guriswK AuhnF nUM gurbfxI nhIN kihMdf aqy nf hI aijhf koeI mMnx nUM hI iqafr hY. ies swcfeI dy bfvjUd iewk inrol iekIaf imfj, kwcI ijhI rcnf nUM gurbfxI qul smJdy jfxf aqy swc JUT nUM prKx vfsqy vI iZwly bxy rihxf fied ieqnf vwzf gunfh hY, ijsdf pRfXicq nhIN ho skdf.

iswK isDFq ies bfry iblkul spwt hn ik ijhVf vI mnwuK BfvyN Auh ikqny vI Aucy ruwqby df ikAuN nf hovy, Aus nUM iswKI ivwcoN hI Cyk idwqf jFdf hY, jdoN Auh gurU afy qoN bfhr clf jFdf hY aqy gurU gMRQ sfihb df lV Cwz ky ieDr AuDr Btk jFdf hY. DIr mlIey, pRIQIey, rfmrfeIey ies isDFq anusfr afpxy afp hI iswK Drm ivwcoN Cyky jFdy rhy aqy AuhnF nfl rotI-bytI qIk dI sFJ Kqm kr idwqI jFdI rhI hY. iesy qrHF awj vI ijhVy lok sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI nUM gurU nhIN mMndy, Auh iswK kihlvfAux dy hwkdfr nhIN.

iehI isDFq iksy kwcI rcnf nUM gurbfxI qul mMnx Aupr jF ies swcfeI nUM jfx lYx qoN bfad vI Aus pwKoN iZwly pey rihx Aupr lfgU huMdf hY. iek pfsy mnuwK nUM jIvn syD dyx vfly, iqMn kfl swcy rwbI aqy afqimk jIvn nfl joVn vflf swc, aqy dUjy pfsy apsrfvF aqy nfcIaF qoN kfmrs nUM Auqyijq krn vfly nfcF dI khfxI. ig; Bfg isMG aMbflf dy bdF ivwc qF gwl ievyN hY ijvyN iksy awgy bhuuq vDIaf KIr pros dyx qoN bfad Aupr QoVHI ijhI suafh (rfK) DUV idwqI jfvy. iksy kwcI rcnf nUM gurbfxI qul mMnx vfly jF pRcfrx vfilaF vfsqy gurbfxI rfhIN hI siqgurF df PYslf hY ;

siqgurU ibnf hor kcI hY bfxI..

bfxI q kcI siqgurU bfJhu hor kcI bfxI..

khdy kcy suxdy kcy, kcI afiK vKfxI..

(anMd sfihb, pAuVI 24, pMnf 920)

ies dy arQ Bfv hn ik guriswK vfsqy gurbfxI kyvl AuhI rcnf hY jo siqgurF ny afp AucfrI jF pRvfx kIqI. Aus qoN ielfvf iksy vI rcnf nUM gurbfxI mMnx vfly jF pRcfrx vfly qy ieQoN qIk ik Aus nUM gubfxI mMn ky suxn vfly sB kwcy hn, guriswK nhIN.

ies qoN vwD hor kI qfVnf ho skdI hY. ies vfsqy rUrI hY ik pMQk pwDr qy gurbfxI dy mhfn siqkfr nUM snmuK rwK ky rfg mflf nUM sfry pwKF qoN GoiKaf-ivcfiraf jfvy. jykr iehI nqIjy inklx ijhVy ik hwQlI pusqk ivwc kwZy gey hn, qF ies qoN pMQ sfvDfn aqy inzr ho ky ies vfr spt inrxf lvy. ieh inrxy vflf hwk kyvl aqy kyvl sRI akfl qq sfihb pfs hY.

rfg mflf dy hmfieqI swjx

sfrI gwl nUM vyrvy sihq smJ lYx qoN bfad sihjy hI ieh suafl pYdf huMdf hY ik jdoN ieh iewk pRgt swcfeI hY ik rfg mflf sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI sMpfdnf aQvf gurbfxI YlI, bdfvlI, inXmfvlI, isDFq nfl Aukf hI sMbMDq nhIN qF iPr Auh kOx swjx hn jo pMQ ivwcoN ies JgVy nUM Kqm nhIN hox idMdy.

srvyKx qoN bfad ieh cI bVI spwt sfhmxy af jFdI hY ik ies rsqy ivwc sB qoN vwzI rukfvt iafdfqr Auh gYr iMmyvfr lok hn jo nf qF gurbfxI bfry kuJ jfxdy hn aqy nf hI gurbfxI dI mhfnqf df hI AuhnF nUM kuJ igafn hY. Auh bVI ZITqfeI nfl ieh kihMdy afm suxy jFdy hn, ajI Cwzo iehnF gwlF nUM : pVH leI qF kI, nf pVHI qF kI. kI Prk pYx lwgf hY.`` swcmuwc hI aijhy lokF nUM koeI Prk nhIN pYNdf. AuhnF dI afm hflq vI iehI huMdI hY. Auh qF sMsfr dI Byzcfl hI cwl rhy hMudy hn. gurbfxI ivwcoN AuhnF kdy jIvn syD pRfpq hI nhIN kIqI huMdI. gurbfxI dI Aucqf df AuhnF nUM pqf hI nhIN huMdf. jIvn ivwcoN kdI ds imMt AuhnF gurbfxI nUM smJx vfsqy qF lgfey nhIN huMdy. kwcI rcnf aqy gurbfxI bfry aijhy lok Blf kI jfnx ? Gr ivwc kdy koeI duwwK suwK hovy qF pfT iewk kmry ivwc BfeI sfihb iekwly kr rhy huMdy hn aqy AuhnF dI gp-p, Thfky, tIvI qy keI vfrI rfbF dy dOr vI dUjy kmry ivwc cwl rhy huMdy hn. pr aVI krn ivwc Auh sB qoN awgy huMdy hn. aijhy swjxF dI ies qoN hfsohIxI hflq Aus vkq bxI hMudI hY jdoN koeI soJIvfn AuhnF qoN ieh suafl kr bYTy vIr jI ! ies dy gurbfxI hox df koeI sbUq qF dwso`` qF Auqr hovygf ieh Koj-stwzI qF quhfzf kMm hY, asIN anpVH bMdy hF, sfnUM ieqnf kI pqf, sfnUM ieqnf pqf hY ik pVHnI jrUr` hY.``

aijhy ivy Aupr AuhnF kuJ BfeI sfihbfn, rfgI isMGF aqy pRcfrkF nUM vI bKiaf nhIN jf skdf, ijnHF dy srUp qF idliKwcvyN huMdy hn. pwgF nIlIaF, kflIaF, kysrIaF aqy lMmy dfhVy, gfqry ikRpfnF pihnIaF hoeIaF, pr gurmiq-igafn qoN swKxy huMdy hn. qwkdy ieh hn ik iafdf lokfeI qF rfg mflf pVH rhI hY, soJI vfly df sfQ idwqf qF AuhnF df ivroD hI nf ho jfvy. AuhnF dI rotI roI aqy vfh vfh ivwc Prk nf af jfvy. aMdroN afqmf qF pihlF hI mlIn hoeI peI hMudI hY. bs iek dm kih AuTxgy, ilafE jI ilafE, asIN pVHFgy. ies qoN ibnF qF pfT df Bog hI nhIN pYxf.`` iPr bfad ivwc poly ijhy mUMh nfl Aus soJI vfly swjx kol cly jfxgy dyKo jI ! gwl qF quhfzI TIk hY. mYN vI mMndf hF ik rfg mflf gurbfxI nhIN. akfl qq sfihb qy pVHnI iblkul mnHF hY. nnkfxf sfihb vI koeI nhIN sI pVHdf, vgYrf vgYrf, qy iPr quhfnUM pqf ey, iehnF lokF nfl sfzI roI ey. JgVf kOx pfvy. sfry lok pVHdy pey ny. iek asF pVH leI qF kI Prk pY igaf``- qy hor iewDr AuDr dIaF. pRcfr dy smyN rukfvt vI bx gey aqy iPr imwTy bxn df jqn vI kr ilaf. aijhy lokF dI dohrI nIqI df pMQ nUM kfPI mfrU nuksfn puwj irhf hY. asl ivwc nf hI iehnF nUM pqf hY ik ieh bfxI hY ik nhIN, nf hI aMdroN smJx dI smrwQf hI huMdI hY aqy nf hI cfh. aMdroN rwb jF gurU dy BY qoN vI kory hI huMdy hn. vfihgurU kry jy klH nUM sMgq ivwc jfgirqI af jfvy, qF sB qoN pihlF iehI swjx hoxgy ijhVy kihxgy, nhIN jI, ieh qF iblkul nhIN pVHnI, asIN qF kyvl gurbfxI hI pVHFgy.``

qIjy Auh swjx vI hn jo swcmuwc ivdvfn vI hn, pRcfrk vI hn, kOm ivwc AuhnF nUM mfx siqkfr vI pRfpq hY. swcfeI nUM jfxdy vI hn. BfvyN Auh pRcfrk afpxI injI hYsIaq ivwc hn jF rfgI isMGF dy rUp ivwc jF iksy pRcfrk jwQybMdI dy rUp ivwc, pr aijhy iviaF Aupr iblkul cuwp sfDI bYTy hn. Auh pRoVHqf qF krdy nhIN, injI glbfq ivwc ivroD vI krdy hn pr iswDf ivroD vI nhIN krdy. zr AuhI ik ikwDry sMgqF ivwc bxI vfh vfh ivwc jF bxI hoeI Bwl ivwc Prk nf pY jfvy. AuzIk rhy hn iksy aYsy smyN nUM jdoN Auh swcI gwl kih skxgy. ajIb khfxI hY nf nAu mx qyl hovygf qy nf hI rfDf nwcygI``. bIj qusIN pfvogy nhIN qF Augygf ikvyN ? afvf pYdf nhIN krogy qF aijhy hflfq pYdf hI ikvyN hoxgy ? sMgq ivwc ies bfry jfgirqI pYdf krn vfsqy, afiKr aijhy swjx hI kuJ Auprflf kr skdy hn. ---cldf




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