.

siqgurU arjn sfihb jI

(prAupkfr -qy hfdq)

(iksLq pihlI)

pRo: ieMdr isMG Gwgf

siqgurU nfnk sfihb jI jo akflpurK vloN mnuKqf dy kilafx leI, syvf sONp ky Byijaf igaf, Auh kfrj bVf lfsfnI sI, dUrgfmI sI aqy krFqIkfrI sI. afpxI swqr ku sfl dI srIrI Aumr ivwc jo kMm kIqy Auh sdIaF ivwc BI hoxy sMBv nhIN sn. afpxy prcfry aqy ilKy ivwcfrF ieko jIvn ivwc lfgU kIqf jfxf sMBv nhIN sI. ikAuNik rog ieqnf iBafnk sI ik jy ies BfrqI kOm dI qbfhkun avsQf pujidaF keI hfr sfl lwgy sn, qF arog hox vfsqy BI sdIaF dI BivKmuKI rUp ryKf AulIkxI pYxI sI. gurU nfnk sfihb jI ny iMdgI dy hr pihlU bfry BrpUr cfnxf pfieaf hY. AuhnF afpxy srbwq dy Bly vfly isDFq, gurbfxI rfhIN sMBfl ky gurU aMgd sfihb jI dy hvfly kr idqy. hor aijhy bhuq sfry kMm BI hoxgy, ijnF ilKq ivwc ilafAuxf rUrI nhIN smiJaf igaf, Auh jbfnI smJf idqy gey. ieh Xfd rhy ik affdI`` bd qoN smyN dI hr srkfr qRihMdI hY. koeI kOm mnuKF df smUMh, ipMz ihr agr kih dyvy asIN hr hflq ivwc affdI pRfpq krky rhFgy``. smyN dI hkUmq (rfj kqI) Aus AuT rhI afvf sfrI qfkq lfky kucl dyvygI. vwzy qoN vwzf jbr Zfhuxf pvy qF BI sMkoc nhIN krygI. sQfpq DrmF ivwc afeI igrfvt , jy koeI vMgfry qF smyN dy Drm muKIaF kdI BI pRvfn nhIN hovygf. pujfrI lok Boly lokF dI luwt krky hI suKF BrI iMdgI bqIq kr rhy huMdy hn.`` Auh ikvyN brdfsq kr skdy hn, ik AuhnF vloN kIqy jf rhy Dfrmk`` kMmF koeI glq afKy. afpxI sfrI Drm kqI`` vrqky, ieh bfhroN inry gAU`` nr afAuNdy lok, jrf ku hwQ lfAux qy BUqry hoey sfhn vFg KOrU pfAuNdy hn. isMgF qy cuwk lYNdy hn, pYrF hyT ilqfV sutdy hn. ivwcfrI BolI BflI jMqf iehnF vyKidaf hI lMimaF pY zMzAuq bMdnf dI muwdrf ivwc clI jFdI hY.`` gurU nfnk sfihb jI ny ijwQy pfvn bfxI rfhIN, ilKqI Aupdys idqy, krFqIkfrI BgqF dI bfxI sMBflky afpxy nfl fiml kIqf, AuQy bhuq sfry jbfnI Aupdy BI sn. Auh ies leI ikqy prjf pflk bfdfh`` nfl isDI twkr nf ho jfvy. ikqy iksy Drmfqmf purs`` pRyfnI nf ho jfvy. sMkoc krn dy bfvjUd BI gurU nfnk sfihb jI ny bhuq kuJ swco swc`` kih idqf sI.

gurU aMgd sfihb jI ny Ausy kfrj pUrI iwdq dy nfl awgy vDfieaf. gurU amrdfs jI ny afpxI iMmyvfrI bfKUbI inBfAuNidaF ies lihr hor pRcMz kIqf. gurU rfmdfs sfihb jI ny iKlry ibKry smfj , joVn vfsqy, hor bhuq sfry kilafxkfrI kMm kIqy. AuQy nfl hI iswKF leI rfjDfnI`` cwk rfm dfs (aMimRqsr) BI kfiem kr idqI. cOhF gurUaF aqy prAupkfrI BgqF df sfrf ivrsf, siqgurU arjn sfihb pRfpq hoieaf. ies Kjfny AuhnF suXog qrIky vrqxf BI sI, aqy ies ivwc hor bhuqsfrf vfDf BI krnf sI. smF bIqx nfl ijMnf igafn vDdf jfvygf, ieiqhfs dy Cupy (jF jfx buwJ ky Cupfey) qwQ sfhmxy afAuxgy, qF siqgurU jI dI sIaq hor siqkfr pRfpq krygI. ijAuN ijAuN gurbfxI ivwcly krFqIkfrI qwqF`` dI ivigafnk njrIey qoN, awj dy hflfq sfhmxy rwKky, arQ ivafiKaf kIqI jfvygI, qdoN siqgurU jI dy crnf qy, hor siqkfr nfl isr Jukygf. ijvyN ijvyN ieiqhfskfr ies lfsfnI hIdI dy kfrn prKxgy, Auh siqgurU jI dI jY jY kfr krnoN rih nhIN skxgy. iksy vkq ilKfrIaF, pRcfrkF srmsfr BI hoxf pY skdf hY, ik jo kuwJ Auh siqgurU jI smJdy rhy hn, Auh qF AuhnF dI iMdgI df iek Cotf ijhf aMg sI. siqgurU jI qF ies qoN bhuq mhfn sn.

hIdI dy kfrn 1[ cMdU lfl :- pMcm gurdyv dI hIdI df kfrx kI scmuc iek mfmUlI ijhf iensfn cMdU hI sI ? ieh hIdI GrylU rMjs kfrn hoeI mMnI jf skdI hY ? kI cMdU swcmuwc ieMnf qfkqvr aPsr sI ik Aus dy afKy siqgurU qsIhy idqy jf skx qy moq dy Gft Auqfiraf jf sky ? bwicaf dy irqy afm hI bxdy tUtdy rihMdy hn. ijQy irqf tuwt jfvy qF ies qrHf mslf mrn mfrn qk puwj jFdf hY? afAu TMZy idmfg nfl socIey! vwzy dbdby vflI qfkqvr mugl hkUmq ivwc, srkfr df iek mfmUlI ijhf krmcfrI cMdU lfl, kI Aus kol ieMny aiDkfr ho skdy sn ik siqgurU jI aikh qsIhy dyvy ? asl gl qF ieh sI ik cMdU lfl srkfr df hQTokf qy mfmUlI nOkr sI. srkfr vloN jo hukm idqf igaf, cMdU qF Ausy pUrf kr irhf sI. Aus dI inwjI rMjs (irsqf tuwtx dI) srkfr vloN hvf idwqI geI. Auh ies krky peI bdnfmI dI kflK cMdU dy mwQy lf idqI jfvy, afm lokI muglfhI byksUr mMndy rihx. hF ieh BI TIk hY ik cMzfl cOkVI df tUl (hwQ Tokf) bxky cMdU ny lgdI vfh vwzf julm kmfieaf sI. jhFgIr dy aPsrF ny, ihMdU iswKF ivwc nPrq Brn vfsqy ieh cfl cwlI sI. ijs ivwc Auh bhuq hwd qwk sl irhf. bfd ivwc ieiqhfs ilKx vfly sfry lyKk ies glq ibafnI df ikfr huMdy rhy. sB qoN iafdf msflf lf ky py kIqf BfeI sMqoK isMG ny. Ausdy gRMQ sUrj pRkf dI kQf gurdvfiraF ivwc hox lwg peI. bfkI sfrIaF GtnfvF dbf idqIaF geIaF. bs ieko cMdU lfl svfhI, afpy jwj, afpy pulIs vflf qy Kud hI jlfd bx ky AuBr ipaf. jdoN ik ieh sfrf Gtnf cwkr scfeI df Cotf ijhf ihsf hY, pUrI scfeI nhIN hY.

2[ Kusro dI bgfvq :- siqgurU jI dI hIdI df dUjf iek kfrn sI jhFgIr dy puwqr, Kusro dI bgfvq. iek smyN jhFgIr dIaF mnafeIaF, KrmsqIaF aqy inq dI rfb qoN qMg af ky aksr ny rfj pRmuwK dI vfg zor, afpxy poqry Kusro dyx df mn bxf ilaf sI. ies qoN mgroN jhFgIr ny afpxy afp kfPI suDfiraf``. dUjy molvIaF aqy hor kwtV muslmfnF dIaF syvfvF`` pRfpq kIqIaF. AuhnF ivvf duafieaf igaf ik ipqf jI vflI nrm nIqI ihMdUaF pRqI nhIN vrqI jfvygI. kmjor jihnIaq dy mflk jhFgIr , bVI musikl nfl rfj pRfpq hoieaf sI. iesy leI Ausny wk pYx qy, afpxy ivroDIaF kTor sjfvF idwqIaF. iehI TIk vkq sI Kusro aqy nfl hI gurU arjn sfihb jI rfh ivwcoN htf dyxdf. Kusro ny rfj pRfpqI vfsqy POjF iekwTIaF kIqIaF. jhFgIr rfj gwdI qy bYiTaF krIb iek mhInf ho igaf sI, qdoN Kusro bfry jhFgIr awgy skfieq py hoeI. aKy jdoN rfjkumfr Kusro lhOr qy kbjf krn leI afieaf qF goieMdvfl ivKy gurU arjn sfihb imilaf. ilKy muqfbk siqgurU jI ny sfiraF lMgr Ckfieaf. AuhnF dI cVHdI klf leI aIrvfd`` idqI, mwQy ivwc itwkf lfieaf. kuJ rupY BI shfieqf leI idwqy. jhFgIr ny ies dy hmfieqIaF Gyr ky pkV ilaf. sfiraF sKq qsIhy dy ky mfr idwqf igaf. Kusro dIaF dovyN awKF kZvf idqIaF geIaF.`` Kusro bfry BfeI kfhn isMG nFBf df Kfs not - Kusro rfjf Bgvfn dfs dI puwqrI (fh bygm) dy Audr qoN bfdfh jhFgIr df vwVf puwqr, jo sMn 1587 ivwc lhOr pYdf hoieaf. ieh ipqf qoN bfgI ho ky lfhOr qy kbjf krn afieaf sI. ieQoN dy sUbydfr ny nfkfm kr idqf. Kusro cnfb diraf dy iknfry PiVaf igaf. jhFgIr ny ies dy sfQIaF pRfx dMz idwqf. Kusro dIaF awKf islvf (kZvf) idqIaF. ieh dyr qk kYd rihky sMn 1622 ivwc miraf. mhfn ko pMnf-381, Bff ivBfg, Cfp-1981 Kfs iDafn dyx Xog gl ieh hY ik jo jhFgIr, bVI byrihmI nfl afpxy puwqr qy BI julm kr skdf hY. awKF kZvfky kYd Kfny ivwc sV mrn leI sutvf idMdf hY. Aus qoN siqgurU arjn sfihb nfl iensfP vfly vqIry dI afs krnI bymfihnI hY.

Kusro dI shfieqf krn df ieljfm, gurU arjn sfihb qy lfieaf igaf. sfrIaF vwzIaF GtnfvF vfpiraF iek mhInf bIq cuwikaf sI. Kusro sfQIaF smyq sjf idwqI jf cuwkI sI. mOlfixaF ny ies vkq dI njfkq BFpidaF, gurU arjn sfihb ivruD BI ikfieq kr idwqI. aKy iehnF ny Kusro dI keI qrIikaF nfl mwdq kIqI sI.`` jhFgIr ny afpxI rfjnIqk hukmF vflI zfierI ivwc pt iliKaf sI ik (gurU) arjn nfm df iek kfPr, ibafs dy kMZy itikaf hoieaf sI. Auh afpxy afp vlI aOlIaf aKvFdf sI. bhuq sfry ihMdU qy nfsmJ muslmfn, Ausdy pYrokfr bx rhy sn. iehnF dI ieh JuT dI dukfn cfr pMj pIhVIaF qoN cldI af rhI sI. mYN dyr qoN soc irhf sF ik iksy BI qrIky ieh JUT dI dukfn bMd krvfeI jfvy. jF iPr Aus afpxy Drm ivwc ilaFdf jfvy. jdoN mY kfieq imlI ik iesny Kusro leI duaf (ardfs) kIqI hY, qF mYN ies Xfsf vf isafsq`` dy kfnUn anusfr, kql kr dyx df hukm idwqf. iesdy mfl asbfb aqy bfl bwicaF murqjf Kfn (asl nfm yK PrId buKfrI lfhOr df gvrnr) dy hvfly krn df hukm idwqf.``

pihlI gl qF ieh iswD ho cukI hY ik jdoN Kusro goieMdvfl dy pwqx qoN lMiGaf sI, qdoN gurU arjn sfihb qrnqfrn ivKy obq sn. ardfs krn jF itwkf lfAux dI gl df svfl hI muwk jFdf hY. lMgr gurU Gr ivwc koeI BI Ck jfvy iksy rok nhIN hY. ieh pVqfl krnI sMBv hI nhIN hY ik kAux cor qy kOx Blf iensfn hY. iPr keI sfl pihlF qIsry pfiqfh vkq akbr BI gurU drbfr ivwc afieaf sI. Ausny afpxy sfry syvkF smyq lMgr Cikaf sI. jy Kusro dy sfQIaF ny lMgr Ck ilaf qF koeI prlo nhIN af geI sI. ieh bhfny qF pYdf kIqy gey sn. iesdI aslIaq dIaF jVF qF srhMd invfsI, kwtV Drm muKI nk bMdI ieslfmk, aKfVy df afgU syK aihmd srhMdI mudd alPsfnI dI ilKq ivwcoN imldIaF hn. afpxI icwTI nMbr 47 qy 193 ivwc Auh afpxy aMdr dI nPrq aqy quasb Kuwl ky prgt krdf hY. iehnF icwTIaF ivwc yK aihmd sfP ilKdf hY ik ies ivakqI (gurU arjn) iksy bhfny iksy qrIky Kqm kIqf jfvy, iesy ivwc ieslfm Drm df Blf hY. jhFgIr ny AuhI kIqf jo iesny krvfieaf. jhFgIr ies kukrm qoN iksy qrIky brI nhIN kIqf jf skdf. BfvyN BVkfht jF kfieq iksy ny kIqI pr PYslf krnf, pVqfl krfAuxI bfdfh dI ijMmyvfrI sI. jo Ausny pUrI nhIN kIqI. sFqI dy puMj mhfn prAupkfrI siqgurU aiqaMq iBafnk qsIhy dy ky hId kr idqf igaf.

3[ hIdI dy kuJ hor kfrx :- jdoN sQfpq ivwcfrDfrf dy ivruD koeI afvfj bulMd kry qF gwdIaF dy suwK Bog rhy, rfjsI aqy Dfrmk lok ies ikvyN brdfsq kr skdy sn ? Auh BfvyN ikqny vwzy kukrm BI ikAuN nf kr rhy hox, suDfrk afvfj pRvfn nhIN krngy. nfmdyv jI iesy kfrn qsIhy idqy gey. kbIr jI keI vfr jfnoN mfrn df jqn kIqf igaf. rivdfs jI df ivroD hoieaf. gurU nfnk sfihb df QF QF ivroD hoieaf, BfvyN jfn bcdI rhI. pMjvyN pfiqfh qk ieh ivroD isKrF Coh igaf. siqgurU jI keI qrPf dbfvF df sfhmxf krnf pY irhf sI. sMn 1585 ivwc mhysdfs Bft bRfhmx jo akbr bfdfh df chyqf bx igaf sI. akbr ny ies pMj hjfrI df iKqfb aqy rfjf dI AupfDI BI dy rwKI sI. kmIr dI muihMm dbfAux vfsqy POj lYky cwilaf. rsqy ivwc aMimRqsr dy bfhrvfr POj ny pVf kIqf. mhys dfs (pRclq nfm bIrbwl) ny siqgurU jI hukm Byijaf ik POj dI hr qrHF syvf kIqI jfvy, aqy rsqy ivwc Krcy leI Gwto Gwt 5000 rupY idqy jfx. siqgurU jI ny moVvF Auqr Byijaf, ik ijs iksy ny siqkfr sihq lMgr ivwcoN ruwKf imsf pRfdf Ckxf hY KuI nfl Cky. vgfr rUp ivwc jF vzI rkm tYks rUp ivwc asIN koeI nhIN dyvFgy. Aus vkq qF bIrbwl dMdIaF krIcdf clf igaf qy afK igaf ik mYN ieh jMg ijwqky vfps muVidaF quhf vyKFgf[[[[[. krnI rwb dI sMn 1586 ivwc bIrbl, jMg ivwc hI mfiraf igaf. gurU Gr mjf cKfAux dI qmMnf Auh pUrI nf kr sikaf.

iesy qrHF kuJ kvI lok afpxIaF kivqfvF lY ky, gurU jI kol puwjy. ieh sn kfhnf pIlU CwjU qy fh husYn. sihgurU jI ny iehnF dIaF rcnfvF ivwcoN kuJ pMny suxy qy vfps moV idqy. ikAuNik ieh gurU nfnk sfihb dI ivwcfrDfrf nfl ieksur nhIN sn. iehnF lokF BI guwsf afAux hI sI. iehnF ny vDf cVf ky lhOrI hfkmF awgy gurU Gr dIaF skfieqF kIqIaF. pr hflI rfj gwdI qy akbr bYTf sI jo kfPI AudfrvfdI sI. dUjy pfsy siqgurU bRfhmxI krmkFzF dy bKIey AuDyV rhy sn. kul mnuKqf , eyky dy sUqr ivwc pro rhy sn. gurU amrdfs jI ny goieMdvfl ivKy, bfAulI iqafr krvfeI qF ik sfry iensfn, jfqpfqI vKryvyN iqafg ky iekwTy lMgr Ckx iekwTy iesnfn krn. ies qoN bfd aMimRqsr ivwc pfxI dIaF loVF pUrIaF krn vfsqy, sRovr bxvfey. ijQoN pfxI pIx leI aqy iesnfn leI pRfpq ho sikaf. aMimRqsr ihr ivDI pUrvk iek vwzf vpfrk kyNdr bxf idqf.

iswKF afdy idqf ik qusIN hor hr qrHF dy vpfr dy nfl nfl, GoiVaF df vpfr BI kro. kfbl kMDfr qoN iswK GoVy KrId ky Bfrq dy vwK vwK ihrF ivwc iljf ky vycdy. iesy kfrn iswK cMgy GoV svfr bxdy gey. pYsy pwKoN mbUq huMdy cly gey. qrHF qrHF dy lokF imlx krky qjrbykfr bxdy gey. rfh dIaF muklF JwlidaF srIrk pwKoN mjbUq qy idlo idmfg pwKoN qkVy huMdy gey. afAux vfly jMgf juwDF ivwc iehnF hI fh svfrF ny qygF vfhuxIaF sn. dby kucly aqy afrQk pwKoN kmor lok, gulfmI dIaF jMjIrF ivwc jkVy lok, Dfrmk qOr qy buwDhIx bxfky luwty jf rhy lokF gurU nfnk ivwcfrDfrf ny pihl dy ky apxfieaf. siqgurU arjn sfihb ny QfAuN QfeIN loVvMdF vfsqy lMgr clfey Drmflf bxvfeIaF, AuQy ielfj leI sPfKfny (hspqfl) BI Kohly. qrnqfrn ivKy kust rogIaF leI Kohilaf hspqfl, ies dI AuGVvI imsfl sI. sMn 1596 ivwc jdoN lhOr ivwc cyck dI iBafnk ibmfrI PYl geI qF mukfmI hfkmF (srkfrI mihkmy) ny ibmfrF dy ielfj df koeI pRbMD nf kIqf. ibmfrI awgy qoN awgy PYldI geI. hr glI muhwly ivwcoN, rojfnf keI keI arQIaF AuTx lwgIaF. hflq ieQoN qwk bdqr ho geI ik murdy glIaF jF GrF ivwc hI sVn lgy. zrdf koeI lfsF iTkfxy lfAux vflf BI nyVy nf afvy. qMdrusq lok sihr ivwcoN AuTky bfhr jfx lwg pey. aijhy ibKVy hflfq ivwc siqgurU arjn sfihb afpxy syvkF dy vwzy kfPly smyq, lhOr puwj gey. ijqnf aMndfxf dsvMD rUp ivwc af irhf sI, hor sfry Krcy rok ky, ibmfrF dI sMBfl vfsqy, vrqxf urU kr idqf. muridaF iTkfxy lfAuxf, ibmfrF dvfeIaF dyxIaF, qMdrusqF loVvMdF dI syvf vfsqy pRyrnf, ieh sfry kMm siqgurU jI ny afpxI ingrfnI ivwc, afrMB krvf idqy. lMgr aqy sfP pfxI cOvI GMty muheIaf krvfey jfx lwgy. lhOr dy gvrnr aqy smrft akbr BI gurU Gr dI pRsMsf krnI peI ik jo syvf srkfr vloN krnI bxdI sI, Auh gurU arjn sfihb jI ny kIqI.``

iesy duhrfn BfvyN bflk hirgoibMd qy BI cyck df mfrU hmlf ho igaf. siqgurU keI isafixaF`` ny slfh idqI ik sIqlf dI pUjf kro. bflk ishqnfQ ho jfvygf. siqgurU jI ny Purmfieaf ik lhOr ivwc hjfrF ivakqIaF df Gfx krn vflI, mfsUm ijMdF df byrihmI nfl KUn pIx vflI koeI sIqlf dyvI`` ho skdI hY ? jy mnuKF hVwp kr jfx vflI dyvI hY qF mY dwso zfiex jF cuVyl iPr iks kihMdy hn ? lfhOr ivwc mrn vfly lokF ny pihlF hI ies sIqlf dyvI`` dI pUjf krky pRsMn ikAuN nf kr ilaf ? ieh koeI dyvI nhIN hY ? iek ibmfrI hY qy ibmfrI df ielfj krnf huMdf hY, dyvI pUjn df pfKMz qy mUrKqf krn dI rUrq nhIN. ies prQfey siqgurU jI ny keI bd Aucfrn kIqy sn. iek bd ieh hY -

sdf sdf hir jfpy.. pRB bflk rfKy afpy..

sIqlf Tfik rhfeI.. ibGn gey hir nfeI..

myrf pRBu hoaf sdf dieaflf..

ardfis suxI Bgq apuny kI sB jIa Bieaf dieaflf.. (627)

lhOr ivwc siqgurU jI ny rogIaF dI lgpg awT mhIny qk lgfqfr syvf sMBfl kIqI.

siqgurU jI ijQy smfj dy kmor vrgF dI afrQk mdq krdy sn, mnuKqf ivwc bRfbqf ilafAuxf cfhuMdy sn, AuQy nfl hI sfiraF igafnvfn qy dlyr bxfAux leI BI pUrI vfh lf rhy sn. iesy kVI qihq AuhnF ny iswKF leI pMjfb dI DunI ivwc, pMjfb dI sdIaF qoN sQfpq rfjDfnI lhOr qoN kyvl aTfeI mIl dy Pfsly qy, iswKF dI rfjsI aqy Dfrmk rfjDfnI Br jobn qy phuMcf idqI. aMimRqsr ihr qF hr pwKo sMpUrx kIqf hI sgoN iswKF leI sdIvI iml bYTx leI, hr qrHF dI agvfeI lYx leI, BivK muwKI PYsly lYx leI fndfr kyNdr sQfpq kr idwqf. qF ik dby kucly lokF afpxy PYsly Kud krn dI jfc aqy Xogqf af jfvy. drbfr sfihb dI cONh muKI iemfrq bx cukx qoN bfd, Cyhrtf ngr qy KUh, qrn qfrn srovr, drbfr qy ngr, krqfrpur (jlMDr) aqy hir goibMdpur dy Kfs QfvF dI AusfrI krvfeI. gurU amrdfs jI ny jo mMjIaF sQfpq kIqIaF sn, Auh dys ivdys ivwc idlo jfn nfl iswKI pRPulq kr rhy sn. AuhnF ivwc hor suDfr krky pMjvy siqgurF ny Aus hor pwky pYrIN kIqf. smkflI ieiqhfskfrF df mMnxf hY ik srkfrI mflIaf vkq isr jmHF nhIN huMdf. keI vfrI srkfr jbr dsqI AugrfhI krnI pYNdI hY. bhuq sfry srkfrI kMm iesy kfrn ruk jFdy hn. dUjy pfsy gurU Gr dI afmdx pUrI qrHF ivvfs Xog qrIky nfl jmF ho jFdI hY. iesy leI siqgurU jI, afpxy sfry kfrjF dI rUp ryKf, TIk qrIky AulIk lYNdy hn. smyN isr AulIky kMm pUry ho jFdy hn.`` ---cldf




.