.

Bog rfg mflf ik muMdfvxI `qy ?
(iksLq pihlI)

pRo: ieMdr isMG Gwgf

jdoN qoN inrml inafrf iswK pMQ, siqgurU jI ny sfijaf hY, AudoN qoN hI ies dy kilafxkfrI gurAupdyF lotU pujfrI RyxIaF vwloN kYrI awK nfl vyiKaf jf irhf hY. ikAuNik gurmq vihmF, BrmF ivwc pfky dUijaF dy hwkF qy zfkf mfrn vfilaF iksy kImq qy pRvfn nhIN krdI. BfvyN kqIflI rfjy BI ikAuN nf hox. jy Auh lok ihqU nhIN hn, qF siqgurU jI ny AuhnF BI sq iPtkfrF pfeIaF hn. qIjy QF afAuNdI hY afm pbilk, iswDy sfdy lok. iehnF dI pVHfeI nFh hox dy brfbr huMdI hY, afpxy pRvfr dI pflxf krnI, ikrq kridaF bhuqf vkq gujfrnf, Drm krm iewk rsm dy qOr qy inBfAuNdy cly jfxf. hkUmq aqy pujfrI afm hflqF ivwc iehnF igafnvfn bxn qoN, hr qrIkf vrq ky rokdy hn. rfjf qy pujfrI ijvyN idl cfhy, iehnF dI AuWn (jF Kwl) lfhuMdy rihx. iehnF ny ies vrqfry iksmq df iliKaf mMn ky isr Jukf dyxf hY. pujfrI toly Drm isDFqF dy mnmrjI dy arQ krdy rihx. iksy nrk ivwc qy iksy svrg Byjdy rihx. miraF jMimaF qoN BrmF ivwc pf ky luwtky KFdy rihx. rfijaF amIrF aqy hor kqIvfn lokF aslI DrmI`` hox dy srtIPIkyt jfrI krdy rihx. pwQr dIaF mUrqIaF rwb bxf ky pUjf krvf lYx jF iPr Kud hI Kudf hox df aYlfn kr dyx, sB pRvfn krnf pvygf. jy koeI iensfn qrk dlIl jF isafxp dI gwl kry, iehnF lokF vwloN kIqI geI Drm dI ivafiKaf pRvfn nf kry, qF Aus ivakqI Drm doKI afK ky koeI BI sf idwqI jf skdI hY. smyq mOq dy.

ivcfr aDIn mslf rfg mflf df hY! kI iesdI koeI sfrQkqf hY ? kI gurbfxI nfl iesdf koeI Aupdy imldf hY ? kI siqgurU arjn sfihb jI ny ies Kud iliKaf hY ? iswKF df suBf hI bx igaf hY ik msly inbyVn, sfrQk PYslf krn dI QF, ltkfAux ivwc hI ibhqrI smJx lwg pey. awj df idn lMGfE kwlH vyKI jfeygI.`` dsm gRMQ ijs idn qoN hoNd ivwc afieaf hY, Ausy idn qoN ivvfdF ivwc hY. gurU gRMQ sfihb dy inrml AupdyF df Gfx kr irhf hY. dsm pfiqfh jI dI pivwqr sIaq mlIn kr irhf hY. iPr BI sfzy pRBUaF`` ny kdI gMBIrqf nfl ies pfsy iDafn nhIN idwqf. gurU nfnk inrMkfrI jI ny afpxy lMmy pRcfr dOiraF vkq, siqkfr Xog BgqF dI bfxI dy Auqfry krky, afpxy kol sMBfl ley. afpxI bfxI smyq gurgwdI dyx vkq ieh sfrf Kfnf gurU aMgd sfihb jI pRfpq hoieaf. AuhnF qoN gurU amrdfs jI awgoN cOQy pfiqfh rfhIN, pMjvyN nfnk jI sfrf ipAu dfdy df Kfnf`` iml igaf. AuhnF ny BfeI gurdfs jI hukm dy ky pfvn bfxI qrqIb isr ilKvfieaf. apxI bfxI BI fiml krn leI BfeI jI dy hvfly kr idwqI. sfrf vwzyrI ijMmyvfrI vflf kMm siqgurU jI ny afpxI inwjI dyK ryK ivwc krvfieaf. ijwQy ikqy Xog jfixaf, afpxIaF sMpfdkI itwpxIaF BI drj kIqIaF. lMmIaF bfxIaF jF vfrF dy isrlyK qy DunIaF Kud klmbMd kIqIaF. iksy iewk pMkqI qwk df BulyKf nhIN rihx idwqf.

gurU ieiqhfs ivwc qy iswK ieiqhfs ivwc pMQ doKIaF ny imlfvt krn df koeI mOkf nhIN KuMJx idwqf. QF QF siqgurU sfihbfn jI dy pfk jIvn klMkq krn dIaF sfijI mMd cflF cwlIaf geIaF. iswK sUrimaF qy prAupkfrI gurmuKF BI sB hIly vrq ky bypq krn df koJf Xqn kIqf igaf. gurbfxI ivwc imlfvt krn leI awzI cotI df or lfieaf igaf. pr siqgurU jI dI dUr aMdy soc ny, KqiraF agfAuN BFpidaF, aijhf bfnxUM bMnH idwqf ik lwK jqn krn qy BI, koeI pfvn gurbfxI ivwc rlf nf pf sky. ivafkrxk inXm aqy igxqI pRbMD ieqnf pfeydfr hY ik ies qoV ky koeI bd pMkqI pfAuxI asMBv bxf idwqI geI. hF afKrI pwqry poQI sfihb dy KflI sn, AuQy hI koeI imlfvt kIqI jf skdI sI. ieQy hI imlfvt kIqI geI. afE rfgmflf bfry iewk iewk nukqf lY ky ivcfr krIey -

1[ jo rfg gurU gRMQ sfihb ivwc mOjUd hn pr rfg mflf ivwc nhIN hn -

1-mfJ, 2-ibhfgVf, 3-vzhMs, 4-jYqsrI, 5-rfmklI, 6-mflI gAuVf, 7-quKfrI, 8-pRBfqI, qy 9-jYjfvMqI

jy rfgmflf siqgurU jI dI ikrq huMdI qF kI iehnF rfgF fml nf krn dI Buwl`` kr skdy sn ?

2[ bd bxqr - bd joV dIaF gqlIaF

gurU gRMQ sfihb rfgmflf

iblfvlu - iblfvlI

lilq - llq

BYrAu - BYrv

iqlMg - qYlMgI

mflI gAUVf - gAurf

kilafxu - klHfnf

bYrfVI - bYrfrI

sUhI - sUhAu

mlfr - mlfrI

3[ gurU arjn sfihb jI iswKF bynqI kIqI-jI koeI ivAUNq bxfAu. lok nfnk nfm vflIaF kivqfvF ilK rhy hn.

imhrvfn puq iprQIey df kvIsrI kry,

Bog gurU nfnk jI df pfeI.`` (36)

krqfrpurI bIV ivwc, muMdfvxI qoN bfad BI keI kcIaF rcnfvF drj hn, jo lMmI ivcfr qoN mgroN kwt idwqIaF geIaF. ijvyN pRfx sMglI, ihkfieqF aqy hor keI kuwJ. pr aPsos ik aYn afKrI mOky BfeI vIr isMG ny pYNqVf bdl ilaf, apxy aKbfr Kflsf smfcfr`` ivwc iesdy hwk ivwc ilKxf urU kr idwqf. Aus vkq vIr isMG df iswK hlikaF ivwc vwzf prBfv sI. ijs kfrn rfgmflf dy ivruwD PYslf huMdf hoieaf BI ivckfr atk igaf. iswK rihq mirafdf ivwc 1945 ieh ilKx leI mbUr hoxf ipaf ik rfgmflf pVHo cfhy nf pVHo.`` Bog cldI sQfnk rIq muqfbk pf idE.

4[ cIP Kflsf dIvfn (aMimRqsr) vfilaF iewk gupq pwqr`` BfeI kfhn isMG nfBf dy nfm hyT Kflsf smfcfr ivwc Cfipaf. ijs df sfrM ieh sI ik kfhn isMG ny rfg mflf bfry apxI rfey bdl leI hY.`` ies dy pRqIkrm vjoN, BfeI kfhn isMG qoN pMQ syvk aKbfr rfhIN puwiCaf igaf ik kI qusIN vfikaf hI rfg mflf bfry apxI rfey bdl leI hY ? ijvyN BI quhfzy ivcfr hn qusIN ud siQqI spwt kro. ikAuNik quhfzy nfm qy aKbfr ivwc iewk icwTI CpI hY, ijs kfrn afm iswK dubDf gRsq hY. BfeI kfhn isMG ny spwt iliKaf - iswK vIrF BYxF mYN dwsxf cfhuMdf hF ik afm iswK jn smUMh , ivwidaf pVHn dI aqy Koj krn dI, koeI idlcspI nhIN hY. mYN iewk KojI dI hYsIaq ivwc, AuhnF BfeIaF slfh idMdf hF ik qusIN krqfr purI bIV Kud vyKo pVo, Ausy ivwc rfgmflf dy ivruwD`` akwt sbUq mOjUd hn. pVo qqkry dy aMq pur ieh iliKaf hoieaf hY - sMmq 1661 imqI BfdoN vdI , (eykm) poQI ilK phuMcy. gurU bfbf jI dy sfry pqry 974``. iDafn nfl vyKxf 973 nM: pwqry qy muMdfvxI hY. pwqrf 974 sfrf KflI ipaf hY. bfkI sfrf kuJ smyq rfgmflf dy iehnF 974 pqiraF qoN bfhr hY, so Auh gurU ikRq nhIN hY. iesy leI gurU bfby dI bfxI df aMg nhIN hY. (110)

5[ gurU gRMQ sfihb ivwc fiml sfry rfg pRvfny gey hn rfgxI koeI nhIN hY. kuJ iewk iesqrI ilMg pRqIq hox vfly rfg BI rfgxIaF nhIN hn, pUry rfg mMny gey hn. imsfl leI - afsfvrI, gUjrI, dyvgMDfrI, bYrfVI, sUhI, jYjfvMqI, afid. gurmq sMgIq ividaflf, rkfb gMj idwlI dy ipRMsIpl, sR: idafl isMG ny iewk bVf BfvpUrq lyK mfisk pwqr aMimRq kIrqn, pRo: qfrf isMG aMk nM: 5, 9 jnvrI 1990 iliKaf sI. ijsdf sfrM ies qrHF hY :-

rfgmflf nfmI bhuq kivqfvF ilKIaF geIaF hn, ijnHF ivwcoN kuJ dy nfm ieh hn - (1) puMzrIk ivTul dI rfgmflf (1515 qoN 1584 eI:) gurU gRMQ dI sMpfdnf qoN qIh sfl pihlF ilKI geI.

(2) Xsod nMd sukl dI rfgmflf - ilKx df smf - 1758 eI:

(3) lCmx dfs dI rfgmflf (4) anMd dI rfgmflf

(5) goibMd dI rfgmflf, (6) cMdrdfs dI rfgmflf aqy hor.

adBuq rfmfiex ivwc iewk kQf hY ik nfrd afpxy bfry rfgF df mfihr hox df (rfg afcfrIaf) hMkfr ho igaf. Aus df hMkfr qoVn leI ibȃ nfrd dyv lok lY igaf. nfrd ny vyiKaf ik anyk iesqrI purK aMg BMg hox krky ivlk rhy hn. puwCx qy dwisaf ik nfrd ny sMgIq qoN axjfx hox krky surF df iDafn nhIN rwiKaf. iesy kfrn sfzy aMg BMg ho gey hn. iehI khfxI ieMn ibMn gurU arjn sfihb jI nfl nwQI kr idwqI. jdoN ik Bog muMdfvxI qy pfAux dI qsdIk gurU gRMQ sfihb jI qoN aqy ieiqhfs ivwcoN iml rhI hY.

6[ purfxy klfkfr rfg rfgxIaF dy klpq icwqr bxfAux df Ok BI rwKdy sn. rfjy nvfbF df mnorjMn krn leI klfkfrF ny rfgF bhuq hI idlk bd icwqrF nfl iMgfrn df jqn kIqf hY. AuhnF bd icwqrF qoN pRBfvq ho ky, agvfeI lY ky ryKf icwqr (qsvIr) bxfAux df jqn kIqf igaf hY. afAu kyvl iewk rfgxI BYrvI df bd icwqr pVHIey. ies pVHky hI keI klfkfrF ny awgy icwqr bxfey. ijs nf smJ lokF ny, swc rUp krky mMn ilaf. ieh iewk BUqnI (BYrvI) df rfgicwqr hY. ijs vkq pfrbqI ny mn krky iv pqI rUp ivwc pRvfn kr ilaf qF Auh pqI rIJfAux vfsqy, ihmflf prbq mfnsRovr dy kMZy bYT ky ivilMg dI pUjf krdI hY. pfrbqI dy pihrfvy, hfvBfv, srIrk hrkqF aqy pRikRqI icwqr ibafn kIqy gey hn. awKrF duafrf ibafn kIqf igaf nkf -

rfj kuafr BYrvI rfnI. dyK rUp BYrv (iv) llcfnI.

BeI mgn sr surq ibsfrI.

rKy mnorQ iv mc afeI. bhuq BFq kI pUjf lfeI.

lIey qfl pr sujs sunfvY. mn eyho bs BYrv pIX pfvY.

mfn sRovr ivml jI, pMKI krq klol. iqh qt soiBq iv Bvn rfijq risq amol. (148)

7[ rfgmflf ivwc Cy rfg mMny gey hn, hryk rfg dIaF pMj pqnIaF (rfgxIaF) mMnIaF geIaF hn. nfl hryk rfg qoN awT awT puwqr BI ilK mfry. pr aPsos ik ieh nhIN dwisaf igaf ik iehnF awTF bwicaF dIaF mfvF ikhVIaF hn ? ies gwl df koeI inXm awj qwk sMgIq afcfrIaF ivwc pRvfn nhIN cVH sikaf, ik iksy rfg rfgxI ikvyN qy ikAuN mMinaf jfvy ? iesdf pYmfnf kI hY ? aijhf srb pRvfixq ikhVf ZMg hY, ik iks rfg pwDqI rfg afiKaf jfvy iks rfgxI, Ausdf puwqr, DI jF h (puwqr bwDU) afiKaf jfvy ? iPr sMgIq mfihr ivdvfn, gfien YlI ivwc nvyN qoN nvyN ZMg qrIky pRcwlq krdy rihMdy hn. AuhnF iks Kfqy jF RyxI ivwc rwiKaf jfvygf ?

ies pRfcIn pwDqI mMnx vfly ikhVf mq pRvfn krdy hn ? iPr awj kwlH iks iks dy ivwc AuhnF dI ieh pwDqI prcwlq hY ?

8[ BfeI sMqoK dy ivcfr muMdfvxI bfry.

BfeI mnI isMG dy syvk BfeI sMq isMG hoey hn. sMq isMG qoN BfeI sMqoK isMG ny ivwidaf pRfpq kIqI. sMqoK isMG dI pRiswD rcnf sUrj pRkf ivwc ieAuN ilKq hY -

ilKy smsq sveIey soAU, sRI igRMQky mfih.

aMq srb ky ilK muMdfvxI mudRiq mohr lgI jn vfih.

Bog skl bfxI kf pXAu mihmf ijskI khI n jfie.

Bvjl BYrv ko jhfj bz, pRBU ikrpf qy pfr prfie.

rfg mflf sRI gurU ikRq nih hY, muMdfvxI lg gurbYn.

ies mih nih sMsY kuC krIahu, jy sMsY avlokhu nYn.

mfDvnl aflm kiv kI nis, iqs mih inRqkfrI kih qYn.

rfg rfgnI nfm igny qih, XFqy sRI arjn ikRq hY n. (rfs[3[ aMsU 48-2127)

9[ igafnI nrYx isMG mujMg vfilaF vwloN, jo gurU gRMQ sfihb dy tIikaF bfry BUimkf ilKidaF pMnf j`` nMbr 7 dy isrlyK hyT iliKaf hY - sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df Cfpxf; pihlF gurU gRMQ sfihb dI iewCf rwKx vfly keI keI mhIny ilKfrI nhIN imldy sI. imMnqF qrly alwg krny pYNdy sI. iPr BI iewCfvfn dmdmy vflI bIV df Auqfrf cfhIdf hovy, qy ilKfrI kol Auh hY nhIN qF Aus ilKfrI ny afpxI mrI nfl iksy hor bIV df Auqfrf krky dy dyxf. ilK dyxf ieh peI ieh dmdmI bIV df Auqfrf hY. Bytf vjoN rupY 101/- qoN 1001/- qwk BI lY ley jFdy sn. iPr BI ieh bIVF afm iswK dI phuMc qoN bfhr sn. sMn 1860 ivwc lfhOr ivKy CfpfKfnf cflU hox qy, ies dy mflk lflf hrsuK rfey jI drbfr sfihb afey. smyN dy iswK pujfrIaF awgy bynqI kIqI, ik dfs bIVF Cfpx dI afigaf idwqI jfvy. ieh BI spwt dwisaf jfvy ik ikhVI bIV CfpI jfvy ? Bfv krqfr pur vflI, dmdmy vflI jF BfeI bMno vflI ? keI idnF qwk pujfrI iksy iswty qy nf puwj sky. aMq ardfs krky (lftrI ?) iqMnF bIVF dy nfm ilKky, iqMn prcIaF sRovr ivwc pfeIaF. aKy jo prcI pihlF AuWpr qr afvygI, Ausy Cfpx dI afigaf dy idaFgy. iewk vfrI iqMny prcIaF zuwb geIaF, krIb do GMty mgroN iewk prcI AuWpr qrdI njrIN peI, Jwt kwZ ilaFdI. vyiKaf qF Aupr iliKaf sI dmdmy vflI bIV``. iehI afigaf lflf hrsuK rfey kr idwqI, ik dmdmy vflI bIV CfpI jfvy. ies qrHF ibnF soD suDfeI qoN, dmdmy vflI bIV Cpx lwgI. lflf hrsuK rfey Kud hI Cfpk soDk`` bxky syvf krn lwgy. ---cldf




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