.

aklI piVH kY bUJIaY

pRo: ieMdr isMG Gwgf

jo vI ilKq, ieiqhfs jF kQf khfxIaF, RI gurU gRMQ sfihb, vfrF BfeI gurdfs jI aqy BfeI nMd lfl jI dI rcnfvlI vflI ksvwtI qy pUrIaF nhIN AuqrdIaF, AuhnF nf mMnx leI hr iswK pUrf pUrf aiDkfr hY. iswKF leI ieh hI iewko iewk prK dI ksvwtI hY. jo kuwJ BI ies prK anusfr TIk nhIN Aus mgr lwgx iswKI qoN izwg jfxf, dUr ho jfxf, munkr ho jfxf, ibRQf jnm gvfAuxf, ibprI cflF ivwc Psxf, jF gurU qoN bymuwK hoxf hI ikhf jf skdf hY. glqI jF iksy kurIqI suDfrnf jF iswKxf/isKfAuxf hI iswKI hY. aMD ivvfsI hoxf, kudrq dy Ault cwlxf, igafn qoN iknfrfkI, afpxy afp hI jnfAuxf mUrKqfeI qoN ibnf hor kI ho skdf hY ? pRkf, igafn, swc jF rOnI BfvyN Auh aMqRIv hovy BfvyN bfhrI, Aus hfsl krnf qy dUsiraF prdfn krnf hI iswK df Drm hY. prkf jo sOKI qrF ho sky, igafn jo afsfnI nfl smiJaf/smJfieaf jfvy, ies df ivroD jnI qy mUrK lok hI krdy hn. imsfl dy qOr qy hrmMdr sfihb ivwc ibjlI lfAux vyly aqy gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy stIk jF pd-Cyd krn vyly bVf ivroD hoieaf, jo ajy vI jfrI hY.

kYQl dy rfjf AudY isMG vwloN BfeI sMqoK isMG jI gur pRqfp sUrj gRMQ dI rcnf leI injI qy mflI shfieqf idwqI jFdI sI. gRMQ dI rcnf qy soD suDfeI leI vI cfr pMizqF dI iek tolI QfpI geI sI. AunHF pMzqF BfeI sMqoK isMG ivruwD sB qoN vwzf ieqrf, ienHF df bRfhmx jfqI ivwcoN nf hoxf, pr sMsikRq gRMQF dI crcf krnf, aqy gur ieiqhfs ilKdy smyN snfqn DrmI sMskfrF dy anukUl kQn nf krnf sI.

kvI sMqoK isMG ilKdy hn ik sUrj pRkf gRMQ rcnf smyN, Auhnf duafly mMd mwq Joty aiVMgdy sn, sUr Gurkdy sn, Koqy hINgdy sn qy kuwqy BONkdy sn. ieh pU mMzlI AunHF dI sfr-smwgrI` dUiq` krn leI pUrI qrHF pRiqigaf-bwD sI. kf ik ijhVIaF AUxqfeIaF BfeI sMqoK isMG jI vyly AunHF dI sfr-smwgrI` ivwc ibprF ny pfeIaF sn, AunHF dUr kIqf jFdf, pr ies qoN aYn Ault, AunHF dI aff dy ivruwD, Aus dUiq smwgrI` aDfr bxf ky bVf kuwJ iliKaf igaf hY iswKF dy ieiqhfs ivwc.

igafnI gurbcn isMG iBMzrF vfly df iliKaf sRI gurmuK pRkf` aqy gurbfxI pfT drn ijs Auh sMq suMdr isMG jI df pivwqR jIvn kihMdy hn, BI iek aijhI ilKq hY, jo ibwprI cflF dI rih geI kmIN pUrf krdI hY. iesy ilKq aDfr bxf ky dmdmI tksfl ny afpxI mirXfdf bxfeI hoeI hY, ijsdf pMQk iswK rihq mirXfdf` nfl nyV df vI vfsqf nhIN. tksfl dI ieh mirXfdf agr qF AunHF dy afpxy dfiery ivwc hI rhy qF koeI gwl nhIN, pr jdoN BI ies sfry pMQ Aupr Tosx dy Xqn kIqy jFdy hn, qF pMQ dI eykqf aqy ieksfrqf Zfa lwgdI hY, qy bhuq qrHF dy Puwt pfAU JgVy AuqpMn huMdy hn.

nfm jpxf, ikrq krnf, vMz Ckxf iswKI dy muwZly aqy sunihrI asUl hn. gRihsq-Dfrn krnf sB qoN vwzf Drm hY. pRmfqmf dI rf ivwc rfI rihxf, kudrqI duwK suwK smyN azol rihxf, iswiKaf bwcy qoN vI lY lYxI pr aMD ivvfI hoky iksy buwZy mgr BI nhIN lwgxf, iksy vI smwisaf ivcfrF krky hwl krnf, gurbfxI pVHnf, smJxf, ivcfrnf aqy Aus qy aml krn dI koi krnI, smfijk burfeIaF iqafgxf, jIvn mMil nhIN mfrg smJxf, mfrg-pFDIaF nfl sohxf ivhfr, imlvrqx aqy shfieqf lYx/dyx df nfm hI iswKI hY.

iswKI sfzI jF quhfzI nhIN. ieh qF ijsny sfjI, jF inBfeI, AusdI hY. hF ies Korf lfAux vflf, iesdy sunihrI isDFqF mlIaf-myt krn vflf, ies roI-rotI df vsIlf smJx vflf, afm jMqf sF dy irhf ibpr qbkf hY. pihlF qF Auh Drm dy nF qy, ByK aqy pKMz krky luwtx df sfDn bxfAuNdf hY qy ies qoN vwzf anrQ ieh ik iswKI vwloN dUr krky puwTy rsqy qor idMdf hY. ieh ies qrHF hY ik koeI aMnHyN KUh ivwc izwgx qoN bcfAux dy QF, jfx buwJky ivwc Dwkf dy irhf hovy. iksy srIrk qOr qy Kqm krn vfly dunIaF Br dIaF adflqF sf idMdIaF hn, pr ijhVy iksy afqimk qOr qy mfr idMdy hn, AunHF sf qF kI imlxI hY, sgoN DrmIN, afgU, siqkfrXog, jF prAupkfrI krky jfxy jFdy hn.

mwD dIaF ardfsF krn vfly ieh luwtdy BI mwD vrg hI hn, ikAuNik Auprlf (ivdvfnI) qbkf ienHF dIaF cflF ivwc nhIN Psdf, qy Qwly vfly (grIbF) kol ienHF dyx leI kuwJ nhIN huMdf. ieh ivdvfnF nfl ivcfr gotI nhIN kr skdy, aqy grIbF dI aiqafqimk qOr qy koeI mwdd krnI nhIN cfhuMdy. keI swjx ieh BI kihMdy hn, ik jI ieh vI prcfr qF iswKI df hI krdy hn.`` ies asIN ies qrHF smJ skdy hF ik kVfh pRfd qF kVfh pRfd hI hY, pr ivdvfn kVfh pRfd prvfn krfky gurU dI imhr, gurU dI bi, gurU dI ikRpf smJky Ckdy hn. pr jdoN Ausy kVfh pRfd sIq-pRfd (jUT) ivwc qbdIl kIqf jFdf hY, qF awKF mItI BfvyN koeI Kf lvy, pr dyK ky mwKI inglxI bhuq kTn hY.

sfzy gurU jI krfmfq kihr kihMdy hn, jF vwD qoN vwD nftk cytk smJdy hn. clIhy kwtxy, grm jF TMZy qp sfDxy, mon Dfrn krnf, iewCf-pUrqI leI (pfT) mMqR jfp, aMn df iqafg, smfDIaF lfAuxIaF, srg df lflc, nrkF df BY, vr jF srfp mMnxf, RIrk pivwqRqf, pRqwK drn, ibbfn cVHky swc-KMz ipafny, gRihsq Dfrn nf krnf, hvnF vfkur spYl smwgrIaF dI mMg, iksy Kfs jgHF vwsx krky mukqI locxI, kuJ Kfs rMgF df iqafg, gurU gRMQ sfihb jI ivwcoN mn mrI nfl pMny dy awgy ipwCy jF ivckfroN bd vDIaF jF krVf mMn ky cuxnf jF pVHnF, gurUaF, iswKF jF mfqfvF ipCly jnmF dy avqfrI iswD krnf, gRihsqI jIvn iqlFjlI dyxf, gurbfxI isr qy isr pVHnf pr ivcfrnf nhIN, afrqIaF AuqfrnIaF, dyhDfrI drnF dy Pl imlxy, swcKMz drn, isr aMimRq-pfn krn dy sMskfr smyN hI afqm igafn ho jfxf, mMg ky Kfxf aqy sRI gurmuK pRkf dIaF hor bhuq sfrIaF AUxqfeIaF ieh mMg krdIaF hn ik sf hor ijwQy ikqy BfvyN iPwt kr idAu, pr gurU dy iswKF ny sf iksy BI nyVy nhIN Zuwkx dyxf.

iswK Drm ivwc af cuwkIaF kurIqIaF aqy mhMqF, sfDF, pujfrIaF rfhIN PYlfey jf rhy ibprvfd Twl pfAux leI, isMG sBf lihr aqy cIP Kflsf dIvfn dy sFJy Xqnf sdkf vIhvIN sdI dy urU ivwc iswK rihq mirXfdf` bnfAux dy Auprfly urU hoey. Xfd rhy pMQk iswK rihq mirXfdf pUry 13 sflF dI imhnq bfad sMn 1945 eI: nypry cfVHI geI sI. iesy hI smyN 1933 eI: qoN lY ky 1935 eI: qwk igafnI gurbcn isMG ny sRI gurmuK pRkf gRMQ vI mukMml kr ilaf sI. igafnI gurbcn isMG 1921 eI: qoN lY ky 1930 eI: qwk sMq suMdr isMG horF dy nfl rih cuwky sn aqy 1930 eI: ivwc sMq suMdr isMG dy akfl clfxy mgroN AunHF dI gwdI qy ibrfjmfn hoey. bywk mfieaf dy ilkfiraF ivwc AulJy zyrydfr, pKMzI sfD, iewQoN qwk ik akfl qKq dy jQydfr vI sRI gurmuK pRkf dI slfhuxf BUimkf ivwc krdy hn, pr smJdfr iswK ivdvfn kdy vI ies qrHF dIaF ilKqF qoN pRBfivq nhIN huMdy, sgoN ienHF df KMzn krn leI XQf-kq Xogdfn pfAuNdy rihMdy hn. zyry df muKI vwzy sMqF dI brsI ies leI hI mnfAuxI cflU krdf hY, ik agFh Aus ny BI afpdI brsI mnfAux dI iprq pfAuxI huMdI hY.

igafnI gurbcn isMG, BfeI buwD isMG jI ricq Kflsf qk` pM: 521, aqy sMq inhfl isMG kysrI dI rcnf pM: 475, afpxy nfm Qwly ilK ky, ilKq corI krn dy jurm qoN brI nhIN ho skdy. ieQy ieh iblkul nf smiJaf jfvy, ik aYvyN iksy nIvF idKfAux leI jF isr ikMqU-pRMqU krn leI hI iliKaf igaf hY. ieh qF qwq igafn ivwc grV-igafn rlfAux dIaF cflF Twl pfAux df inmfxf ijhf Xqn hY. ieh pVHky ijs vI aOiKafeI mihsUs ho rhI hY jF koeI gurmuK ipafrf ieh jfxnf cfhy ik ieh vfikaf hI swc hY qF nfl lgfeI jf rhI sUcI ivwc pM: nM: idwqy gey hn, afp dyKx/pVHn dI Kycl kr skdy hn. ies sUcI qoN ibnf hor BI bhuq kmIaF hn, ijvyN ik gurbfxI ilKx ivwc auwDqf (pM: 130, 148, 598, 599), ieiqhfs Kojx qoN ibnf hI, ijvyN ik gurU nfnk afgmn kwqy dI puMinaF aqy gurU nfnk sfihb jI dy sfQI bflf vrgIaF glq gwlF df pRcfr afid.

sMprdfeI igafnIaF inmrqf sihq ihdfieq kIqI jFdI hY, ik snfqnI pRBfv aqy kMn rsI vflIaF PokIaF khfxIaF Cwz ky, qwq igafn df pRcfr krnf, aqy qwq Kflsf ieh sUcnf dy qOr qy dws rhy hF, ik aslIaq ivwc ikMnf kuwJ nklI rlfieaf igaf sI/hY, qy Auh BI iswKI dy mhFrQIaF vwloN. pRmfqmf imhr kry jo sf iswKI dy AuWcy aqy inafry asUlF dI soJI hovy, gurU gRMQ sfihb AuWpr rDf aqy ivvfs hovy, Kflsf pMQ dI eykqf qy mbUqI leI XqnIl rihMdy hoey jIvn slf krIey.

igafnI gurbcn isMG df iliKaf sRI gurmuK pRkf pVHky afm iswK bRfhmxvfd dy Aus gihry smuMdr ivwc grk ho jfvygf, ijwQoN sf gurU jI ny kwiZaf sI. iswKI qF iewk jIvn-jFc hY. ies ivwc lgfeIaF axhoxIaF pfbMdIaF, nf inBxXog-hwT krky kIqIaF rsmF, mnuwKqf aqy iswKI qoN dUr krn vflIaF hn. iksy mfrn leI ihr KMz dI prq ivwc jF Kurfk ivwc rlfAuxf huMdf hY. iesy krky hI sRI gurmuK pRkf ivc kuwJ gwlF bfbq gurbfxI aqy vfrF BfeI gurdfs jI ivwcoN BI hvfly idwqy gey hn, jo afm iensfn df mn tuMbdy hn. iesdy nfl nfl BfeI sMqoK isMG jI dy kihx muqfibk sfr smwgrI` ivwc rilaf Auh dUiq mfdf` jgHf jgHf` aqy vfr vfr` iliKaf igaf hY, jo sDfrn iswK kr hI nhIN skdf, aqy iswKI ivcfrDfrf dI ivroDqf huMdI hY, ijs nfl PokIaF rIqF, zr, vihm, BivwKbfxIaF, fq-pfq, suwc-jUT, pivwqr-apivwqr vrgIaF mfrU rucIaF idl ivwc smfDIaF lfky bYT jfxgIaF.

ijnHF ny iswKI pRcfr df burkf isrP roI-rotI dI fiqr jF luwtx dI skIm aDIn pfieaf hY, jF ijhVy isr pUjf-dkxf (dyky) nfl surgF dI lflsf krdy hn, AunHF qF bywk sRI gurmuK pRkf TIk lwgdf hovy, pr ijhVy gurmuK afp gurbfxI pVH ky nfm, dfn, ienfn dI rm smJdy hoey, mIrI-pIrI, dy-qy, sMq-ispfhI, BgqI-kqI, rfj-jog vflI avsQf mfxdy hoey, jIvn-mukq hoxf locdy hn Auh sRI gurmuK pRkf` vflI dUiq smwgrI` nfl kqeI sihmq nhIN hoxgy.

sRI gurmuK pRkf dy kuwJ pM: nM: ijwQy dUiq smwgrI` dyKI jf skdI hY.

gurduafry df infn sfihb sunihrI KMzy df :- 10

gurU nfnk dyv jI df jnm kwqy dI pUrnmfI :- 16, 244

gurU nfnk dyv jI dy sfQI mrdfnf aqy bflf :- 18, 528

crnF nfl mwkf Pyrnf :- 18

aMq smyN gurU nfnk dyv jI dI dyh nhIN imlI :- 19

bfly ny jnm sfKI ilKI :- 22

mfqf gMgf jI ny bfby buwZf jI pfsoN puwqr pRfpqI df vr ilaf: 31, 36

svf lwK jpu jI :- 49, 123, 152, 153, 227, 422, 449, 599, 601, 603, 620, 621

CwqI lwK mUlmMqR :- 48, 123, 128, 129, 449, 601, 619, 620, 624

gurU hir ikRn jI aqy rfm rfie jI dI prK smyN mMjy dy pfvy ivwc sUeI KuwBxI :- 54

aOrMgy siqgurF dy drnF dI jgHf DrqI ivc qyV idsxI :- 59

mwKx fh lubfxy df jhf :- 62

ibafs ivwcoN 13 idnF bfad gurbfxI dy pMny suwky inklxy :- 63

dygcy ivcoN sUr inklxy :- 69

qyg df vfr cwlx qoN pihlF isr DV nfloN judf hoxf :- 70

dsmy jI ny pfxI BrdIaF nfrF dIaF gfgrF qoVnIaF :- 73

CwqI awKrf jfp (mhF-mMqr) :- 76, 267, 326

Byt kIqy aMbF iPr ibRCF nfl joV dyxf :- 77

ikfr kIqy jIvF iPr iMdf krnf :- 77

kIrqIaf dy ipqf irwC jUn qoN CuzfAuxf :- 77

aMimRq/pqfiaF vflf icVf icVI XuwD :- 78

kY` dI jgHf ky` kihx qy qmfcf :- 80, 457

jogf isMG dI rfKI :- 81

gozy aqy pYr joV ky mUqy aqy Quwky qF zr imty :- 81

285 CykF vflf gMgfsfgr :- 87, 542

gurU ny iswKF kysF qoN PVHky nrkF ivcoN kwZxf :- 91

ibdyhI tksflIey, kfxf idE kwZxf, gYr aMimRqDfrI dy hwQoN pRfdf nf Ckxf :- 93

nOhr ipMz mry kbUqr iMdf krny :- 93

suhyvf ipMz ivwc jMz ipwpl Kfey qF Kflsf rfj hovy :- 93

jl ivwc KVHky qp krnf :- 101

mfqf sfihb dyvF ipCly jnm ivwc rfjy sqsMD dI DI sI :- 101

dsmy jI df GoVy smyq swcKMz ipafnf :- 103

25 ibbykI iswK pKMzvfd :- 107

DUP, kuMB, jl, dIvf, iGEu rUrI :- 108, 381

pMj ipafry pMj BgqF dy avqfr sn :- 112

mMgqy dfn qy pMCIaF pfxI :- 125

rfb dy nfl nfl mfs df bMDn :- 123, 476

qIrQ Brmx :- 126

goieMdvfl jpujI pfT krky curfsI kwtxI :- 127, 346, 541, 619

iek lwq Bfr hoky suKmnI pVHnf :- 129, 449

gurU gRMQ sfihb ivwcoN vfk afpxI iewCf anusfr lYxf :- 130, 148, 236,
598, 599, 615

jMmdy sfr kwC qy kVf pfAuxf :- 131

do sfl df gfqry ikRpfn, idn rfq vfihgurU jfp :- 132

swqvyN sfl lg kMnf ivcfr ky pfT krnf :- 135

bfl lIlf smfpqM :- 138

cflI idn gur mMqR, cflI idn mUl mMqR :- 143, 441

dvfeI nhIN vrqxI :- 145, 256

BUq BivK dy jfnxhfry :- 147

BFizaF dI jUT pIxf :- 150

mwCIaF dI rIs krky pfxI ivwc qp krnf :- 151, 247

siqgurF dy prqwK drn :- 155, 601

swc KMz drn :- 166, 379, 573, 590

ibbfn cVHky swc KMz ipafnf :- 173, 399, 579

aMimRq Ckx smyN hI afqm-igafnI ho jfxf :- 177

gurU gRMQ sfihb dy Bog-AupRMq iPr jpujI rUrI :- 180, 282, 383

dsmy jI vFg hI bfmHx dy Tfkur roVHny :- 181

pwcI idn mon Dfrn krnf :- 181, 253, 277, 356, 403, 441

sMq suMdr isMG leI nfm dyxf; murfry, sRI sMq, dIn idafn, gusfeIN, suafmI, aMqrjfmI, hir sMq, sMq agfD apfr, sMq isrqfj, akfl-rUp, pRBU, nfQ, sfeIN, hirjI, mirXfdf pRoqm, suafmI :- 346, 355, 378, 398, 435, 436, 442, 411, 433, 453, 459, 496, 501, 519, 520, 540, 583, 593

mUlmMqR df sMpt lfky pfT krnf :- 204, 362,T 363, 460, 584,
604, 612

cflI isMGF ny cflI idn svf-svf lwK mUlmMqR kIqf :- 205

rihrfs pMj gRMQI anusfr pVHnI hY :- 210

jwQy dy bd gfien smyN ruwKF qoN rs coxf qy pMCIaF ny rukxf :- 24

suMdr isMG 1914 eI: ivc knKl ivKy 243 sfl dy sMq nfl imlfp:- 231

aMimRq dyx smyN dsmy jI ny sIs kwt ky hwQ ivwc PVHy :- 232

pTfxF hId idwsxy qy pfgl hoky kwpVy PfVny :- 250

diraf dI Cwl df pfxI nIvyN QF igaf nhIL AuWcy QF cVH igaf :- 251

gurU amrdfs jI ny ikwlI PVH ky qp krnf :- 260

suKmnI sux ky swp ny mr jfxf :- 264

bIbI jI dI ieh vizafeI sI ik fdI nhIL kIqI :- 269

aKMz pfT smyN spYl smwgrI :- 271

ikrq nf krn slfhuxf :- 275

101 aKMzpfT krny :- 275, 436, 440, 463, 465, 621, 636

pfT sunx mgroN ibRkqIaF ny qn dy bsqR lfhuxy, kutIaf pfAuxIaF, bnvfs lYxf :- 282, 286

gurU dy KUh qoN mfkI pfxI nf Brn dyxf aqy bokf pfxI :- 314, 328

hrf, lfl, BgvF, sUhf rMg iqafgxf :- 321, 475

gurU ky lMgr ivwc sfDUaF dI pMgq alwg lfAuxI :- 345

ardfs mgroN afrqI :- 352

Cy mhIny dIaF smfDIaF lfAuxIaF :- 355

siqgur kI kfI vsx df Pl :- 370

iswK ny aMb rfh ivc cUp lYxf qy guTlI lY jfxf :- 380

suKmnI pVHn nfl sB suK imlxy :- 402

pwcI gurU gRMQ sfihb iekwTy pRkf krny :- 413, 414, 416
(mhfqm pM: 419)

swq aKMz pfT krfAuxy :- 418

pMdrF aKMz pfT krfAuxy :- 444

mwD dI ardfs/kQf :- 421

sucY dy arQ suwc dI jgHf socxf krny :- 423

mukqI-lfVI ivafhuxf :- 428

sMq-drs Pl :- 430, 436, 523

mhoCy krky ivhlV sfDF KuafAuxf :- 434

imRqk rsm dsvyN mukfvy :- 444

mflf mMqR :- 457

mnI isMG sMprdfie clfAux ikhf :- 458

bynqI cOpeI qIr sqwdRv qwk vIcfry :- 471

aMimRq CkfAux smyN mUlmMqR pAuVI smyq pVHfAuxf :- 471

rIrk pivqRqf :- 504

MqF dy ienfn jl nfl rfjI hoxf, rfjy ny :- 523

akfl kutIaf, gurUaF avqfrI iswD krnf :- 543

CwbI aKMz pfT pRkf krnf :- 554

hMs smfn ibRqI pfxI Cwz duwD Ckxf :- 555

spqfihk pfT :- 561, 601

hr pUrnmfI aKMz pfT :- 570

gur-bd dI ivafiKaf qoN pihlF kwcI bfxI vflf mMglfcrn rUrI :- 574

hr ro mUlmMqR dI 33 mflf, jF pMj suKmnI, jF 25 jpujI, jF pMj gRMQI, jF 25 hfr vfihgurU mMqR jpxf kro :- 577, 615

kCihry Aupr vsqU nhIN pfAuxf :- 577

hwQ ivwc qIr rwKxf :- 577

pfTI dI apivqRqf krky rog nf htxf qy Aus rog afpxy AuWpr lY lYxf :- 580

mUlmMqR slok smyq :- 596

aKMz pfT qy afsf dI vfr iekwTy cwlxy :- 597

grmI smyN ryq dy itwby qy, TMZ smyN pfxI ivwc qp krn duwK-suwK smqf iswD krnf :- 601

iswK-pMQ qoN vwKrI mirXfdf QfpxI :- 604

PrIdkotI tIkf :- 617

gurU nhIN sgoN isMG rKvfly :- 623

svf lwK vfihgurU :- 624

jQy dy isMGF suwKy dI mnfhI nhIN :- 631

ieh qyj suBfAu qy lVfky vI ho skdy hn :- 634

gf krnf/mMg Kfxf :- 634

ieh sMprdfeI rIq hY qy sMprdfeI arQ krny hn :- 640, 641




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