.

(iewk-EaMkfru) drsLn

(iksLq pihlI)

jgqfr isMG jfck, afnryrI ieMtrnYnl iswK imnrI

jugo-juwg atwl rUhfnIaq dy rOn munfry, nfmu-aMimRq dy aKut BMzfr, gurmiq igafn dy sd-bldy crf, Bfvk-eykqf (ieMmonl ientYgryn) qy sihBfv (ko-iegjYstYNs) dy mujsmyN aqy gurU nfnk joiq-srUp DMn DMn RI gurU gRMQ sfihb` jI mhfrfj ivKy aMkq muwZlI bfxI jpu` jI dy pRfrMB ivc siqnfmu krqfpurKu inrBAu inrvYru akflmUriq ajUnI sYBM gurpRsfid` qk df iek mMglmeI spUMrn, suqMqr qy aduqI mhFvfk hY. ies ivc inrMkfr dy aidRst, aivakq aqy anuBvI srUp df bdfidk drn hY, ijs gurmiq idRtIkon qoN sfzI sDfrn bdfvlI ivc kuJ ieAuN AulIikaf jf skdf hY :

( ) prmfqmf iewk hY aqy Auh isRtI df mUl-Roq (Original suorce) hox krky sB ivc iewk rs ivafpk hY. (siq nfmu) Auh sdIvI hoNd vflf hY aqy Aus df pRgt srUp jgq-rUp nfmxf vI sq-srUp hY. (krqf purKu) Auh sB kuJ krn vflf hY aqy afpxI hryk ikrq ivc cyqMn-rUp ho ky smf irhf hY. (inrBAu, inrvYru) Auh hr pRkfr dy zr aqy vYr qoN rihq pRym-srUp hY. (akfl mUriq) Aus dI hsqI mOq qoN rihq, (ajUnI) jnm qoN rihq aqy (sYBM) afpxy afp qoN hI pRkfmfn hY. (gurpRsfid) gurU ikrpf duafrf hI aijhI guxfqimk rwbI sUJ pRfpq huMdI hY.

qoN gurpRsfid` qk df ieh RI muKvfk RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI` mhfrfj ivKy, kyvl jpu` jI dy muwZ ivc hI nhI hY, sgoN, ies aqy ies dy sMKyp rUpF jpu` jI vFg afsf kI vfr`, shsikRqI slok` afidk keI hor bfxIaF dy smyq, rfgF, atpdIaF qy CMqF dy muwZ ivwc vI aMkq kIqf igaf hY. ies qoN ielfvf RI kbIr aqy bfbf PrId jI vrgy pMdrF rwbI-BgqF, gurU-dr qoN vrusfey igafrF BwtF, krqy df inrbfx kIrqn krky pRvfn cVHy BfeI sqf qy blvMz vrgy kIrqnIaF aqy bfbf suMdr jI vrgIaF afqmk suMdrqf nfl BrpUr sKIaqF dy aMimRq bcnF dy snmuK vI ies gurvfk df koeI-n-koeI rUp ivy qOr qy soBq hY. RI guru gRMQ sfihb jI mhfrfj dy mjUdf srUp ivc ies mhFvfk dy sMKyp rUp ies pRkfr hn:

()- siq nfmu krqfpurKu gurpRsfid ..

()- siq nfmu gurpRsfid ..

()- siq gurpRsfid ..

RomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI, RI aMimRqsr vloN pRkfq, pRiswD ivdvfn ipMMsIpl joD isMG jI dI ilKq RI krqfrpurI bIV dy drn` muqfibk RI krqfr pur (jlMDr) siQq RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dy muZly srUp (poQI sfihb) ivKy do vfr ` df aiq sMKyp mMgl vI afieaf hY. iewk vyr soriT rfg ivKy Bgq RI nfmdyv jI dI bfxI -jb dyKf qb gfvf` dI arMBqf qoN pihlF aqy dUjI vyr slok shsikRqI mhlf dy isrlyK hyT piV pusqk sMiDaf bfdM` dy slok qoN bfad.ikAuNik, agly iqMn lokF df sYt RI gurU aMgd dyv jI mhfrfj df Aucfrn kIqf hoieaf hY. pRMqU, awj-kwl Cfpy Kfny dIaF pRkfq pfvn bIVF ivcoN pMnf Auqy shsikRqI slokF ivclf ` df ieh mMgl shjy shjy alop ho cuwkf hY aqy pMnf Auqy rfg soriT dI Bgq bfxI ivclf mMgl ` dI QF siqgur pRsfid` df rUp Dfr igaf hY.

so RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI` mhfrfj dI sMpfdnf smyN qoN gurpRsfid` qk dy ies muwZly RI muKvfk nUUM imilaf ieh ivy snmfn, ijQy, ies dI sMpUrnqf qy suqMqrqf df akwt pRmfx hY, AuQy, ieh BI incy krfAuNdf hY ik ieh bfxI dI pRmfxIkqf df infn aqy gurmiq ilfsI dI isDFqk AusfrI df aDfr hY. ieh gurbfxI df iewk aYsf anoKf isDFqk rOn munfrf hYy, jo gurmiq mfrg dy pFDI rwbI eyykqf dy muZly isDFq dI syD ivc rKdf hoieaf, Aus ibprvfd dy mn-BrmfAU mfieaf jfl ivc Psx aqy AuhnF sMprdfiek dvYqvfdI ivcfrF dy jMgl ivc Btkx qoN bcfAuNdf hY, ijnHF krky mnuwK hux qk keI pRkfr dy Dfrimk, smfijk qy rfjnIqk ivqkiraF df ikfr hoxF ipaf hY.

fied iehI kfrx hn ik qoN gurpRsfid` dy ies sMpUrn mhFvfk jQybMdk idRtIkon qoN iswKI df mUl-mMqR` aRQfq muwZlf Aupdy vI mMn ilaf igaf hY. ikAuNik, iewk qF ieh RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI df muuwZ ivc aMkq hY aqy dUjy, ies ivc isRtI dy mUl prmfqmf dy kuJ aijhy ivy qy mUilk guxF pRgtfieaf igaf hY, ijnHF df ivcfr sihq icMqn sf afpxy sY-mUl dI lKqf krfAuNdf hoieaf Aus nfl joVx df vI kfrx bxdf hY. gurbfxI ivc gurmiq idRtIkon qoN mUl` aqy mMqR` dovyN bd qrqIbvfr muwZ` aqy Aupdy` dy arQF ivc hI vrqy hoey imldy hn. ijvyN:

mUl- ieik mUil (prmfqmf rUp muwZ) lgy EnI suKu pfieaf ..

zflI (mfiek pdfrQF rUp KfvF) lfgy iqnI jnmu gvfieaf .. gu[gRM[pM[

mMqR- gur mMqR (Aupdy) hIxs jo pRfxI iDRgMq jnm BRstxh ..gu[gRM[pM[

ies leI kyvl jpu` jI hI nhI, sgoN, RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI mhfrfj ivclI aMimRMq bfxI dy iksy BI iewk bd jF bd sMigRh pVHn qy ivcfrn smyN, gurmiq dI shI syD pRfpq krn leI ies mhFvfk dI ivyqf qy ipCokV qoN jfxU huMidaF, ies ivcly rihs, rm aqy arQ-BfvF iDafn ivc rKxf aiqaMq rUrI hY. pRMqU, ieh pwK ivcfrn leI pUrbI aqy pCmI mqF dy pRfcIn dfrink sfihq BI iDafn ivc rKx dI loV hY. ikAuNik, RI gurU gRMQ sfihb jI mhfrfj ivKy rwbI-hoNd pRgtfAux leI vrqy gey sfry nfm rUp ivyx, gurU-kfl qoN pihlF dy Drm gRMQF ivc vI pRclq hn. BfvyN, Auh vyd purfx hn jF kqyb kurfn.

ijvyN, ies muwZly RI muKvfk dy pihly sMkyqk-pd ` ivclf E ` (EaMkfr) bd, afpxy sMsikRqk srUp ivc vyidk kfl qoN hI sfihqk vrqoN ivc hY aqy lgBg sfry snfqnI Drm-gRMQF ivcly rwbI-nfvF coN ies sRyTqf pRfpq rhI hY. Em` aqy EaM` pd BI iesy dy mUilk, mMglmeI, sMKyp qy smfnrQk rUp hn . aneIvr-vfdI boDI qy jYnI BI afpxy mMqR Em` sbd nfl hI arMB krdy hn. ijvyN :Em pdmny huMm, Em isDF nm ! keI ivdvfnF dI mnOq hY ik Em` Drfql qy pYdf hox vflI muwZlI mfnvI DuMin hY aqy pwCmI mwqF ivwc pRclq rwbI nfm EmIn` df mUl vI iehI hY. ikAuNik, iksy iksm dI mfnvI Bff qoN anjfx mnuwK df jdoN afpxy mnoBfv pRgt krn leI pihlI vfr mUMh KulHdf hY qF E` dI avf inkldI hY aqy jdoN mUMh bMd huMdf hY qF m` avf pYdf huMdI hY . sMsikRqk pd EaMkfr dI bxqr bfry rfm gIqf` gRMQ df hyT iliKaf iek dohrf vI pRcilq hY :

akfr, Aukfr, mkfr ar arD ibMd Pun jfn ..

qIno ko smdfie jo , EaMkfr` pCfn ..

RI gurU gRMQ sfihb` jI mhfrfj ivKy ieh bd hyT ilKy rUpF ivc aMkq hY. ijvyN :

EaMkfr - EaMkfr afid mY jfnf .. pM[ EaMkfru -rfmklI mhlf dKxI EaMkfru pM[

EaMkfir -EaMkfir sbid AuDry .. pM[

EaM - EaM sfD siqgur nmskfrM.. pM[

Enm -Enm aKru iqRBvx sfru ...... .. pM[

EuN - EuN nmo BgvMq gusfeI ..pM[)

Bfrq dy Dfrimk sfihq ivcfiraF incy huMdf hY ik Aupind kfl qk ieh bd inrgux qy srgux bRhm pRgtfAux leI iek pRmfxIk pRqIk mMinaF jfdf irhf hY. ijvyN, mFzUk Aupind df arMBk kQn hY ik ieh EaMkfr aKr sBo ikC hY. jo sI, jo hY aqy jo hovygf, ieh srb ivafpk (immanent) EaMkfr hI hY. iqRguxfqIq (transcendental) BI Auho hI hY., pRMqU, purfxk-mq dy ivafiKafkfrF ny ies dy sMsikRqk aKrI srUp sMDI-Cyd krky akfr` (aYVf) qoN afrQk ivvsQf dy arQ lYNidaF ivȃ` pflx vflf, Aukfr` (AUVf) qoN AupjfAux dy arQ kZ ky bRhmf` pYdf krn vflf, mkfr` (mMmf) aKr qoN mfrn dy arQ lYNidaF mhFdyAu` (iv) sMGfrk dyvqf pRcfiraf aqy akfr` AuprlI nfskI DuMin pYdf krn vflI cMdrmf-numf arD ibMd mfieaf` dy arQ dy idqy.

vK vK kudrqI kqIaF dyvI dyviqaF dy rUp ivc klp ky dyv-pUjf qF BfvyN vyidk kfl qoN hI urU ho cuwkI sI aqy iehnF dy axigxq rUp sn, ijnHF vK-vK qyqI RyxIaF (qyqIs-kotI dyv) ivc vMz ky jfixaF jFdf sI. pr, purfixk Xug dy pujfrI vrg ny ividaf dy bl-boqy afpxy afp gurU sQfpq krn aqy pUjf dy lflc aDIn Auprokq klpnf dI ieqnI ordfr ivafiKaf kIqI ik Aupind kfl df eykIrvfdI aspt isDFq vI irIaF dy mwTF aqy gRMQF dI kuwK ivc hI dwibaf rih igaf. BfrqI lok iehnF iqMn dyviqaF isRtI dy krqf, Drqf qy hrqf smJdy hoey Bgvfn mMnky mUrqIaF qy avqfrF dy rUp ivc pUjx lgy aqy iehnF dIaF klpq iesqRIaF srsvqI`,lmI` qy pfrbqI` BI dyvIaF df drjf pRfpq ho igaf. ivȃ Bgvfn dy Aupfk vYnv, ivȃ jI ivnfiek (ivv df mflk) kih ky siqkfrn lgy aqy iv jI dy Aupfk Yv, iv jI eIvr mMn ny prcfrn lgy.

iehI kfrx hY ik inrMkfr dy Aupfk qy mfnv-eykqf dy hfmI RI gurU nfnk dyv jI` mhfrfj aqy AuhnF dy joiq-srUp bfkI gurU sfihbfn vloN lukfeI vyidk bhudyvvfd dy mfieaf jfl ivcoN kwZ ky iewk akflpurK dy lV lfAux dy idRtIkon qoN gurbfxI ivc kyvl iehnF dyvI-dyviqaF df hI ivy vrnx kIqf hY.ijvyN :

(A) - gurmuiK nfdM, gurmuiK vydM, gurmuiK rihaf smfeI ..

guru eIsru, guru gorKu brmf, guru pfrbqI mfeI .. gu[gRM[pM[

(a )- rogI bRhmf, ibsnu, srudRf, rogI sgl sMsfrf ..

hir pdu cIin Bey sy mukqy, gur kf sbdu vIcfrf .. gu[gRM[pM[

purfxk-mq dy bRfhmx ivafiKafkfrF vloN EaMkfr` dI Auprokq ivafiKaf shI drsfAux leI ies pRkfr df iafl (beliez) vI pRcilq kr idqf igaf sI ik inrMkfr ny muZly rUp ivc koeI iewk akfrmeI srUp Dfrn kIqf. ikAuNik, Aus smyN hor kuJ nhI sI, Auh apxy afp ivc iekwlf sI, ies leI aijhI avsQf ivc Auh eykMkfr` sdfieaf. ies AuprMq, jdoN iksy jugiq nfl Aus mfieaf ivafpI Bfv Aus aMdr iewk qoN anyk hox dI ieCf pYdf hoeI qF pRBU dy ies eykMkfrI-srUp ivcoN EaMkfr` bd dI DuMin AuTI, ijs ivcoN Auprokq iqMn dyvqy pRgt hoey. ies pRkfr isRtI rcnf hox AuprMq ieh qRY-dyvqy hI ds () avqfrF dy rUp ivc pRgt hoey. ijvyN, mwC, kwC, vrfh, nrisMG aqy vfmn siqXug dy avqfr ; prurfm aqy rfmcMdr jI qRyqy dy avqfr ; ikRn jI duafpr dy avqfr aqy buwD aqy klkI klXug dy avqfr . ies pRkfr dI Dfrnf vfly sjxF ny eykMkfr` bd inrgux-bRhm leI aqy EaMkfr` bd srgux-bRhm leI vrqxf urU kIqf.

RI gurU nfnk dyv jI mhfrfj ny iehnF qRY klpq dyviqaF aqy avqfrF Bgvfn mMn ky afdys (pRxfm) krn dI QF, jug jug eyko vys` rKx vfly ajUnI qy isRtI dy mUl inrMkfr afdy krvfAux aqy Aus dI byaMqqf drsfAux leI, iehnF bRfhmxI mnOqF df pRmfixk-sMkyq vjoN ieAuN ikr kIqf hY :

()-eykf mfeI jugiq ivafeI, iqin cyly prvfxu ..

ieku sMsfrI, ieku BMzfrI, ieku lfey dIbfx..

ijv iqsu BfvY iqvY clfvY, ijv hovY Purmfxu ..

Ehu vyKY, Enf ndir n afvY, bhuqf eyhu ivzfxu ..

afdysu iqsY afdysu .. afid anIlu anfid anfhiq jugu jugu eyko vysu .. gu[gRM[pM[

()-ds aAuqfr rfjy hoie vrqy mhfdyv aAuDUqf ..

iqn BI aMqu n pfieE qyrf lfie Qky ibBUqf .. gu[gRM[pM[

arQ : hy myry srb ivafpI rfm ! (ivȃ afidk dy) ds avqfr (afpo afpxy jug ivc) rfijaf dy rUp ivc vrqdy rhy. iv jI bVf iqafgI (avDUq) pRisD hoieaf. pr Auh BI qyry guxF df aMq nfh pf sky.

siqgurF dy smkflI qy gurbfxI dy muZly ivafiKafkfr BfeI gurdfs jI ny vI RI gurU nfnk sfihb jI dI pRcfr-jugiq apnfAuNidaF, gurU prmyr dI aBydqf aqy gurisKI ivc swc` nfm dI ivyqf drsfAuNidaF,EaMkfr` Dun dI AuqpqI vfly Aupr ilKy bRfhmxI iafl hyT ilKI pAuVI ivc ieAuN vrnx kIqf hY :

gur prmyr jfxIaY swcy swcf nfAu DrfXf.

inrMkfr afkfr hoie eykMkfr apfr sdfXf.

eykMkfrhuM bd Dun EaMkfr akfr bnfXf.

iekdUM hoie iqMn dyv iqMhu iml ds avqfr gxfXf.

afid purK afdy hY Auh vyKY AuhnF ndr n afXf.

ynfg ismrn kry nfvF aMq ibaMq n pfXf.

gurmuK swc nfAuN mn BfXf. (vfr -) ---cldf




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