.

pRQm BgAuqI ismr kY [[[[[

igafnI Bfg isMG aMbflf

AupRokq isrlyK dsm gRMQ ivclI BgAuqI vfr dI pihlI pAuVI dI pihlI pMgqI (quwk) hY jo ardfsf soDx smyN arMBqf ivwc pVHI jFdI hY, pr ies ivcly BgAuqI` bd dy arQ afpo-afpxI mnOq anusfr hyT ilKy iqMn rUpF ivwc drsfey jFdy hn

1[ akfl purK, 2[ sRI sfihb (qlvfr), 3[ BgvqI (durgf).

1[ afm ardfsIey ardfs smyN BgAuqI df arQ afpxy vloN akfl purK smJdy hoey pRQm BgAuqI ismr kY [[[[`` Aucfrn krdy hn, Bfv, mUMhoN qF BgAuqI` Aucfrdy hn pr aMdroN-aMdrIN iesdf arQ akfl purK anuBv krdy hn.

2[ kuJ vIr BgAuqI` df arQ sRI sfihb (qlvfr) incy krky ardfs krn vyly dohF hwQF ivwc nMgI ikRpfn PV ky pRQm BgAuqI [[[[[`` Aucfrdy hoey Aucycy qOr `qy sRI sfihb jI shfie` vI kihMdy hn.

3[ keI inrpwK ivdvfn BgAuqI` df iswDf pwDrf arQ BgvqI dyvI, Bfv durgf jfx ky pRQm BgAuqI ismr kY[[[[`` dI QfeyN pRQm sqnfm ismr kY[[[[`` jF afid sRI inrMkfr aibnfsI ismr kY gurU nfnk leI iDafie`` Aucfrdy hn, ijvyN ik sRI gurU isMG sBf BsOV aqy inrMkfrI drbfr (rfvlipMzI vfly) afid keI QfeIN lgfqfr keI sflF qoN pRclq hY.

kuJ igxqI AunHF zrfkl ivdvfnF dI vI hY jo BgAuqI df arQ akfl purK supny ivwc vI nhIN mMndy, sgoN BgAuqI dI vfr` dy cldy pRkrxk afDfr Auqy inrol durgf` lKfiek smJdy hn pr ajfx rDflUaF dI bhu-igxqI vloN rOlf pfAux qoN zridaF AuGV ky afpxI afqmk afvf pRgt krxoN iJJkdy hn, ijnHF ivc ies hQlI pusqk df ilKfrI vI kuJ smF muhrlI kqfry irhf hY.

hux vyKxf ieh hY ik BgAuqI sbMDI Aupr dwsy iqMn arQF ivcoN XQfrQ arQ ikhVf ho skdf hY.

1[ BgAuqI` df arQ akfl purK qF AuWkf hI nhIN ho skdf, kfrx ieh ik ies arQ dI pRoVHqf ihq afid sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb, blik dsm gRMQ` ivcoN vI koeI Tos pRmfx nhIN imldf. qy nf hI iksy pRmfxIk grMQ aQvf bd ko afidk ivcoN BgAuqI df arQ akfl purK iliKaf imldf hY. iPr iesy vfr dy isrlyK ivwc sRI BgAuqI jI shfie` aqy vfr sRI BgAuqI jI kI qQf pRQm BgAuqI ismr kY, iqMn vfrI BgAuqI` bd dI vrqoN suqy hI ieh incf krfAuNdI hY ik cldy pRkrx anusfr ieQy BgAuqI df arQ durgf qoN ibnF akfl purK afidk hor koeI nhIN ho skdf. aqy BgAuqI` bd dI iqMny vfrI iekwTI vrqoN df kfrx hyT ilKy anusfr hY

A) sRI BgAuqI jI shfie`` - ies isrlyK ivwc sfkq kvI ny afpxy iet BgAuqI (durgf) qoN shfieqf mMgI hY ikAuNik hr gRMQkfr afpxI rcnf dI sPlqf leI pihlF-pihl afpxy iet koloN shfieqf mMgdf hY. ivy krky sfkq mqIey BfvyN BgOqI df anykF dyvIaF dy rUp ivwc afvfhn krdy hn. pRMqU hr kfrj dI sPlqf ihq sRI BgvqI ey nmh`` jF sRI BgOqI jI shfie`` afidk bd vrqny ienHF df mUl inXm hY. iesy leI BgAuqI vfr dy arMB ivwc sfkq kvI ny ipRQm BgAuqI ismr kY [[[[ bdF rfhIN BgvqI dyvI nUM ismiraf (arfiDaf) hY.

a) vfr sRI BgAuqI jI kI`` - qoN Bfv sRI BgvqI (durgf) df js hY.

e) qlvfr - koeI wk lhIN ik BgAuqI` bd qlvfr df lKfiek vI hY, ijvyN ik iesy BgAuqI dI vfr` ivclI 53vIN pAuVI dIaF hyT ilKIaF qukF qoN spt hY -

leI BgAuqI durgfh vrjfgx BfrI..

lfeI rfjy suMB nUM rq pIaY ipafrI..

pRMqU avDfibRqI (asQfn-Byd) Bfv, cldy pRkrx dy afDfr Auqy pRQm BgAuqI ismr kY[[[[`` ivwc afey BgAuqI` bd df arQ qlvfr krnf kyvl asMgq hI nhIN, blik inrol ajfxpnf hY ikAuNik ies qrHF qF suKmnI sfihb ivwc ilKy -

BgAuqI BgvMq Bgiq kf rMgu.. (afid gRMQ, pMnf 274)

anusfr BgAuqI df arQ Bgq` vI hY.

3[ durgf - qF qy pRQm BgAuqI ismr kY [[[` ivcly BgAuqI` bd df XQfrQ arQ cldy pRkrx anusfr inrsMdyh BgvqI Bfv durgf dyvI hI hY.

kuJ ivdvfnF ny BgAuqI` df arQ akfl purK` vI kIqf hY pRMqU ies BulyKy df mUl kfrx BgAuqI dI vfr` dy isrlyK nfl iliKaf pfqfhI 10` hY (jo ies vfr dy krqf, BgAuqI Aupfk kvI ny ieh vfr dmy ikRq drsfAux ihq kuitl nIqI qoN kMm lYNidaF ilK idwqf hY) ijs nUM vyK ky AupRokq ivdvfnF ny BgAuqI dI vfr` nUM dmy jI dI rcnf incy kr lYx df BulyKf KfDf hY, pr nfl hI AunHF ny ieh vI anuBv kIqf ik dsm ipqf BgAuqI nUM ismrx vfly kdficq nhIN ho skdy ijs kfrx AupRokq ivdvfnF ny mjbUrn vl-Pyr pf ky BgAuqI df arQ akfl purK drsfieaf hY.

ikhf cMgf huMdf jy ies BgAuqI dI vfr` aqy `cMzI cirqR` df krqf ieko hI, dyvI Aupfk kvI smJ ilaf jFdf qF ik ieqnf BulyKf nf pYNdf jo ik iesy BgAuqI dI vfr` qoN pihlF rcnf `cMzI cirqR` dy aiDafvF dI hr aMiqkf ivwc aU` bd jo ies gwl df lKfiek hY ik ajy pRkrx cl irhf hY, pRqwK hI incy krfAuNdf hY ik BgAuqI dI vfr` aqy `cMzI cirqR` df krqf ieko hI hY. ienHF dohF rcnfvF ivwc kyvl Bff df aMqrf hY, `cMzI cirqR` ibRj Bff ivwc hY aqy BgAuqI dI vfr` pMjfbI ivwc. hor nhIN qF iesy BgAuqI dI vfr dI 55vIN Bfv aMqlI pAuVI dIaF hyT ilKIaF quwkF nUM hI ivcfr ilaf jFdf ik :

durgf pfT bxfieaf sBy pAuVIaF..

Pyr n jUnI afieaf ijn iehu gfieaf..

qF qy ies vfr dIaF 55 dIaF 55 pAuVIaF Ausy kvI dIaF rcIaF hoeIaF hn ijsny ik pihlI pAuVI ivwc nON gurU sfihbfn dy iDafAux, ismrx df ckmf dy ky dmy jI vloN sB qoN pihly BgAuqI nUM aMnX purK rUp ivwc ismrnf drsfieaf hY.

kI koeI sUJ-bUJ vflf isdkvfn guriswK ieh mMnx nUM iqafr hY ik durgf pfT bxfAux (rcx) vflf kvI gurU goibMd isMG hY?

qF qy AupRokq dovyN quwkF spt qOr `qy iek dyvI Aupfk kvI vloN hn jo Kuly-zuwlHy bdF ivwc kih irhf hY ik ijhVf purK durgf pfT arQfq vfr sRI BgAuqI jI dIaF 55 pAuVIaF dy pfT df gfien krygf, Auh jnm mrn dy gyV ivwc nhIN afvygf. ienHF quwkF dy arQ vwl iDafn n dyx aqy BgAuqI vfr df krqf dmy jI nUM mMnx krky hI sfzy keI ajfx vIr aMimRq vyly AuWCl-AuWCl aqy JUm-JUm ky ies df pfT krdy aqy gfAuNdy hn ik iPr n jUnI afieaf ijn ieh gfieaf`.

kI durgf pfT (BgAuqI dI vfr) nUM gfAux df AupRokq Aupdy iek akfl purK dy lV lwgf dmy ipqf iswKF nUM dy skdf hY ? nhIN, hrig nhIN. swc puCo qF ies dyvI arfiDk kvI ny ihd ivwc ihr Gol ky iplfAux dI jugqI vrqI hY jo ies vfr dI mMglfcrx rUpI pihlI (ardfs vflI) pAuVI ivwc nOvF pfqfhIaF df pRBfv pf ky ivcoN-ivwc sfnUM BgAuqI (durgf) dy lV lfAux df jqn kIqf hY aqy iksI lUM-lUM ivwc pRvy kr cukf hY.

ieQy iek hor gwl pfTkF vfsqy ivy krky not krn vflI ieh vI hY ik BgAuqI Aupfk kvI ny ies ardfs vflI pAuVI ivwc ktfh kuMzl inXfie` Bfv, Aupkrm, AupsMhfrqI ZMg nfl hI sgoN dmy jI vloN BgAuqI nUM dsF pfqfhIaF dI shfiek drsfieaf hY. ijvyN ik ies pAuVI dI pihlI quwk ivwc pRQm BgAuqI ismr kY [[[[` qoN arMB krky ivwc-ivwc nON guru sfihbfn nUM vizafAuNidaF hoieaF iPr aMqlI quwk ivwc vI spt ilK idwqf hY ik sB QfeIN hoie shfie` Bfv BgAuqI asF dsF gurUaF dI hr QfvyN shfiek hoeI, arQfq dsF hI gurUaF dI hr QfvyN BgvqI (dyvI) ny shfieqf kIqI.

ieQy ieh dwsxf vI rUrI hY ik dsm gRMQ dIaF purfqn aqy pRclq bIVF ivwc ijQy hor keI pfT-Byd hn, AuQy AupRokq mMglfcrx vflI pAuVI ivwc vI keI aMqry hn, ijvyN ik purfqn bIVF ivwc rfmdfsY hoeI shfie` iliKaf hY pr pRclq bIVF ivwc hoeI` nUM hoie` ivwc bdilaf hoieaf hY. purfqn bIVF ivwc arjn hrgoibMd nUM Pyr ismro sRI hir rfie` pfT hY pr awj-kl dIaF bIVF ivwc Pyr` bd dI vrqoN nhIN hY. purfqn bIVF ivwc qy| bhfdr ismrIaY` hY pr awj-kl ismrIaY` dI QfvyN ismiraY` Bfv r` awKr dI ibhfrI nUM ishfrI ivwc bdilaf igaf hY. iqvyN hI purfqn bIVF ivwc sB QfeIN hoeI shfie` pfT hY pr awj-kl dIaF bIVF ivwc azo-awz ilKfrIaF ny afpo-afpxI sUJ anusfr hoeI shfie` nUM bdl ky hoie shfie` kIqf hoieaf hY. blik keI purfqn bIVF ivwc ies df isrlyK vI vfr sRI BgAuqI jI` dI QfvyN vfr durgf jI` hY.

BfvyN ies vfr dI 55vIN (Bfv, aMqlI) pAuVI ivclI durgf pfT bxfieaf sBy pAuVIaF` vflI quk qoN spt hY ik ies sfrI dI sfrI vfr df krqf ieko hI kvI hY, iPr vI keI ivdvfn ies vfr dI dUjI pAuVI ivclIaF hyT ilKIaF quwkF df afsrf lY ky pihlIaF do pAuVIaF dmy ikRq aqy ipClIaF 53 pAuVIaF kvI rcnf drsfAux df ibrQf jqn krdy hn, XQf

KMzf ipRQmY sfj kY ijn sB sYsfr Aupfieaf..

bRhmf ibsn mhys sfij kudrqI df Kyl rcfie bxfieaf.. [[[[[

qY hI durgf sfij kY dYqF df nfsu krfieaf..

qYQoN hI bl rfm lY nfl bfxf dhisru Gfieaf..

qYQoN hI blu ikRn lY kMs kysI pkiV igrfieaf.. [[[[[

iknI qyrf aMqu n pfieaf.. [[[[[

Aukq ivdvfn AupRokq quwkF vwl sMkyq krky kihMdy hn ik BgAuqI` dI arQ akfl purK hY ikAuNik ieQy akfl purK nUM hI dmy jI ny mwDm purK rUp aMdr qY hI` aqy qYQoN` kih ky sMboiDaf hY.

AuWqr ieh ik purfx sfihq qoN ajfx aqy dsm gRMQ df aiDaYn ghu nfl nf krn krky AupRokq ivdvfn swjxF ny AuWqy drsfeIaF quwkF qoN BulyKf KfDf hY. kfrx ieh ik ies pAuVI ivwc vI kvI ny afpxy iet BgvqI dyvI nUM hI mMgl rUp ivwc sMboiDaf hY.

ikAuNik dyvI BgvqI dI pUjf ihMdU Drm df iek ivy aMg hY. purfxF ivwc dyvI BgvqI bVI kqIflI mMnI geI hY ijsdf kfrx iksy vI sMkt smyN dyviqaF nUM AusdI shfieqf nfl hI afey sMkt qoN Cutkfrf pfAuNidaF drsfieaf igaf hY. skMD, pdm aqy mqwsX afidk purfxF ivwc dyvI BgAuqI dy anykF pRsMg hn. dyvI Bfgvq, mfrkMzyX aqy kflkf purfx qF ilKy hI BgOqI dI mhqwqf drsfAux leI hn. blik mfrkMzyX purfx ivwc qF arMB qoN lY ky 29 aMk qk durgf-pfT df Pl ieQoN qk iliKaf hY ik aijhf koeI pdfrQ nhIN jo durgf sqoqR qoN pRfpq nf hovy.

not - BfvyN iesy leI keI ajfx rDflU cMzI dI vfr (durgf pfT) nUM suKmnI sfihb qoN vI ivysL smJ ky aMimRq vyly rUr pVHdy hn. Aukq purfxF anusfr dyvI BgvqI hI sMsfr dI AuqpwqI, pflxf aqy nf df kfrx hY, AuhI bRhmf, ivnUM aqy iv afidkF nUM jnm idMdI hY. BgAuqI hI Drm aqy dyviqaF dI rwiKaf ihq avqfr DfrdI hY. iesy leI AusnUM BgvqI, BvfnI, ivf, durgf, cMzI afidk anykF nfm lY ky ismiraf jFdf hY.

purfxF dy bhuqy ivsQfr ivwc nf jf ky isr dsm gRMQ ivclIaF sfkq mqIey, dyvI Bgq kvIaF dIaF rcnfvF nUM hI ghu nfl vyiKaf jfvy qF pRqwK ho jFdf hY ik ies sfrI vfr df krqf ieko sfkq kvI hY, ijsny ies dUjI pAuVI ivwc vI mMgl rUp duafrf kyvl BgOqI dyvI nUM hI sMboiDaf hY.

iek hor BulyKf ieh ik KMzf ipRQmY sfj kY [[[[`` ivcly KMzf` bd df arQ afm qOr `qy do-DfrI qlvfr kIqf jFdf hY. pr ieQy ies df arQ qlvfr nhIN ikAuNik qlvfr qF lohy df iek sqR hY ijs nUM luhfr bxfAuNdf hY. ies leI jy KMzf` df arQ duDfrI qlvfr mMinaf jfvy qF qlvfr qoN pihlF luhfr sfijaf` mMnxf pvygf. jy lwCxF ibRqI jF alMkfr rUp ivwc bdl ky KMzf` df koeI hor aMqRIv arQ kIqf jfvy qF iesdy nfl ieko bRhmf, ivnUM, [[[durgf, rfm, ikRn afidkF dy vI bdl ky aMqRIv arQ kihxy pYxgy. drasl ies bd df Aucfrn ibMdy sihq KMzF` krn nfl arQ afpxy afp hI spt ho jFdf hY. vyKo -

nvf KMzf ivic jfxIaY nfil clY sBu koie [[[[ (jpujI, pAuVI 7)

purIaf KMzf isir kry iek pYir iDafie..

(sfrMg kI vfr, slok m: 1, pAuVI 10)

hovf pMizqu joqkI vyd pVf muiK cfir..

nvf KMzf ivic jfxIaf apny cj vIcfr..

(slok vfrF qy vDIk, mhlf 3)

Bfv nUM spt krn leI sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb ivwc ieh bd ibMdy

sihq vI vriqaf hY, ijvyN ik -

purKF ibrKF qIrQF qtF myGF KyqFh..

dIpF loaF mMzlF KMzF vrBMzFh..

(afsf kI vfr, slok m: 1, pAuVI 8)

ies qrHF cMzI dI vfr dI dUjI pAuVI dI pihlI quk KMzf ipRQmY sfij kY ijn sB sMsfru Aupfieaf` df Bfv ieh hY ik hy BgvqI ! dyvI sMsfr rcx smyN sB qoN pihlF ipRQvI dy KMzF aqy sMsfr dy AUDm nUM qUM hI sfijaf. ikhf jf skdf hY KMzf` bd Auqy ibMdf nhIN lgf hoieaf, ies leI ies nUM KMzF dI QfvyN ibMdy qoN ibnF KMzf` pVHnf aqy iesdf arQ duDfrI qlvfr krnf hI Auicq hY.

AuWqr ieh ik dsm gRMQ ivwc axigxq bd ieho ijhy hn ijnHF nfl ibMidaF dI vrqoN nhIN pr afpxy koloN avw hI ibMdy lf ky pVHxy pYNdy hn, nhIN qy arQ spt nhIN ho skdy blik keI QfeIN arQF dy anrQ vI ho jFdy hn ijnHF df ivsQfrk vyrvf idwiqaF bry ikqny hI siaF dI pusqk ilKxI pvy.

qF qy ivsQfr BY kfrx irwJdI dy| ivcoN kyvl iek-awD dfxf vyKx vFgUM iesy BgAuqI vfr blik iesy hI dUjI pAuVI ivwc nmUny mfqR hyT idwqy pRmfx vyKo :

1[ qYhI` bd Auqy ibMdf nhIN lgf hoieaf pr afpxy koloN ibMdf lf ky qYNhI` pVHnf pvygf nhIN qy qY` df arQ aqy` jF `qy` hovygf.

2[ dYqf` bd Auqy ibMdy dI vrqoN nhIN pr koloN ibMdf lf ky dYqf` dI QfvyN dYqF` piVHaF hI spt arQ inKrygf.

3[ bfxf` bd Auqy ibMdf nhIN ijs Auqy koloN ibMdf lf ky bfxf` dI QfvyN bfxF` pVHnf pvygf, nhIN qy bfxf` df arQ qIrF` dI QfvyN ByK` jF kpVf` bx jfvygf.

4[ kysI` bd vI ibMdy qoN bgYr hY pr koloN ibMdf lfieaF hI kysIN` piVHaf ieh arQ spt hovygf ik kMs nUM kysF qoN pkV ky igrfieaf. kfrx ieh ik sRI md Bfgvq purfx dy dsvyN skMD ivwc ilKy anusfr ikRn jI ny kMs nUM kysF qoN pkV ptkf ky mfiraf sI.

qF qy Auqy drsfey pRmfxF duafrf iswD hoieaf ik AupRokq KMzf` bd Auqy vI koloN ibMdf lf ky KMzF` pVHxf hI uwD pfT hY ijsdf arQ suqy hI DrqI dy KMz bxygf, nhIN qy duDfrI qlvfr hovygf, jo pRkrx anusfr AuWkf hI asMgq (aZuwkvF) hovygf.

Auqy drsfey qoN ibnF lwCxF ibRqI jF iksy hor aMqRIv arQ df afsrf lY ky KMzF df arQ kfl rUpI KMzf kdficq nhIN ho skdf. kyvl dsm gRMQ hI nhIN sgoN afid gurU gRMQ sfihb ivwc vI ieho ijhy anykF pfT hn ijnHF Auqy avw hI koloN ibMdf lfieaF arQF dI XQfrQ igafq huMdI hY. ijvyN ik -

afsf kI vfr ivcly slok ivwc GVIaf aqy gopIaf vflI quwk ivwc GVIaf qQf gopIaf dohF bdF Auqy ibMdy nhIN pr koloN ibMdy lf ky GVIaF aqy gopIaF pVHnf pYNdf hY.

ijvyN blvMz-swqy dI vfr aMdr puqRI kAulu nf pfilE` vflI quwk dy puqRI` bd Auqy ibMdf nhIN, ijs Auqy koloN ibMdf lf ky puqRIN` pVHy qoN ibnF puqrF` dI QfvyN Aultf puqRI` (lVkI) arQ ho jfvygf, ieiqafidk byaMq bd pRmfx vjoN idwqy jf skdy hn pr ivsQfr BY kfrx nhIN ilKy.

afE ! hux dsm gRMQ ivcoN hI vyKIey ik ienHF kvIaF anusfr iksny sMsfr ricaf, iks ny bRhmf, ibn, mhys sfjy aqy iks ny dyv-dfnv bxfey, iks ny rfm aqy ikRn nUM bl idwqf. iPr iksny durgf sfj ky dYqF df nfs krfieaf.

vyKo mwC avqfr aMk 29 ijs ivwc isafm kvI afpxy iet mhF kfl nUM sMKypkI rUp aMdr kfl aqy Aus dI kqI kfilkf (BgvqI) nUM BvfnI rUp ivwc drsfAuNidaF hoieaF ilKdf hY ik -

ipRQm kfl sB jg ko qfqf..

qF qy BXo qyj ibKXfqf..

soeI BvfnI nfm khfeI..

ijn isgrI ieh isRit AupfeI..

qF qy sfkqF ny prmfqmf dI sfrI kqI dyvI BgvqI ivwc hI mMnI hY. ijvyN ik cirqro pKXfn dy isrlyK ivwc sRI BgOqIey nmh` Bfv BgAuqI nUM nmskfr krky pihly aiDafey ivwc iesy nUM XogmfXf, jgqmfqf afidk mMnidaF hoieaF ikhf hY ik qUM hI bRhmf, ibsn aqy rudR (iv) nUM pYdf kIqf. dYNq, dyvqy, jwC afidk qUM hI pYdf kIqy hn. XQf -

qU hI jogmfXf qU hI bfkbfnI..

qU hI afp rUpf qU hI BvfnI..

qU hI ibsn qU bRhmf qU rudR rfjY..

qU hI ibsP mfqf sdf jY ibrfjY.. 2..

qU hI dyv qU dYq qU jwC Aupfey..

qU hI qurk ihMdU jgq mY bnfey.. 3.. [[[[

qumI bwk (mUMh) qy byd cfro Aucfry..

qU hI suMB nY suMB dfnO sMGfry.. (aMk 4) [[[[

qumI rfm hvY ky hTI dYq GfXo..

qUhI ikRn hvY kMs kysIN KpfXo.. 6..

qUM hI afid AupfvY qUM hI aMq mfrY.. 7.. afidk

ikRnvqfry CMdF ivwc aQ dyvI ju kI Ausqiq kQnM` isrlyK hyTF iliKaf hY ik -

qU hI asqRxI ssqRxI afprUpf. [[[[

Aupr idwqy pRmfxF qoN spt hoieaf ik dyvI BgOqI (BgvqI jF BgAuqI) qoN hI rfm aqy ikRn ny rfvx qQf kMs nUM mfrx leI bl pRfpq kIqf sI. blik AupRokq pRmfxF qoN qF pRqwK ho irhf hY ik dyvI Bgq kvIaF dI idRtI ivwc qF BgAuqI ny afp hI rfm aqy ikRn jI dy rUp ivwc avqfr Dfiraf sI.

rfm cMdr jI ny rfvx nUM mfrn ihq bl pRfpqI vfsqy jo dyvI BgvqI dI pUjf kIqI sI, AusdI kQf dyvI Bfgvq, mhF Bfgvq aqy kfilkf afidk purfxF ivwc ilKI hY. ienHF sfkq mqIey kvIaF ny afpxI rcnf ikRnfvqfr ivwc ikRn jI qoN vI inqfpRqI durgf spqqI (durgf-pfT jF durgf sqoqR) df pfT krvf ky AunHF nUM vI dyvI Bgq iswD kIqf hY, XQf -

iPr pfT krY siq sYit slok ko

sXfm inqfpRiq pY n trY. (aMk 230)

qF qy AupRokq quwkF qumI suBM ny suBM dfno sMGfro` afidk qoN iehI iswD huMdf hY ik BgOqI ny afp hI durgf rUp Dfrn krky dYNqF df nfs kIqf. vfsqv ivwc dyvI BgqF anusfr dyvI dy keI rUpF (avqfrF) ivcoN Ausdf iek aqI krUr kRoDI aqy joDf rUp vI hY ijs ivwc Auh mOq, BY, Un-rfby aqy nfs dI dyvI hY. afpxy ies pwK nUM pRgt krn ihq BgvqI, kflI, durgf, BvfnI, cMzI afidk rUpF ivwc avqfr DfrdI hY. qF qy BgOqI dI vfr ivwc BgAuqI dy iesy rUp aMdr drn huMdy blik, dsm gRMQ dy keI purfqn AuqfiraF ivwc ipCy dwsy anusfr, ies vfr df isrlyK vI vfr sRI durgf jI` iliKaf hoieaf imldf hY.

ies qoN ibnF, dyvI Bfgvq, purfx aqy mhFinrvfx qMqR anusfr dyvI BgvqI ny afp hI pfrbqI df rUp Dfrn krky iv jI nfl ivafh kIqf aqy dyviqaF dI rwiKaf ihq durg dYNq (jo gur dYNq df puwqr sI) dF bwD krky durgf nfm nfl pRiswD hoeI.

ies qrHF spt hoieaf ik BgAuqI dI vfr dI dUjI pAuVI vI dyvI BgOqI nUM hI sMboDq krky ilKI geI hY. ies leI AuQy BgAuqI bd df arQ dyvI BgvqI` qoN ibnF akfl purK afidk koeI hor arQ nhIN ho skdf.

BgAuqI (cMzI) dI vfr dI qrHF hI mhFkfl aqy kflI dy Aupfk, BgAuqI Bgq kvIaF ny afpxIaF rcnfvF ivwc hor vI anykF QfeIN BgOqI pUjf idRVfAux ihq zUMGIaF qoN zUMGIaF cflF clIaF hn. nmUny leI vyKo iesy dsm gRMQ ivcoN klkI avqfr` nF vflI rcnf jo 1428 pMny vflI pRkfq bIV dy 571vyN sy qoN lY ky 610 sy Auqy muwkdI hY, ijs dy kul 588 aMkiVaF df sfr sMkocvyN rUp ivwc hyT ilKy anusfr hY, XQf

arMB qoN lY ky 140 aMk qk anyk pRkfr dy mnorMjk CMdF rfhIN kvI ny kljug ivcly pfp-Aupwdr aqy aiqafcfr, ieQoN qk drsfey hn ik ipqf-puwqrI, BYx-Brf aqy mF-puwqr vI afpo-afpxf Drm iqafg dyxgy. 141 aMk qoN 156 qk 16 svYXy smwisaf pUrqI rUp hn ijnHF dI smwisaf Bl Bfg BXf ieh sMBl kY hir jU hirmMdr afvYNgy` hY. 156vyN bMd qoN awgy aMdr kmfxf srpr AuGVy` gur-vfk anusfr kvI df muwK mMqv AuGV afAuNdf hY. kvI ny afpxI zUMGI cfl duafrf iek rock ZMg nfl nftkI rUp dy ky hyT ilKy anusfr dyvI pUjf df mhfqm drsfieaf hY, ijvyN ik

kljugI pRBfv hyT sMBlpur df Udr rfjf dyvI dI pUjf hukmn bMd krvf idMdf hY [[[[ iek bRfhmx luwk-iCp ky dyvI pUjdf hY [[[[ AusdI GrvflI bRfhmxI AusnUM dyvI pUjxoN vrjdI hY qF BI Auh bRfhmx dyvI dI pUjf nhIN Cwzdf [[[[ bRfhmxI rfjy nUM dws idMdI hY [[[[ rfjf bRfhmx nUM mfr dyx dI DmkI idMdf hY. bRfhmx iPr vI dyvI pUjf nhIN Cwzdf, XQf -

qh ibpR eyk ijh gux anyk.. aMk 163

inq jpq ibpR dyvI pRcMz..

ijh kIm DUmRlocn duKMz.. aMk 164

rfjf sUdR bfc

kY qjo syv dyvI pRcMz..

nhIN krq afj qo ko duKMz.. aMk 172

ibpR bfc rfjf soN kIjY duKMz nhIN qjh syv..

sux lyhu sfc qo khoN dyv..

ikAuN nf hoihN tuk qn ky hfr..

nhIN qjhu pfieM dyvI Audfr.. aMk 173

Bfv - BfvyN myry hfr tukVy ho jfx, mYN dyvI BgvqI dI rn nhIN CwzxI.

iqh bFD aFK muskY cVfie..

kr lIn kfZ aws ko ncfie..

jb lgy dyx iqh qyg qfn..

qb kIE kfl ko ibpR iDafn.. aMk 176

jb kIXo icq mo ibpR iDafn..

iqh dIn drs qb kfl afn..

nhIN kro icMq icq mfJ eyk..

qv hyq sqR hn hY anyk.. aMk 177

Bfv - dyvI pUjk bRfhmx nUM mfrn leI rfjy ny qlvfr pkVI qF bRfhmx ny mhFkfl aqy BgvqI nUM Xfd kIqf, qd mhFkfl ny klkI (inhklMk) avqfr rUp ivwc pRgt ho ky DIrj idwqf aqy ikhf ik qyry sfry vYrI huxy mfr idaFgf. iPr klkI avqfr vloN juwD krky rfjy nUM mfr idwqf iliKaf hY.

ies qoN awgy klkI avqfr vloN juwD-jMgF rfhIN sfry dys-dysFqr nUM ijwq lYx ipCoN inhklMk dI imRqXU mihMdI pIr hwQoN dws ky 588vyN aMk Auqy smfpqI kIqI hY.

muwkdI gwl ieh ik inhklMk avqfr dy pRgt hox df muK kfrx cflfk kvI ny iek dyvI pUjk bRfhmx dI rwiKaf leI drsfieaf hY. atwl ivvfs hY ik AupRokq iviQaf nUM ivcfr ky sUJvfn pfTk sihjy hI incf kr lYxgy ik BgAuqI Aupfk kvI ny zUMGI cfl duafrf iek rock ZMg nfl klkI avqfr df pwj bxf ky BgvqI pUjf dI mhqwqf drsfeI hY.

ieQy hI bws nhIN, ienHF BgAuqI Aupfk kvIaF ny BgOqI mihmf drsfAux leI hor vI anykF kur qoly hn ijvyN ik ihMglfj dyvI dy mMdr ivcoN iek bRfhmx ny ieh afvf suxI ik ieQoN df rfjf klH svyry mr jfeygf, pr koeI mnuwK afpxy swq puwqr myry Bvn ivwc blI dy dyvy qF rfjf bc skdf hY [[[[ bRfhmx Gr af ky dwsdf hY [[[ suxdy-sfr bRfhmxI afpxy swqy puwqr iljf ky dyvI awgy Byt cfVH idMdI hY [[[[ moey puwqrF nUM vyK ky bRfhmx afpxy afp nUM ktfr mfr ky mr jFdf hY [[[[ iPr bRfhmx dI bRfhmxI vI mr jFdI hY [[[[ ieh kOqk vyK ky rfjf vI mrn leI ktfr PVdf hY qF dyvI pRsMn ho ky pRgt rUp ivwc bRfhmx aqy bRfhmxI nUM puwqrF smyq sfvDfn krky rfjy nUM icrMjIvqf df vr dy idMdI hY. (vyKo qRIaf cirqR 165)

hor qy hor rhI, ienHF BgAuqI Bgq kvIaF ny gurU klgIDr pfqfh nUM vI BgAuqI df mMqR iswKx vfsqy aqIq sfDU dy ByK ivwc sRI BgAuqI nUM mnfAuNidaF hoieaF anUp kOr (jo kfm-cytf nfl ivafkul sI) dy Gr ByjxoN vI Gwt nhIN kIqI. (vyKo qRIaf cirqR nM[ 21 aMk 10), XQf

cilXo ByK afqIq ko Dfir rfeI..

mnfpn mo sRI BgOqI mnfeI..

swc puCo qF gurU klgIDr jI df BgOqI dyvI nUM arfDxf drsf ky ienHF kvIaF ny flsy dI sUJ aqy isdk nUM iswDI vMgfr pfeI hY. pqf nhIN sfzy Auc-kotI dy ivdvfnF nUM kI ho igaf jo ieho ijhy cirqRF df krqf vI gurU goibMd isMG jI nUM iswD krn Auqy quly hoey hn. hflFik iesy cirqR ivcly qIr qdRv ky huqo pur anMd iek gfAu` ivclf huqo` bd pRqwK hI BUqkfl df sUck hY, ijs qoN iswD huMdf hY ik ieh cirqR gurU dmy jI dy joqI-joiq smfAux qoN vI ipCy iliKaf igaf hY. awgy vyKo, `cilXo ByK afqIq ko Dfr rfeI` ivclf rfeI` bd pRqwK hI aMnX-purK df lKfiek hY. iPr ieh rcnf gurU sfihb jI dI ikvyN ho skdI hY? jy ieh rcnf gurU jI dI huMdI qF afpxy afp nUM Auqm purK dI QfvyN aMnX purK rUp ivwc py nf krdy.

ieQy iek gwl AucycI Xfd rwKx vflI ieh vI hY ik dsm gRMQ nUM dmy ikRq drsfAux vfly ivdvfn AupRokq cirqRF nUM afpxIaF pusqkF ivwc jurawq nhIN krdy blik dyKn afieE jgq qmff` afidk copVI-cfpVI bdfvlI vrq ky ajfx rDflUaF nUM shI jfxkfrI dyx dI QfvyN Aultf gumrfh krdy hn. jykr afm guriswKF ny dsm gRMQ df aiDaYn kIqf huMdf qF ieh ivdvfn iswK jnqf nUM ies qrHF gumrfh krn dI jurawq kdy vI nf krdy.

ieh dlyrI sR[ myr isMG jI aok, zf[ rqn isMG jwgI aqy zf[ krqfr isMG jI bfVI vrgy ivdvfnF dy ihwsy afeI hY ijnHF luk-luko qoN kMm nF lYNidaF hoieaF dsm gRMQ ivclI rcnf rUpI vsqU inzr ho ky afpxIaF pusqkF ivwc py kIqI hY aqy Tos qwQF dy afDfr Auqy iswD kIqf hY ik vfr BgAuqI jI kI` vflI rcnf dmy ikRq nhIN sgoN dyvI pUjk kvI dI hY. awj anmqI dyvI pUjkF ny iesy vfr sRI BgAuqI` df afsrf lY ky Boly-Bfly iswKF nUM kurfhy pfAuxf arMiBaf hoieaf hY ijvyN ik dyvI dy jgrfiqaF smyN styjF AuWqy dyvI dI mUrqI qoN QoVI nIvIN jgHf AuWqy sRI guru nfnk dyv jI aqy sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI dIaF qsvIrF rwKIaF hoeIaF afm vyKx ivwc afAuNdIaF hn. ieh guwJI cfl iswK kOm dy kuJ aM (ihwsy) nUM hOlI hOlI afpxI ardfs qoN zyg rhI hY. sRI gurU nfnk dyv jI aqy gurU goibMd isMG jI dIaF qsvIrF dyvI dy jgrfqy smyN AupRokq ZMg nfl styjF AuWqy rwKx df mnorQ gurU sfihbfn nUM dyvI pUjk drsfAux qoN ibnF hor koeI nhIN hY.

ho skdf hY ijvyN BgAuqI AupfkF ny dyvI BgvqI dIaF BytF (gIqF) ivwc hyT iliKaf gIq :

nMgI nMgI pYrIN akbr afieaf,

isr sony df CqR Julfieaf.`

pRclq kIqf hoieaf hY, Ausy qrHF iksy idn ieh gfAuxf vI arMB

dyx ik :

nMgI nMgI pYrIN gurU nfnk afieaf [[[[[[`

ies leI iek-dm sucyq hox dI loV hY. ieh jgrfiqaF dy idR vyK ky Boly-Bfly iswK qF BfvyN Ku huMdy hoxgy, pr sUJ-bUJ vfly isdkIaF aqy pMQ-drdIaF dy ihrdy qF ClnI ho jFdy hn. sok ik ieh kuJ vyKidaF hoieaF vI sfzy Dfrimk afgU aqy ivdvfn kuMBkrxI nINdr ivcoN AuTx df nF qk vI nhIN lYNdy.

vkq mMg krdf hY ik RomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI aMimRqsr, isMG sBf qfbdI kmytI afidk Dfrmk sMsQfvF dsm gRMQ sbMDI AuWc pwDr `qy iswK ivdvfnF dIaF gotIaF krvfAux aqy ibnf iksy iZwl-mwT dy ies msly nUM sucwjy ZMg nfl inbyVn df Auprflf krn ik dsm gRMQ ivclIaF ikhVIaF rcnfvF sRI gurU goibMd isMG jI ikRq hn aqy ikhVIaF kvIaF dIaF hn.

RomxI gurduafrf pRbMDk kmytI nUM ieh vI cfhIdf hY ik iksy vI dsm gRMQ dy pRkfn leI dsm sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb` jF dsm gurU gRMQ` nfm dI vrqoN (jF ieh nfm Cfpx) qoN rokx leI Aucycf jqn kry.

jy vkq isr kuJ nf kIqf igaf qF ho skdf hY ik smF pf ky pMQ ivroDIaF vloN ieh kihxf qy ilKxf vI urU ho jfvy ik iswKF df aslI guru afid gurU gRMQ sfihb nhIN dsm sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb` hY. afs hY ies ilKq nUM qry dI GMtI smiJaf jfeygf, aYvyN nr aMdf nhIN kIqf jfeygf.

not - iek hor gwl pfTkF dy iDafn gocrI krn vflI ieh vI hY ik sB qoN pihlI sMmq 1770 ivwc hwQ ilKI dsm gRMQ dI bIV ivwc BgAuqI dI vfr` QfvyN vfr durgf jI ilKXqy` isrlyK hY aqy hor vI keI aMqry hl blik bhuq QfeIN pfTF Auqy hVqfl vI iPrI hoeI hY. BfvyN hor vI keI QfeIN hVqfl iPrI hoeI hY pr vfr durgf (BgAuqI dI vfr) ivwc qF hVqfl dI vrqoN sB qoN vDyry kIqI geI hY. AupRokq bIV ies vyly svrgvfsI rfjf gulfb isMG jI syTI, koTI nM 47, hnUmfn roz, nvIN idwlI ivwc vyKI jf skdI hY.




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