.

qKLq sfihb dI qOhIn dy dosLI kOx?

pRo: ieMdr isMG 'Gwgf'

siqkfr Xog BfeI kfhn isMG nfBf pMQ dy pRiswD gurmq isDFqF dy alMbrdfr ho gury hn. awj qwk AuhnF dIaF ilKqF ivdvfnF ivwc mfx pf rhIaF hn. pr suixaf hY ik AuhnF ivruwD koeI hukmnfmf`` kdI jfrI hoieaf hovy ? AuhnF dI sB qoN pihlI ivvfdgRq pusqwk hm ihMdU nhIN`` sMn 1899 ivwc CpI sI. ijs kfrn ihMdU jQybMdIaF ny AuhnF ivruwD qUPfn hI KVHf kr idwqf sI. pMjfb dI qqkflIn sFJI adflq imly aqy lfhOr dy keI vfr AuhnF cwkr lfAuxy pey. BfvyN ieh apxf kys ijwq gey pr pbilk ivroD Fq krn dI mnsf nfl nfBf pqI rfjf hIrf isMG ny iehnF nOkrI qoN brKfsq kr idwqf. iewk sfl qoN vwD smF ieh kmIr ivwc aigafq vfs rihky ilKdy rhy. rfjf hIrf isMG dy anyk kMm iehnF qoN bgYr QfeyN ruk gey. ies qrHF hflfq TIk hox qy iPr BfeI sfihb jI nfBf ivKy nOkrI qy bulf ilaf igaf. iehI krm iqMn vfrI duhrfieaf igaf. pr akfl qq dy pujfrI (qdoN sfiraF pujfrI afiKaf jFdf sI) ny chuMidaF BI hukmnfmf jfrI nf kIqf. ikAuN ? ies leI ikAuNik rfjf hIrf isMG kfhn isMG jI dI ipwT qy sI. iehnF hI ivcfrF df DfrnI grIb iswK BfeI gurmuK isMG pMQ ivwcoN Kfrj kr idwqf igaf sI.

awj kwl dy jIvq iswKF ivwcoN gurbfxI df AuWc kotI df mfihr inrpwK qy inrlyp BfeI gurbK isMG jI kflf aPgfnf sfry bMny crcf ivwc hY. sfrf pMQk lfxf hr ro bRfhmx qoN bcx dI duhfeI dy irhf hY. vihmF BrmF, jfdU mMqrF, vr srfp dy Brmjfl qoN sfvDfn hox vfsqy cIk irhf hY. pr jy iewk iewk bRfhmxI krm kFz dy prKcy AuzfAux vfsqy gu: isMG jI ny gurbfxI dy cfnx ivwc pusqkF ilK ky suwqy pMQ jgfAux df bIVf cuwikaf hY qf pMQ dy pujfrI (jQydfr) aijhy inDVk XoDy kuclx dIaF iqafrIaF kr rhy hn. nfl hI nYnl pRoPYsr af isKiem s: gurqyj isMG dI jbfn bMd krn dy jugfV bxfey jf rhy hn ikAuNik Auh BI gu: isMG jI dy swc nfl Kloqf hY.

huxy ijhy iewk ikqfb s: kulvMq isMG vwloN ilKI hoeI mfrkIt ivwc afeI RomxI kmytI gRihx``. ies pusqwk ivwc KqiraF dI pRvfh nf kridaF lyKk ny krUr swc Augilaf hY. pVHky jQydfrF, pujfrIaF, rfjnIqIvfnF dIaF mMd krqUqF kfrn pfxI pfxI ho jfeIdf hY. ipCly pMj ku sflF ivwc ijvyN akfl qq sfihb iKzOxy vFg vriqaf qy vlUMDiraf igaf hY, pVHky BuwbF inkl jFdIaF hn. jfqI ikVF kwZx vfsqy ivroDIaF igwcIAuN nwpx vfsqy hr rfj nyqf ny iehnF aKOqI jQydfrF mdfrI dy irwC vFg Drm dy nfm qy ncfieaf hY. iksy ivwc ieMnI uarq nhIN sI ik kurwpt qy Drm qoN swKxy, rfjsI afkfvF ivruwD awK cuwk ky BI vyK skx. sgoN lIzrF dy drF qy iBKfrIaF vFg illkVIaF lYNdy, ieh jQydfr vyKy jFdy rhy. awgoN isqm vyKo gurmq dy ivafiKafkfr s: gurbK vfsqy afty dy sINh bx PuMkfr rhy ny. pMQ pRsqF hr hIly DONs ivKfAuxI qy pMQ doKIaF dIaF qlIaF cwtxIaF iehnF dI Kslq bx geI hY.

mOjUdf jQydfr BfeI joigMdr isMG vydFqI suixaf hY ik iswK Drm dI cldI iPrdI XUnIvristI dmdmI tksfl ivwc piVaf`` (?) hY. ijs pMJI sfl qwk Ro: kmytI dy rih cuwky pRDfn sR: gurcrn isMG tOhVf styjF qy sluhqf kr cuwky hn. Aus aKOqI XUnI: ivwc iks qrHF dI ivwidaf idwqI jf rhI hY, ijwQoN igafnI ikrpfl isMG, sfbkf jQydfr, igafnI sfihb isMG sfbkf gRMQI drbfr sfihb, ig: joigMdr isMG vydFqI, igafnI pUrn isMG hYWz gRMQI drbfr sfihb, pVHy hn, kuwJ nmUny hfr hn -

iehnF dI XUnIvristI dy kulpqI igafnI gurbcn isMG ny kuwJ ikqfbF ilKIaF hn. inmrqf dy puMj aKvfAux vfilaF dI ikqfb dI ijld dy bfhr lyKk bfry ieh iliKaf hY -

sRI mfn pMQ rqn ividXf mfrqMz, sMq, igafnI, gurbcn isMG jI, Kflsf, iBMzrFvfly (iPropur) pfTk vIro iDafn dyxf afpxy nfm nfl afpy hI axigxq izgrIaF icpkf leIaF. bfkI dy arQ qF qusIN smJdy hI ho, bs ividXf mfrqMz smJ lYxf. jfxI ik igafn df sUrj. mfrqMz-sUrj. ieh inmrqf dI hwd hY ik hMkfr dI isKr ? myry sfhmxy iehnF dI ikqfb gurbfxI pfT drn`` 1969 dI aYzIn mOjUd hY. sbUq vfsqy rUrI pMinaF dy Poto Auqfry krky Byj irhf hF.

1[ awj kwlH bVy or or nfl bfhvF Aulfrky, sMG pfVky, gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI hjUrI ivwc kuPr qoilaf jf irhf hY ik sfzI dmdmI tksfl mhfn XoDy, sIs qlI qy itkfky jMg ivwc jUJx vfly, bfbf dIp isMG jI qoN cwlI hY. jo pusqwk myry snmuwK hY (Poto kfpI hfjr kr irhf hF) ies ivwc ig: gurbcn isMG vwloN gurbfxI pfT drn dy pMnf 253 qy tksfl BfeI mnI isMG qoN cwlI iliKaf hoieaf hY. bfbf dIp isMG df awgoN koeI cylf nhIN drsfieaf. iehI gwl igafnI mohx isMG ijs ny gwdI nf imlx krky alwg sMprdf clf leI. afpxy vwloN CpfeI gurbfxI pfT drsn 1986 aYzIn ivwc pMnf 245 qy BfeI mnI isMG qoN tksfl cwlI svIkfrdf hY. sqovflI glI aMimRqsr ivKy rihx vfly iewk hor zyrydfr BfeI mwKx isMG BI gurbfxI arQF vflI pihlI poQI ivwc tksfl BfeI mnI isMG qoN turI ilKdf hY. ipCly vIh ku sflF qoN aijhf pYNqrF bdilaf tksfl vfilaF ny afpxI puMCl iKwc ky bfbf dIp isMG nfl joV idwqI. fied BfeI mnI isMG df bMd bMd ktvf ky hId hoxf Gwt bhfdrI vflf kfrnfmf mihsUs hoieaf. ryafm hr ro gurU gRMQ sfihb jI dI hjUrI ivwc JUT bol ky sMgqF gumrfh kIqf jf irhf hY. ieh vydFqI jI AuQoN hI pVHy hn.

2[ iesy pusqwk dy pMnf 45 qy iliKaf hY ik dsm pfqfh ny pMjF isMGF dy isr kwt idwqy. iPr aMimRq iqafr kIqf, isr kwty hoey gurU gRMQ sfihb dy awgy rwK idwqy. ijwQoN isr kwty gey sI moiZaF vflI QF qy, aMimRq iCVikaf igaf. qurMq nvyN isr pYdf (AuWg) ho gey. purfxy isrF df kI kIqf kuwJ pqf nhIN. aijhI Aul jlUl ilKx vflI XUnI: ivwcoN pVHy hn sfzy ieh qKqF dy jQydfr.

3[ iesy ikqfb dy pMnf 88 qy drj hY ik aMimRq Ckx qoN bfad koeI ijMnIaF mrI glqIaF pfp kukrm kry, ds hfr sfl qwk nrkF ivwc nhIN jfvygf. iesy krky igafnI joigMdr isMG iksy pfp krm df BY nhIN irhf. iesy leI mnmrI dy hukmnfmy jfrI krI jf rhy hn. ds hfr sfl qwk koeI zr nhIN. iehnF tksflI ilKqF dI QfvyN gurbfxI df ielfhI PYslf hY -

coru slfhy cIqu n BIjY.. jy bdI kry qf qsU n CIjY..

cor kI hfmf Bry n koie.. coru kIaf cMgf ikAu hoie.. m--662

ieh qF mMinaf nhIN jf skdf ik igafnI joigMdr isMG ny koeI pfT nhIN kIqf, nf hI ieh svIkfr kIqf jf skdf hY ik Aus gurbfxI dy arQ nf afAuNdy hox. ikAuNik Auh purfqn ilKqI ikqfbF dI sMpfdnf krdf hY. qy mhfn siqgurU hirgoibMd sfihb jI dy qq df syvfdfr (asl ivwc gurU nfloN vwzf hox df pfp Brm) aKvfAuNdf hY. jo kUV kbfV tksfl vfilaF ny jbfnI aqy ilKqI iswKI dy pyty pfieaf hY, Auh igafnI jI ny nf piVHaf hovy ieh asMBv hY.

iehnF tksflIaF ny jo hor anyk bKyVy pMQ ivwc pYdf kIqy hn, AuhnF ivwcoN nf kfbly brdfq, pMQ dI smuwcI hoNd Kqry ivwc pf dyx vflf bwjr pfp ieh kIqf hY ik pfvn pivwqr gurUbfxI uwD sonf rUp, iswK smfj dy jIvn dI aDfr ilf AuWpr BI koJf vfr kIqf hY. iehnF dI ikqfb gurbfxI pfT drn dy pMnf 260 qy igafnI gurbcn isMG, gurmiq mfrqMz`` (igafn df sUrj) ryafm ilK irhf hY ik dmdmI bIV nfloN krqfrpurI bIV ivwc krIb pMdrF sO qoN vwD pfT Byd hn. Bfv ik dmdmI bIV TIk hY ikAuNik iehnF ny afpxI jQybMdI df ipCokV dmdmf sfihb nfl nwQI kr ilaf hY. iesy kfrn dmdmI bIV uwD hY, pr krqfrpurI bIV jo gurU arjn sfihb jI ny ilKvfeI qy BfeI gurdfs ny ilKI Auh pMdrF sO QfvyN glq hY.`` kI vydFqI jI ny ieh kuPr pfT iehnF dI ikqfb ivwc kdI nhIN piVHaf ? rUr piVHaf hY sYNkVy vfr piVHaf hY. pr gurbfxI isDFqF qoN AuWpr vydFqI jI tksfl dIaF ilKqF mfnqf dy rhy hn. nhIN qF kI kfrn hY ik kflf aPgfnf jI gurbfxI dy keI keI prmfx dy ky afpxI gwl TIk iswD kr rhy hn, AuhnF PFsI lfAux df sfrf azMbr ricaf jf irhf hY. dUjy byeImfnI dI isKr vyKo tksflIey gurmq asUlF dIaF DwjIaF Auzf rhy hn, pfvn krqfrI bIV dI uwDqf cYlMj kr rhy hn Auh iPr BI aslI guriswK grdfny jf rhy hn. Kud vydFqI jI BI Ausy bRfhmxI tksfl ivwcoN iswK ky afey hn ik iksy iswK inrol swc bolx kfrn iswKI coN Kfrj kr dyxf, ilKqF qy pfbMdI lf dyxI, iehI qF kIqf igaf hY.

akfl qq sfihb vwloN pRvfinq iswK rihq mirafdf`` dy mukfbly qy iehnF afpxI vwKrI rihq mirafdf bxf leI hY. axigxq vfr iehnF pMQk hsqI cYlMj kIqf hY. syvf dy bhfny qyrF sfl qwk akfl qq sfihb dI syvf dy nfm qy dy ivdy qoN iswKF luwitaf igaf hY. bfkI cfr sfQI syvf vfly bfby byieq krky ihwk dy qfx syvf `coN lFBy kr idwqy gey, qF ik mnmfnIaF kIqIaF jf skx. awj qwk bfbf jrnYl isMG jIvq hY, cVHdI klf ivwc hY, afKky gurU gRMQ sfihb dI hjUrI ivwc, hjfrF dy iekwT sfhmxy bVI by hXfeI nfl kuPr qoilaf jf irhf hY. qy vydFqI jI iPr BI Fq ny. bs iehnF guwsf afAuNdf hY qF AudoN jdoN iehnF vwloN sMpfdk kIqI pusqk guriblfs pf: 6 qy koeI AuNgl AuTfvy. ieh afpxI pusqwk ivwc siqgurU jI dI ajmq Gwty rol dyx, siqgurU jI kOlF df afik iswD kr dyx, bfbf buwZf jI qoN vr srfp duaFdy rihx, gurdvfry drbfr sfihb hrImMidr (hrI ivȃ df mMidr) aYlfnI jfx, iswK lvku dI aOlfd bxy rihx ieh sB TIk hY. pr jy koeI gurmq df jfxUM iehnF roky toky qF pMQ dumx afKky Cyk dyxgy.

sUrj pRkf (BfeI sMqoK isMG ricq) pMJI prsYNt qoN iafdf gurmq qoN Ault ilKq hY. anyk QfeIN siqgurU byieq kIqf igaf hY. dyvIaF dy pujfrI, ny KFdy pINdy aqy hor pfp krdy iliKaf iPr BI AuhnF gRMQF dI gurdvfiraF ivwc hr ro kQf huMdI hY. dsm gRMQ ivclIaF alIl kfm Auqyjnf BrpUr kQfvF iehnF kVfh vFg ipafrIaF hn. ipRM[ siqbIr isMG dIaF pusqkF ivwcoN Zyr sfrf gurmq ivroDI kUVf iml jFdf hY. QF QF qy sfD sMq gurmq qoN Ault mirafdfvF clf rhy hn. bfxI qoV mroV rhy hn. sfzy pMQk lIzr ryafm gurmq dI iKwlI Auzf rhy hn. ijvyN chux jQydfrF dy kMn mroV ky hukmnfmy jfrI krvf lYNdy hn. ny piqqpuxf pMjfb ivwc vbfdI dI qrHF PYldf jf irhf hY. gurdvfry isKF soJI dyx dI QfvyN vpfrk adfry bx cuwky hn. dy ivdy ivwc dfj kfrn iswK lVkIaF kql kIqf jf irhf hY. BrUx hwiqaf orF qy hY, qy sfzy jQydfr cYn dI bMsrI vjf rhy hn. jF iPr kflf aPgfnf jI ivruwD afrf iqwKf kr rhy hn.

tksfl vwloN CpI hoeI igafnI gurbcn isMG dI ilKI hoeI iewk hor ikqfb hY, gurmq pRkf. ies ivwc BI rwj ky JUT iliKaf igaf hY qy pMQ dy Boly bwicaF gumrfh kIqf igaf sfrI iebfrq pMny vfeIj nfl Poto kfpI krvf ky Byj irhf hF. kI vydFqI jI ny Auh BI nhIN pVHI rUr pVHI hY, iesy krky qF bIbIaF drbfr sfihb ivwc sPfeI syvf ivwc fml nhIN hox idwqf jFdf. ikAuNik ieh lok afpxI tksfl ivwc bIbIaF kIrqn pfT, ardfs, hukmnfmf, pMj ipafiraF df pRfid nhIN lYx idMdy. iswK rihq mirafdf dy Ault bIbIaF aMimRq CkfAux dI izAutI (pMj ipafiraF dI syvf) ivwc fml nhIN hox idMdy. fied tksfl vfly bIbIaF iensfn mMnx qoN nfbr ho cuwky hn vydFqI jI ieh sB pRvfn hY.

fied sfzy jQydfr Buwl gey hn ik BfrqI sMivDfn ivwc iewk md ieh BI drj hY ik iksy ivakqI nfl, jfq, Drm, bolI, ilMg dy kfrn ivqkrf nhIN kIqf jfvygf. ivqkrf krn krfAux vflf sf df BfgI hovygf. vyKxf iksy pMQ ivwcoN Kfrj kIqy ivakqI ny jy adflq df bUhf KVkf idwqf qF jQydfrF lukx leI QF nhIN lwBxI. iswDy hI jyhl jfEgy, ikAuNik ivcfrF dy mqByd kfrn iksy iswK pMQ ivwcoN Cykx dI aijhI sf idwqI hI nhIN jf skdI.

ajy BI vkq hY pMQ dI cVHdI klf vfsqy skUl kflj Kohlo, imnrI pYdf kro. vwD qoN vwD gurmq sfihq Cfp ky vMzo. afpxf aKbfr Gto Gwt qRY BfsI (pMjfbI, ihMdI, aMgRyI) cflU kro. golkF dI shI vrqoN kro. gurU GrF ivwc sulJy hoey iswK qfienfq kro. sulJy hoey kQfvfckF rfhIN tI[ vI[ cYnlF qy gurmq ivafiKaf krvfAux. idwlI kmytI, RomxI kmytI aqy bfkI Drm asQfnF rfjnIqI dy awzy bxn qoN bcfE[[[[[. ieh quhfzI bhuq vwzI syvf hovygI. kflf agfnf jI pMQ ivwcoN Kfrj krn nfl kOm df koeI Blf nhIN hoxf. sgoN jQydfrF dy mwQy qy iewk kflK df hor itwkf lwg jfvygf. aY jQydfro qusIN hI asl ivwc pMQ qy klMk aqy BfrI boJ ho. mfmUlI mqBydF kfrn hukmnfmf rUpI kuhfVy nf vrqoN. jy iesy qrHF krdy rhy qF qusIN hI pMQ dumx igxy jfEgy. smyN ny pihlF BI aijhy hflfq vyKy hn quhfzIaF kIqIaF df PYslf BI BivwK krygf.

 




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