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insLfn aqy ngfry dI mhFnqf

avqfr isMG "imsLnrI"

510-432-5827

insLfn PfrsI df lLPj hY ijs df arQ hY JMzf, Dujf, icMn, ieMgilsL ivwc PlYg, gurmiq ivwc JMzf sfihb, insLfn sfihb, akflIDujf, aqy siqgurU df insLfn afidk. hryk dysL kOm aqy Drm df insLfn (PlYg) vwKry-vwKry izjLfien qy rMgF df afpxf-afpxf huMdf hY. ngfrf vI PfrsI sLbd hY ijs df arQ hY DONsf duMdiB. iswK ieiqhfs muqfibk ngfrf insLfn gurU hir goibMd sfihb qoN sLurU hoieaf pr gurbfxI anusfr gurU amrdfs jI vyly pIrI df insLfn hoieaf krdf sI:- ijsu DIrju Duir Dvl Dujf syiq bYkuMT bIxf] (svXy m: qIjy ky 1392) iesLfrf krdy hn ik gLflbn Aus vyly goieMdvfl sfihb icwtf JMzf lihrfAuNdf sI. keI ivdvfnF df ivcfr hY ik sLFqI dy pRqIk ies icwty Drm Dujf Auwpr "" iliKaf huMdf sI. ieh Aus rfj df JMzf sI jo gurU nfnk sfihb jI ny kfiem kIqf:- nfnik rfju clfieaf scu kotu sqfxI nINvdY] (pMnf 966) gurU rfmdfs vyly vI ieho Dujf (insLfn) lihrfAuNdf sI:-PuMin DRMm Dujf PhrMq sdf aG puMj qrMg invfrn kAu] (pMnf 1404) aqy gurU arjn dyv jI vyly vI:-Drm Dujf arjunu hir Bgqf] (pMnf 1407)

jfpdf hY gurU arjn dyv jI dI sLhfdq qoN bfad insLfn sfihb df rMg kysrI ho igaf qy ies dy Prry Auwpr mIrI qy pIrI dIaF ikRpfnF AulIkIaF jfx lwgIaF. CyvyN pfqsLfh vyly sMn 1609 eI: ivwc akflI Dujf sRI akfl qKLq sfihb pihlI vfr lihrfieaf igaf. ies qoN mgroN ieh JMzf (insLfn sfihb) iswK rvfieq ivwc sLfml ho igaf. gurU qyg bhfdr sfihb jdoN iksy pRcfrk dI Qfpnf krdy Aus nUM iewk GoVf, poQI aqy JMzf (insLfn) dy ky qordy sn. gurU goibMd isMG jI ny vfihgurU nUM Drm Dujf afK ky kyvl JMzy df aiDafqmIkrx hI nhIN kIqf sgoN ies nUM ajLfdI df pRqIk vI kihky ies dI mhfnqf idRV krvfeI.

BfeI kfnH isMG nfBf anusfr pMj siqgurF vyly ngfrf insLfn gur drbfr ivwc nhIN sI lMgr iqafr hox qy AuwcI avfjL nfl hokf (swdf) idwqf jFdf sI afsf dI vfr qy sodr dy Bog qy rxisMgf vjfieaf jFdf sI. sB qoN pihlF insLfn sMmq 1665 ivwc akfl buMgy dy Auwpr CyvyN gurU ny Pihrfieaf. sMmq 1829 ivwc BMgIaF dI imsl dy jQydfr JMzf isMG ny hirmMdr (drbfr sfihb) qy JMzf sQfpn kIqf. sMmq 1833 ivwc bfvf sMqoK dfs aqy pRIqm dfs jI AudfsI sfDUaF ny do vwzy Auwcy insLfn (iewk hirmMidr dy nfm df dUjf akfl buMgy dy nfm df) drsLnI izAuZI Auwqy akfl buMgy dy shn (vyhVy) ivwc KVy kIqy. gurU sfihbfnF dy smyN qoN gurduafiraF dy insLfn dy Prhry df rMg bsMqI irhf hY aqy insLfnF dy Auwpr iqwKI nok vfly KMzy (Bfly) df Pl hoieaf krdf hY. Prhry dy nfl insLfn qy dsqfr sjfAux df irvfj sRI gurU goibMd isMG dy smyN qoN cilaf hY aqy mhwly dy mOky jiQaF awgy insLfn lY jfxf BI Ausy smyN qoN pRcwilq hY. bfbf nYxf isMG aqy PUlf isMG akflI ny dl dy insLfnF dy Prhry df rMg qF purfxI rIiq anusfr bsMqI rihMx idwqf pr dsqfr surmeI kIqI geI.

ieh insLfn sfihb Drm-juwD leI sfzI qwqprqf df icnH vI bx igaf. kihMdy hn ik jd muglIaf hkUmq ny ieh aYlfn kr idwqf ik muglF qoN ibnf koeI GoV svfrI nhIN kr skdf, isLkfr nhIN Kyz skdf, dsqfr nhIN sjf skdf aqy insLfn nhIN Julf skdf aqy AuwcI DOx krky nhIN cwl skdf qF gurU sfihb ny ikhf myrf hryk iswK GoV svfrI krygf, isLkfr Kyzygf, dsqfr sjfeygf, insLfn Julfeygf aqy AuwcI DOx krky awxK nfl cwlygf qF hryk isMG isr Auwqy Prlf (insLfn) JulfAux lwg ipaf ijsdf pRqIk jQydfr inhMg isMG awj vI Julf rhy hn. imslF vyly vI POjIaF dI dsqfr Auwpr Prihrf (PrlF) sjfAux df dsqUr sI. bfrF imslF ivwcoN iewk df nF "insLfn vflI imsl" sI ikAuNik ies dy isrdfr jMg dy dOrfn insLfn sfihb awgy-awgy lY ky cldy sn. ieho JMzf awj sfzy gurDfmF Auwpr vI JUldf hY. ies kysrI insLfn sfihb dy Prhry Auwpr iewk pfsy KMzy cwkr qy do ikRpfnF df insLfn qy dUjy pfsy gUVy nIly rMg df aMikaF jF jiVaf huMdf hY. srbinvfsI iewk eIsLvrvfd df aYlfn krdf hY. hr gurduafry ivwc insLfn sfihb JUlxf jrUrI hY. koeI vI KLflsf jlUs insLfn sfihb Julfey qoN ibnF sLoBf nhIN dyNdf. hryk nUM insLfn hyT cwlx dI afigaf hY. JMzf sfihb vwD qoN vwD Auwcf lwgxf cfhIdf hY. (igafnI lfl isMG :iswK kfnUn)

insLfn sfihb ies gwl df vI pRqIk hY ik ies QF (gurduafrf sfihb ) ivKy inQFivaF nUM QF Bfv XfqrU (ivjLtr) rfhI-pFDI iewQy rfq kwt skdf hY. loVvMd lMgr afidk Bojn pfxI Ck skdf hY. ieh QF afqm pFDIaF leI igaFn df somF hY koeI vI iewQoN rwbI igafn lY skdf hY-gurUduafry hoie soJI pfiesI](730) ividafrQIaF leI DrmsLflf (skUl) hY. ieh QF eykqf df pRqIk hY-eyku ipqf eyks ky hm bfirk](611) KqRI bRfhmx sUd vYs Aupdys chuM vrnf kAu sFJf](747) ieQy iksy nUM hyt nhIN kIqf jFdf-kbIr ijh dir afvq jfiqAuN htky nfhIN koie] so dru kYsy CozIaY jo dru aYsf hoie](1367)

pr awj afm gurduafiraF ivwc KqrI bRfhmx qF dUr dI gwl aMimRqDfrIaF vloN gYr aMimRqDfrIaF nfl nPrq kIqI jFdI hY ruipaf pYsf AunHF koloN Bwj ky lY ilaf jFdf hY. pr vyiKaf jFdf hY ik gurU GrF ivwc insLfn sfihb dI pUjf ihMdU Drm dy dyvI dyviqaF vFg kIqI jFdI hY ijvyN-muwTIaF BrnIaF, insLfn sfihb qy dIvy jgfAuxy, mom bwqIaF jgf-jgf ky insLfn sfihb df QVf qy aflf duaflf gMdf krnF, mUrqIaF dI qrF duwD dhIN nfl Doxf, afly duafly DUPF DuKfAuxIaF aqy keIaF QfvF qy aigafnI lokF ny insLfn sfihb Auwqy KMzy dI QF sUrj dI cwkrI, ikqy mor dy KMB, ikqy vYsy hI gol cwkr nfl hI sfr ilaf jFdf hY. nfnksrIey qF gurdUafry insLfn sfihb hI nhIN lgfAuNdy. insLfn sfihb dI mhFnqf nUM smJx dI loV hY nf ik bRfhmxI krmkFzF rfhI pUjf krn dI. insLfn qF iewk vwKrI kOm aqy ajLfdI df pRqIk hY.

JMzf sfihb sfzI ajLfd kOmI hsqI df lKfiek hY. ies nUM slfmI dyxf pMQ dI ajLfd hsqI nUM slfmI dyxf hY. ies df afdr siqkfr hryk iswK pRfxI leI lfjLmI hY. anMdpur sfihb dI dUsrI lVfeI ivwc BfeI aflm isMG JMzf-brdfr sn. Auh bhuq awgy lMG gey qy dusLmxf dy Gyry ivwc af gey. mugLl POjdfr ny AunFH nUM llkfiraf qy afiKaf, "ieh JMzf suwt dy" BfeI sfihb ny inzrqf nfl Auwqr idwqf, "ieh JMzf myrI iejLq hY, mYN ies nUM kdficq suwt nhIN skdf". qd POjdfr kVk ky boilaf, "qyry hwQ kwt idwqy jfxgy" isMG ny ikhf hwQ kwty gey qF mYN ieh JMzf pYrF nfl pkV lvFgf". "qyry pYr vI kwt idwqy jfxgy" qF isMG ny ikhf ik iPr mYN JMzy nUM dMdF ivwc pkV lvFgf. ieh myry gurU df JMzf hY, mYN izwgx nhIN idaFgf. iPr POjdfr ny ikhf qyrf isr Auwzf idwqf jfvygf" qF isMG ny ikhf myrf PrjL qF EdoN qwk hY jd qwk suafs cwldy hn, isr Auwzf idEgy qF ijs df JMzf hY, afpy sFB lvygf". kihMdy hn, POjdfr ies Awuqr nfl ieqnF iqlimlfieaf ik JMzf brdfr nUM nF mfrn dI jMgI rvfieq lMG ky Aus ny qlvfr nfl BfeI aflm isMG jI df sIs Auwzf idwqf. kihMdy hn, Aus dy JMzy nUM izwgx qoN pihlF qurq bfbf ajIq isMG jI ny af ky sMBfl ilaf qy nfl hI POjdfr df isr klm kr idwqf. ieh JMzy dI atwlqf dI kOmI sipirt hY. ieh pMQ dI Kud muKqfrI df sUck hY, kdy vI nIvF nF hovy, juwgo juwg atwl rhy-"cONkIaF JMzy buMgy jugo jug atwl" (ardfs)

Bf[ kfnH isMG nfBf anusfr sRI gurU gRMQ sfihb dI svfrI, mhwly, KLflsf dl, jQy, iswK sMgiq dy pRoPYsLnF awgy insLfn df hoxf jrUrI mMinaF igaf hY. dIvfn dI ardfs, pfT dy Bog, jQy dy kUc krn vyly, lMgr vrqfAux smyN ngfry dI Duin krnI iswK pMQ dI pRpwk mrXfdf hY. (Bf[kfnH isMG nfBf)

pMQ dy mhFn kvI inhfl isMG jI ilKdy hn ik-

vfhn isLMgfry rhyN bfjqy ngfry rhyN,

duwjn zrfry rhyN Bfgy BIm rfh ky.

sMgqyN abfd rhyN, afvqy pRsLfd rhyN,

lfKoN ahlfd rhyN, dyiKXy Aumfh ky.

gfdIaF atwl rhyN cOkIaF acwl rhyN,

buMgy Jlf-Jwl rhyN, pUry AuqsLfh ky.

lfgqy idvfn rhyN, gfvqy sujfn rhyN,

JUlqy insLfn rhyN sfcy pfqsLfh ky.




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