.

suibD bfc copeI

srvjIq isMG

Bfv suibD ny ikhf, siq sMD nf df iek rfjf jo siqXug ivc hoieaf sI Aus df pRqfp cOdHF lokF ivc sI. Auh sfry dyviqaF df rfjf sI. ieMdr ny afp Aus nMU rfj iqlk idqf sI.(1) iesy smy ivc iek dIrG dfVH (vwzIaF dfVHF vflf) dYNq ny jnm ilaf aqy 10 hjLfr aCohxI dl lY ky Aus ny rfjy qy hmlf kIqF.(3) awgo rfjf aqy dyvqy vI sUrj (ijs df qfpmfn 5500 C) aqy cMdRmF smyq 20 hjLfr aCohxI dl nfl mukfblf krdy hn.(4-5) buuhq hI igh-gwcvI lVfeI huMdI hY. lhU dI ndI vg pYNdI hY, ijs nMU dyK ky bYqrunI ndI (gMdgI dI ndI jo 10 mIl cOVI hY) vI sLrm sfr ho jFdI hY.(12) 30 hjLfr aCohxI dl dy Kfqmy ipCo (656100000 hfQI, 656100000 rwQ, 196830000 GoVy aqy 328050000 ipafdy) dovy (rfjf aqy dYq) afmhxy sfhmxy hMudy hn qy 20 sfl idn rfq lVfeI huMdI hY.(27) aKIr nMU mhfkfl ny dohF nMU hI Kqm kr idwqf. ies iBafnk XuD ivco agnI pYdf hoeI ijs ivco iek bflf (iesqrI) ny jnm ilaf.(28) ikAuik AuQy koeI mrd nhI sI ies leI Aus ny PYslf kIqf ik jgq dy suafmI nfl hI ivafh krky Aus dI syvf krFgI. BvfnI (isLv jI dI pqnI aqy ihmvq dI DI) dI slfh nfl Aus ny keI qrIky vrqy aqy aKIr suafmI dI afigaf hoeI, hy sudMrI jdo sfs bIrj dYNq mfiraf igaf Audo qUM mYnUM vryNgI. (35) Bfv rwb jI ivafh krvfAyx leI iqafr!

bflf sLfsqR Dfrn krky dYq qy cVfeI kr idMdI hY awgo dYNq vI jo ieMdr, isLv, sUrj, cMd smyq rfvx afid nUM ijwq cwuikaf sI, af hfjr hoieaf. (39) AuQy ibafno bfhrI lVfeI huMdI hY. ijQy vI dYqF dy KUn dy iCwty aqy imJ izgdI hY AUQy hI hor dYNq pYdf ho jFdy hn. sfsf dI hvf qo vI dYNq pYdf ho rhy hn.(42) (pRfBoqk khfxI). dYqF dy muh ivco jo lflHF izgdIaF sn, Aus qoN vI hor dYNq pYdf ho rhy hn.(50) bflf AunHF nMU mfrdI jFdI hY aqy dYq lgfqfr pYdf hoeI jFdy hn. bflf dI dYNqF awgy koeI pysL nhI jFdI, aKIr ivc bflf (kfilkf) ny Bgvfn dy awgy bynqI kIqI qy Bgvfn jI af hfjr hoey. (52) bflf dI bynqI qy mhfkfl ny qlvfr cuwkI aqy dYqF df Kfqmf krn cwl ipaf. hux dYqF dy KUn dy iCitaF qo hfQI, GoVy aqy sfsf dI hvf qoN dYq pYdf ho rhy hn.(61)(gYr kudrqI vqIrf) Zol imRdMg aqy ngfry sLor mcf rhy hn keI kohF (iek koh=svf mIl ) lMmy dMdF vfly dYq mhfkfl nMU mfrn leI awgy hoky jUJ rhy hn.(74) 20 pdm (iek pdm=1000000000000000) dYq sYnf iekwTI hoky mhfkfl nMU mfrn leI awgy vwD rhI hY(77) dYqF dI 1000 aCohxI sYnf (21870000 hfQI, 21870000 rwQ, 65610000 GoVy aqy109350000 ipafdy) awKF lfl krky awgy vD rhI hY.(78) (Xfd rhy bMd nM:77 ivc 20 pdm sYnf df ijkr hY). DrqI dy 6 pt DUV bxky Auz gey qy kyvl iek pt DrqI hI bfkI bcI rhI . mhfdyv zol igaf, bRhmf BYBIq hY, ivsLnMU lfj df mfiraf smuMdr ivc jf Cuipaf. isLvjI vI jogI bx ky jMgl ivc jf luikaf. (82) bhuq iBafn XuD hoieaf, phfV GoiVaf dy KurF nfl ips gey qy AuWqr ivc jf vsy. bfxF ny ienHf hnyrf kr idwqf ky afpxf hwQ vI nhI sI idKfeI idMdf. (84) sfry dyvqy BY BIq hoey mhfkfl dy crnF ivc hfjLr ho ky bynqI krdy hn. kfl ny idaflU ho ky riKaf-riKaf sLbd df Aucfrn kIqf qy rwQ qy svfr ho ky rx ivc af gwijaf. (101) Xfd rhy mhf kfl pihlF vI bflf dI mwdq qy af cuwkf hY bhuq iBafnk XuD hoieaf, DrqI dy 6 pt DUV bxky Auz gey kyvl iek pqfl hI bicaf sI . Xfd rhy DrqI qF pihlf hI DUV bx ky Auz cuwkI sI. hux 6 pwt iks DrqI dy Auzy ? . kfl nMU psInf af igaf. Aus ny psIny nMU pUMJ ky DrqI qy sut idwqf. ijs ivco Btfcfrj pYdf hoieaf (110), jd mhFdyv df hor psInf DrqI qy izwgf qF BumsYn pYdf hoieaf.(112) (jYsy mfq ipqf ibnu bflu nf hoeI ] 872) bhuq iBafnk XuD ho irhf hY. hux dYqF dy mfs qy imJ qo hfQIaF GoiVaf smyq ajyhy dYq pYdf hoey ijnHF df iek pYr iek awK aqy do hjfr BujfvF hn.(121)(nF mMnx Xog gwl) Auh dYNq sLrfb dy srovr aqy BMg dy 10-10 hjfr GVy pI ky mYdfn ivc qbfhI mcfAudy hn.(123) AuQy KUn dI ndI vwg rhI hY ijs ivc GoVy ruVHy jf rhy hn.(133) (JUT dI hwd) mYdfn ivc keI iksm dy sfj sur-qfl ivc vwj rhy hn. ijMny vI dYq awgy afey kfl ny mfr idqy, ijMny KUn dy iCwty DrqI qy pey AunyH hI dYq hor pYdf hoey. bhuq iBafnk idRsL hY ijs nMU dyviqaF qy dYqF dIaF iesqrIaF dyK rhIaF hn.(143) vwzy-vwzy dMdF vfly dYqF dy hwQF ivc ibRC aqy prbq, Bfly aqy iqRCUl afid pkVy hoey hn.(186) dYqF ny koRiDq ho ky mUh co agnI kwZI qF DnusLDfrI pTfx aqy mugl pYdf ho gey. suafsF qo swXLd aqy sLyK pYdf ho gey. (198-199) aqy bVf iBafnk smF hY. mhfkfl dYqF nMU mfrI jf irhf hY dYNq hor pYdf ho rhy hn. lyKk dI ieqhfsk jfxkfrI dyKo, mugl aqy pTfx nMU swqXug ivc pYdf hoey dws irhf hY jdo ky muMhmd sfihb jI df jnm CyvI sdI ivc hoieaf sI. nfhr KLfn, inhMg KLfn, BVMg KLfn, JVMg KLfn, brYm KLfn, bhfdur Kfn, blvMz KLfn afid bVy roh nfl dMd pIhdy hoey awgy hoky cwl rhy hn.(204) pr mhF dyv dy awgy ienHF dI koeI pysL nhI jFdI. dYqF ny ijnHy vI mlysL (mugl) pYdf kIqy mhfkl ny iCx ivc hI Kpf idwqy.(227)

hux dYqF ny hor dYq sYnf iqafr kIqI qy mYdfn ivc ByjI.(228) ies dYq sYnf ny pfsf hI plt idqF, bhuq iBafnk XuD hoieaf.(233) hux aisDuj ny lVfeI ivc afpxI koeI pysL nF jFdI dyK ky,hMau sLbd df Aucfrn kIqf. Aus qo afiD-ivfafD rog (qfp, sIqlf, isr pIV, goizaF dy drd, KeI, pIlIaf, bvfsIr, pQrI, dfVH dI pIV, dKUqRf, aDnyqRf, kohV afid ax igxq rog) pYdf ho gey.(238) hux jdo dYqF df ienHF ibmfrIaF nfl Kfqmf ho irhf sI qF mhfkfl nMU ieh iPkr hoieaf ik jy sfry dYNq iehnF ibmfrIaF nfl hI mr gey qF myry nfl qmfsLy kox krygf.(248) ies krky mhfkfl ny afp hI AuQy keI iksm dIaF asLuDIaF pYdf kr idqIaF ijs nfl dYq qMdrusq hoxy sLurU ho gey. (249) iBafnk XuD Pyr sLurU ho igaf. dYqF ny agnI asLRq Cizaf qF mhfkfl ny vrux asLRq , dYqF ny pvn asLRq Cizaf qF asuDj ny BUDr (prbq) asLRq .(254) jdo dYqF ny Aurg asLRq clfieaf qf bysLumfr swp pYdf ho gey. qd kfl ny Kgpiq (gruV) asRq Cizaf ijs ny swpf nMU qruq Kf ilaf (259) dovy pfisaF qo anykF iksmF dy asLqrsLwsqr Cwzy jf rhy hn . jd aiskyq hwQ ivc ilsLkdI hoeI qlvfr lY ky gwijaf qF Aus nMU vyK ky dyvqy aqy dYq sfry hI zr gey.(271)mhfkfl ny dYqF dy hjLfr- hjfLr tukVy kIqy ijnHF qo hjLfr-hjLfr dYq pYdf ho gey.

hux ieMdr vI mYdfn ivc af jfdf hY , ijs nMU dyK ky iek dYq bhuq hI koiDq ho igaf qy Auh sLrfb dy do KUh pI ky ieMdr dy sfhmxy hoieaF. (287) ieMdr ny ajyhf qIr Cwizaf jo dYq dy srIr nMU cIr ky awgy lwG igaf. Pyr dYNq ny kRoD kr ky aYsf vfr kIqf ky dyv-pUjf krn vfilaF nMU BfjVF pY geIaF. jdo mhfkfl ny dyvqy Bwjdy dyKy qF afp mYdfn ivc af igaf. iek-iek qIr nfl sO sO nMU cIrdf igaf qy dYqF dy srIrF ivco sO sO KUn dIaF qqIrIaF clIaF qy AunHF qo sO sO hor dYq pYdf huMdy gey.(296) hux mhfkfl ny afpxy hjLfrF rUp Dfrn kIqy qy hjLfrF hI dYq mfry. pr hux dYq vI hjLfrF dI igxqI ivc vwDx lgy. Bfv, dYq mhfkfl dy kfbU nhI af rhy. hux mhfkfl ny ajyhy bfx clfey ky iek-iek bfx nfl hjLfr-hjLfr dYq mfr idqy. axigxq dYqF nMU PVky kwcy hI cwb igaf. aqy dYqF df KUn vI cUs ilaf.(299) AuDr dYqN vI ikhVy Gt hn, svfsF dI hvf qoN hI hor dYqN pYdf hoxy sLLurU ho gey. (300) bVf iBafnk XwuD hoieaf ky ieMdr qy cMdR lok kMb gey.(318) ikqy lMbIaF bMdUkF aqy hfQIaF qy GoiVaF nfl iKcIaF jfx vflIaF qopF vI cwl rhIaF hn. (324) Xfd rhy ieh XwuD siqXug ivc sLurU hoieaf sI ijs dI Aumr 1728000 sfl hY jdo ky gMn pfAuzr dI Aumr 1100 sfl qo vwD nhI.

jdo iews qrF df iBafnk XuD ho irhf sI qF dUhl dyeI nf dI iek iesqrI pYdf hoeI jo sLyr qy svfr sI. ies nMU dyK ky hI dYq Bjxy srU ho gey.(331) (Xfd rhy pihlF vI bflf nf dI iek dyvI pYdf hoeI sI, Aus df kI bixaf?.) ies ny dYqF df sPfieaf kIqf. ijnHF dYqf dy vwzy-vwzy isMg sn ijnHF dIaF cuMjF lmZIgF vFg vwzIaF sn, nMU dUhl dyeI ny cux-cux ky brCI nfl mfiraf.(339) ijhVy sfhmxy ho ky mrdy AunHF nMU prIaF vr ky lY jFdIaF qy Auh ibbfn ivc bYTky svrgF nMU jFdy. qy jo Bwjdy hoey mfry gey Auh nrkF nMU jf rhy hn.(346) mhfkfl aqy dUhl dyeI ny, jo sLyr dI svfrI kr rhI hY aqy buhq hI kRoiDq hY, dYqF df srvnfsL kr idwqf. kfl ny sfry dYqF nMU afpxI sLkqI nfl iKc ilaf qy kfil nUM afigaf idwqI qy Auh sfry dYqF nMU Kf geI.(364)

qNd iek dYq hI bfkI rih igaf qF Aus ny mhf-kfl nMU vgfiraf, hy mhfkfl aYvy Puilaf nf iPr, af myry nfl XuD kr, awj PYslf ho jfvygf, jF aisDuj nhI jF dYq nhI.(369) dovF ivc iBafnk XwuD huMdf hY dYq ipCy nhI hwtdf BFvNy Aus dIaF aFdrF igrJF Kf geIaF. mhF kfl ny kroD ivc af ky dYq qy vIh hjLFr bfx Cwzy.(371) mhfkfl ny iek bfx nfl dYNq df JMzf, do qIrF nfl Aus dy rwQ dy dovy phIey, cfr qIrF nfl cohF hI GoiVaF nMU mfr idqf. iek hor bfx nfl jgq dy suafmI ny dYq df mwQf cIr idqf aqy do hor bfxF nfl vYrI dy dovy hwQ kwt suty. (374)

hux qwk pfTk cirqRo pKXfn dy404 vy cirqR dy, ijs dy kul 405 bMd hn, ivcoN 1 qoN 374 bMdF dy drsLn kr cuky hn. afAu hux bMd 375 qo 405 qwk dy drsLn vI kr leIey.

inqnym dy gutikaF ivc, " sRI vfihgurU jI kI Pqh ] pfiqsfhI 10] cOpeI ]" pqf nhI ieh iks dlIl nfl iliKaf jf irhf hY jdoN ky asl ilKq ivc ieAuN nhI hY.

puin rfCs kf kftf sIsf . sRI aiskyq jgq ky eIsf..

puhpn ibRsit ggn qyN BeI. sBihn afin bDfeI deI..(375)

iPr jgq dy suafmI aiskyq ny rfKsL df sIs kt idwqf. akfsL qo PUlF dI brKf hoeI qy sB ny af ky vDfeIaF idwqIaF.(375)

DMn DMn logn ky rfjf. dustn dfh grIb invfjf..

aKl Bvn ky isrjnhfry. dfs jfin muih lyhu Aubfry..(376)

aqy ikhf hy lokF dy rfjy qUsI DMn ho ,qusI dusLtF nMU mfr ky grIbF dI rwiKaf kIqI hY, hy sfry sMsfr dI rcnf krn vfly ! dfs jfx ky myrI rwiKaf kro (376)

kbo bfc bynqI] cOpeI] (kvI ny bynqI kIqI)

hmrI kro hfQ dY rwCf ] pUrn hoie icq kI iewCf ]

qv crnn mn rhY hmfrf ] apnf jfn kro pRiqpfrf ]1](377)

( Xfd rhy ies bMd df aKoqI dsm gRMQ ivc n: 377 hY. jy ieh ilKq gurU goibMd isMG jI dI hY qF sfnUM kI aiDkfr hY ky asI ies bMd df n: bdl deIey)

hmry dust sBY qum Gfvhu ] afpu hfQ dY moih bcfvhu ]

suKI bsY moro pirvfrf ] syvk iswK sBY krqfrf ]2](378)

mo rwCf inj kr dY kirXY ] sB bYrn ko afj sMGirXY ]

pUrn hoie hmfrI afsf ] qor Bjn kI rhY ipafsf ]3](379)

qumih Cfiz koeI avr n iDXfAUN ] jo br choN su qum qy pfAUN ]

syvk iswK hmfry qfrIaih ] cuin cuin sqR hmfry mfrIaih ]4](380)

afp hfQ dY muJY AubirXY ] mrn kfl kf qRfs invirXY ]

hUjo sdf hmfry pwCf ] sRI aisDuj jU kirXhu rwCf ]5](381)

rfiK lyhu muih rfKnhfry ] sfihb sMq shfie ipXfry ]

dIn bMDu dustn ky hMqf ] qumho purI cqur ds kMqf ]6](382)

kfl pfie bRhmf bpu Drf ] kfl pfie isvjU avqrf ]

kfl pfie kr ibsnu pRkfsf ] skl kfl kf kIaf qmfsf ]7](383)

jvn kfl jogI isv kIE ] bydrfj bRhmf jU QIE ]

jvn kfl sB lok svfrf ] nmskfr hY qfih hmfrf ]8](384)

jvn kfl sB jgq bnfXo ] dyv dYq jwCn AupjfXo ]

afid aMiq eykY avqfrf ] soeI gurU smiJXhu hmfrf ]9](385)

nmskfr iqs hI ko hmfrI ] skl pRjf ijn afp svfrI ]

isvkn ko isvgun suK dIE ] swqRn ko pl mo bD kIE ]10](386)

Gt Gt ky aMqr kI jfnq ] Bly bury kI pIr pCfnq ]

cItI qy kuMcr asQUlf ] sB pr ikpf idRsit kr PUlf ]11] (387)

sMqn duK pfey qy duKI ] suK pfey sfDn ky suKI ]

eyk eyk kI pIr pCfnYN ] Gt Gt ky pt pt kI jfnYN ]12](388)

jb AudkrK krf krqfrf ] pRjf Drq qb dyh apfrf ]

jb afkrK krq ho kbhUM ] qum mY imlq dyh Dr sBhUM ]13](389)

jyqy bdn isRsit sB DfrY ] afpu afpnI bUJ AucfrY ]

qum sBhI qy rhq inrflm ] jfnq byd Byd ar aflm ]14](390)

inrMkfr inRibkfr inrlB ] afid anIl anfid asMB ]

qf kf mUVH Aucfrq Bydf ] jf kO Byv n pfvq bydf ]15](391)

qf kO kir pfhn anumfnq ] mhf mUVH kCu Byd n jfnq ]

mhfdyv kO khq sdf isv ] inrMkfr kf cInq nih iBv ]16](392)

afpu afpnI buiD hY jyqI ] brnq iBMn iBMn quih qyqI ]

qumrf lKf n jfie psfrf ] ikh ibiD sjf pRQm sMsfrf ]17](393)

eykY rUp anUp srUpf ] rMk BXo rfv khI BUpf ]

aMzj jyrj syqj kInI ] AuqBuj Kfin bhur ric dInI ]18](394)

khUM PUl rfjf hY bYTf ] khUM ismit iBo sMkr iekYTf ]

sgrI isRsit idKfie acMBv ] afid jugfid srUp suXMBv ]19](395)

ab rwCf myrI qum kro ] iswK Aubfir aiswK sMGro ]

dusLt ijqy AuTvq Auqpfqf ] skl mlyC kro rx Gfqf ]20](396)

jy aisDuj qv srnI pry ] iqn ky dusLt duiKq hY mry ]

purK jvn pg pry iqhfry ] iqn ky qum sMkt sB tfry ]21](397)

jo kil ko iek bfr iDaY hY ] qf ky kfl inkit nih aYhY ]

rwCf hoie qfih sB kflf ] dust airst tryN qqkflf ]22](398)

ikpf idRsit qn jfih inhirho ] qf ky qfp qnk mo hirho ]

irwiD iswiD Gr mo sB hoeI ] dusLt Cfh CY skY n koeI ]23](399)

eyk bfr ijn qumY sMBfrf ] kfl Pfs qy qfih Aubfrf ]

ijn nr nfm iqhfro khf ] dfird dust doK qy rhf ]24](400)

KVg kyq mY srix iqhfrI ] afp hfQ dY lyhu AubfrI ]

srb TOr mo hohu shfeI ] dust doK qy lyhu bcfeI ]25](401)

iswK rihq mrXfdf ivc ieh 25 bMd hI drj hn, Bfv hmrI kro hfQ dy rwCf(377) qoN lY ky dust doK qy lyhu bcfeI (401) qwk. pr jo zyry pMQ pRmfxq rihq mrXfdf nMU nhI mMndy Auh Auprokq 375 aqy 376 nM: bMdF smyq hyT ilKy bMd vI pVHdy hn.

ikRpf krI hm pr jg mfqf] gRMQ krf pUrn suB rfqf]

iklibK skl dyh ko hrqf] dust doiKXn ko CY krqf]26](402)

myry Auqy jgmfqf (durgf,pfrvqI) ny ikRpf kIqI hY (aqy mYN) sLuB guxF nfl BrpUr (suB rfqf) gRMQ pUrf kIqf hY. (AuhI) myry sLrIr dy sfry pfpF df nfsL krn vflI , dusLtF aqy doKIaF nMU nsLt krn vflI hY.(402)

sRI aisDuj jb Bey dieaflf] pUrn krf gRMQ qqkfrf]

mn bFCq Pl pfvY soeI] dUK n iqsY ibafpq koeI]27. (403)

jd sRI aisDuj (mhfkfl : vwzf kfl . ivnfsLkfrI srUp ivc isLvjI df iek nF . vyKo isLv. ihMdU imiQhfs kosL pMnf 398) idafl hoey qF Ausy vyly mY ieh gRMQ mukMml kr ilaf. jo ies df pfT krygf Auh mn-iewCq Pl pRfpq krygf . Aus nMU koeI duK ivafpq nhI hovygf.(403)

aiVwl]

sunY guMg jo Xfih su rsnf pfveI] sunY mUV icq lfie cqurqf afveI]

dUK drd BO inkt n iqn nr ky rhY] ho jo XfkI eyk bfr cOpeI ko khY]28(404)

ieh pMgqIaF suKmxI sfihb jI dIaF pMgqI nfl isDfqk qOr qy tkrfAudIaF hn.

khf buJfriq bUJY zorf ] inis khIaY qAu smJY Borf ]

khf ibsn pd gfvY guMg ] jqn krY qAu BI sur BMg ]

kh ipMgul prbq prBvn ] nhI hoq AUhf Ausu gvn ] {pMnf }

jd ieh bfxI TIk hY qF AupRokq bMd n:404 afpxy afp hI glq sfbq ho jfdf hY

cOpeI] sMbq swqRh shs BixwjY] arD shj Puin qIin kihwjY]

BfdRv sudI astmI rivvfrf] qIr squwdRv gRMQ suDfrf]29 (405)

ieiq sRI cirqRo pKXfny iqRXcirqRy mMqRI BUp sMbfdy cfr sO cfr cirqR smfq msqu suB msqU]

Bfv ieh gRMQ, aYqvfr 8 BFdo sMmq 1753 (agwsq 24-1696) nMU swqluj dy kMZy pUrf hoieaf.

Xfd rhy ieh XwuD siqXug ivc srU hoieaf sI, ijs dI Aumr 1728000 sfl sI. jy ieh vI mMn ilaF jfvy ky ieh XuwD siqXug dy aKIr ivc hI suLrU hoieaF sI qF vI ies dy arMB hox df smf (duafpr 1296000 sfl + qyRqf 864000 + klXug 5005 sfl ) 2165005 sfl pihlF df bxdf hY pr ies XuD dy awKIN izwTy hfl ilKy nMU isrP 309 sfl hI hoey hn.

ieh hY Aus pUry cirqR 404 dI sKyp vfrqf ijs dy kul 405 bMd hn aqy iehnf ivco asI 377 qo 401 qwk Bfv 25 bMdF nMU bfxI df drjf idMdy hf. (zyrydfrF vlo 375 qo 405 qwk, 31 bMd). hux ieh svfl pYdf huMdf hY ky jy ieh 25 bMd bfxI hY qF bfkI 380 bMd (1 qo 376 aqy 402 qo 405) kI hY?. qy jy bfkI rcnf bfxI nhI hY qF ieh 25 bMd bfxI ikvy hoey?

ies lyK df mMqv koeI injI inrnf krnf nhI hY, pr pYdf hoey isDFqk sMky bfry ivcfr ivtfdrf qF hoxf hI cfhIdf hY. pfTkf nMU inmrqf sihq bynqI hY ky AupRokq vfrqf nMU pVH ky jlfl ivc afAux dI QF, ies gMBIr sLMky df inrvfx ilK Byjx dI ikRpflqf krnI jI.




.